用JDBC+GUI做的一个简单的学生管理系统

刚学完JDBC不久,做了一个简单的学生管理系统,可能还有不完善的地方,望各路大神见谅。废话不多说,我先贴个图让大家让大家瞅瞅,觉得是你想要的再看下去吧。



我是以管理者的身份去做的,适合初学者去学习。

在做之前,先捋一遍思路,简单来说分为三大步。

一、在数据库里建Student表存放学生信息

二、用JDBC来连接、操作数据库

三、展示Student数据,实现增删改查功能。

思路是非常简单的,但是要实现还是有很多细节需要注意,下面我就贴上我的代码,结合着代码给大家一步步的分析说明。

实现:

一、在数据库建表:这个不用细说,直接贴图。


二、用JDBC连接数据库:这一块对于刚刚学JDBC的同学来说可能比较绕,所以我把这一块又分成了四部分(最后的db.properties跟com.student.db一起的),我会逐个说明。看图。


(1)com.student.db包里有两个类,一个是DBHelper 一个是DBManager,这俩类是用JDBC连接数据库的,固定写法。

DBManager类

package com.student.db;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import com.student.mapper.IMapper;
public class DBManager {
//这里把JDBC连接数据库的步骤(找驱动,建连接,建通道,执行SQL)封装在DBHelper类里面,在DBManager里用getConnection()调用。这样写的目的是方便
	public Connection getConnection(){
		try {
			return DBHelper.getConnection();//得到DBHelper类里面写好的连接
		} catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (SQLException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return null;
	}
//增删改结果集。因为sql语句是变化的,所以设为参数比较方便。params是占位符的,没学的可以忽略。
	public int executeUpdate(String sql,Object[] params){
		Connection conn=null;
		PreparedStatement pst=null;
		try {
			conn=getConnection();//连接
			pst=conn.prepareStatement(sql);//通道
			if(params != null){//占位符的应用。
				for(int i=0;i<params.length;i++){
					pst.setObject(i+1,params[i]);//往通道里放数据,占位符下标从1开始。
				}
			}
			return pst.executeUpdate();
			
		} catch (SQLException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return -1;
	}
//查询结果集。比增删改要复杂一些,慢慢看。
//这里的IMapper是将所有可能的用到的类都放进去,方便以后继承使用。(现在我们写的是Student信息,以后可能会有Teacher信息,Class信息等等)
//用接口是因为接口多继承,方便维护升级
	public List executeQuery(String sql,IMapper mapper,Object []params){
		Connection conn=null;
		PreparedStatement pst=null;
		ResultSet rst=null;//查询结果集
		List list=new ArrayList();//用一个集合存放Student信息
		try {
		    conn=getConnection();
			pst=conn.prepareStatement(sql);
			if(params != null){
				for(int i=0;i<params.length;i++){
					pst.setObject(i+1,params[i]);
				}
			}
			rst=pst.executeQuery();//把通道里的数据放入结果集
			list=mapper.map(rst);//IMapper里有个map接口,里面存着结果集数据。把结果集的数据放入list集合
		} catch (SQLException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return list;
	}
	public int count(String sql){//分页查询 count代表页数。
		Connection conn=null;
		PreparedStatement pst=null;
		ResultSet rst=null;
		try {
			conn=getConnection();
			pst=conn.prepareStatement(sql);
			rst=pst.executeQuery();
			while(rst.next()){
				return rst.getInt(1);//sql语句是select count(*) from stu,显示的是count值,就是一行。
			}
		} catch (SQLException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return -1;		
	}
	
}

DBHelper类。在写之前先建一个properties文件,名字为db.properties(如图),注意不要建在包里面。


package com.student.db;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.Properties;
public class DBHelper {
	private static String DRIVER;
	private static String URL;
	private static String USER;
	private static String PASSWORD;
	static{
		Properties pro=new Properties();
		InputStream in=DBHelper.class.getClassLoader()
				.getResourceAsStream("db.properties");//读取文件数据
		try {
			pro.load(in);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		DRIVER=pro.getProperty("DRIVER");
		URL=pro.getProperty("URL");
		USER=pro.getProperty("USER");
		PASSWORD=pro.getProperty("PASSWORD");
		
