python接口自动化-生成测试报告

上一篇我们讲过怎么运行多条用例了,今天我们来讲解如何生成测试报告。
测试报告生成需要一个第三方模块,我这里用的是HTMLTestReportCN,文件具体内容如下:

#coding=utf-8
"""
A TestRunner for use with the Python unit testing framework. It
generates a HTML report to show the result at a glance.

The simplest way to use this is to invoke its main method. E.g.

    import unittest
    import HTMLTestReportCN

    ... define your tests ...

    if __name__ == '__main__':
        HTMLTestReportCN.main()


For more customization options, instantiates a HTMLTestReportCN object.
HTMLTestReportCN is a counterpart to unittest's TextTestRunner. E.g.

    # output to a file
    fp = file('my_report.html', 'wb')
    runner = HTMLTestReportCN.HTMLTestReportCN(
                stream=fp,
                title='My unit test',
                description='This demonstrates the report output by HTMLTestReportCN.'
                )

    # Use an external stylesheet.
    # See the Template_mixin class for more customizable options
    runner.STYLESHEET_TMPL = '<link rel="stylesheet" href="my_stylesheet.css" type="text/css">'

    # run the test
    runner.run(my_test_suite)


------------------------------------------------------------------------
Copyright (c) 2004-2007, Wai Yip Tung
Copyright (c) 2017, Findyou
All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
met:

* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
  this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
  notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
  documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* Neither the name Wai Yip Tung nor the names of its contributors may be
  used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
  specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS
IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER
OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
"""

# URL: http://tungwaiyip.info/software/HTMLTestRunner.html

__author__ = "Wai Yip Tung,  Findyou"
__version__ = "0.8.3"


"""
Change History
Version 0.8.3 -Findyou 20171206
* BUG fixed :错误的测试用例没有统计与显示
* BUG fixed :当PASS的测试用例有print内容时,通过按钮显示为红色
* 表格背景颜色根据用例结果显示颜色,优先级: 错误(黄色)>失败(红色)>通过(绿色)
* 合并文为HTMLTestRunner*N.py 同时支持python2,python3

Version 0.8.2.2 -Findyou
* HTMLTestRunnerEN.py 支持 python3.x
* HTMLTestRunnerEN.py 支持 python2.x

Version 0.8.2.1 -Findyou
* 支持中文,汉化
* 调整样式,美化(需要连入网络,使用的百度的Bootstrap.js)
* 增加 通过分类显示、测试人员、通过率的展示
* 优化“详细”与“收起”状态的变换
* 增加返回顶部的锚点

Version 0.8.2
* Show output inline instead of popup window (Viorel Lupu).

Version in 0.8.1
* Validated XHTML (Wolfgang Borgert).
* Added description of test classes and test cases.

Version in 0.8.0
* Define Template_mixin class for customization.
* Workaround a IE 6 bug that it does not treat <script> block as CDATA.

Version in 0.7.1
* Back port to Python 2.3 (Frank Horowitz).
* Fix missing scroll bars in detail log (Podi).
"""

# TODO: color stderr
# TODO: simplify javascript using ,ore than 1 class in the class attribute?

import datetime
try:
    from StringIO import StringIO
except ImportError:
    from io import StringIO
import sys
import time
import unittest
from xml.sax import saxutils

try:
    reload(sys)
    sys.setdefaultencoding('utf-8')
except NameError:
    pass

# ------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The redirectors below are used to capture output during testing. Output
# sent to sys.stdout and sys.stderr are automatically captured. However
# in some cases sys.stdout is already cached before HTMLTestRunner is
# invoked (e.g. calling logging.basicConfig). In order to capture those
# output, use the redirectors for the cached stream.
#
# e.g.
#   >>> logging.basicConfig(stream=HTMLTestRunner.stdout_redirector)
#   >>>

class OutputRedirector(object):
    """ Wrapper to redirect stdout or stderr """
    def __init__(self, fp):
        self.fp = fp

    def write(self, s):
        self.fp.write(s)

    def writelines(self, lines):
        self.fp.writelines(lines)

    def flush(self):
        self.fp.flush()

stdout_redirector = OutputRedirector(sys.stdout)
stderr_redirector = OutputRedirector(sys.stderr)

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Template

class Template_mixin(object):
    """
    Define a HTML template for report customerization and generation.

