MyBatis实现模糊查询的几种方式

在学习MyBatis过程中想实现模糊查询,可惜失败了。后来上百度上查了一下,算是解决了。记录一下MyBatis实现模糊查询的几种方式。 
  数据库表名为test_student,初始化了几条记录,如图: 
  数据库表内容 
   
  起初我在MyBatis的mapper文件中是这样写的:

    <select id="searchStudents" resultType="com.example.entity.StudentEntity"
        parameterType="com.example.entity.StudentEntity">
        SELECT * FROM test_student
        <where>
            <if test="age != null and age != '' and compare != null and compare != ''">
                age
                ${compare}
                #{age}
            </if>
            <if test="name != null and name != ''">
                AND name LIKE '%#{name}%'
            </if>
            <if test="address != null and address != ''">
                AND address LIKE '%#{address}%'
            </if>
        </where>
        ORDER BY id
    </select>
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写完后自我感觉良好,很开心的就去跑程序了,结果当然是报错了: 
报错

  经百度得知,这么写经MyBatis转换后(‘%#{name}%’)会变为(‘%?%’),而(‘%?%’)会被看作是一个字符串,所以Java代码在执行找不到用于匹配参数的 ‘?’ ,然后就报错了。

解决方法

1.用${…}代替#{…}

   <select id="searchStudents" resultType="com.example.entity.StudentEntity"
        parameterType="com.example.entity.StudentEntity">
        SELECT * FROM test_student
        <where>
            <if test="age != null and age != '' and compare != null and compare != ''">
                age
                ${compare}
                #{age}
            </if>
            <if test="name != null and name != ''">
                AND name LIKE '%${name}%'
            </if>
            <if test="address != null and address != ''">
                AND address LIKE '%${address}%'
            </if>
        </where>
        ORDER BY id
    </select>
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查询结果如下图: 
查询结果

  注:使用${…}不能有效防止SQL注入,所以这种方式虽然简单但是不推荐使用!!!

2.把’%#{name}%’改为”%”#{name}”%”

   <select id="searchStudents" resultType="com.example.entity.StudentEntity"
        parameterType="com.example.entity.StudentEntity">
        SELECT * FROM test_student
        <where>
            <if test="age != null and age != '' and compare != null and compare != ''">
                age
                ${compare}
                #{age}
            </if>
            <if test="name != null and name != ''">
                AND name LIKE "%"#{name}"%"
            </if>
            <if test="address != null and address != ''">
                AND address LIKE "%"#{address}"%"
            </if>
        </where>
        ORDER BY id
    </select>
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查询结果: 
查询结果

3.使用sql中的字符串拼接函数

   <select id="searchStudents" resultType="com.example.entity.StudentEntity"
        parameterType="com.example.entity.StudentEntity">
        SELECT * FROM test_student
        <where>
            <if test="age != null and age != '' and compare != null and compare != ''">
                age
                ${compare}
                #{age}
            </if>
            <if test="name != null and name != ''">
                AND name LIKE CONCAT(CONCAT('%',#{name},'%'))
            </if>
            <if test="address != null and address != ''">
                AND address LIKE CONCAT(CONCAT('%',#{address},'%'))
            </if>
        </where>
        ORDER BY id
    </select>
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查询结果: 
查询结果

4.使用标签

   <select id="searchStudents" resultType="com.example.entity.StudentEntity"
        parameterType="com.example.entity.StudentEntity">
        <bind name="pattern1" value="'%' + _parameter.name + '%'" />
        <bind name="pattern2" value="'%' + _parameter.address + '%'" />
        SELECT * FROM test_student
        <where>
            <if test="age != null and age != '' and compare != null and compare != ''">
                age
                ${compare}
                #{age}
            </if>
            <if test="name != null and name != ''">
                AND name LIKE #{pattern1}
            </if>
            <if test="address != null and address != ''">
                AND address LIKE #{pattern2}
            </if>
        </where>
        ORDER BY id
    </select>
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查询结果: 
查询结果

5.在Java代码中拼接字符串 
 

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