maven建立多模块工程(module)

在工作的时候,大多时候都是用Maven来管理项目,可是一般我们都知道怎么用maven管理工程,却不知道通过Maven自己来建立多模块工程。于是自己抽时间,在网上找些资料,做了起来。

建立简单的Maven模块结构是这样的:

—- mv-parent

|– pom.xml (pom)

|

|– mv-xml

|        |– pom.xml (jar)

|

|– mv-lib

|        |– pom.xml (jar)

|

|– mv-core

|        |– pom.xml (jar)

|

|– mv-web

|– pom.xml (war)

项目工程的依赖关系:mv-core依赖mv-lib,mv-xml;mv-web依赖 mv-lib,mv-xm,mv-core

 

建立整个项目的步骤如下:

1.建立mv-parent工程

new->other->maven->maven project。

注意选择 create a simple project

 

packaging 选择类型 pom .

 

建立完成后,得到项目:

得到 pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
  <artifactId>mv-parent</artifactId>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <packaging>pom</packaging>
</project>

2. 建立mv-lib工程.主要用来存放项目jar

new->other->maven->maven Module.

选择module工程

 

 

这个mv-lib工程完成,得到

 

pom.xml.我把 commons-lang.jar放进去,作为测试:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<project
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
    xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <artifactId>mv-parent</artifactId>
        <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
        <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
    <artifactId>mv-lib</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>mv-lib</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>3.8.1</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-lang</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-lang</artifactId>
            <version>2.4</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

3. 建立mv-xml工程.主要用来存放项目配置文件

new->other->maven->maven Module.

选择module工程

 

 

pom.xml:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<project xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd" xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <artifactId>mv-parent</artifactId>
    <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  </parent>
  <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
  <artifactId>mv-xml</artifactId>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <name>mv-xml</name>
  <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
  <properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
  </properties>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>junit</groupId>
      <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
      <version>3.8.1</version>
      <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</project>

4. 建立mv-core工程.主要用来存项目业务代码

new->other->maven->maven Module.

选择module工程

 

 项目完成。不过要注意mv-core依赖mv-lib,mv-xml。这个需要在pom.xml配置( 标红

如下:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<project
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
    xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <artifactId>mv-parent</artifactId>
        <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
        <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
    <artifactId>mv-core</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>mv-core</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>3.8.1</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
     <dependency>
            <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
            <artifactId>mv-lib</artifactId>
            <version>${project.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
            <artifactId>mv-xml</artifactId>
            <version>${project.version}</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

5. 建立mv-web工程.主要用来项目web

建立web工程

new->other->maven->maven Module.

选择module工程

 

这一步的选择比较重要:catalog:Internal,下面选择 maven-archetype-webapp.如图:

 

 

项目建立后:  右击项目,点击Properties->Project Facets

 

 

得到web工程,得到如图:

 

mv-web依赖mv-lib,mv-xml,mv-core。

pom.xml:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<project
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"
    xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <artifactId>mv-parent</artifactId>
        <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
        <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
    <artifactId>mv-web</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <name>mv-web Maven Webapp</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>3.8.1</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
            <artifactId>mv-lib</artifactId>
            <version>${project.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
            <artifactId>mv-xml</artifactId>
            <version>${project.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
            <artifactId>mv-core</artifactId>
            <version>${project.version}</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <build>
        <finalName>mv-web</finalName>
    </build>
</project>

整个工程完成了

最后可以看下mv-parent里的pom.xml:

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>org.com.dk</groupId>
  <artifactId>mv-parent</artifactId>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <packaging>pom</packaging>
  <modules>
    <module>mv-lib</module>
    <module>mv-xml</module>
    <module>mv-core</module>
    <module>mv-web</module>
  </modules>
</project>

你就可以看到mv-parent下面有4个Module。

mv-parent进行run-as clean  install。

看到的部分日志:

-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
There are no tests to run.

Results :

Tests run: 0, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-war-plugin:2.1.1:war (default-war) @ mv-web ---
[INFO] Packaging webapp
[INFO] Assembling webapp [mv-web] in [F:\java\workspace\mv-parent\mv-web\target\mv-web]
[INFO] Processing war project
[INFO] Copying webapp resources [F:\java\workspace\mv-parent\mv-web\src\main\webapp]
[INFO] Webapp assembled in [200 msecs]
[INFO] Building war: F:\java\workspace\mv-parent\mv-web\target\mv-web.war
[WARNING] Warning: selected war files include a WEB-INF/web.xml which will be ignored 
(webxml attribute is missing from war task, or ignoreWebxml attribute is specified as 'true')
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-install-plugin:2.3.1:install (default-install) @ mv-web ---
[INFO] Installing F:\java\workspace\mv-parent\mv-web\target\mv-web.war to C:\Users\dk\.m2\repository\org\com\dk\mv-web\0.0.1-SNAPSHOT\mv-web-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.war
[INFO] Installing F:\java\workspace\mv-parent\mv-web\pom.xml to C:\Users\dk\.m2\repository\org\com\dk\mv-web\0.0.1-SNAPSHOT\mv-web-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.pom
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Reactor Summary:
[INFO] 
[INFO] mv-parent ......................................... SUCCESS [0.273s]
[INFO] mv-lib ............................................ SUCCESS [1.860s]
[INFO] mv-xml ............................................ SUCCESS [1.017s]
[INFO] mv-core ........................................... SUCCESS [0.986s]
[INFO] mv-web Maven Webapp ............................... SUCCESS [1.665s]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 5.944s
[INFO] Finished at: Sat Aug 09 11:56:38 CST 2014
[INFO] Final Memory: 12M/32M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

可以得到最后的工程

mv-parent工程

 

mv-web工程:

 

项目完成。

这样后面你就可以向里面添加jar,xml等,就可以丰富你的工程。

 


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