Android 断点续传

依赖

compile 'com.loopj.android:android-async-http:1.4.9'

Activity

public class OtherActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    protected static final String TAG = "OtherActivity";

    //下载线程的数量
    private final static int threadsize = 3;

    protected static final int SET_MAX = 0;
    public static final int UPDATE_VIEW = 1;


    private ProgressBar pb;
    private Button bt_download;

    private Button bt_pause;
    private TextView tv_info;
    //显示进度和更新进度
    private Handler mHandler = new Handler(){
        public void handleMessage(android.os.Message msg) {
            switch (msg.what) {
                case SET_MAX://设置进度条的最大值
                    int filelength = msg.arg1;
                    pb.setMax(filelength);
                    break;
                case UPDATE_VIEW://更新进度条  和 下载的比率
                    int len = msg.arg1;//新下载的长度
                    pb.setProgress(pb.getProgress()+len);//设置进度条的刻度

                    int max = pb.getMax();//获取进度的最大值
                    int progress = pb.getProgress();//获取已经下载的数据量
                    //  下载:30    总:100
                    int result = (progress*100)/max;

                    tv_info.setText("下载:"+result+"%");

                    break;

                default:
                    break;
            }
        };
    };

    String uri = "http://c.hiphotos.baidu.com/image/pic/item/b90e7bec54e736d1e51217c292504fc2d46269f3.jpg";

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_other);
//找到控件
        pb = (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.pb);
        tv_info = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_info);

        bt_download = (Button) findViewById(R.id.bt_download);
        bt_pause = (Button) findViewById(R.id.bt_pause);

        //数据的回显
        //确定下载的文件
        String name = getFileName(uri);
        File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), name);
        if (file.exists()){//文件存在回显
            //获取文件的大小
            int filelength = (int) file.length();
            pb.setMax(filelength);
            try {
                //统计原来所有的下载量
                int count = 0;
                //读取下载记录文件
                for (int threadid = 0; threadid < threadsize; threadid++) {
                    //获取原来指定线程的下载记录
                    int existDownloadLength = readDownloadInfo(threadid);
                    count = count + existDownloadLength;
                }
                //设置进度条的刻度
                pb.setProgress(count);

                //计算比率
                int result = (count * 100) / filelength;
                tv_info.setText("下载:" + result + "%");
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }



    }
    //暂停
        private boolean flag = false;//是否在下载

        public void pause(View v){
            flag = false;
            bt_download.setEnabled(true);
            bt_pause.setEnabled(false);
        }

//下载
        public void download(View v){
            flag = true; //是在下载
            bt_download.setEnabled(false);//一点击变成不可点击
            bt_pause.setEnabled(true);//一点击变成可点击
            new Thread(){//子线程
                public void run() {
                    try {
                        //获取服务器上文件的大小
                        HttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();
                        HttpHead request = new HttpHead(uri);
                        HttpResponse response = client.execute(request);
                        //response  只有响应头  没有响应体
                        if(response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == 200){
                            Header[] headers = response.getHeaders("Content-Length");
                            String value = headers[0].getValue();
                            //文件大小
                            int filelength = Integer.parseInt(value);
                            Log.i(TAG, "filelength:"+filelength);

                            //设置进度条的最大值
                            Message msg_setmax = Message.obtain(mHandler, SET_MAX, filelength, 0);
                            msg_setmax.sendToTarget();


                            //处理下载记录文件
                            for(int threadid=0;threadid<threadsize;threadid++){
                                //对应的下载记录文件
                                File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(),threadid+".txt");
                                //判断文件是否存在
                                if(!file.exists()){
                                    //创建文件
                                    file.createNewFile();
                                }
                            }


                            //在sdcard创建和服务器大小一样的文件
                            String name = getFileName(uri);
                            File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(),name);
                            //随机访问文件
                            RandomAccessFile raf = new RandomAccessFile(file, "rwd");
                            //设置文件的大小
                            raf.setLength(filelength);
                            //关闭
                            raf.close();

                            //计算每条线程的下载量
                            int block = (filelength%threadsize == 0)?(filelength/threadsize):(filelength/threadsize+1);

