DbUtils源码分析-DBUtils类

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/qq_33061377/article/details/79945366

1. DbUtils类简介

DbUtils是一个简单的一个数据库帮助类
主要包含了:

  • Connection,Statement,ResultSet资源的关闭,
  • Connection提交,回滚
  • 异常/警告的输出
  • 加载驱动
  • 静态内部类DriverProxy

2. 方法

2.1 构造函数

public DbUtils() {
        // do nothing
}

2.2 close方法

在每个资源close之前都会判断是否已经关闭,防止因为重复关闭出错

public static void close(Connection conn) throws SQLException {
    if (conn != null) {
        conn.close();
    }
}
public static void close(ResultSet rs) throws SQLException;
public static void close(Statement stmt) throws SQLException;

2.3 closeQuickly方法

和close方法类似,只是在内部调用close方法,且在方法内部捕获了异常,提供一次关闭多个资源的方法

public static void closeQuietly(Connection conn, Statement stmt, ResultSet rs) {
        try {
            closeQuietly(rs);
        } finally {
            try {
                closeQuietly(stmt);
            } finally {
                closeQuietly(conn);
            }
        }

    }
    public static void closeQuietly(Connection conn);
    public static void closeQuietly(ResultSet rs);
    public static void closeQuietly(Statement stmt);

2.4 提交/回滚事务

提交后会关闭资源

 public static void commitAndClose(Connection conn) throws SQLException {
        if (conn != null) {
            try {
                conn.commit();
            } finally {
                conn.close();
            }
        }
    }
     public static void commitAndCloseQuietly(Connection conn) {
        try {
            commitAndClose(conn);
        } catch (SQLException e) { // NOPMD
            // quiet
        }
    }
    public static void rollback(Connection conn) throws SQLException {
        if (conn != null) {
            conn.rollback();
        }
    }
    public static void rollbackAndClose(Connection conn) throws SQLException;
    public static void rollbackAndCloseQuietly(Connection conn);

2.5 加载驱动

public static boolean loadDriver(ClassLoader classLoader, String driverClassName) {
        try {
            Class<?> loadedClass = classLoader.loadClass(driverClassName);
            if (!Driver.class.isAssignableFrom(loadedClass)) {
                return false;
            }
            @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
            Class<Driver> driverClass = (Class<Driver>) loadedClass;
            //获取驱动的构造函数
            Constructor<Driver> driverConstructor = driverClass.getConstructor();
            //构造函数是私有的者设置可访问性为true
            boolean isConstructorAccessible = driverConstructor.isAccessible();
            if (!isConstructorAccessible) {
                driverConstructor.setAccessible(true);
            }
            //实例化驱动
            try {
                Driver driver = driverConstructor.newInstance();
                //注册驱动
                registerDriver(new DriverProxy(driver));
            } finally {
                driverConstructor.setAccessible(isConstructorAccessible);
            }
            return true;
        } catch (RuntimeException e) {
            return false;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return false;
        }
    }
    public static boolean loadDriver(String driverClassName);

2.6 输出异常

    public static void printStackTrace(SQLException e, PrintWriter pw) {
      SQLException next = e;
        while (next != null) {
            next.printStackTrace(pw);
            next = next.getNextException();
            if (next != null) {
                pw.println("Next SQLException:");
            }
        }
    }
    public static void printStackTrace(SQLException e);

    public static void printWarnings(Connection conn, PrintWriter pw) {
        if (conn != null) {
            try {
                printStackTrace(conn.getWarnings(), pw);
            } catch (SQLException e) {
                printStackTrace(e, pw);
            }
        }
    }
    public static void printWarnings(Connection conn);

2.7 静态内部类DriverProxy

这个除了自定义一个字节的方法外,其余方法都是在显示接口方法的基础上直接调用接口方法,不是很懂这个类的作用

private static final class DriverProxy implements Driver {
        private boolean parentLoggerSupported = true;
        private final Driver adapted;
        public DriverProxy(Driver adapted) {
            this.adapted = adapted;
        }
        @Override
        public boolean acceptsURL(String url) throws SQLException {
            return adapted.acceptsURL(url);
        }
        @Override
        public Connection connect(String url, Properties info) throws SQLException {
            return adapted.connect(url, info);
        }
        @Override
        public int getMajorVersion() {
            return adapted.getMajorVersion();
        }
        @Override
        public int getMinorVersion() {
            return adapted.getMinorVersion();
        }
        @Override
        public DriverPropertyInfo[] getPropertyInfo(String url, Properties info) throws SQLException {
            return adapted.getPropertyInfo(url, info);
        }
        @Override
        public boolean jdbcCompliant() {
            return adapted.jdbcCompliant();
        }

        /**
         * Java 1.7 method.
         */
        public Logger getParentLogger() throws SQLFeatureNotSupportedException {
            if (parentLoggerSupported) {
                try {
                    Method method = adapted.getClass().getMethod("getParentLogger", new Class[0]);
                    return (Logger)method.invoke(adapted, new Object[0]);
                } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
                    parentLoggerSupported = false;
                    throw new SQLFeatureNotSupportedException(e);
                } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
                    parentLoggerSupported = false;
                    throw new SQLFeatureNotSupportedException(e);
                } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
                    parentLoggerSupported = false;
                    throw new SQLFeatureNotSupportedException(e);
                }
            }
            throw new SQLFeatureNotSupportedException();
        }

    }
阅读更多
想对作者说点什么? 我来说一句
相关热词

没有更多推荐了,返回首页