	}
	
	public static Connection getConnection() throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException{
		Class.forName(DRIVER);//找驱动
		return DriverManager.getConnection(URL, USER, PASSWORD);//建连接
	}

}

(2)com.student.vo包。这里面有一个vo类,我们是要把数据库里的数据放到java里展示,用一个类对象把数据库里的信息一一对应起来就可以很容易的操作。数据库里的一个列对应类对象的一个属性。

package com.student.vo;

public class Student {
	private String stuid;
	private String name;
	private String age;
	private String sex;
	
	public String getStuid(){
		return stuid;
	}
	public void setStuid(String stuid){
		this.stuid=stuid;
	}
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	public String getAge() {
		return age;
	}
	public void setAge(String age) {
		this.age = age;
	}
	public String getSex() {
		return sex;
	}
	public void setSex(String sex) {
		this.sex = sex;
	}
	public Student(String stuid,String name,String sex,String age){
		super();
		this.stuid=stuid;
		this.name=name;
		this.age=age;
		this.sex=sex;
	}
	public Student(){
		super();
	}
}

(3)com.student.mapper包。这里面一个接口,一个实现类。

接口:

package com.student.mapper;

import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.util.List;

public interface IMapper {
	List map(ResultSet rst);//声明一个方法存着结果集。
}

实现类:

package com.student.mapper;

import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import com.student.vo.Student;
public class StuMapper implements IMapper {//实现接口方法
	public List map(ResultSet rst) {
		List<Student> list=new ArrayList<Student>();//建一个集合,里面是Student类里的信息。
		try {
			while(rst.next()){//
				Student stu=new Student();
				stu.setStuid(rst.getString("STUID"));//类对象每一个属性对应数据库的每一列。
				stu.setName(rst.getString("STUNAME"));
				stu.setAge(rst.getString("AGE"));
				stu.setSex(rst.getString("SEX"));
				list.add(stu);//把类对象放到集合里
			}
		} catch (SQLException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return list;
	}

}

(4)com.student.dao包:这里面的StuDAO类放着增删改查分页等功能

package com.student.dao;

import java.util.List;

import com.student.db.DBManager;
import com.student.mapper.IMapper;
import com.student.mapper.StuMapper;
import com.student.vo.Student;

public class StuDAO {
	public List<Student> check(){//查看
		String sql="select * from STUDENT";//sql语句
		DBManager db=new DBManager();
		IMapper mapper=new StuMapper();//实现StuMapper
		List<Student> list=db.executeQuery(sql, mapper,null);//null是指占位符为null,因为查看的是所有信息
		return list;
	}
	public boolean add(Student stu){//添加
		String sql="insert into STUDENT values(?,?,?,?)";
		Object[] params={stu.getStuid(),stu.getName(),stu.getAge(),stu.getSex()};
		DBManager db=new DBManager();
		int i=db.executeUpdate(sql, params);
		if(i>=0){
			System.out.println("成功");
		}else{
			System.out.println("失败");
		}
		return true;
	}
	public boolean update(Student stu){//修改
		String sql="update STUDENT set stuname=?,age=?,sex=? where stuid=?";
		Object params[]={stu.getName(),stu.getAge(),stu.getSex(),stu.getStuid()};
		DBManager db=new DBManager();
		int i=db.executeUpdate(sql, params);
		if(i>=0){
			System.out.println("成功");
		}else{
			System.out.println("失败");
		}
		return true;
	}
	public boolean delete(Student stu){//删除
		String sql="delete from STUDENT where stuid=?";
		Object params[]={stu.getStuid()};
		DBManager db=new DBManager();
		int i=db.executeUpdate(sql, params);
		if(i>=0){
			System.out.println("成功");
		}else{
			System.out.println("失败");
		}
		return true;
	}
	public List<Student> findPage(int pagesize,int pagenow){//分页
		String sql="select * from (select rownum rn ,stu .* from stu) "
				+ "where rownum<=? and rn>?";//分页公式
		Object []params={pagesize,(pagenow-1)*pagesize};
		DBManager db=new DBManager();
		IMapper mapper=new StuMapper();
		return db.executeQuery(sql, mapper, params);
	}
	public int findcount(){
		String sql="select count(*) from stu";
		DBManager db=new DBManager();
		return db.count(sql);
	}
	