    Overall structure of an HTML report

    HTML
    +------------------------+
    |<html>                  |
    |  <head>                |
    |                        |
    |   STYLESHEET           |
    |   +----------------+   |
    |   |                |   |
    |   +----------------+   |
    |                        |
    |  </head>               |
    |                        |
    |  <body>                |
    |                        |
    |   HEADING              |
    |   +----------------+   |
    |   |                |   |
    |   +----------------+   |
    |                        |
    |   REPORT               |
    |   +----------------+   |
    |   |                |   |
    |   +----------------+   |
    |                        |
    |   ENDING               |
    |   +----------------+   |
    |   |                |   |
    |   +----------------+   |
    |                        |
    |  </body>               |
    |</html>                 |
    +------------------------+
    """

    STATUS = {
    0: '通过',
    1: '失败',
    2: '错误',
    }

    DEFAULT_TITLE = '测试报告'
    DEFAULT_DESCRIPTION = ''
    DEFAULT_TESTER='测试人员的名称'

    # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    # HTML Template

    HTML_TMPL = r"""<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
    <title>%(title)s</title>
    <meta name="generator" content="%(generator)s"/>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"/>
    <link href="http://libs.baidu.com/bootstrap/3.0.3/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <script src="http://libs.baidu.com/jquery/2.0.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script src="http://libs.baidu.com/bootstrap/3.0.3/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
    %(stylesheet)s
</head>
<body >
%(heading)s
%(report)s
%(ending)s
<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
output_list = Array();
// 修改按钮颜色显示错误问题 --Findyou v0.8.2.3

$("button[id^='btn_pt']").addClass("btn btn-success");
$("button[id^='btn_ft']").addClass("btn btn-danger");
$("button[id^='btn_et']").addClass("btn btn-warning");

/*level
增加分类并调整,增加error按钮事件 --Findyou v0.8.2.3
0:Pass    //pt none, ft hiddenRow, et hiddenRow
1:Failed  //pt hiddenRow, ft none, et hiddenRow
2:Error    //pt hiddenRow, ft hiddenRow, et none
3:All     //pt none, ft none, et none
4:Summary //all hiddenRow
*/

//add Error button event --Findyou v0.8.2.3
function showCase(level) {
    trs = document.getElementsByTagName("tr");
    for (var i = 0; i < trs.length; i++) {
        tr = trs[i];
        id = tr.id;
        if (id.substr(0,2) == 'ft') {
            if (level == 0 || level == 2 || level == 4 ) {
                tr.className = 'hiddenRow';
            }
            else {
                tr.className = '';
            }
        }
        if (id.substr(0,2) == 'pt') {
            if (level == 1 || level == 2 || level == 4) {
                tr.className = 'hiddenRow';
            }
            else {
                tr.className = '';
            }
        }
        if (id.substr(0,2) == 'et') {
            if (level == 0 || level == 1 || level == 4) {
                tr.className = 'hiddenRow';
            }
            else {
                tr.className = '';
            }
        }
    }

    //加入【详细】切换文字变化 --Findyou
    detail_class=document.getElementsByClassName('detail');
	//console.log(detail_class.length)
	if (level == 3) {
		for (var i = 0; i < detail_class.length; i++){
			detail_class[i].innerHTML="收起"
		}
	}
	else{
			for (var i = 0; i < detail_class.length; i++){
			detail_class[i].innerHTML="详细"
		}
	}
}

