CentOS配置apue.h

apue.h是作者自己写的一个文件,包含了常用的头文件,系统不自带。其中包含了常用的头文件,以及出错处理函数的定义。使用起来确实很方便。
使用apue.h需要一些配置(仅linux、unix可以使用)

首先下载对应版本的压缩包

4064394-f41625d7c1b5d47c.png
选择版本

新建一个自己准备存放源码的目录,然后下载

mkdir APUE
cd APUE
wget http://www.apuebook.com/src.tar.gz
tar -zxvf src.tar.gz

解压后的文件在目录"aupe.3e"下。

apue.h内容如下:

#ifndef _APUE_H     
#define _APUE_H     
    
#define _XOPEN_SOURCE   600  /* Single UNIX Specification, Version 3 */     
    
#include <sys/types.h>       /* some systems still require this */     
#include <sys/stat.h>     
#include <sys/termios.h>     /* for winsize */     
#ifndef TIOCGWINSZ     
#include <sys/ioctl.h>     
#endif     
#include <stdio.h>     /* for convenience */     
#include <stdlib.h>    /* for convenience */     
#include <stddef.h>    /* for offsetof */     
#include <string.h>    /* for convenience */     
#include <unistd.h>    /* for convenience */     
#include <signal.h>    /* for SIG_ERR */     
    
    
#define MAXLINE 4096               /* max line length */     
    
/*  
 * Default file access permissions for new files.  
 */    
#define FILE_MODE   (S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR | S_IRGRP | S_IROTH)     
    
/*  
 * Default permissions for new directories.  
 */    
#define DIR_MODE    (FILE_MODE | S_IXUSR | S_IXGRP | S_IXOTH)     
    
typedef void   Sigfunc(int);   /* for signal handlers */    
    
#if defined(SIG_IGN) && !defined(SIG_ERR)     
#define SIG_ERR ((Sigfunc *)-1)     
#endif     
    
#define min(a,b)     ((a) < (b) ? (a) : (b))     
#define max(a,b)     ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))     
    
/*  
 * Prototypes for our own functions.  
 */    
char    *path_alloc(int *);              /* Figure 2.15 */    
long     open_max(void);                 /* Figure 2.16 */    
void     clr_fl(int, int);               /* Figure 3.11 */    
void     set_fl(int, int);               /* Figure 3.11 */    
void     pr_exit(int);                   /* Figure 8.5 */    
void     pr_mask(const char *);          /* Figure 10.14 */    
Sigfunc *signal_intr(int, Sigfunc *);    /* Figure 10.19 */    
    
int      tty_cbreak(int);                /* Figure 18.20 */    
int      tty_raw(int);                   /* Figure 18.20 */    
int      tty_reset(int);                 /* Figure 18.20 */    
void     tty_atexit(void);               /* Figure 18.20 */    
#ifdef  ECHO    /* only if <termios.h>  has been included */     
struct termios  *tty_termios(void);      /* Figure 18.20 */    
#endif     
    
void     sleep_us(unsigned int);             /* Exercise 14.6 */    
ssize_t  readn(int, void *, size_t);         /* Figure 14.29 */    
ssize_t  writen(int, const void *, size_t);  /* Figure 14.29 */    
void     daemonize(const char *);            /* Figure 13.1 */    
    
int      s_pipe(int *);                 /* Figures 17.6 and 17.13 */    
int      recv_fd(int, ssize_t (*func)(int,    
                 const void *, size_t));/* Figures 17.21 and 17.23 */    
int      send_fd(int, int);             /* Figures 17.20 and 17.22 */    
int      send_err(int, int,    
                  const char *);        /* Figure 17.19 */    
int      serv_listen(const char *);     /* Figures 17.10 and 17.15 */    
int      serv_accept(int, uid_t *);     /* Figures 17.11 and 17.16 */    
    
int      cli_conn(const char *);        /* Figures 17.12 and 17.17 */    
int      buf_args(char *, int (*func)(int,    
                  char **));            /* Figure 17.32 */    
    
int      ptym_open(char *, int);    /* Figures 19.8, 19.9, and 19.10 */    
int      ptys_open(char *);         /* Figures 19.8, 19.9, and 19.10 */    
#ifdef  TIOCGWINSZ     
pid_t    pty_fork(int *, char *, int, const struct termios *,    
                  const struct winsize *);      /* Figure 19.11 */    
#endif     
    
int     lock_reg(int, int, int, off_t, int, off_t); /* Figure 14.5 */    
#define read_lock(fd, offset, whence, len) \    
            lock_reg((fd), F_SETLK, F_RDLCK, (offset), (whence), (len))    
#define readw_lock(fd, offset, whence, len) \     
            lock_reg((fd), F_SETLKW, F_RDLCK, (offset), (whence), (len))    
#define write_lock(fd, offset, whence, len) \     
            lock_reg((fd), F_SETLK, F_WRLCK, (offset), (whence), (len))    
#define writew_lock(fd, offset, whence, len) \     
            lock_reg((fd), F_SETLKW, F_WRLCK, (offset), (whence), (len))    
#define un_lock(fd, offset, whence, len) \     
            lock_reg((fd), F_SETLK, F_UNLCK, (offset), (whence), (len))    
    
pid_t   lock_test(int, int, off_t, int, off_t);     /* Figure 14.6 */    
    
#define is_read_lockable(fd, offset, whence, len) \     
            (lock_test((fd), F_RDLCK, (offset), (whence), (len)) == 0)    
#define is_write_lockable(fd, offset, whence, len) \     
            (lock_test((fd), F_WRLCK, (offset), (whence), (len)) == 0)    
    
void    err_dump(const char *, ...);        /* Appendix B */    
void    err_msg(const char *, ...);    
void    err_quit(const char *, ...);    
void    err_exit(int, const char *, ...);    
void    err_ret(const char *, ...);    
void    err_sys(const char *, ...);    
    
void    log_msg(const char *, ...);         /* Appendix B */    
void    log_open(const char *, int, int);    
void    log_quit(const char *, ...);    
void    log_ret(const char *, ...);    
void    log_sys(const char *, ...);    
    
void    TELL_WAIT(void);        /* parent/child from Section 8.9 */    
void    TELL_PARENT(pid_t);    
void    TELL_CHILD(pid_t);    
void    WAIT_PARENT(void);    
void    WAIT_CHILD(void);    
    
#endif  /* _APUE_H */    

作者使用的是BSD,而我们主要运行在Linux上,准确的说是CentOS上,所以需要对源文件进行一点调整

把文件拷入/usr/inlcude/目录下

cd ./src.3e/apue.3e
cp ./include/apue.h /usr/include/
cp ./lib/error.c /usr/include/

编辑"/usr/include/apue.h"

vim /usr/include/apue.h

光标移动到文件最后一行"#endif"的前面,然后添加如下代码

#include "error.c"

安装BSD开发SDK(CentOS)

yum install libbsd
yum  install libbsd-devel

Ubuntu用apt-get就行

sudo apt-get install libbsd-dev

编译

进入apue.3e目录下

make

编译好就可以用了

#include "apue.3e/include/apue.h"     
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