vue使用xlsx模块导出EXCEL且给合并单元格添加边框

准备

后台系统开发中,统一功能经常遇到需要将统计的数据以EXCEL的形式导出。针对这个需求,我遍在网上搜寻相应的解决方案。最终选择了大多数的建议:

使用js-xlsx插件(https://www.npmjs.com/package/xlsx)。

js-xlsx在npm中需要使用npm install xlsx进行安装,安装后还需要配合模块file-saver,以及对Blob对象处理的一个工具js才可以使用。

Blob.js工具Js,需要的自行拷贝

/* Blob.js
 * A Blob, File, FileReader & URL implementation.
 * 2018-08-09
 *
 * By Eli Grey, http://eligrey.com
 * By Jimmy Wärting, https://github.com/jimmywarting
 * License: MIT
 *   See https://github.com/eligrey/Blob.js/blob/master/LICENSE.md
 */

;(function(){

    var global = typeof window === 'object'
        ? window : typeof self === 'object'
            ? self : this

    var BlobBuilder = global.BlobBuilder
        || global.WebKitBlobBuilder
        || global.MSBlobBuilder
        || global.MozBlobBuilder;

    global.URL = global.URL || global.webkitURL || function(href, a) {
            a = document.createElement('a')
            a.href = href
            return a
        }

    var origBlob = global.Blob
    var createObjectURL = URL.createObjectURL
    var revokeObjectURL = URL.revokeObjectURL
    var strTag = global.Symbol && global.Symbol.toStringTag
    var blobSupported = false
    var blobSupportsArrayBufferView = false
    var arrayBufferSupported = !!global.ArrayBuffer
    var blobBuilderSupported = BlobBuilder
        && BlobBuilder.prototype.append
        && BlobBuilder.prototype.getBlob;

    try {
        // Check if Blob constructor is supported
        blobSupported = new Blob(['ä']).size === 2

        // Check if Blob constructor supports ArrayBufferViews
        // Fails in Safari 6, so we need to map to ArrayBuffers there.
        blobSupportsArrayBufferView = new Blob([new Uint8Array([1,2])]).size === 2
    } catch(e) {}

    /**
     * Helper function that maps ArrayBufferViews to ArrayBuffers
     * Used by BlobBuilder constructor and old browsers that didn't
     * support it in the Blob constructor.
     */
    function mapArrayBufferViews(ary) {
        return ary.map(function(chunk) {
            if (chunk.buffer instanceof ArrayBuffer) {
                var buf = chunk.buffer;

                // if this is a subarray, make a copy so we only
                // include the subarray region from the underlying buffer
                if (chunk.byteLength !== buf.byteLength) {
                    var copy = new Uint8Array(chunk.byteLength);
                    copy.set(new Uint8Array(buf, chunk.byteOffset, chunk.byteLength));
                    buf = copy.buffer;
                }

                return buf;
            }

            return chunk;
        });
    }

    function BlobBuilderConstructor(ary, options) {
        options = options || {};

        var bb = new BlobBuilder();
        mapArrayBufferViews(ary).forEach(function(part) {
            bb.append(part);
        });

        return options.type ? bb.getBlob(options.type) : bb.getBlob();
    };

    function BlobConstructor(ary, options) {
        return new origBlob(mapArrayBufferViews(ary), options || {});
    };

    if (global.Blob) {
        BlobBuilderConstructor.prototype = Blob.prototype;
        BlobConstructor.prototype = Blob.prototype;
    }

    function FakeBlobBuilder() {
        function toUTF8Array(str) {
            var utf8 = [];
            for (var i=0; i < str.length; i++) {
                var charcode = str.charCodeAt(i);
                if (charcode < 0x80) utf8.push(charcode);
                else if (charcode < 0x800) {
                    utf8.push(0xc0 | (charcode >> 6),
                        0x80 | (charcode & 0x3f));
                }
                else if (charcode < 0xd800 || charcode >= 0xe000) {
                    utf8.push(0xe0 | (charcode >> 12),
                        0x80 | ((charcode>>6) & 0x3f),
                        0x80 | (charcode & 0x3f));
                }
                // surrogate pair
                else {
                    i++;
                    // UTF-16 encodes 0x10000-0x10FFFF by
                    // subtracting 0x10000 and splitting the
                    // 20 bits of 0x0-0xFFFFF into two halves
                    charcode = 0x10000 + (((charcode & 0x3ff)<<10)
                        | (str.charCodeAt(i) & 0x3ff));
                    utf8.push(0xf0 | (charcode >>18),
                        0x80 | ((charcode>>12) & 0x3f),
                        0x80 | ((charcode>>6) & 0x3f),
                        0x80 | (charcode & 0x3f));
                }
            }
            return utf8;
        }
        function fromUtf8Array(array) {
            var out, i, len, c;
            var char2, char3;

