js + leetcode刷题:No.999 车的可用捕获量

方向数组,系统一点的思路

题目:

在一个 8 x 8 的棋盘上,有一个白色车(rook)。也可能有空方块,白色的象(bishop)和黑色的卒(pawn)。它们分别以字符 “R”,“.”,“B” 和 “p” 给出。大写字符表示白棋,小写字符表示黑棋。

车按国际象棋中的规则移动:它选择四个基本方向中的一个(北,东,西和南),然后朝那个方向移动,直到它选择停止、到达棋盘的边缘或移动到同一方格来捕获该方格上颜色相反的卒。另外,车不能与其他友方(白色)象进入同一个方格。

返回车能够在一次移动中捕获到的卒的数量。

示例 1:

输入:[[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",“p”,".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",“R”,".",".",".",“p”],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",“p”,".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."]]
输出:3
解释:
在本例中,车能够捕获所有的卒。
示例 2:

输入:[[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",“p”,“p”,“p”,“p”,“p”,".","."],[".",“p”,“p”,“B”,“p”,“p”,".","."],[".",“p”,“B”,“R”,“B”,“p”,".","."],[".",“p”,“p”,“B”,“p”,“p”,".","."],[".",“p”,“p”,“p”,“p”,“p”,".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."]]
输出:0
解释:
象阻止了车捕获任何卒。
示例 3:

输入:[[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",“p”,".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",“p”,".",".",".","."],[“p”,“p”,".",“R”,".",“p”,“B”,"."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",“B”,".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",“p”,".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."]]
输出:3
解释:
车可以捕获位置 b5,d6 和 f5 的卒。

提示:

board.length == board[i].length == 8
board[i][j] 可以是 ‘R’,’.’,‘B’ 或 ‘p’
只有一个格子上存在 board[i][j] == ‘R’

解法:

// Solution One -- 传统4个while
/**
 * @param {character[][]} board
 * @return {number}
 */
// 60ms 33.8mb
var numRookCaptures0 = function(board) {
    let m = 0, n = 0, count = 0
    // 先找到R的位置
    for(let i = 0; i < 8; i++){
        for(let j = 0; j < 8; j++){
            if(board[i][j] === 'R'){
                m = i
                n = j
                // 开始判断四个方向能收录的个数
                // 上
                while(n >= 0) {
                    if(board[i][n] == 'p'){
                        count += 1
                        break
                    }else if(board[i][n] == 'B'){
                        break
                    }
                    n--
                }
                // 下
                n = j
                while(n < 8) {
                    if(board[i][n] == 'p'){
                        count += 1
                        break
                    }else if(board[i][n] == 'B'){
                        break
                    }
                    n++
                }
                // 左
                while(m >= 0) {
                    if(board[m][j] == 'p'){
                        count += 1
                        break
                    }else if(board[m][j] == 'B'){
                        break
                    }
                    m--
                }
                // 右
                m = i
                while(m < 8) {
                    if(board[m][j] == 'p'){
                        count += 1
                        break
                    }else if(board[m][j] == 'B'){
                        break
                    }
                    m++
                }
                break // 一定break
            }
        }
    }
    return count
};

// Solution Two  --  方向数组
// 64ms 33.9mb
var numRookCaptures1 = function(board){
    let count = 0, m = 0, n = 0
    const dx = [0, 1, 0, -1], dy = [1, 0, -1, 0]
    for(let i = 0; i < 8; i++){
        for(let j = 0; j< 8; j++){
            if(board[i][j] === 'R'){
                m = i
                n = j
                break
            }
        }
    }
    // 4 -> 4个方向
    for(let i = 0; i < 4; i++){
        for(let step = 0; ; step ++){
            let tx = m + step * dx[i],
                ty = n + step * dy[i]
            if(tx < 0 || tx >= 8 || ty < 0 || ty >= 8 || board[tx][ty] === 'B') break
            if(board[tx][ty] === 'p'){
                count++
                break
            }
        }
    }
    return count
}
发布了91 篇原创文章 · 获赞 9 · 访问量 7305
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

©️2019 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师: CSDN官方博客

分享到微信朋友圈

×

扫一扫,手机浏览