使用FFmpeg 编解码 FLV的HEVC(H265)格式的视频

参考资料:https://gist.github.com/XueshiQiao/c50fd1f088d431ceb1f59bd4ec40c6d7

HEVC编码的FLV格式视频 --> https://download.csdn.net/download/qq_36236684/13686337

 

Flash Video(简称FLV),是一种网络视频格式,用作串流媒体格式,它的出现有效地解决了视频文件导入Flash后,使导出的SWF文件体积庞大,不能在网络上有效使用等缺点。

HEVC是High Efficiency Video Coding的缩写(又称为H.265和MPEG-H第2部分),是一种新的视频压缩标准,用来以替代H.264/AVC编码标准,2013年1月26号,HEVC正式成为国际标准。

 

前言:

    最近团队需要编解码FLV封装的HEVC编码的视频,但是FFmpeg因为某种原因,没有原生支持上述封装。因此在网上搜寻之后找到了相关的解决方案,在此记录一下。

 

FFMpeg版本:3.4.5

1. 修改部分,可以使用patch命令直接合到自己的项目中

需要注意的是 FLV_CODECID_HEVC    = 14,可以根据实际情况更改,一般情况下国内使用的都是14,也有用12的

commit 35b84e7ff5ea2dd314eb9e14fe9698e3c3b1bb09
Author: xxx <xxx@xxx-xx.cn>
Date:   Mon Dec 14 11:06:49 2020 +0800

    add h265 dec & enc in flv

diff --git a/libavformat/flv.h b/libavformat/flv.h
index df5ce3d..2b025bb 100644
--- a/libavformat/flv.h
+++ b/libavformat/flv.h
@@ -109,6 +109,7 @@ enum {
     FLV_CODECID_H264    = 7,
     FLV_CODECID_REALH263= 8,
     FLV_CODECID_MPEG4   = 9,
+    FLV_CODECID_HEVC    = 14,
 };
 
 enum {
diff --git a/libavformat/flvdec.c b/libavformat/flvdec.c
index 2d89bef..bc0ae18 100644
--- a/libavformat/flvdec.c
+++ b/libavformat/flvdec.c
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
 #include "internal.h"
 #include "avio_internal.h"
 #include "flv.h"
+#include "hevc.h"
 
 #define VALIDATE_INDEX_TS_THRESH 2500
 
@@ -291,6 +292,8 @@ static int flv_same_video_codec(AVCodecParameters *vpar, int flags)
         return vpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_VP6A;
     case FLV_CODECID_H264:
         return vpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264;
+    case FLV_CODECID_HEVC:
+        return vpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC;
     default:
         return vpar->codec_tag == flv_codecid;
     }
@@ -340,6 +343,11 @@ static int flv_set_video_codec(AVFormatContext *s, AVStream *vstream,
         par->codec_id = AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4;
         ret = 3;
         break;
+    case FLV_CODECID_HEVC:
+        par->codec_id = AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC;
+        vstream->need_parsing = AVSTREAM_PARSE_NONE;
+        ret = 3;     // not 4, reading packet type will consume one byte
+        break;
     default:
         avpriv_request_sample(s, "Video codec (%x)", flv_codecid);
         par->codec_tag = flv_codecid;
@@ -1149,10 +1157,11 @@ retry_duration:
 
     if (st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC ||
         st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264 ||
-        st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4) {
+        st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4 ||
+        st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC) {
         int type = avio_r8(s->pb);
         size--;
-        if (st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264 || st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4) {
+        if (st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264 || st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4 || st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC) {
             // sign extension
             int32_t cts = (avio_rb24(s->pb) + 0xff800000) ^ 0xff800000;
             pts = dts + cts;
@@ -1168,7 +1177,7 @@ retry_duration:
             }
         }
         if (type == 0 && (!st->codecpar->extradata || st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC ||
-            st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264)) {
+            st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264 || st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC)) {
             AVDictionaryEntry *t;
 
             if (st->codecpar->extradata) {
diff --git a/libavformat/flvenc.c b/libavformat/flvenc.c
index e966c36..3d2de1b 100644
--- a/libavformat/flvenc.c
+++ b/libavformat/flvenc.c
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@
 #include "libavutil/opt.h"
 #include "libavcodec/put_bits.h"
 #include "libavcodec/aacenctab.h"
-
+#include "hevc.h"
 