            out = "";
            len = array.length;
            i = 0;
            while (i < len) {
                c = array[i++];
                switch (c >> 4)
                {
                    case 0: case 1: case 2: case 3: case 4: case 5: case 6: case 7:
                    // 0xxxxxxx
                    out += String.fromCharCode(c);
                    break;
                    case 12: case 13:
                    // 110x xxxx   10xx xxxx
                    char2 = array[i++];
                    out += String.fromCharCode(((c & 0x1F) << 6) | (char2 & 0x3F));
                    break;
                    case 14:
                        // 1110 xxxx  10xx xxxx  10xx xxxx
                        char2 = array[i++];
                        char3 = array[i++];
                        out += String.fromCharCode(((c & 0x0F) << 12) |
                            ((char2 & 0x3F) << 6) |
                            ((char3 & 0x3F) << 0));
                        break;
                }
            }
            return out;
        }
        function isDataView(obj) {
            return obj && DataView.prototype.isPrototypeOf(obj)
        }
        function bufferClone(buf) {
            var view = new Array(buf.byteLength)
            var array = new Uint8Array(buf)
            var i = view.length
            while(i--) {
                view[i] = array[i]
            }
            return view
        }
        function encodeByteArray(input) {
            var byteToCharMap = 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789'

            var output = [];

            for (var i = 0; i < input.length; i += 3) {
                var byte1 = input[i];
                var haveByte2 = i + 1 < input.length;
                var byte2 = haveByte2 ? input[i + 1] : 0;
                var haveByte3 = i + 2 < input.length;
                var byte3 = haveByte3 ? input[i + 2] : 0;

                var outByte1 = byte1 >> 2;
                var outByte2 = ((byte1 & 0x03) << 4) | (byte2 >> 4);
                var outByte3 = ((byte2 & 0x0F) << 2) | (byte3 >> 6);
                var outByte4 = byte3 & 0x3F;

                if (!haveByte3) {
                    outByte4 = 64;

                    if (!haveByte2) {
                        outByte3 = 64;
                    }
                }

                output.push(
                    byteToCharMap[outByte1], byteToCharMap[outByte2],
                    byteToCharMap[outByte3], byteToCharMap[outByte4])
            }

            return output.join('')
        }

        var create = Object.create || function (a) {
                function c() {}
                c.prototype = a;
                return new c
            }

        if (arrayBufferSupported) {
            var viewClasses = [
                '[object Int8Array]',
                '[object Uint8Array]',
                '[object Uint8ClampedArray]',
                '[object Int16Array]',
                '[object Uint16Array]',
                '[object Int32Array]',
                '[object Uint32Array]',
                '[object Float32Array]',
                '[object Float64Array]'
            ]

            var isArrayBufferView = ArrayBuffer.isView || function(obj) {
                    return obj && viewClasses.indexOf(Object.prototype.toString.call(obj)) > -1
                }
        }



        /********************************************************/
        /*                   Blob constructor                   */
        /********************************************************/
        function Blob(chunks, opts) {
            chunks = chunks || []
            for (var i = 0, len = chunks.length; i < len; i++) {
                var chunk = chunks[i]
                if (chunk instanceof Blob) {
                    chunks[i] = chunk._buffer
                } else if (typeof chunk === 'string') {
                    chunks[i] = toUTF8Array(chunk)
                } else if (arrayBufferSupported && (ArrayBuffer.prototype.isPrototypeOf(chunk) || isArrayBufferView(chunk))) {
                    chunks[i] = bufferClone(chunk)
                } else if (arrayBufferSupported && isDataView(chunk)) {
                    chunks[i] = bufferClone(chunk.buffer)
                } else {
                    chunks[i] = toUTF8Array(String(chunk))
                }
            }

            this._buffer = [].concat.apply([], chunks)
            this.size = this._buffer.length
            this.type = opts ? opts.type || '' : ''
        }

