Agent 监控配置说明

Agent 监控配置说明

Linux安装Agent

1.查看系统版本

查看系统版本

uname -a

根据系统版本下载对应的zabbix-agent版本安装
下载地址:http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix

2.安装zabbix-agent

把下载好的rpm安装包拷贝到主机上
运行命令安装

rpm -ivh zabbix-agent-3.0.4-1.el7.x86_64.rpm

安装完成后设置开机自动启动

chkconfig zabbix-agent on

3.配置zabbix-agent

ServerActive=10.0.0.105(zabbix-server的IP地址)
Timeout=15(超时时间)
AllowRoot=1(允许以root运行)
UnsafeUserParameters=1(允许特殊字符)
UserParameter(配置自定义key)

详细配置详解

############ GENERAL PARAMETERS #################

### Option: PidFile
#   Name of PID file.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# PidFile=/tmp/zabbix_agentd.pid

PidFile=/var/run/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.pid

PidFile
默认值:/tmp/zabbix_agentd.pid
PID文件名


### Option: LogType
#   Specifies where log messages are written to:
#       system  - syslog
#       file    - file specified with LogFile parameter
#       console - standard output
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LogType=file

LogType
指定日志消息写入的位置
system:syslog
file:使用LogFile参数指定的文件
console:标准输出


### Option: LogFile
#   Log file name for LogType 'file' parameter.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LogFile=

LogFile=/var/log/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.log

LogFile
日志文件路径
如果未配置,日志会记录到syslog中


### Option: LogFileSize
#   Maximum size of log file in MB.
#   0 - disable automatic log rotation.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1024
# Default:
# LogFileSize=1
LogFileSize=0

LogFileSize
取值范围:0-1024
默认值:1
日志文件大小,单位为MB。
0 - 关闭自动轮滚.
备注:如果日志文件到达了最大值并且文件轮滚失败,那么老日志文件会被清空掉。


### Option: DebugLevel
#   Specifies debug level:
#   0 - basic information about starting and stopping of Zabbix processes
#   1 - critical information
#   2 - error information
#   3 - warnings
#   4 - for debugging (produces lots of information)
#   5 - extended debugging (produces even more information)
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-5
# Default:
# DebugLevel=3

DebugLevel
取值范围:0-5
默认值:3
指定日志级别
0 - basic information about starting and stopping of Zabbix processes
1 - critical级别
2 - error级别
3 - warnings级别
4 - debug级别
5 - extended debugging (与级别4一样. 只能使用runtime control 来设置.)


### Option: SourceIP
#   Source IP address for outgoing connections.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# SourceIP=

SourceIP
zabbix对外连接的出口IP地址


### Option: EnableRemoteCommands
#   Whether remote commands from Zabbix server are allowed.
#   0 - not allowed
#   1 - allowed
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# EnableRemoteCommands=0

EnableRemoteCommands
默认值:0
是否运行zabbix server在此服务器上执行远程命令
0 - 禁止
1 - 允许


### Option: LogRemoteCommands
#   Enable logging of executed shell commands as warnings.
#   0 - disabled
#   1 - enabled
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LogRemoteCommands=0

LogRemoteCommands
默认值:0
记录原型执行的shell命令日志,级别为warrning
0 - disabled
1 - enabled


### Option: Server
#   List of comma delimited IP addresses (or hostnames) of Zabbix servers.
#   Incoming connections will be accepted only from the hosts listed here.
#   If IPv6 support is enabled then '127.0.0.1', '::127.0.0.1', '::ffff:127.0.0.1' are treated equally.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# Server=

Server=10.0.0.100

Server
zabbix server的ip地址,多个ip使用逗号分隔


### Option: ListenPort
#   Agent will listen on this port for connections from the server.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1024-32767
# Default:
# ListenPort=10050

ListenPort
取值范围:1024-32767
默认值10050
监听端口


### Option: ListenIP
#   List of comma delimited IP addresses that the agent should listen on.
#   First IP address is sent to Zabbix server if connecting to it to retrieve list of active checks.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# ListenIP=0.0.0.0