}


当把这一块写完之后,其实大部分就已经完成了,JDBC连接数据库基本上是固定的,多写几遍就明白了。

三、展示Student信息,实现增删改查。看图:


(1)com.student.show包,展示界面:这里面内容比较多,但是都很容易理解

package com.student.show;


import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;


import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JScrollPane;
import javax.swing.JTable;


import com.student.add.Add;
import com.student.check.Check;
import com.student.dao.StuDAO;
import com.student.delete.Delete;
import com.student.update.Update;
import com.student.vo.Student;


public class Show extends JFrame {
	public static int pagesize=5;//每页显示5条信息
	public static int pagenow=1;//当前页为第一页
	public Show() {
		setSize(500, 430);
		setVisible(true);
		setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE);//点X号就是关闭
		setResizable(false);//不可改变窗口大小
		setLocationRelativeTo(null);//默认居中显示
        	setLayout(null);//采用坐标布局

		StuDAO dao = new StuDAO();//前面我们已经把增删改查分页写到StuDAO里面,现在就直接拿出来用
		List<Student> list =dao.findPage(pagesize, pagenow);
		Student stu = new Student();
		for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
			stu = list.get(i);
		}
		String[] rowName = { "学号", "姓名", "年龄", "性别" };//从这里开始是二维数组的遍历使用
		Object[][] data = new Object[list.size()][4];
		for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
			Student s = list.get(i);
			Object st[] = { s.getStuid(), s.getName(), s.getAge(), s.getSex() };
			data[i] = st;
		}
		final JTable table = new JTable(data,rowName);
		JScrollPane JSP=new JScrollPane(table);//这一步不能省去,否则显示不出列名
		JSP.setBounds(20, 10, 400, 200);
		add(JSP);
		
		
		JButton jb11=new JButton("首页");
		jb11.setBounds(40,220,80,30);
		add(jb11);
		JButton jb22=new JButton("上一页");
		jb22.setBounds(130,220,80,30);
		add(jb22);
		JButton jb33=new JButton("下一页");
		jb33.setBounds(220,220,80,30);
		add(jb33);
		JButton jb44=new JButton("尾页");
		jb44.setBounds(310,220,80,30);
		add(jb44);


		JButton jb1 = new JButton("查看信息");
		jb1.setBounds(50, 270, 100, 30);
		add(jb1);
		JButton jb2 = new JButton("修改信息");
		jb2.setBounds(280, 270, 100, 30);
		add(jb2);
		JButton jb3 = new JButton("添加信息");
		jb3.setBounds(50, 320, 100, 30);
		add(jb3);
		JButton jb4 = new JButton("删除信息");
		jb4.setBounds(280, 320, 100, 30);
		add(jb4);
		JButton jb5 = new JButton("退出");
		jb5.setBounds(280, 360, 100, 30);
		add(jb5);


		jb1.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {//查看 
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
				int row = table.getSelectedRow();//选中第几行
				int index = 0;
				if(row==-1){
					JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"您没有选中信息");
					return;
				}
				String id = (String) table.getValueAt(row, index);// 跟Check联系起来
				Check check=new Check(id);
				check.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);	
			}
		});


		jb2.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {//修改
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
				int row = table.getSelectedRow();
				int index = 0;
				if(row==-1){
					JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"您没有选中信息");
					return;
				}
				String id = (String) table.getValueAt(row, index);// 跟Update联系起来
				Update up=new Update(id);
				up.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);


			}
		});


		jb3.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {//添加
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
				Add add = new Add();
				add.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);
			}
		});
		jb4.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {//删除
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
				int row = table.getSelectedRow();
				int index = 0;
				if(row==-1){
					JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"您没有选中信息");
					return;
				}
				String num=(String) table.getValueAt(row, index);
				Delete d=new Delete(num);
				d.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);
				