//add Error button event --Findyou v0.8.2.3
function showClassDetail(cid, count) {
    var id_list = Array(count);
    var toHide = 1;
    for (var i = 0; i < count; i++) {
        tid0 = 't' + cid.substr(1) + '_' + (i+1);
        tid = 'f' + tid0;
        tr = document.getElementById(tid);
        if (!tr) {
            tid = 'p' + tid0;
            tr = document.getElementById(tid);
        }
        if (!tr) {
            tid = 'e' + tid0;
            tr = document.getElementById(tid);
        }
        id_list[i] = tid;
        if (tr.className) {
            toHide = 0;
        }
    }
    for (var i = 0; i < count; i++) {
        tid = id_list[i];
        //修改点击无法收起的BUG,加入【详细】切换文字变化 --Findyou
        if (toHide) {
            document.getElementById(tid).className = 'hiddenRow';
            document.getElementById(cid).innerText = "详细"
        }
        else {
            document.getElementById(tid).className = '';
            document.getElementById(cid).innerText = "收起"
        }
    }
}

function html_escape(s) {
    s = s.replace(/&/g,'&amp;');
    s = s.replace(/</g,'&lt;');
    s = s.replace(/>/g,'&gt;');
    return s;
}
</script>
</body>
</html>
"""
    # variables: (title, generator, stylesheet, heading, report, ending)


    # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    # Stylesheet
    #
    # alternatively use a <link> for external style sheet, e.g.
    #   <link rel="stylesheet" href="$url" type="text/css">

    STYLESHEET_TMPL = """
<style type="text/css" media="screen">
body        { font-family: Microsoft YaHei,Tahoma,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;padding: 20px; font-size: 100%; }
table       { font-size: 100%; }

/* -- heading ---------------------------------------------------------------------- */
.heading {
    margin-top: 0ex;
    margin-bottom: 1ex;
}

.heading .description {
    margin-top: 4ex;
    margin-bottom: 6ex;
}

/* -- report ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
#total_row  { font-weight: bold; }
.passCase   { color: #5cb85c; }
.failCase   { color: #d9534f; font-weight: bold; }
.errorCase  { color: #f0ad4e; font-weight: bold; }
.hiddenRow  { display: none; }
.testcase   { margin-left: 2em; }
</style>
"""

    # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    # Heading
    #

    HEADING_TMPL = """<div class='heading'>
<h1 style="font-family: Microsoft YaHei">%(title)s</h1>
%(parameters)s
<p class='description'>%(description)s</p>
</div>

""" # variables: (title, parameters, description)

    HEADING_ATTRIBUTE_TMPL = """<p class='attribute'><strong>%(name)s : </strong> %(value)s</p>
""" # variables: (name, value)



    # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    # Report
    #
    # 汉化,加美化效果 --Findyou
    REPORT_TMPL = """
<p id='show_detail_line'>
<a class="btn btn-primary" href='javascript:showCase(4)'>概要{ %(passrate)s }</a>
<a class="btn btn-success" href='javascript:showCase(0)'>通过{ %(Pass)s }</a>
<a class="btn btn-danger" href='javascript:showCase(1)'>失败{ %(fail)s }</a>
<a class="btn btn-warning" href='javascript:showCase(2)'>错误{ %(error)s }</a>
<a class="btn btn-info" href='javascript:showCase(3)'>所有{ %(count)s }</a>
</p>
<table id='result_table' class="table table-condensed table-bordered table-hover">
<colgroup>
<col align='left' />
<col align='right' />
<col align='right' />
<col align='right' />
<col align='right' />
<col align='right' />
</colgroup>
<tr id='header_row' class="text-center active" style="font-weight: bold;font-size: 14px;">
    <td>用例集/测试用例</td>
    <td>总计</td>
    <td>通过</td>
    <td>失败</td>
    <td>错误</td>
    <td>详细</td>
</tr>
%(test_list)s
<tr id='total_row' class="text-center info">
    <td>总计</td>
    <td>%(count)s</td>
    <td>%(Pass)s</td>
    <td>%(fail)s</td>
    <td>%(error)s</td>
    <td>通过率:%(passrate)s</td>
</tr>
</table>
""" # variables: (test_list, count, Pass, fail, error ,passrate)

    REPORT_CLASS_TMPL = r"""
<tr class='%(style)s'>
    <td>%(desc)s</td>
    <td class="text-center">%(count)s</td>
    <td class="text-center">%(Pass)s</td>
    <td class="text-center">%(fail)s</td>
    <td class="text-center">%(error)s</td>
    <td class="text-center"><a href="javascript:showClassDetail('%(cid)s',%(count)s)" class="detail" id='%(cid)s'>详细</a></td>
</tr>
""" # variables: (style, desc, count, Pass, fail, error, cid)