ListenIP
默认值:0.0.0.0
监听IP地址,默认为所有接口,多个ip之间使用逗号分隔


### Option: StartAgents
#   Number of pre-forked instances of zabbix_agentd that process passive checks.
#   If set to 0, disables passive checks and the agent will not listen on any TCP port.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-100
# Default:
# StartAgents=3

StartAgents
取值范围:0-100
默认值:3
zabbix启动之后开启被动监控的进程数量,如果设置为0,那么zabbix被动监控被禁用,并且不会监听相应端口,也就是说10050端口不会开启。


### Option: ServerActive
#   List of comma delimited IP:port (or hostname:port) pairs of Zabbix servers for active checks.
#   If port is not specified, default port is used.
#   IPv6 addresses must be enclosed in square brackets if port for that host is specified.
#   If port is not specified, square brackets for IPv6 addresses are optional.
#   If this parameter is not specified, active checks are disabled.
#   Example: ServerActive=127.0.0.1:20051,zabbix.domain,[::1]:30051,::1,[12fc::1]
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# ServerActive=

ServerActive=10.0.0.100:10052

ServerActive
zabbix 主动监控server的ip地址,使用逗号分隔多IP,如果注释这个选项,那么当前服务器的主动监控就被禁用了


### Option: Hostname
#   Unique, case sensitive hostname.
#   Required for active checks and must match hostname as configured on the server.
#   Value is acquired from HostnameItem if undefined.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# Hostname=

Hostname
默认值:HostnameItem配置的值
主机名,必须唯一,区分大小写。Hostname必须和zabbix web上配置的一直,否则zabbix主动监控无法正常工作。为什么呢?因为agent拿着这个主机名去问server,我有配置主动监控项 吗?server拿着这个主机名去配置里面查询,然后返回信息。
支持字符:数字字母、’.’、’ ‘、 ‘_’、 ‘-‘,不超过64个字符


### Option: HostnameItem
#   Item used for generating Hostname if it is undefined. Ignored if Hostname is defined.
#   Does not support UserParameters or aliases.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# HostnameItem=system.hostname

HostnameItem
默认值:system.hostname
设置主机名,只有当HostMetadata没设置,她才生效。不支持UserParameters 、aliases,支持system.run[]


### Option: HostMetadata
#   Optional parameter that defines host metadata.
#   Host metadata is used at host auto-registration process.
#   An agent will issue an error and not start if the value is over limit of 255 characters.
#   If not defined, value will be acquired from HostMetadataItem.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-255 characters
# Default:
# HostMetadata=

HostMetadata
取值范围:0-255 字符
仅用于主机自动注册功能,如果当前值为定义,那么它的值默认为HostMetadataItem的值。这个选项在2.2.0之后加入,并且确保支付不能超过限制,以及字符串必须是UTF8,否则服务器无法启动


### Option: HostMetadataItem
#   Optional parameter that defines an item used for getting host metadata.
#   Host metadata is used at host auto-registration process.
#   During an auto-registration request an agent will log a warning message if
#   the value returned by specified item is over limit of 255 characters.
#   This option is only used when HostMetadata is not defined.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# HostMetadataItem=

HostMetadataItem
功能同上,如果HostMetadata值未设置,这个配置才有效。支持使用UserParameters、alias、system.run[]


### Option: RefreshActiveChecks
#   How often list of active checks is refreshed, in seconds.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 60-3600
# Default:
# RefreshActiveChecks=120

RefreshActiveChecks
取值范围:60-3600
默认值:120
多久时间(秒)刷新一次主动监控配置信息,如果刷新失败,那么60秒之后会重试一次


### Option: BufferSend
#   Do not keep data longer than N seconds in buffer.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-3600
# Default:
# BufferSend=5

BufferSend
取值范围:1-3600
默认值:5
数据存储在buffer中最长多少秒


### Option: BufferSize
#   Maximum number of values in a memory buffer. The agent will send
#   all collected data to Zabbix Server or Proxy if the buffer is full.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 2-65535
# Default:
# BufferSize=100

BufferSize
取值范围:2-65535
默认值:100
buffer最大值,如果buffer满了,zabbix将会将检索到的数据发送给zabbix server或者proxy