        Blob.prototype.slice = function(start, end, type) {
            var slice = this._buffer.slice(start || 0, end || this._buffer.length)
            return new Blob([slice], {type: type})
        }

        Blob.prototype.toString = function() {
            return '[object Blob]'
        }



        /********************************************************/
        /*                   File constructor                   */
        /********************************************************/
        function File(chunks, name, opts) {
            opts = opts || {}
            var a = Blob.call(this, chunks, opts) || this
            a.name = name
            a.lastModifiedDate = opts.lastModified ? new Date(opts.lastModified) : new Date
            a.lastModified = +a.lastModifiedDate

            return a
        }

        File.prototype = create(Blob.prototype);
        File.prototype.constructor = File;

        if (Object.setPrototypeOf)
            Object.setPrototypeOf(File, Blob);
        else {
            try {File.__proto__ = Blob} catch (e) {}
        }

        File.prototype.toString = function() {
            return '[object File]'
        }


        /********************************************************/
        /*                FileReader constructor                */
        /********************************************************/
        function FileReader() {
            if (!(this instanceof FileReader))
                throw new TypeError("Failed to construct 'FileReader': Please use the 'new' operator, this DOM object constructor cannot be called as a function.")

            var delegate = document.createDocumentFragment()
            this.addEventListener = delegate.addEventListener
            this.dispatchEvent = function(evt) {
                var local = this['on' + evt.type]
                if (typeof local === 'function') local(evt)
                delegate.dispatchEvent(evt)
            }
            this.removeEventListener = delegate.removeEventListener
        }

        function _read(fr, blob, kind) {
            if (!(blob instanceof Blob))
                throw new TypeError("Failed to execute '" + kind + "' on 'FileReader': parameter 1 is not of type 'Blob'.")

            fr.result = ''

            setTimeout(function(){
                this.readyState = FileReader.LOADING
                fr.dispatchEvent(new Event('load'))
                fr.dispatchEvent(new Event('loadend'))
            })
        }

        FileReader.EMPTY = 0
        FileReader.LOADING = 1
        FileReader.DONE = 2
        FileReader.prototype.error = null
        FileReader.prototype.onabort = null
        FileReader.prototype.onerror = null
        FileReader.prototype.onload = null
        FileReader.prototype.onloadend = null
        FileReader.prototype.onloadstart = null
        FileReader.prototype.onprogress = null

        FileReader.prototype.readAsDataURL = function(blob) {
            _read(this, blob, 'readAsDataURL')
            this.result = 'data:' + blob.type + ';base64,' + encodeByteArray(blob._buffer)
        }

        FileReader.prototype.readAsText = function(blob) {
            _read(this, blob, 'readAsText')
            this.result = fromUtf8Array(blob._buffer)
        }

        FileReader.prototype.readAsArrayBuffer = function(blob) {
            _read(this, blob, 'readAsText')
            this.result = blob._buffer.slice()
        }

        FileReader.prototype.abort = function() {}


        /********************************************************/
        /*                         URL                          */
        /********************************************************/
        URL.createObjectURL = function(blob) {
            return blob instanceof Blob
                ? 'data:' + blob.type + ';base64,' + encodeByteArray(blob._buffer)
                : createObjectURL.call(URL, blob)
        }

        URL.revokeObjectURL = function(url) {
            revokeObjectURL && revokeObjectURL.call(URL, url)
        }

        /********************************************************/
        /*                         XHR                          */
        /********************************************************/
        var _send = global.XMLHttpRequest && global.XMLHttpRequest.prototype.send
        if (_send) {
            XMLHttpRequest.prototype.send = function(data) {
                if (data instanceof Blob) {
                    this.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', data.type)
                    _send.call(this, fromUtf8Array(data._buffer))
                } else {
                    _send.call(this, data)
                }
            }
        }

        global.FileReader = FileReader
        global.File = File
        global.Blob = Blob
    }

    if (strTag) {
        File.prototype[strTag] = 'File'
        Blob.prototype[strTag] = 'Blob'
        FileReader.prototype[strTag] = 'FileReader'
    }

    function fixFileAndXHR() {
        var isIE = !!global.ActiveXObject || (
                '-ms-scroll-limit' in document.documentElement.style &&
                '-ms-ime-align' in document.documentElement.style
            )