    #有output内容的样式,去掉原来JS效果,美化展示效果  -Findyou v0.8.2.3
    REPORT_TEST_WITH_OUTPUT_TMPL = r"""
<tr id='%(tid)s' class='%(Class)s'>
    <td class='%(style)s'><div class='testcase'>%(desc)s</div></td>
    <td colspan='5' align='center'>
    <!--默认收起output信息 -Findyou
    <button id='btn_%(tid)s' type="button"  class="btn-xs collapsed" data-toggle="collapse" data-target='#div_%(tid)s'>%(status)s</button>
    <div id='div_%(tid)s' class="collapse">  -->

    <!-- 默认展开output信息 -Findyou -->
    <button id='btn_%(tid)s' type="button"  class="btn-xs" data-toggle="collapse" data-target='#div_%(tid)s'>%(status)s</button>
    <div id='div_%(tid)s' class="collapse in">
    <pre>
    %(script)s
    </pre>
    </div>
    </td>
</tr>
""" # variables: (tid, Class, style, desc, status)

    # 无output内容样式改为button,按钮效果为不可点击  -Findyou v0.8.2.3
    REPORT_TEST_NO_OUTPUT_TMPL = r"""
<tr id='%(tid)s' class='%(Class)s'>
    <td class='%(style)s'><div class='testcase'>%(desc)s</div></td>
    <td colspan='5' align='center'><button id='btn_%(tid)s' type="button"  class="btn-xs" disabled="disabled" data-toggle="collapse" data-target='#div_%(tid)s'>%(status)s</button></td>
</tr>
""" # variables: (tid, Class, style, desc, status)

    REPORT_TEST_OUTPUT_TMPL = r"""
%(id)s: %(output)s
""" # variables: (id, output)

    # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    # ENDING
    #
    # 增加返回顶部按钮  --Findyou
    ENDING_TMPL = """<div id='ending'>&nbsp;</div>
    <div style=" position:fixed;right:50px; bottom:30px; width:20px; height:20px;cursor:pointer">
    <a href="#"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-eject" style = "font-size:30px;" aria-hidden="true">
    </span></a></div>
    """

# -------------------- The end of the Template class -------------------


TestResult = unittest.TestResult

class _TestResult(TestResult):
    # note: _TestResult is a pure representation of results.
    # It lacks the output and reporting ability compares to unittest._TextTestResult.

    def __init__(self, verbosity=1):
        TestResult.__init__(self)
        self.stdout0 = None
        self.stderr0 = None
        self.success_count = 0
        self.failure_count = 0
        self.error_count = 0
        self.verbosity = verbosity

        # result is a list of result in 4 tuple
        # (
        #   result code (0: success; 1: fail; 2: error),
        #   TestCase object,
        #   Test output (byte string),
        #   stack trace,
        # )
        self.result = []
        #增加一个测试通过率 --Findyou
        self.passrate=float(0)


    def startTest(self, test):
        TestResult.startTest(self, test)
        # just one buffer for both stdout and stderr
        self.outputBuffer = StringIO()
        stdout_redirector.fp = self.outputBuffer
        stderr_redirector.fp = self.outputBuffer
        self.stdout0 = sys.stdout
        self.stderr0 = sys.stderr
        sys.stdout = stdout_redirector
        sys.stderr = stderr_redirector


    def complete_output(self):
        """
        Disconnect output redirection and return buffer.
        Safe to call multiple times.
        """
        if self.stdout0:
            sys.stdout = self.stdout0
            sys.stderr = self.stderr0
            self.stdout0 = None
            self.stderr0 = None
        return self.outputBuffer.getvalue()


    def stopTest(self, test):
        # Usually one of addSuccess, addError or addFailure would have been called.
        # But there are some path in unittest that would bypass this.
        # We must disconnect stdout in stopTest(), which is guaranteed to be called.
        self.complete_output()


    def addSuccess(self, test):
        self.success_count += 1
        TestResult.addSuccess(self, test)
        output = self.complete_output()
        self.result.append((0, test, output, ''))
        if self.verbosity > 1:
            sys.stderr.write('ok ')
            sys.stderr.write(str(test))
            sys.stderr.write('\n')
        else:
            sys.stderr.write('.')