### Option: MaxLinesPerSecond
#   Maximum number of new lines the agent will send per second to Zabbix Server
#   or Proxy processing 'log' and 'logrt' active checks.
#   The provided value will be overridden by the parameter 'maxlines',
#   provided in 'log' or 'logrt' item keys.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-1000
# Default:
# MaxLinesPerSecond=20

MaxLinesPerSecond
取值范围:1-1000
默认值:20
处理监控类型为log何eventlog日志时,agent每秒最大发送的行数。默认为20行


### Option: Alias
#   Sets an alias for an item key. It can be used to substitute long and complex item key with a smaller and simpler one.
#   Multiple Alias parameters may be present. Multiple parameters with the same Alias key are not allowed.
#   Different Alias keys may reference the same item key.
#   For example, to retrieve the ID of user 'zabbix':
#   Alias=zabbix.userid:vfs.file.regexp[/etc/passwd,^zabbix:.:([0-9]+),,,,\1]
#   Now shorthand key zabbix.userid may be used to retrieve data.
#   Aliases can be used in HostMetadataItem but not in HostnameItem parameters.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range:
# Default:

Alias
key的别名,例如 Alias=ttlsa.userid:vfs.file.regexp[/etc/passwd,^ttlsa:.:([0-9]+),,,,\1], 或者ttlsa的用户ID。你可以使用key:vfs.file.regexp[/etc/passwd,^ttlsa:.: ([0-9]+),,,,\1],也可以使用ttlsa.userid。

备注: 别名不能重复,但是可以有多个alias对应同一个key。


### Option: Timeout
#   Spend no more than Timeout seconds on processing
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-30
# Default:
# Timeout=3

Timeout
默认值:1-30
默认值:3
超时时间


### Option: AllowRoot
#   Allow the agent to run as 'root'. If disabled and the agent is started by 'root', the agent
#   will try to switch to the user specified by the User configuration option instead.
#   Has no effect if started under a regular user.
#   0 - do not allow
#   1 - allow
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# AllowRoot=0
AllowRoot=1

AllowRoot
默认值:0
是否允许使用root身份运行zabbix,如果值为0,并且是在root环境下,zabbix会尝试使用zabbix用户运行,如果不存在会告知zabbix用户不存在。
0 - 不允许
1 - 允许


### Option: User
#   Drop privileges to a specific, existing user on the system.
#   Only has effect if run as 'root' and AllowRoot is disabled.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# User=zabbix

User
默认值:zabbix
运行zabbix程序的用户,如果AllowRoot被禁用,才有效果


### Option: Include
#   You may include individual files or all files in a directory in the configuration file.
#   Installing Zabbix will create include directory in /usr/local/etc, unless modified during the compile time.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# Include=

Include=/etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.d/

# Include=/usr/local/etc/zabbix_agentd.userparams.conf
# Include=/usr/local/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/
# Include=/usr/local/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/*.conf

nclude
包含自配置文件,不同的配置写到不同的文件中,然后include,配置文件会显得规范。例如: /absolute/path/to/config/files/*.conf. Zabbix 2.4.0开始支持正则表达式。


### Option: UnsafeUserParameters
#   Allow all characters to be passed in arguments to user-defined parameters.
#   The following characters are not allowed:
#   \ ' " ` * ? [ ] { } ~ $ ! & ; ( ) < > | # @
#   Additionally, newline characters are not allowed.
#   0 - do not allow
#   1 - allow
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1
# Default:
# UnsafeUserParameters=0
UnsafeUserParameters=1

UnsafeUserParameters
取值范围:0,1
默认值: 0
允许所有字符的参数传递给用户定义的参数(包括特殊字符)。


### Option: UserParameter
#   User-defined parameter to monitor. There can be several user-defined parameters.
#   Format: UserParameter=<key>,<shell command>
#   See 'zabbix_agentd' directory for examples.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# UserParameter=
UserParameter=system.cpu.steal,nproc
UserParameter=dskTotal[*],python /root/disk.py $1 $2
UserParameter=ifNumber,/etc/init.d/network status |awk 'NR==4'|awk -v RS="@#$j" '{print gsub(/ /,"&")+1}'
UserParameter=ifInQLen[*],ethtool -S $1 |grep 'Tx Queue#:'|awk '{print $2 3}'
UserParameter=ifOutQLen[*],ethtool -S $1 |grep 'Rx Queue#:'|awk '{print $2 3}'
UserParameter=ifStatus[*],python /root/Net.py $1 $2