        // Monkey patched
        // IE don't set Content-Type header on XHR whose body is a typed Blob
        // https://developer.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-edge/platform/issues/6047383
        var _send = global.XMLHttpRequest && global.XMLHttpRequest.prototype.send
        if (isIE && _send) {
            XMLHttpRequest.prototype.send = function(data) {
                if (data instanceof Blob) {
                    this.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', data.type)
                    _send.call(this, data)
                } else {
                    _send.call(this, data)
                }
            }
        }

        try {
            new File([], '')
        } catch(e) {
            try {
                var klass = new Function('class File extends Blob {' +
                    'constructor(chunks, name, opts) {' +
                    'opts = opts || {};' +
                    'super(chunks, opts || {});' +
                    'this.name = name;' +
                    'this.lastModifiedDate = opts.lastModified ? new Date(opts.lastModified) : new Date;' +
                    'this.lastModified = +this.lastModifiedDate;' +
                    '}};' +
                    'return new File([], ""), File'
                )()
                global.File = klass
            } catch(e) {
                var klass = function(b, d, c) {
                    var blob = new Blob(b, c)
                    var t = c && void 0 !== c.lastModified ? new Date(c.lastModified) : new Date

                    blob.name = d
                    blob.lastModifiedDate = t
                    blob.lastModified = +t
                    blob.toString = function() {
                        return '[object File]'
                    }

                    if (strTag)
                        blob[strTag] = 'File'

                    return blob
                }
                global.File = klass
            }
        }
    }

    if (blobSupported) {
        fixFileAndXHR()
        global.Blob = blobSupportsArrayBufferView ? global.Blob : BlobConstructor
    } else if (blobBuilderSupported) {
        fixFileAndXHR()
        global.Blob = BlobBuilderConstructor;
    } else {
        FakeBlobBuilder()
    }

})();

开发

在完成上面这些准备后,还需要自己建立一个JS文件,用来编写导出EXCEL文件的方法,这个文件主要也是根据xlsx所给的文档进行编写。

完成以上所说的,Excel导出是没有问题了。但是对于Excel文件中的一些单元格的样式的自定义还没办法解决,比如合并单元格,单元格文字居中,给单元格添加边框等。这里我们就需要下载另一个npm模块包,它是xlsx的升级版xlsx-style(https://www.npmjs.com/package/xlsx-style)。具体内容请看文档。

到达这一步,文字颜色,大小,粗细,居中都可以很好的实现。但是给合并单元格添加边框的时候发现不对,于是乎,我就只能再去阅读文档,发现了问题所在:合并单元格后,sheet配置对象中对应的被合并掉的单元格的cell对象配置为空。若想要合并后的单元格的所有边框都能显示完整,需要将组成这个合并单元格的每一个单元格都配置上border。一直在想有没有什么简单的办法可以实现,都最后还是自己写了一个方法来适配这个需求。

逻辑就是根据合并单元格的配置,sheet的配置将所有合并掉的单个单元格都加上border配置。

/**
 * 
 * @param range 合并单元格配置对象
 * @param ws  sheet配置对象
 * @returns {*}
 */
function addRangeBorder(range,ws){
	let arr = ["A","B","C","D","E","F","G","H","I","J","K","L","M","N","O","P","Q","R","S","T","U","V","W","X","Y","Z"];
    
	range.forEach(item=>{
		let startRowNumber = Number(item.s.c),
			endRowNumber = Number(item.e.c);

		for(let i = startRowNumber +1;i<= endRowNumber;i++){
			ws[arr[i]+(Number(item.e.r)+1)]= {s:{border:{top:{style:'thin'}, left:{style:'thin'},bottom:{style:'thin'},right:{style:'thin'}}}};
		}
	})
	return ws;
}

 

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