			}
		});
		jb11.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {//首页
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
				pagenow=1;
				Show show=new Show();
				setVisible(false);
				show.setVisible(true);
			}
		});
		jb22.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {//上一页
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
				if(pagenow != 1){
					pagenow=pagenow-1;
				}else{
					return;
				}
				Show show=new Show();
				setVisible(false);
				show.setVisible(true);
			}
		});
		jb33.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {//下一页
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
				StuDAO dao=new StuDAO();
				int count=dao.findcount();
				int pageCount=(count-1)/pagesize+1;//pageCount表示最后一页
				if(pagenow != pageCount){
					pagenow=pagenow+1;
				}else{
					return;
				}
				Show show=new Show();
				setVisible(false);
				show.setVisible(true);
			}
		});
		jb44.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {//尾页
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
				StuDAO dao=new StuDAO();
				int count=dao.findcount();
				int pageCount=(count-1)/pagesize+1;
				pagenow=pageCount;
				Show show=new Show();
				setVisible(false);
				show.setVisible(true);
			}
		});
	}


	public static void main(String args[]) {
		Show s = new Show();
	}
}




(2)增删改查:大同小异,因为我们在StuDAO里面已经写好了,在用的时候就方便多了。


①添加:

package com.student.add;


import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.List;

import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JTextField;

import com.student.dao.StuDAO;
import com.student.db.DBManager;
import com.student.show.Show;
import com.student.vo.Student;


public class Add extends JFrame{
	public Add(){
		setSize(300,400);
		setVisible(true);
		setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
		setResizable(false);
		setLocationRelativeTo(null);
		setLayout(null);
		
		JLabel j0=new JLabel("添加信息");
		j0.setBounds(100,20,80,30);
		add(j0);
		
		JLabel j1=new JLabel("学号:");
		j1.setBounds(30,70,50,30);
		add(j1);
		
		final JTextField jt1=new JTextField();
		jt1.setBounds(100,70,130,30);
		add(jt1);
		
		JLabel j2=new JLabel("姓名:");
		j2.setBounds(30,120,50,30);
		add(j2);
		
		final JTextField jt2=new JTextField();
		jt2.setBounds(100,120,130,30);
		add(jt2);
		
		JLabel j3=new JLabel("性别:");
		j3.setBounds(30,170,50,30);
		add(j3);
		
		final JTextField jt3=new JTextField();
		jt3.setBounds(100,170,130,30);
		add(jt3);
		
		JLabel j4=new JLabel("年龄:");
		j4.setBounds(30,220,50,30);
		add(j4);
		
		final JTextField jt4=new JTextField();
		jt4.setBounds(100,220,130,30);
		add(jt4);
		
		JButton jb1=new JButton("添加");
		jb1.setBounds(50,280,80,30);
		add(jb1);
		
		JButton jb2=new JButton("返回");
		jb2.setBounds(150,280,80,30);
		add(jb2);
		
		jb1.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event){
				String a=jt1.getText();//获取输入的信息
				String b=jt2.getText();
				String c=jt3.getText();
				String d=jt4.getText();
				Student stu=new Student(a,b,c,d);
				StuDAO dao=new StuDAO();
				List<Student> list=dao.check();//调用StuDAO里面的check()方法
				for(Student st:list){//遍历集合
					if(st.getStuid().equals(a)){
						JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"该账号存在");
						return;
					}
				}
				dao.add(stu);
				JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"添加成功");
				Show show=new Show();
				show.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);
			}
		});
		jb2.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event){
				Show s=new Show();
				s.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);
			}
		});
	}
	public static void main(String []args){
		Add add=new Add();
	}
}

②修改:

package com.student.update;

import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;

import java.util.List;

import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JTextField;

import com.student.dao.StuDAO;
import com.student.db.DBManager;
import com.student.show.Show;
import com.student.vo.Student;

public class Update extends JFrame{
	public Update(final String id){
		setSize(300,400);
		setVisible(true);
		setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
		setResizable(false);
		setLocationRelativeTo(null);
		setLayout(null);
		
		JLabel j0=new JLabel("修改信息");
		j0.setBounds(100,20,80,30);
		add(j0);
		
		JLabel j1=new JLabel("学号:");
		j1.setBounds(30,70,50,30);
		add(j1);
		
		final JLabel jt1=new JLabel();
		jt1.setBounds(100,70,130,30);
		add(jt1);
		
		JLabel j2=new JLabel("姓名:");
		j2.setBounds(30,120,50,30);
		add(j2);
		
		final JTextField jt2=new JTextField();
		jt2.setBounds(100,120,130,30);
		add(jt2);
		
		JLabel j3=new JLabel("年龄:");
		j3.setBounds(30,170,50,30);
		add(j3);
		
		final JTextField jt3=new JTextField();
		jt3.setBounds(100,170,130,30);
		add(jt3);
		
