Tomcat 的启动化过程分析(四)

介绍

该笔记是在学习拉勾教育 Java 高薪训练营后,结合课程和老师的视频,自己跟踪源码后做的笔记。

启动流程图

在这里插入图片描述

Bootstrap#start

使用反射,调用 Catalina.start() 方法。

    public void start() throws Exception {
        if (catalinaDaemon == null) {
            init();
        }

        Method method = catalinaDaemon.getClass().getMethod("start", (Class [])null);
        // 调用 Catalina.start() 方法
        method.invoke(catalinaDaemon, (Object [])null);
    }

start

获取 Server,并调用其 start 方法,进行一键启动。

    public void start() {

        if (getServer() == null) {
            // 调用 Catalina#load 方法,进行初始化
            load();
        }

        if (getServer() == null) {
            log.fatal("Cannot start server. Server instance is not configured.");
            return;
        }

        long t1 = System.nanoTime();

        // Start the new server
        try {
            getServer().start();
        } catch (LifecycleException e) {
            log.fatal(sm.getString("catalina.serverStartFail"), e);
            try {
                getServer().destroy();
            } catch (LifecycleException e1) {
                log.debug("destroy() failed for failed Server ", e1);
            }
            return;
        }

        long t2 = System.nanoTime();
        if(log.isInfoEnabled()) {
            log.info("Server startup in " + ((t2 - t1) / 1000000) + " ms");
        }

        // Register shutdown hook
        if (useShutdownHook) {
            if (shutdownHook == null) {
                shutdownHook = new CatalinaShutdownHook();
            }
            Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(shutdownHook);

            // If JULI is being used, disable JULI's shutdown hook since
            // shutdown hooks run in parallel and log messages may be lost
            // if JULI's hook completes before the CatalinaShutdownHook()
            LogManager logManager = LogManager.getLogManager();
            if (logManager instanceof ClassLoaderLogManager) {
                ((ClassLoaderLogManager) logManager).setUseShutdownHook(
                        false);
            }
        }

        if (await) {
            await();
            stop();
        }
    }

StandardServer#startInternal

调用每个 Service 组件的 start 方法。

  • fireLifecycleEvent 方法和 setState 为 LifecycleBase 类的方法,当状态改变,从 INIT -> START,触发监听该状态事件的监听器;
  • globalNamingResources 在解析 Catalina#load 解析 server.xml 时已创建;
  • 用一个实例对象作为锁,保证线程安全,遍历每个 service,调用 start 方法,每个 service 实现自己的 startInternal() 方法,默认为 StandardService#startInternal。
    @Override
    protected void startInternal() throws LifecycleException {

        fireLifecycleEvent(CONFIGURE_START_EVENT, null);
        setState(LifecycleState.STARTING);

        globalNamingResources.start();

        // Start our defined Services
        synchronized (servicesLock) {
            for (int i = 0; i < services.length; i++) {
                services[i].start();
            }
        }
    }

StandardService#startInternal

先触发监听该 STARTING 状态事件的监听器,然后调用各组件的 start 方法。从代码中可看出一个 Server 实例只有一个 engine,其余为多个,使用同步来调用。

    @Override
    protected void startInternal() throws LifecycleException {

        if(log.isInfoEnabled())
            log.info(sm.getString("standardService.start.name", this.name));
        setState(LifecycleState.STARTING);

        // Start our defined Container first
        if (engine != null) {
            synchronized (engine) {
                engine.start();
            }
        }

        synchronized (executors) {
            for (Executor executor: executors) {
                executor.start();
            }
        }

        mapperListener.start();

        // Start our defined Connectors second
        synchronized (connectorsLock) {
            for (Connector connector: connectors) {
                try {
                    // If it has already failed, don't try and start it
                    if (connector.getState() != LifecycleState.FAILED) {
                        connector.start();
                    }
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    log.error(sm.getString(
                            "standardService.connector.startFailed",
                            connector), e);
                }
            }
        }
    }

StandardEngine#startInternal

调用父类的 startInternal() 方法。

    @Override
    protected synchronized void startInternal() throws LifecycleException {

        // Log our server identification information
        if(log.isInfoEnabled())
            log.info( "Starting Servlet Engine: " + ServerInfo.getServerInfo());