    def addError(self, test, err):
        self.error_count += 1
        TestResult.addError(self, test, err)
        _, _exc_str = self.errors[-1]
        output = self.complete_output()
        self.result.append((2, test, output, _exc_str))
        if self.verbosity > 1:
            sys.stderr.write('E  ')
            sys.stderr.write(str(test))
            sys.stderr.write('\n')
        else:
            sys.stderr.write('E')

    def addFailure(self, test, err):
        self.failure_count += 1
        TestResult.addFailure(self, test, err)
        _, _exc_str = self.failures[-1]
        output = self.complete_output()
        self.result.append((1, test, output, _exc_str))
        if self.verbosity > 1:
            sys.stderr.write('F  ')
            sys.stderr.write(str(test))
            sys.stderr.write('\n')
        else:
            sys.stderr.write('F')


class HTMLTestReportCN(Template_mixin):
    """
    """
    def __init__(self, stream=sys.stdout, verbosity=1,title=None,description=None,tester=None):
        self.stream = stream
        self.verbosity = verbosity
        if title is None:
            self.title = self.DEFAULT_TITLE
        else:
            self.title = title
        if description is None:
            self.description = self.DEFAULT_DESCRIPTION
        else:
            self.description = description
        if tester is None:
            self.tester = self.DEFAULT_TESTER
        else:
            self.tester = tester

        self.startTime = datetime.datetime.now()


    def run(self, test):
        "Run the given test case or test suite."
        result = _TestResult(self.verbosity)
        test(result)
        self.stopTime = datetime.datetime.now()
        self.generateReport(test, result)
        # print >>sys.stderr, '\nTime Elapsed: %s' % (self.stopTime-self.startTime)
        sys.stderr.write('\nTime Elapsed: %s' % (self.stopTime-self.startTime))
        return result


    def sortResult(self, result_list):
        # unittest does not seems to run in any particular order.
        # Here at least we want to group them together by class.
        rmap = {}
        classes = []
        for n,t,o,e in result_list:
            cls = t.__class__
            # if not rmap.has_key(cls):
            if cls not in rmap:
                rmap[cls] = []
                classes.append(cls)
            rmap[cls].append((n,t,o,e))
        r = [(cls, rmap[cls]) for cls in classes]
        return r

    #替换测试结果status为通过率 --Findyou
    def getReportAttributes(self, result):
        """
        Return report attributes as a list of (name, value).
        Override this to add custom attributes.
        """
        startTime = str(self.startTime)[:19]
        duration = str(self.stopTime - self.startTime)
        status = []
        status.append('共 %s' % (result.success_count + result.failure_count + result.error_count))
        if result.success_count: status.append('通过 %s'    % result.success_count)
        if result.failure_count: status.append('失败 %s' % result.failure_count)
        if result.error_count:   status.append('错误 %s'   % result.error_count  )
        if status:
            status = ','.join(status)
        # 合入Github:boafantasy代码
            if (result.success_count + result.failure_count + result.error_count) > 0:
                self.passrate = str("%.2f%%" % (float(result.success_count) / float(result.success_count + result.failure_count + result.error_count) * 100))
            else:
                self.passrate = "0.00 %"
        else:
            status = 'none'
        return [
            (u'测试人员', self.tester),
            (u'开始时间',startTime),
            (u'合计耗时',duration),
            (u'测试结果',status + ",通过率= "+self.passrate),
        ]


    def generateReport(self, test, result):
        report_attrs = self.getReportAttributes(result)
        generator = 'HTMLTestReportCN %s' % __version__
        stylesheet = self._generate_stylesheet()
        heading = self._generate_heading(report_attrs)
        report = self._generate_report(result)
        ending = self._generate_ending()
        output = self.HTML_TMPL % dict(
            title = saxutils.escape(self.title),
            generator = generator,
            stylesheet = stylesheet,
            heading = heading,
            report = report,
            ending = ending,
        )
        self.stream.write(output.encode('utf8'))