UserParameter
用户自定义key,格式: UserParameter=,
例如:serParameter=system.test,who|wc -l


### Option: LoadModulePath
#   Full path to location of agent modules.
#   Default depends on compilation options.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LoadModulePath=${libdir}/modules

LoadModulePath
模块路径,绝对路径


### Option: LoadModule
#   Module to load at agent startup. Modules are used to extend functionality of the agent.
#   Format: LoadModule=<module.so>
#   The modules must be located in directory specified by LoadModulePath.
#   It is allowed to include multiple LoadModule parameters.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LoadModule=

LoadModule
加载模块文件,可以写多个
格式: LoadModule=
必须配置LoadModulePath,指定模块目录


####### TLS-RELATED PARAMETERS #######

### Option: TLSConnect
#   How the agent should connect to server or proxy. Used for active checks.
#   Only one value can be specified:
#       unencrypted - connect without encryption
#       psk         - connect using TLS and a pre-shared key
#       cert        - connect using TLS and a certificate
#
# Mandatory: yes, if TLS certificate or PSK parameters are defined (even for 'unencrypted' connection)
# Default:
# TLSConnect=unencrypted

### Option: TLSAccept
#   What incoming connections to accept.
#   Multiple values can be specified, separated by comma:
#       unencrypted - accept connections without encryption
#       psk         - accept connections secured with TLS and a pre-shared key
#       cert        - accept connections secured with TLS and a certificate
#
# Mandatory: yes, if TLS certificate or PSK parameters are defined (even for 'unencrypted' connection)
# Default:
# TLSAccept=unencrypted

### Option: TLSCAFile
#   Full pathname of a file containing the top-level CA(s) certificates for
#   peer certificate verification.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# TLSCAFile=

### Option: TLSCRLFile
#   Full pathname of a file containing revoked certificates.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# TLSCRLFile=

### Option: TLSServerCertIssuer
#      Allowed server certificate issuer.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# TLSServerCertIssuer=

### Option: TLSServerCertSubject
#      Allowed server certificate subject.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# TLSServerCertSubject=

### Option: TLSCertFile
#   Full pathname of a file containing the agent certificate or certificate chain.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# TLSCertFile=

### Option: TLSKeyFile
#   Full pathname of a file containing the agent private key.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# TLSKeyFile=

### Option: TLSPSKIdentity
#   Unique, case sensitive string used to identify the pre-shared key.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# TLSPSKIdentity=

### Option: TLSPSKFile
#   Full pathname of a file containing the pre-shared key.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# TLSPSKFile=

windows安装Agent

1.下载zabbix-agent压缩包

下载地址:http://www.zabbix.com/download

2.安装zabbix-agent

1)在非C盘的任意盘创建zabbix文件夹(以D盘为例)
2)解压下载的zabbix-agent文件,根据系统是64位还是32位系统,选择对应版本(以64位为例)
3)将解压出来的文件夹下的 bin\win64 文件夹中的文件拷贝到创建的zabbix文件夹下
4)将解压出来的文件夹下的 conf 文件夹拷贝到创建的zabbix文件夹下
5)打开 zabbix\conf\ 下的zabbix_agentd.win.conf 修改配置(方法同上)
6)修改好后保存退出,打开终端,运行

D:\zabbix\zabbix_agentd.exe -c D:\zabbix\conf\zabbix_agentd.win.conf -i
D:\zabbix\zabbix_agentd.exe -c D:\zabbix\conf\zabbix_agentd.win.conf -s

  • -i 安装
  • -d 卸载
  • -s 启动
  • -x 停止
  • -h 帮助
  • -c 配置文件位置

注意: 关闭防火墙,或者开放指定端口

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