Android程序崩溃处理

由于Android手机型号,厂商等很多,我们不能保证测试时候没问题的程序,在各种手机上都没问题。

当出现问题,程序崩溃时,我们可以设置对应的监听,将对应的报错信息记录下来,上传至服务器。

一、原理

在Thread类中,有一个接口 UncaughtExceptionHandler 

    /**
     * Implemented by objects that want to handle cases where a thread is being
     * terminated by an uncaught exception. Upon such termination, the handler
     * is notified of the terminating thread and causal exception. If there is
     * no explicit handler set then the thread's group is the default handler.
     */
    public static interface UncaughtExceptionHandler {
        /**
         * The thread is being terminated by an uncaught exception. Further
         * exceptions thrown in this method are prevent the remainder of the
         * method from executing, but are otherwise ignored.
         *
         * @param thread the thread that has an uncaught exception
         * @param ex the exception that was thrown
         */
        void uncaughtException(Thread thread, Throwable ex);
    }

同时有一个实现该接口的成员变量  defaultUncaughtHandler

    /**
     * Holds the default handler for uncaught exceptions, in case there is one.
     */
    private static UncaughtExceptionHandler defaultUncaughtHandler;
当程序出现未处理的异常(崩溃)时,会调用该成员变量的 uncaughtException 方法 ,因此,我们可以在此方法中进行记录异常信息,上传服务器等操作


二、使用方法

1.写一个 UncaughtExceptionHandler 的实现类 CrashHandler

package com.czlaite.utils;

import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.lang.Thread.UncaughtExceptionHandler;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

import android.content.Context;
import android.content.pm.PackageInfo;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager.NameNotFoundException;
import android.os.Build;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.util.Log;
import android.os.Process;

public class CrashHandler implements UncaughtExceptionHandler{
	private static final String TAG = "CrashHandler";
    private static final boolean DEBUG = true;

    //路径,文件名前缀,后缀
    private static final String PATH = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getPath() + "/CrashTest/log/";
    private static final String FILE_NAME_PERFIX = "crash";
    private static final String FILE_NAME_SUFFIX = ".trace";

    //系统默认的异常处理器
    private UncaughtExceptionHandler mDefaultCrashHandler;	
    private Context mContext;

    //单例模式
    private static CrashHandler sInstance = new CrashHandler();
    
    private CrashHandler() {
    }
    
    public static CrashHandler getInstance() {
        return sInstance;
    }

    public void init(Context context) {
        mDefaultCrashHandler = Thread.getDefaultUncaughtExceptionHandler();
        Thread.setDefaultUncaughtExceptionHandler(this);
        mContext = context.getApplicationContext();
    }

    /**
     * 这个是最关键的函数,当程序中有未被捕获的异常,系统将会自动调用#uncaughtException方法
     * thread为出现未捕获异常的线程,ex为未捕获的异常,有了这个ex,我们就可以得到异常信息。
     */
    @Override
    public void uncaughtException(Thread thread, Throwable ex) {
        try {
            //导出异常信息到SD卡中
            dumpExceptionToSDCard(ex);
            //这里可以通过网络上传异常信息到服务器,便于开发人员分析日志从而解决bug
            uploadExceptionToServer();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        ex.printStackTrace();

        //如果系统提供了默认的异常处理器,则交给系统去结束我们的程序,否则就由我们自己结束自己
        if (mDefaultCrashHandler != null) {
            mDefaultCrashHandler.uncaughtException(thread, ex);
        } else {
            Process.killProcess(Process.myPid());
        }

    }

    /**
     * 将异常信息存到SD卡中
     * @param ex
     * @throws IOException
     */
    private void dumpExceptionToSDCard(Throwable ex) throws IOException {
        //如果SD卡不存在或无法使用,则无法把异常信息写入SD卡
        if (!Environment.getExternalStorageState().equals(Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED)) {
            if (DEBUG) {
                Log.w(TAG, "sdcard unmounted,skip dump exception");
                return;
            }
        }

        File dir = new File(PATH);
        if (!dir.exists()) {
            dir.mkdirs();
        }
        long current = System.currentTimeMillis();
        String time = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss").format(new Date(current));
        File file = new File(PATH + FILE_NAME_PERFIX + time + FILE_NAME_SUFFIX);

        try {
            PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(new BufferedWriter(new FileWriter(file)));
            pw.println(time);
            dumpPhoneInfo(pw);
            pw.println();
            ex.printStackTrace(pw);
            pw.close();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "dump crash info failed");
        }
    }

    /**
     * 记录手机对应的 信息
     * @param pw
     * @throws NameNotFoundException
     */
    private void dumpPhoneInfo(PrintWriter pw) throws NameNotFoundException {
        PackageManager pm = mContext.getPackageManager();
        PackageInfo pi = pm.getPackageInfo(mContext.getPackageName(), PackageManager.GET_ACTIVITIES);
        pw.print("App Version: ");
        pw.print(pi.versionName);
        pw.print('_');
        pw.println(pi.versionCode);

        //android版本号
        pw.print("OS Version: ");
        pw.print(Build.VERSION.RELEASE);
        pw.print("_");
        pw.println(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT);

        //手机制造商
        pw.print("Vendor: ");
        pw.println(Build.MANUFACTURER);

        //手机型号
        pw.print("Model: ");
        pw.println(Build.MODEL);

        //cpu架构
        pw.print("CPU ABI: ");
        pw.println(Build.CPU_ABI);
    }

    private void uploadExceptionToServer() {
      //TODO 将异常信息上传至服务器
    }


}

2. 在Application初始化的时候,为线程设置CrashHandler

package com.czlaite.application;

import com.czlaite.utils.CrashHandler;

import android.app.Application;
import android.content.Context;

public class MyApplication extends Application{
	public static Context context;

	public static Context getContext(){
		return context;
	}
	
	@Override
	public void onCreate() {
		super.onCreate();
		context = getApplicationContext();
		//为应用设置异常处理器
		CrashHandler crashHandler = CrashHandler.getInstance();
		crashHandler.init(context);
		
	}
	
}


最后,别忘了在AndroidManifest.xml中,注册MyApplication。

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