深圳软件测试培训:Docker下部署MySQL和Wordpress

深圳软件测试培训:Docker下部署MySQL和Wordpress

检查当前系统版本,Docker要求CentOS必须是64位7版本以上才可以:
1.[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release
2.CentOS Linux release 7.6.1810 (Core)

检查内核版本,Docker支持内核3.10版本以上:
1.[root@localhost ~]# uname -r
2.3.10.0-957.el7.x86_64

安装Docker
1.[root@localhost ~]# yum install -y docker

为了加快Docker的下载速度,我们一般从国内镜像站点下载。修改镜像服务器
打开配置文件
1.[root@localhost ~]# cd /etc/docker
2.[root@localhost docker]# vi daemon.json

修改配置文件内容,此处选择阿里云的镜像站点:
1.{
2. “registry-mirrors”: [“https://6xacs6l2.mirror.aliyuncs.com”]
3.}

启动Docker服务
1.[root@localhost docker]# systemctl start docker.service

查看安装的Docker版本
1.[root@localhost docker]# docker -v
2.Docker version 1.13.1, build 7f2769b/1.13.1

查看当前已有的镜像(新建系统镜像为空)
1.[root@localhost docker]# docker images
2.REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE

搜索全部与wordpress有关的镜像
1.[root@localhost docker]# docker search wordpress
2.INDEX NAME DESCRIPTION STARS OFFICIAL AUTOMATED
3.docker.io docker.io/wordpress The WordPress rich content management syst… 3068 [OK]
4.docker.io docker.io/bitnami/wordpress Bitnami Docker Image for WordPress 116 [OK]
5.docker.io docker.io/tutum/wordpress Out-of-the-box Wordpress docker image 35
6.docker.io docker.io/appcontainers/wordpress Centos/Debian Based Cust… 34 [OK]
7.docker.io docker.io/aveltens/wordpress-backup Easily backup and restor… 16 [OK]
8.docker.io docker.io/centurylink/wordpress Wordpress image with MySQL removed. 14 [OK]
9.docker.io docker.io/arm32v7/wordpress The WordPress rich content management syst… 10
10.docker.io docker.io/appsvcorg/wordpress-alpine-php This is a WordPress Docker … 7
11.docker.io docker.io/bitnami/wordpress-nginx Bitnami Docker Image for WordPress with NGINX 7 [OK]

搜索获得“好评 stars”超过的5个的记录(这个参数的用法已经被废止,不建议使用了)
1.[root@localhost docker]# docker search wordpress -s 5
2.Flag --stars has been deprecated, use --filter=stars=3 instead
3.INDEX NAME DESCRIPTION STARS OFFICIAL AUTOMATED
4.docker.io docker.io/wordpress The WordPress rich content management syst… 3068 [OK]
5.docker.io docker.io/bitnami/wordpress Bitnami Docker Image for WordPress 116 [OK]
6.docker.io docker.io/tutum/wordpress Out-of-the-box Wordpress docker image 35
7.docker.io docker.io/appcontainers/wordpress Centos/Debian Based … 34 [OK]
8.docker.io docker.io/aveltens/wordpress-backup Easily backup and… 16 [OK]
9.docker.io docker.io/centurylink/wordpress Wordpress image with MySQL removed. 14 [OK]
10.docker.io docker.io/arm32v7/wordpress The WordPress rich content management syst… 10
11.docker.io docker.io/appsvcorg/wordpress-alpine-php This is a WordPress Doc… 7
12.docker.io docker.io/bitnami/wordpress-nginx Bitnami Docker Image for WordPress with NGINX 7 [OK]
13.docker.io docker.io/dalareo/wordpress-ldap Wordpress images with LDAP support automat… 6 [OK]

也可以使用最新的参数进行过滤搜索,搜索星数量超过100的镜像:
1.[root@localhost docker]# docker search wordpress --filter=stars=100
2.INDEX NAME DESCRIPTION STARS OFFICIAL AUTOMATED
3.docker.io docker.io/wordpress The WordPress rich content management syst… 3068 [OK]
4.docker.io docker.io/bitnami/wordpress Bitnami Docker Image for WordPress 116 [OK]

