钉钉通知-调用钉钉发送企业内部消息开发

首先,我们要明确需求:自己的系统需要发送通知消息到用户,接收消息用户为同一企业内的人员,选用短信可能涉及到费用问题,故可以选用钉钉或者企业微信,在此我使用钉钉进行发送消息。

调用钉钉发送企业内部消息:

第一步:需要单位授权为子管理员,以便进行应用的创建;

登录钉钉开发者后台开发者后台 (dingtalk.com)icon-default.png?t=M0H8https://open-dev.dingtalk.com/#/

确认自己的开发者信息

选择  应用开发 --> 企业内部应用开发

 选择创建应用

 应用创建示例:

 此处不再创建,用之前创建的进行演示,进入应用,可以看到应用凭证,在开发时会重点用到,

 由于需求简单,故不需要做过多配置,只需要添加  根据手机号姓名获取成员信息的接口访问权限  即可,用户根据手机号获取钉钉用户信息,进行发送到指定用户。

关于消息的发送,应用最基本的权限已经包括了此功能,直接使用即可;

 到此步,配置完成,上代码

pom.xml

<!--钉钉开放平台SDK-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.aliyun.api</groupId>
            <artifactId>top-api-sdk</artifactId>
            <version>0.0.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.aliyun</groupId>
            <artifactId>dingtalk</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.88</version>
        </dependency>

application.yml

service接口class

import com.taobao.api.ApiException;

/**
 * 钉钉service
 * @Author zhangjiantianya
 * @create 2021/10/19 9:10
 */
public interface IDingtalkService {

    /**
     * xxxx状态通知
     * @param mobiles
     * @param info
     * @return
     * @throws ApiException
     */
    Boolean xxxxStatusNotice(String mobiles, String info) throws ApiException;
}

serviceImpl实现类

import cn.hutool.core.util.StrUtil;
import com.dingtalk.api.DefaultDingTalkClient;
import com.dingtalk.api.DingTalkClient;
import com.dingtalk.api.request.OapiGettokenRequest;
import com.dingtalk.api.request.OapiMessageCorpconversationAsyncsendV2Request;
import com.dingtalk.api.request.OapiUserGetByMobileRequest;
import com.dingtalk.api.response.OapiGettokenResponse;
import com.dingtalk.api.response.OapiMessageCorpconversationAsyncsendV2Response;
import com.dingtalk.api.response.OapiUserGetByMobileResponse;
import com.taobao.api.ApiException;
import com.xha.job.export.executor.dingtalkService.IDingtalkService;
import com.xha.job.export.executor.util.MyStringUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * 钉钉Service实现类
 * @Author zhangjiantianya
 * @create 2021/10/18 14:42
 */
@Service
public class DingtalkServiceImpl implements IDingtalkService {

    @Value("${dingtalk.xxxxStatusNotice.DingAppkey}")
    private String DING_APP_KEY;
    @Value("${dingtalk.xxxxStatusNotice.DingAppsecret}")
    private String DING_APP_SECRET;
    @Value("${dingtalk.xxxxStatusNotice.dingAccessToken}")
    private int DING_AGENT_ID;

        /**
         * 获取AccessToken
         *
         * @return AccessToken
         * @throws ApiException
         */
        private String getAccessToken() throws ApiException {
            DefaultDingTalkClient client =
                    new DefaultDingTalkClient("https://oapi.dingtalk.com/gettoken");
            OapiGettokenRequest request = new OapiGettokenRequest();
            //Appkey
            request.setAppkey(DING_APP_KEY);
            //Appsecret
            request.setAppsecret(DING_APP_SECRET);
            /*请求方式*/
            request.setHttpMethod("GET");
            OapiGettokenResponse response = client.execute(request);
            return response.getAccessToken();
        }

        /**
         * 根据手机号获取用户urid
         * @param mobiles
         * @return
         * @throws ApiException
         */
        private String getUridByMobile(String mobiles) throws ApiException{
            //获取应用密钥
            String accessToken = getAccessToken();
            String[] mobilesList = mobiles.split(",");
            List<String> list = new ArrayList<>();
                for (String mobile : mobilesList) {
                    //根据手机号获取用户信息Urid
                    DingTalkClient clientByMobile = new DefaultDingTalkClient("https://oapi.dingtalk.com/user/get_by_mobile");
                    OapiUserGetByMobileRequest req = new OapiUserGetByMobileRequest();
                    req.setMobile(mobile);
                    req.setHttpMethod("GET");
                    OapiUserGetByMobileResponse rsp = clientByMobile.execute(req, accessToken);
                    if (rsp.isSuccess()){
                        list.add(rsp.getUserid());
                    }
                }
            return MyStringUtils.ListToString(list); // list转为String(逗号分隔)
        }