		JLabel j4=new JLabel("性别:");
		j4.setBounds(30,220,50,30);
		add(j4);
		
		final JTextField jt4=new JTextField();
		jt4.setBounds(100,220,130,30);
		add(jt4);
		
		JButton jb1=new JButton("修改");
		jb1.setBounds(50,280,80,30);
		add(jb1);
		
		JButton jb2=new JButton("返回");
		jb2.setBounds(150,280,80,30);
		add(jb2);
		
		StuDAO dao=new StuDAO();
		List<Student> list=dao.check();
		Student stu=new Student();
		for(int i=0;i<list.size();i++){//遍历,找到与id相同的学号。
			stu=list.get(i);
			if(stu.getStuid().equals(id)){//id是参数,跟前面Show联系起来。
				break;
			}
		}
		jt1.setText(stu.getStuid());
		jt2.setText(stu.getName());
		jt3.setText(stu.getAge());
		jt4.setText(stu.getSex());
		
		jb1.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event){
				StuDAO dao=new StuDAO();
				Student stu=new Student();
				stu.setStuid(id);
				stu.setName(jt2.getText());
				stu.setAge(jt3.getText());
				stu.setSex(jt4.getText());
				dao.update(stu);//StuDAO里的update()已经写好如何修改,这里直接用
				JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"修改成功");
				Show show=new Show();
				show.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);
			}
		});
		jb2.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event){
				Show s=new Show();
				s.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);
			}
		});
	}


}

③查看:

package com.student.check;

import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
import java.util.List;

import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JTextField;

import com.student.dao.StuDAO;
import com.student.show.Show;
import com.student.vo.Student;

public class Check extends JFrame{
	public Check(String id) {
		setSize(300,400);
		setVisible(true);
		setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
		setResizable(false);
		setLocationRelativeTo(null);
		setLayout(null);
		
		JLabel j0=new JLabel("学生信息");
		j0.setBounds(100,20,80,30);
		add(j0);
		
		JLabel j1=new JLabel("学号:");
		j1.setBounds(30,70,50,30);
		add(j1);
		
		final JLabel jt1=new JLabel();
		jt1.setBounds(100,70,130,30);
		add(jt1);
		
		JLabel j2=new JLabel("姓名:");
		j2.setBounds(30,120,50,30);
		add(j2);
		
		final JLabel jt2=new JLabel();
		jt2.setBounds(100,120,130,30);
		add(jt2);
		
		JLabel j3=new JLabel("年龄:");
		j3.setBounds(30,170,50,30);
		add(j3);
		
		final JLabel jt3=new JLabel();
		jt3.setBounds(100,170,130,30);
		add(jt3);
		
		JLabel j4=new JLabel("性别:");
		j4.setBounds(30,220,50,30);
		add(j4);
		
		final JLabel jt4=new JLabel();
		jt4.setBounds(100,220,130,30);
		add(jt4);
		
		JButton jb1=new JButton("确认");
		jb1.setBounds(50,280,80,30);
		add(jb1);
		
		JButton jb2=new JButton("返回");
		jb2.setBounds(150,280,80,30);
		add(jb2);
		
		StuDAO dao=new StuDAO();
		List<Student> list=dao.check();
		Student stu=new Student();
		for(int i=0;i<list.size();i++){
			stu=list.get(i);
			if(stu.getStuid().equals(id)){
				break;
			}
		}
		jt1.setText(stu.getStuid());
		jt2.setText(stu.getName());
		jt3.setText(stu.getAge());
		jt4.setText(stu.getSex());
		
		jb1.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event){
				Show s=new Show();
				s.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);
			}
		});
		jb2.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event){
				Show s=new Show();
				s.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);
			}
		});
		
	}

}

④删除:

package com.student.delete;

import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
import java.util.List;

import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JTextField;

import com.student.dao.StuDAO;
import com.student.db.DBManager;
import com.student.show.Show;
import com.student.vo.Student;


public class Delete extends JFrame{
	public Delete(final String num){
		setSize(300,400);
		setVisible(true);
		setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
		setResizable(false);
		setLocationRelativeTo(null);
		setLayout(null);
		