    def _generate_stylesheet(self):
        return self.STYLESHEET_TMPL

    #增加Tester显示 -Findyou
    def _generate_heading(self, report_attrs):
        a_lines = []
        for name, value in report_attrs:
            line = self.HEADING_ATTRIBUTE_TMPL % dict(
                    name = saxutils.escape(name),
                    value = saxutils.escape(value),
                )
            a_lines.append(line)
        heading = self.HEADING_TMPL % dict(
            title = saxutils.escape(self.title),
            parameters = ''.join(a_lines),
            description = saxutils.escape(self.description),
            tester= saxutils.escape(self.tester),
        )
        return heading

    #生成报告  --Findyou添加注释
    def _generate_report(self, result):
        rows = []
        sortedResult = self.sortResult(result.result)
        for cid, (cls, cls_results) in enumerate(sortedResult):
            # subtotal for a class
            np = nf = ne = 0
            for n,t,o,e in cls_results:
                if n == 0: np += 1
                elif n == 1: nf += 1
                else: ne += 1

            # format class description
            if cls.__module__ == "__main__":
                name = cls.__name__
            else:
                name = "%s.%s" % (cls.__module__, cls.__name__)
            doc = cls.__doc__ and cls.__doc__.split("\n")[0] or ""
            desc = doc and '%s: %s' % (name, doc) or name

            row = self.REPORT_CLASS_TMPL % dict(
                style = ne > 0 and 'warning' or nf > 0 and 'danger' or 'success',
                desc = desc,
                count = np+nf+ne,
                Pass = np,
                fail = nf,
                error = ne,
                cid = 'c%s' % (cid+1),
            )
            rows.append(row)

            for tid, (n,t,o,e) in enumerate(cls_results):
                self._generate_report_test(rows, cid, tid, n, t, o, e)

        report = self.REPORT_TMPL % dict(
            test_list = ''.join(rows),
            count = str(result.success_count+result.failure_count+result.error_count),
            Pass = str(result.success_count),
            fail = str(result.failure_count),
            error = str(result.error_count),
            passrate =self.passrate,
        )
        return report


    def _generate_report_test(self, rows, cid, tid, n, t, o, e):
        # e.g. 'pt1.1', 'ft1.1', etc
        has_output = bool(o or e)
        # ID修改点为下划线,支持Bootstrap折叠展开特效 - Findyou v0.8.2.1
        #增加error分类 - Findyou v0.8.2.3
        tid = (n == 0 and 'p' or n == 1 and 'f' or 'e') + 't%s_%s' % (cid + 1, tid + 1)
        name = t.id().split('.')[-1]
        doc = t.shortDescription() or ""
        desc = doc and ('%s: %s' % (name, doc)) or name
        tmpl = has_output and self.REPORT_TEST_WITH_OUTPUT_TMPL or self.REPORT_TEST_NO_OUTPUT_TMPL

        # utf-8 支持中文 - Findyou
         # o and e should be byte string because they are collected from stdout and stderr?
        if isinstance(o, str):
            # TODO: some problem with 'string_escape': it escape \n and mess up formating
            # uo = unicode(o.encode('string_escape'))
            try:
                uo = o
            except:
                uo = o.decode('utf-8')
        else:
            uo = o
        if isinstance(e, str):
            # TODO: some problem with 'string_escape': it escape \n and mess up formating
            # ue = unicode(e.encode('string_escape'))
            try:
                ue = e
            except:
                ue = e.decode('utf-8')
        else:
            ue = e

        script = self.REPORT_TEST_OUTPUT_TMPL % dict(
            id = tid,
            output = saxutils.escape(uo+ue),
        )

        row = tmpl % dict(
            tid = tid,
            Class = (n == 0 and 'hiddenRow' or 'none'),
            style = n == 2 and 'errorCase' or (n == 1 and 'failCase' or 'passCase'),
            desc = desc,
            script = script,
            status = self.STATUS[n],
        )
        rows.append(row)
        if not has_output:
            return

    def _generate_ending(self):
        return self.ENDING_TMPL


##############################################################################
# Facilities for running tests from the command line
##############################################################################