 static const AVCodecTag flv_video_codec_ids[] = {
     { AV_CODEC_ID_FLV1,     FLV_CODECID_H263 },
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@ static const AVCodecTag flv_video_codec_ids[] = {
     { AV_CODEC_ID_VP6,      FLV_CODECID_VP6 },
     { AV_CODEC_ID_VP6A,     FLV_CODECID_VP6A },
     { AV_CODEC_ID_H264,     FLV_CODECID_H264 },
+    { AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC,     FLV_CODECID_HEVC },
     { AV_CODEC_ID_NONE,     0 }
 };
 
@@ -486,7 +487,7 @@ static void flv_write_codec_header(AVFormatContext* s, AVCodecParameters* par) {
     FLVContext *flv = s->priv_data;
 
     if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264
-            || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4) {
+            || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4 || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC) {
         int64_t pos;
         avio_w8(pb,
                 par->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO ?
@@ -533,7 +534,11 @@ static void flv_write_codec_header(AVFormatContext* s, AVCodecParameters* par) {
             avio_w8(pb, par->codec_tag | FLV_FRAME_KEY); // flags
             avio_w8(pb, 0); // AVC sequence header
             avio_wb24(pb, 0); // composition time
-            ff_isom_write_avcc(pb, par->extradata, par->extradata_size);
+            if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC) {
+                ff_isom_write_hvcc(pb, par->extradata, par->extradata_size, 0);
+            } else {
+                ff_isom_write_avcc(pb, par->extradata, par->extradata_size);
+            }
         }
         data_size = avio_tell(pb) - pos;
         avio_seek(pb, -data_size - 10, SEEK_CUR);
@@ -836,7 +841,7 @@ end:
             AVCodecParameters *par = s->streams[i]->codecpar;
             FLVStreamContext *sc = s->streams[i]->priv_data;
             if (par->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO &&
-                    (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264 || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4))
+                    (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264 || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4 || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC))
                 put_avc_eos_tag(pb, sc->last_ts);
         }
     }
@@ -887,13 +892,13 @@ static int flv_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
     if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_VP6F || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_VP6A ||
         par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_VP6  || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC)
         flags_size = 2;
-    else if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264 || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4)
+    else if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264 || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4 || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC)
         flags_size = 5;
     else
         flags_size = 1;
 
     if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264
-            || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4) {
+            || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4 || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC) {
         int side_size = 0;
         uint8_t *side = av_packet_get_side_data(pkt, AV_PKT_DATA_NEW_EXTRADATA, &side_size);
         if (side && side_size > 0 && (side_size != par->extradata_size || memcmp(side, par->extradata, side_size))) {
@@ -956,6 +961,10 @@ static int flv_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
         if (par->extradata_size > 0 && *(uint8_t*)par->extradata != 1)
             if ((ret = ff_avc_parse_nal_units_buf(pkt->data, &data, &size)) < 0)
                 return ret;
+    } else if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC) {
+        if (par->extradata_size > 0 && *(uint8_t*)par->extradata != 1)
+            if ((ret = ff_hevc_annexb2mp4_buf(pkt->data, &data, &size, 0, NULL)) < 0)
+                return ret;
     } else if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC && pkt->size > 2 &&
                (AV_RB16(pkt->data) & 0xfff0) == 0xfff0) {
         if (!s->streams[pkt->stream_index]->nb_frames) {
@@ -1028,7 +1037,7 @@ static int flv_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
                              (FFALIGN(par->height, 16) - par->height));
         } else if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC)
             avio_w8(pb, 1); // AAC raw
-        else if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264 || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4) {
+        else if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264 || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4  || par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC) {
             avio_w8(pb, 1); // AVC NALU
             avio_wb24(pb, pkt->pts - pkt->dts);
         }

2. 编译:

 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local --enable-libx265 --enable-gpl --enable-ffplay 
make
make install

 

3. 转码为h265:

   -i 为输入,-acodec 为音频编码,-vcodec为视频编码

ffmpeg -y  -i xxx.mp4 -acodec copy -vcodec libx265 xxx.flv

4. 播放

ffplay xxx.flv

 

 

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