android 点击按钮切换不同的fragment布局

先上效果图:如左图所示,实现点击下面的按钮切换不同的fragment布局;

不说了,先上主MainActivity代码:

MainActivity.java:

package com.example.xh.twostylefragment;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentTransaction;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements View.OnClickListener{
    //定义5个fragment
    private MyFragment f1;
    private MyFragment2 f2;
    private MyFragment3 f3;
    private MyFragment4 f4;
    private MyFragment5 f5;
    //定义底部5个按钮
    private Button foot1;
    private Button foot2;
    private Button foot3;
    private Button foot4;
    private Button foot5;
    int i = 0;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        foot1 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn1);//注册按钮
        foot2 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn2);
        foot3 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn3);
        foot4 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn4);
        foot5 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn5);
        foot1.setOnClickListener(this);//对按钮设置监听
        foot2.setOnClickListener(this);
        foot3.setOnClickListener(this);
        foot4.setOnClickListener(this);
        foot5.setOnClickListener(this);
        //第一次初始化首页默认显示第一个fragment
        initFragment1();
    }

    //显示第一个fragment
    private void initFragment1(){
        //开启事务,fragment的控制是由事务来实现的
        FragmentTransaction transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();

        //第一种方式(add),初始化fragment并添加到事务中,如果为null就new一个
        if(f1 == null){
            f1 = new MyFragment();
            transaction.add(R.id.main_frame_layout, f1);
        }
        //隐藏所有fragment
        hideFragment(transaction);
        //显示需要显示的fragment
        transaction.show(f1);

        //第二种方式(replace),初始化fragment
//        if(f1 == null){
//            f1 = new MyFragment("首页");
//        }
//        transaction.replace(R.id.main_frame_layout, f1);

        //提交事务
        transaction.commit();
    }

    //显示第二个fragment
    private void initFragment2(){
        FragmentTransaction transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();

        if(f2 == null){
            f2 = new MyFragment2();
            transaction.add(R.id.main_frame_layout,f2);
        }
        hideFragment(transaction);
        transaction.show(f2);

//        if(f2 == null) {
//            f2 = new MyFragment("分类");
//        }
//        transaction.replace(R.id.main_frame_layout, f2);

        transaction.commit();
    }

    //显示第三个fragment
    private void initFragment3(){
        FragmentTransaction transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();

        if(f3 == null){
            f3 = new MyFragment3();
            transaction.add(R.id.main_frame_layout,f3);
        }
        hideFragment(transaction);
        transaction.show(f3);

//        if(f3 == null) {
//            f3 = new MyFragment("发现");
//        }
//        transaction.replace(R.id.main_frame_layout, f3);

        transaction.commit();
    }
    private void initFragment4(){
        FragmentTransaction transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();

        if(f4 == null){
            f4 = new MyFragment4();
            transaction.add(R.id.main_frame_layout,f4);
        }
        hideFragment(transaction);
        transaction.show(f4);

//        if(f4 == null) {
//            f4 = new MyFragment("购物车");
//        }
//        transaction.replace(R.id.main_frame_layout, f4);

        transaction.commit();
    }
    private void initFragment5(){
        FragmentTransaction transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();

        if(f5 == null){
            f5 = new MyFragment5();
            transaction.add(R.id.main_frame_layout,f5);
        }
        hideFragment(transaction);
        transaction.show(f5);

//        if(f5 == null) {
//            f5 = new MyFragment("我的);
//        }
//        transaction.replace(R.id.main_frame_layout, f5);

        transaction.commit();
    }

    //隐藏所有的fragment
    private void hideFragment(FragmentTransaction transaction){
        if(f1 != null){
            transaction.hide(f1);
        }
        if(f2 != null){
            transaction.hide(f2);
        }
        if(f3 != null){
            transaction.hide(f3);
        }
        if(f4 != null){
            transaction.hide(f4);
        }
        if(f5 != null){
            transaction.hide(f5);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {//点击哪个按钮就显示哪个fragment;
        if(v == foot1){
           initFragment1();
        }else if(v == foot2){
            initFragment2();
        }else if(v == foot3){
            initFragment3();
        }else if(v == foot4){
            initFragment4();
        }else if(v == foot5){
            initFragment5();
        }
    }
}
大家需要创建5个fragment,还有对应的xml文件,这里我给大家展示我创建的MyFragment4.java:
package com.example.xh.twostylefragment;

        import android.os.Bundle;
        import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
        import android.view.LayoutInflater;
        import android.view.View;
        import android.view.ViewGroup;

/**
 * Created by Administrator on 2016/7/8.
 */
public class MyFragment4 extends Fragment  {
    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        View view = LayoutInflater.from(getActivity()).inflate(R.layout.shoppingcar,container,false);//用view保存shoppingcar.xml布局,大家可以
        return view;                                                                                 //自己创建一个xml.
    }

}
差不多就是这样的了,有问题大家可以提出来。
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