                            //开启三条线程执行下载
                            for(int threadid=0;threadid<threadsize;threadid++){
                                new DownloadThread(threadid, uri, file, block).start();
                            }

                        }
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                };
            }.start();
        }


        //线程下载类
        private class DownloadThread extends Thread{
            private int threadid;//线程的id
            private String uri;//下载的地址
            private File file;//下载文件
            private int block;//下载的块
            private int start;
            private int end;

            public DownloadThread(int threadid, String uri, File file, int block) {
                super();
                this.threadid = threadid;
                this.uri = uri;
                this.file = file;
                this.block = block;
                //计算下载的开始位置和结束位置
                start = threadid * block;
                end = (threadid + 1)*block -1;

                try {
                    //读取该条线程原来的下载记录
                    int existDownloadLength = readDownloadInfo(threadid);

                    //修改下载的开始位置   从新下载
                    start = start + existDownloadLength;
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }



            //下载   状态码:200是普通的下载      206是分段下载        Range:范围
            @Override
            public void run() {
                super.run();
                try {
                    RandomAccessFile raf = new RandomAccessFile(file, "rwd");
                    //跳转到起始位置
                    raf.seek(start);

                    //分段下载
                    HttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();
                    HttpGet request = new HttpGet(uri);
                    request.addHeader("Range", "bytes:"+start+"-"+end);//添加请求头
                    HttpResponse response = client.execute(request);
                    if(response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == 200){
                        InputStream inputStream = response.getEntity().getContent();
                        //把流写入到文件
                        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
                        int len = 0;
                        while((len = inputStream.read(buffer)) != -1){
                            //如果暂停下载  点击暂停 false 就直接return 点击下载true接着下载
                            if(!flag){
                                return;//标准线程结束
                            }
                            //写数据
                            raf.write(buffer, 0, len);

                            //读取原来下载的数据量 这里读取是为了更新下载记录
                            int existDownloadLength = readDownloadInfo(threadid);//原来下载的数据量

                            //计算最新的下载
                            int newDownloadLength = existDownloadLength + len;

                            //更新下载记录 从新记录最新下载位置
                            updateDownloadInfo(threadid, newDownloadLength);

                            //更新进度条的显示   下载的百分比
                            Message update_msg = Message.obtain(mHandler, UPDATE_VIEW, len, 0);
                            update_msg.sendToTarget();
                            //模拟  看到进度条动的效果
                            SystemClock.sleep(50);
                        }
                        inputStream.close();
                        raf.close();
                        Log.i(TAG, "第"+threadid+"条线程下载完成");
                    }

                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }


        /**
         * 读取指定线程的下载数据量
         * @param threadid  线程的id
         * @return
         * @throws Exception
         */
        public int readDownloadInfo(int threadid) throws Exception{
            //下载记录文件
            File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(),threadid+".txt");
            BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(file));
            //读取一行数据
            String content = br.readLine();

            int downlength = 0;
            //如果该文件第一次创建去执行读取操作  文件里面的内容是 null
            if(!TextUtils.isEmpty(content)){
                downlength = Integer.parseInt(content);
            }
            //关闭流
            br.close();
            return downlength;
        }


        /**
         * 更新下载记录
         * @param threadid
         * @param newDownloadLength
         */
        public void updateDownloadInfo(int threadid,int newDownloadLength) throws Exception{
            //下载记录文件
            File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(),threadid+".txt");
            FileWriter fw = new FileWriter(file);
            fw.write(newDownloadLength+"");
            fw.close();
        }

        /**
         * 获取文件的名称
         * @param uri
         * @return
         */
        private String getFileName(String uri){
            return uri.substring(uri.lastIndexOf("/")+1);
        }

}

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:id="@+id/activity_main"
    android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context="com.lv.mama.myapplication.MainActivity">

    <ProgressBar
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        style="@android:style/Widget.ProgressBar.Horizontal"
        android:id="@+id/bar"/>
    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:id="@+id/tv"/>
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        >
        <Button
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="开始"
            android:id="@+id/start"/>
        <Button
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="结束"
            android:id="@+id/end"/>
    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>
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