        @Override
        public Boolean xxxxStatusNotice(String mobiles, String info) throws ApiException{
                //获取应用密钥
                String accessToken = getAccessToken();
                boolean result = true;
                //根据手机号获取用户信息Urid
                String uridList = getUridByMobile(mobiles);
                if (StrUtil.isEmpty(uridList)){
                    return false;
                }
                DingTalkClient client = new DefaultDingTalkClient("https://oapi.dingtalk.com/topapi/message/corpconversation/asyncsend_v2");
                OapiMessageCorpconversationAsyncsendV2Request request = new OapiMessageCorpconversationAsyncsendV2Request();
                request.setUseridList(uridList); // 接收者的userid列表,最大用户列表长度100。
                request.setAgentId(Long.valueOf(DING_AGENT_ID)); // 发送消息时使用的微应用的AgentID
                request.setToAllUser(false); //是否发送给企业全部用户
                OapiMessageCorpconversationAsyncsendV2Request.Msg msg = new OapiMessageCorpconversationAsyncsendV2Request.Msg();
                //文本消息
                OapiMessageCorpconversationAsyncsendV2Request.Text text = new OapiMessageCorpconversationAsyncsendV2Request.Text();
                text.setContent(info);
                msg.setMsgtype("text");
                msg.setText(text);
                request.setMsg(msg);
                OapiMessageCorpconversationAsyncsendV2Response response = client.execute(request, accessToken);
                result = response.isSuccess();
                return result;
        }
}

工具类 

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @Author zhangjiantianya
 * @create 2021/10/18 17:59
 */
public class MyStringUtils {

    /**
     * List<String>转以逗号分隔的String
     * @param data
     * @return
     */
    public static String ListToString(List<String> data) {
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        for(int i = 0; i < data.size(); i++) {
            if (sb.length() > 0) {//该步即不会第一位有逗号,也防止最后一位拼接逗号!
                sb.append(",");
            }
            sb.append(data.get(i));
        }
        return sb.toString();
    }
}

调用service代码,仅供参考: 

/**
 * @Author zhangjiantianya
 * @create 2021/9/23 10:39
 */
@Service
public class test {

    @Autowired
    private IDingtalkService iDingtalkService;

    @Autowired
    private CyyDingtalkPushUserDao cyyDingtalkPushUserDao;

    /**
     * XXXX状态通知
     * @return
     */
    @Override
    public R noticeForxxxxStatus() {
        try {
            // 编辑钉钉推送手机号
            List<String> mobileList = new ArrayList<>();
            List<CyyDingtalkPushUser> cyyDingtalkPushUserList =cyyDingtalkPushUserDao.createLambdaQuery().andEq(CyyDingtalkPushUser::getStatus, 0).select();
            if (cyyDingtalkPushUserList.size() == 0){
                // 手机号没有,直接抛出异常
                throw new Exception(String.format("未查询到需推送手机号!"));
            }
            for (int i = 0; i < cyyDingtalkPushUserList.size(); i++) {
                mobileList.add(cyyDingtalkPushUserList.get(i).getMobile());
            }
            String mobiles = MyStringUtils.ListToString(mobileList);
            // 编辑钉钉推送文本
            List<String> infoList = new ArrayList<>();
            String info = "*****XXXX状态通知*****";
            Boolean res = iDingtalkService.transferStatusNotice(mobiles, info);
                if (!res){
                    XxlJobLogger.log("<< 钉钉推送服务异常:{}", info);
                    return R.fail("转关单状态钉钉推送失败!");
                }
                XxlJobLogger.log(">> 推送成功!");
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            XxlJobLogger.log("<<XXXX状态通知推送服务异常:{},{}", e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        return R.success();
    }

}

 参考文档:开发H5微应用 - 钉钉开放平台 (dingtalk.com)icon-default.png?t=M0H8https://open.dingtalk.com/document/org/develop-org-h5-micro-applications

应用类型介绍 - 钉钉开放平台 (dingtalk.com)icon-default.png?t=M0H8https://open.dingtalk.com/document/org/application-types

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