拉取第一个最新版本的wordpriss
1.[root@localhost docker]# docker pull wordpress
2.。。。。。
3.7e4ee285d305: Pull complete
4.Digest: sha256:6566a68d0c613304aa11255d98aba6e29c5fa8cd8497064639343956a4c7d2b1
5.Status: Downloaded newer image for docker.io/wordpress:latest

拉取最新版的mysql
1.[root@localhost docker]# docker pull mysql
2.Using default tag: latest
3.Trying to pull repository docker.io/library/mysql …
4.latest: Pulling from docker.io/library/
5.。。。。。。。
6.Digest: sha256:01cf53f2538aa805bda591d83f107c394adca8d31f98eacd3654e282dada3193
7.Status: Downloaded newer image for docker.io/mysql:latest

查看当前容器列表,已经出现我们拉取的两个镜像文件了:
1.[root@localhost docker]# docker images
2.REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE
3.docker.io/wordpress latest 5040cbf30a44 2 days ago 502 MB
4.docker.io/mysql latest 62a9f311b99c 3 days ago 445 MB
5.[root@localhost docker]#

创建并运行MySQL容器
1.[root@localhost /]# docker run -d --privileged=true -p 3306:3306 --name wpmysql -v /data/mysql:/var/lib/mysql -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=1111 mysql
2.cd13f4311f8e14511eba7d124a0a3a17a4ee553ccdfb4b45770535396c035256
3.[root@localhost /]#

docker run -d
–privileged=true 使container内的root拥有真正的root权限
-p 3306:3306 将主机和容器之间进行端口映射
–name wpmysql 为容器起名
-v /data/mysql:/var/lib/mysql 将mysql挂载到本地主机
-e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=1111 设置mysql数据库root用户的密码
mysql

检查容器运行情况,可以看到新运行的mysql容器
1.[root@localhost /]# docker ps
2.CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES
3.cd13f4311f8e mysql “docker-entrypoint…” 2 minutes ago Up About a minute 0.0.0.0:3306->3306/tcp, 33060/tcp wpmysql
4.[root@localhost /]#

创建并运行WordPress容器
1.[root@localhost /]# docker run -d --name mywp -e WORDPRESS_DB_HOST=mysql -e WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD=1111 -p 80:80 --link wpmysql:mysql wordpress
2.32ad7252ec8e7d0b3fd6abd8a8c4883f2cccdb4480f2994c14ee05b7b8f2dc76

docker run -d
–name mywp 设置容器名称
-e WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD=1111 设置访问数据库的密码
-p 80:80 在主机和容器间进行端口映射
–link wpmysql:mysql 连接到mysq容器
wordpress

查看当前运行的容器列表
1.[root@localhost /]# docker ps
2.CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES
3.32ad7252ec8e wordpress “docker-entrypoint…” 2 minutes ago Up 2 minutes 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp mywp
4.cd13f4311f8e mysql “docker-entrypoint…” 12 minutes ago Up 12 minutes 0.0.0.0:3306->3306/tcp, 33060/tcp wpmysql

查看当前IP地址
1.[root@localhost /]# ifconfig
2.ens33: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500
3.inet 192.168.1.33 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.1.255
4.inet6 fe80::e1b8:d032:218:5143 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x20
5.ether 00:0c:29:2f:e3:aa txqueuelen 1000 (Ethernet)
6.RX packets 493392 bytes 712587368 (679.5 MiB)
7.RX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 frame 0
8.TX packets 303935 bytes 22880279 (21.8 MiB)
9.TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0

打开浏览器访问地址:
1.http://192.168.1.33/wp-admin/install.php

停止mysql容器:
1.[root@localhost mysql]# docker stop wpmysql wpmysql

删除mysql容器:
1.[root@localhost mysql]# docker rm wpmysql wpmysql

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