		JLabel j0=new JLabel("您确认要删除该信息吗");
		j0.setBounds(100,20,200,30);
		add(j0);
		
		JLabel j1=new JLabel("学号:");
		j1.setBounds(30,70,50,30);
		add(j1);
		
		final JLabel jt1=new JLabel();
		jt1.setBounds(100,70,130,30);
		add(jt1);
		
		JLabel j2=new JLabel("姓名:");
		j2.setBounds(30,120,50,30);
		add(j2);
		
		final JLabel jt2=new JLabel();
		jt2.setBounds(100,120,130,30);
		add(jt2);
		
		JLabel j3=new JLabel("年龄:");
		j3.setBounds(30,170,50,30);
		add(j3);
		
		final JLabel jt3=new JLabel();
		jt3.setBounds(100,170,130,30);
		add(jt3);
		
		JLabel j4=new JLabel("性别:");
		j4.setBounds(30,220,50,30);
		add(j4);
		
		final JLabel jt4=new JLabel();
		jt4.setBounds(100,220,130,30);
		add(jt4);
		
		JButton jb1=new JButton("确认");
		jb1.setBounds(20,280,80,30);
		add(jb1);
		
		JButton jb2=new JButton("返回");
		jb2.setBounds(180,280,80,30);
		add(jb2);
		
		StuDAO dao=new StuDAO();
		List<Student> list=dao.check();
		Student stu=new Student();
		for(int i=0;i<list.size();i++){
			stu=list.get(i);
			if(stu.getStuid().equals(num)){
				break;
			}
		}
		
		jt1.setText(stu.getStuid());
		jt2.setText(stu.getName());
		jt3.setText(stu.getAge());
		jt4.setText(stu.getSex());
		
		jb1.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event){
				StuDAO dao=new StuDAO();
				Student stu=new Student();
				stu.setStuid(num);
				dao.delete(stu);
				JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"删除成功");
				Show show=new Show();
				show.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);
			}
		});
		jb2.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event){
				Show s=new Show();
				s.setVisible(true);
				setVisible(false);
			}
		});
	}

}

最后贴一下登录页面,因为是以管理者的身份登录的不需要判断,就非常简单:


package com.student.login;

import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;

import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JPasswordField;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
import com.student.show.Show;

public class Login extends JFrame{
	public Login(){
		setSize(300,250);
		setVisible(true);
		setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
		setResizable(false);
		setLocationRelativeTo(null);
		setLayout(null);
		
		JLabel j=new JLabel("登录窗口");
		j.setBounds(100,20,80,30);
		add(j);
		
		JLabel j1=new JLabel("用户名:");
		j1.setBounds(50,80,60,30);
		add(j1);
		
		final JTextField jt1=new JTextField();
		jt1.setBounds(120,80,120,30);
		add(jt1);
		
		JLabel j2=new JLabel("密    码:");
		j2.setBounds(50,130,60,30);
		add(j2);
		
		final JPasswordField jp=new JPasswordField();
		jp.setBounds(120,130,120,30);
		add(jp);
		
		JButton jb1=new JButton("登录");
		jb1.setBounds(70,180,60,30);
		add(jb1);
		
		JButton jb2=new JButton("重置");
		jb2.setBounds(170,180,60,30);
		add(jb2);
		
		jb1.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event){
				String id=jt1.getText();
				char ch[]=jp.getPassword();
				String pass=new String(ch);
				if(id.equals(abcdefj){//设置用户名为abcdefj
					if(pass.equals(123456)){//设置密码为123456
						JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"登录成功");
						Show s=new Show();//成功后跳到Show
						s.setVisible(true);
						setVisible(false);
					}else{
						JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"密码错误");
						jt1.setText("");
						return;
					}
				}else{
					JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"您输入的账号有误");
					jt1.setText("");
					jp.setText("");
					return;
				}
			}
		});
	}
	public static void main(String []args){
		Login lo=new Login();
	}
}

写在最后:

刚开始学的时候感觉很绕,尤其是JDBC那,后来发现,是因为前面java基础掌握的不行,我又回去好好复习了java基础,才发现JDBC是死的,固定的写法,背过就行了。所以再做这个学生管理系统,就感觉不复杂了。先有一个大的思路,然后顺着思路往下走,逐步实现每个功能。

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