配置ssm环境时遇到的,不能加载bean的问题(已解决)

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/qq_29215513/article/details/80686307
下面是报错信息,
org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'com.teachers.test.mapperTest': Unsatisfied dependency expressed through field 'video'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type 'com.teachers.dao.VideoMapper' available: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:588)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:88)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:366)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1264)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.autowireBeanProperties(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:386)
	at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.injectDependencies(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:118)
	at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.prepareTestInstance(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:83)
	at org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager.prepareTestInstance(TestContextManager.java:230)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.createTest(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:228)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner$1.runReflectiveCall(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:287)
	at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.methodBlock(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:289)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:247)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:94)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:70)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:191)
	at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:137)
	at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:115)
	at org.junit.vintage.engine.execution.RunnerExecutor.execute(RunnerExecutor.java:42)
	at java.util.stream.ForEachOps$ForEachOp$OfRef.accept(Unknown Source)
	at java.util.stream.ReferencePipeline$3$1.accept(Unknown Source)
	at java.util.Iterator.forEachRemaining(Unknown Source)
	at java.util.Spliterators$IteratorSpliterator.forEachRemaining(Unknown Source)
	at java.util.stream.AbstractPipeline.copyInto(Unknown Source)
	at java.util.stream.AbstractPipeline.wrapAndCopyInto(Unknown Source)
	at java.util.stream.ForEachOps$ForEachOp.evaluateSequential(Unknown Source)
	at java.util.stream.ForEachOps$ForEachOp$OfRef.evaluateSequential(Unknown Source)
	at java.util.stream.AbstractPipeline.evaluate(Unknown Source)
	at java.util.stream.ReferencePipeline.forEach(Unknown Source)
	at org.junit.vintage.engine.VintageTestEngine.executeAllChildren(VintageTestEngine.java:83)
	at org.junit.vintage.engine.VintageTestEngine.execute(VintageTestEngine.java:74)
	at org.junit.platform.launcher.core.DefaultLauncher.execute(DefaultLauncher.java:170)
	at org.junit.platform.launcher.core.DefaultLauncher.execute(DefaultLauncher.java:154)
	at org.junit.platform.launcher.core.DefaultLauncher.execute(DefaultLauncher.java:90)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit5.runner.JUnit5TestReference.run(JUnit5TestReference.java:86)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:538)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:760)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:460)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:206)
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type 'com.teachers.dao.VideoMapper' available: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.raiseNoMatchingBeanFound(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1486)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.doResolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1104)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.resolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1066)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:585)
	... 46 more
之前的applicationContext.xml文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.3.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.3.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-4.3.xsd">
	<!-- Spring的配置文件,这里主要配置和业务逻辑有关的 -->
	<!-- 数据源,事物控制...... -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.teachers.*">
		<context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
	</context:component-scan>
	
	<context:property-placeholder location="classpath:dbConfig.properties"/>
		
	<bean id = "pooledDataSource" class = "com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
		<property name="jdbcUrl" value = "${jdbc.jdbcUrl}"></property>
		<property name="driverClass" value = "${jdbc.driverClass}"></property>
		<property name="user" value = "${jdbc.user}"></property>
		<property name="password" value = "${jdbc.password}"></property>
	</bean>

<!-- ============================================================================================== -->	

	<!-- 配置和myBatis的整合 -->
	<bean id= "sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
		<!-- 指定myBatis全局配置文件的位置 -->
		<property name="configLocation" value = "classpath:mybatis-config.xml"></property>
		<property name="dataSource" ref = "pooledDataSource"></property>
		<!-- 指定myBatis mapper文件的位置 -->
		<property name="mapperLocations" value = "classpath:com.teachers.mappers.*"></property>
	</bean>
	
	<!-- 配置扫描器,将myBatis接口的实现加入到IOC容器中 -->
	<bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
		<!-- 扫描所有的Dao接口的实现,加入到IOC容器中 -->
		<property name="basePackage" value = "classpath:com.teachers.dao"></property>
	</bean>
	
<!-- ================================================================================================== -->
	
	<!-- 事物控制的配置 -->
	<bean id = "transactionManager" class ="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
	
		<!-- 控制住数据源 -->
		<property name="dataSource" ref="pooledDataSource"></property>
	</bean>
	<!-- 开启基于注解的事务,使用xml配置形式的事务(必要主要的都是配置式) -->	
	<aop:config>
		<!-- 切入点表达式 -->
		<aop:pointcut expression="execution(* com.teachers.service..*(..))" id="txPoint"/>
		<!-- 配置事务增强 -->
		<aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut-ref="txPoint"/>
	</aop:config>
	
	<!-- 配置事务增强,事务如何切入 -->
	<tx:advice id = "txAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
		<tx:attributes>
			<!-- 所有方法都是事务方法 -->
			<tx:method name="*"/>
			
			<!-- 以get开始的所有方法 -->
			<tx:method name="get*" read-only="true"/>
		</tx:attributes>
	</tx:advice>
	
	<!-- spring配置文件的核心关注点 
		1.数据源
		2.与myBatis的整合
		3.事务控制
	-->
</beans>

错误原因:在配置dao路径的时候加了classpath,去掉之后测试通过。

这个问题我竟然搞了整整一天,最后在csdn上面发帖求助才解决,需要加强学习。

感谢 https://my.csdn.net/qq_39537939 的帮助。

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