        // Standard container startup
        super.startInternal();
    }

ContainerBase#startInternal

    @Override
    protected synchronized void startInternal() throws LifecycleException {

        // Start our subordinate components, if any
        logger = null;
        getLogger();
        Cluster cluster = getClusterInternal();
        if (cluster instanceof Lifecycle) {
            ((Lifecycle) cluster).start();
        }
        Realm realm = getRealmInternal();
        if (realm instanceof Lifecycle) {
            ((Lifecycle) realm).start();
        }

        // Start our child containers, if any
        Container children[] = findChildren();
        List<Future<Void>> results = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < children.length; i++) {
            results.add(startStopExecutor.submit(new StartChild(children[i])));
        }

        MultiThrowable multiThrowable = null;

        for (Future<Void> result : results) {
            try {
                result.get();
            } catch (Throwable e) {
                log.error(sm.getString("containerBase.threadedStartFailed"), e);
                if (multiThrowable == null) {
                    multiThrowable = new MultiThrowable();
                }
                multiThrowable.add(e);
            }

        }
        if (multiThrowable != null) {
            throw new LifecycleException(sm.getString("containerBase.threadedStartFailed"),
                    multiThrowable.getThrowable());
        }

        // Start the Valves in our pipeline (including the basic), if any
        if (pipeline instanceof Lifecycle) {
            ((Lifecycle) pipeline).start();
        }


        setState(LifecycleState.STARTING);

        // Start our thread
        threadStart();
    }

Connector#startInternal

创建线程池,接收客户端连接。

    @Override
    protected void startInternal() throws LifecycleException {

        // Validate settings before starting
        if (getPort() < 0) {
            throw new LifecycleException(sm.getString(
                    "coyoteConnector.invalidPort", Integer.valueOf(getPort())));
        }

        setState(LifecycleState.STARTING);

        try {
            protocolHandler.start();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new LifecycleException(
                    sm.getString("coyoteConnector.protocolHandlerStartFailed"), e);
        }
    }

AbstractProtocol#start

  • 调用 EndPoint 的 start 方法;
  • 设置超时线程和其属性。
    @Override
    public void start() throws Exception {
        if (getLog().isInfoEnabled()) {
            getLog().info(sm.getString("abstractProtocolHandler.start", getName()));
        }

        endpoint.start();

        // Start timeout thread
        asyncTimeout = new AsyncTimeout();
        Thread timeoutThread = new Thread(asyncTimeout, getNameInternal() + "-AsyncTimeout");
        int priority = endpoint.getThreadPriority();
        if (priority < Thread.MIN_PRIORITY || priority > Thread.MAX_PRIORITY) {
            priority = Thread.NORM_PRIORITY;
        }
        timeoutThread.setPriority(priority);
        timeoutThread.setDaemon(true);
        timeoutThread.start();
    }

AbstractEndpoint#start

如果检查到该端口没有绑定,则调用 bind() 方法进行绑定。然后,低啊用

    public final void start() throws Exception {
        if (bindState == BindState.UNBOUND) {
            bind();
            bindState = BindState.BOUND_ON_START;
        }
        startInternal();
    }

NioEndpoint#startInternal

设置线程池,用于接收端口的客户端连接。

    @Override
    public void startInternal() throws Exception {

        if (!running) {
            running = true;
            paused = false;

            processorCache = new SynchronizedStack<>(SynchronizedStack.DEFAULT_SIZE,
                    socketProperties.getProcessorCache());
            eventCache = new SynchronizedStack<>(SynchronizedStack.DEFAULT_SIZE,
                            socketProperties.getEventCache());
            nioChannels = new SynchronizedStack<>(SynchronizedStack.DEFAULT_SIZE,
                    socketProperties.getBufferPool());

            // Create worker collection
            if ( getExecutor() == null ) {
                createExecutor();
            }

            initializeConnectionLatch();

            // Start poller threads
            pollers = new Poller[getPollerThreadCount()];
            for (int i=0; i<pollers.length; i++) {
                pollers[i] = new Poller();
                Thread pollerThread = new Thread(pollers[i], getName() + "-ClientPoller-"+i);
                pollerThread.setPriority(threadPriority);
                pollerThread.setDaemon(true);
                pollerThread.start();
            }

            startAcceptorThreads();
        }
    }
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 深蓝海洋 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页