# Note: Reuse unittest.TestProgram to launch test. In the future we may
# build our own launcher to support more specific command line
# parameters like test title, CSS, etc.
class TestProgram(unittest.TestProgram):
    """
    A variation of the unittest.TestProgram. Please refer to the base
    class for command line parameters.
    """
    def runTests(self):
        # Pick HTMLTestReportCN as the default test runner.
        # base class's testRunner parameter is not useful because it means
        # we have to instantiate HTMLTestReportCN before we know self.verbosity.
        if self.testRunner is None:
            self.testRunner = HTMLTestReportCN(verbosity=self.verbosity)
        unittest.TestProgram.runTests(self)

main = TestProgram

##############################################################################
# Executing this module from the command line
##############################################################################

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main(module=None)

把上边的代码复制下来,生成一个名称为HTMLTestReportCN.py的文件,保存完成后,记得一定要把这个文件放在python的安装路径下的Lib文件夹里边,例如:
在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述
生成测试报告的模块安装好以后,我们还需要写一段运行脚本,文件名称:run_case.py 如下:

import unittest
import HTMLTestReportCN  #引入生成测试报告的模块
import time

test_dir = '../apitest1/'   
#这是测试用例文件的路径,用../的目的是担心把用例复制到其他路径后不能运行了,所以路径不写死,就用通配符表示了

discover = unittest.defaultTestLoader.discover(test_dir,pattern='*case.py')  
#discover是批量运行用例的
#pattern后边是用例文件的名称,用通配符*是为了能批量运行所有后缀为case.py的文件,所以大家给用例文件取名的时候,尽量有规律,否则识别不全

now_date = time.strftime('%Y%m%d_%H%M%S')
result_file_name = test_dir + '/result' + now_date + '.html'   
#测试报告的路径,并给测试报告取名,用时间命名的话,每次运行的测试报告都不会重名

fp = open(result_file_name,'wb')  #打开测试报告,并写入数据
if __name__=='__main__':
    runner = HTMLTestReportCN.HTMLTestReportCN(
        stream = fp,
        title = u'用例'
        )
    runner.run(discover)
fp.close()

在这里插入图片描述

用例文件test_case.py 内容如下:

import requests   
import unittest  
import sys
import io 
sys.stdout = io.TextIOWrapper(sys.stdout.buffer,encoding='utf8') #避免打印中文乱码的

class Test_api(unittest.TestCase):  
	def setUp(self):
		pass

	def test_search(self):
		'''关键字搜索'''   #这里是用例名称,用途是批量运行用例时,能够知道这条用例是测什么的
		self.url = 'http://*****/api/search/keywords'  #接口地址
		self.param = {
						'keyword' : '一带一路',   #请求参数,这是个搜索图书的接口,想要搜索有关“一带一路”的书
						'size' : 3
					 }
		self.res = requests.get(self.url,params=self.param)  #发送请求,这个不需要请求头,所以没有header
		self.r = self.res.json()   #把返回值转成json串
		self.assertEqual(200,self.r.get('code'))
		#print (self.r)

	def test_inst(self):
		'''结构列表查询'''
		self.url = 'http://*****/api/institution/items'
		self.param = {
						'keyword' : '国家图书馆'
					 }
		self.res = requests.get(self.url,params=self.param)
		self.r = self.res.json()
		self.assertIn('国家图书馆',str(self.r))
		#print (self.r)

	def tearDown(self):
		pass

if __name__=='__main__':
	suite = unittest.TestSuite()  
	suite.addTest(Test_api('test_inst'))   
	runner = unittest.TextTestRunner(verbosity=2)
	runner.run(suite)  

上边的用例文件和运行文件准备好后,保存,然后运行run_case.py 运行完成后就会看到测试报告路径下边有个html文件了
在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述
以上就是批量运行用例和生成html测试报告的完整过程了,希望能帮助到大家!

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