cisco配置hsrp配置

转:https://blog.csdn.net/kadwf123/article/details/103700247?ops_request_misc=%257B%2522request%255Fid%2522%253A%2522159361207919725219949807%2522%252C%2522scm%2522%253A%252220140713.130102334.pc%255Fall.%2522%257D&request_id=159361207919725219949807&biz_id=0&utm_medium=distribute.pc_search_result.none-task-blog-2~all~first_rank_ecpm_v3~pc_rank_v4-3-103700247.first_rank_ecpm_v3_pc_rank_v4&utm_term=%E6%80%9D%E7%A7%91%E6%A8%A1%E6%8B%9F%E5%99%A8+hsrp

网络拓扑如下:

3、具体配置

PC1目前只需要配置基础ip即可:

我们使用路由器来模拟PC机

Router>en

Router#conf t

Router(config)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0

Router(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0

Router(config-if)#no shutdown

Router(config-if)#end

Router#write

配置SW1,SW2,SW3基础ip,其中SW1和SW2做三层交换机使用,SW3做为二层交换机使用。

SW3:

Switch>en

Switch#conf t

Switch(config)#vlan 10

Switch(config-vlan)#exit

Switch(config)#interface FastEthernet0/3

Switch(config-if)#switchport mode access

Switch(config-if)#switchport access vlan 10

Switch(config-if)#exit

Switch(config)#interface FastEthernet0/1

Switch(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

Switch(config-if)#switchport mode trunk

Switch(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 10

Switch(config-if)#exit

Switch(config)#interface FastEthernet0/2

Switch(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

Switch(config-if)#switchport mode trunk

Switch(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 10

Switch(config-if)#end

Switch#write

SW1:

Switch>en

Switch#conf t

Switch(config)#vlan 10

Switch(config-vlan)#exit

Switch(config)#interface FastEthernet0/2

Switch(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

Switch(config-if)#switchport mode trunk

Switch(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 10

Switch(config-if)#exit

Switch(config)#interface FastEthernet0/1

Switch(config-if)#no switchport

Switch(config-if)#ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0

Switch(config-if)#exit

Switch(config)#interface vlan 10

Switch(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.252 255.255.255.0

Switch(config-if)#exit

SW2:

Switch>en

Switch#conf t

Switch(config)#vlan 10

Switch(config-vlan)#exit

Switch(config)#interface FastEthernet0/2

Switch(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

Switch(config-if)#switchport mode trunk

Switch(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 10

Switch(config-if)#exit

Switch(config)#interface FastEthernet0/1

Switch(config-if)#no switchport

Switch(config-if)#ip address 192.168.3.1 255.255.255.0

Switch(config-if)#exit

Switch(config)#interface vlan 10

Switch(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.253 255.255.255.0

Switch(config-if)#exit

此时从PC1上去ping SW1和SW2的vlan接口ip是能通的:

Router#ping 192.168.1.253

 

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.1.253, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 0/0/1 ms

Router#ping 192.168.1.252

 

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.1.252, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 0/0/1 ms

 

Router#

配置SW1和SW2上的hsrp,我们通过优先级控制SW1为主设备,SW2为备用设备

SW1:

en

conf t 

Switch(config)#interface vlan 10

Switch(config-if)#standby 1 ip 192.168.1.254

Switch(config-if)#standby 1 priority 200

Switch(config-if)#standby 1 preempt

SW2:

en

conf t 

Switch(config)#interface vlan 10

Switch(config-if)#standby 1 ip 192.168.1.254

Switch(config-if)#standby 1 priority 195

Switch(config-if)#standby 1 preempt

此时查看hsrp协议状态:

SW1:

Switch#show standby brief

P indicates configured to preempt.

|

Interface Grp Pri P State Active Standby Virtual IP

Vl10 1 200 P Active local 192.168.1.252 192.168.1.254

Switch#

SW2:

Switch#show standby brief

P indicates configured to preempt.

|

Interface Grp Pri P State Active Standby Virtual IP

Vl10 1 195 P Standby 192.168.1.253 local 192.168.1.254

Switch#

可以看到由于SW1优先级为200,高于SW2的195的优先级,所以SW1是active的,作为主设备;SW2是standby的。

配置出口路由器R3

Router>en

Router#conf t

Router(config)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0

Router(config-if)#no shutdown

Router(config-if)#ip address 192.168.2.2 255.255.255.0

Router(config-if)#exit

Router(config)#interface GigabitEthernet0/1

Router(config-if)#no shutdown

Router(config-if)#ip address 192.168.3.2 255.255.255.0

Router(config-if)#exit

Router(config)#interface loopback 0

Router(config-if)#no shutdown

Router(config-if)#ip address 192.168.4.1 255.255.255.0

Router(config-if)#exit

配置SW1、SW2和R3上三层设备的rip协议,当然也可以使用静态路由,我们这里使用rip。

SW1:

Switch#conf t

Switch(config)#ip routing

Switch(config)#router rip

Switch(config-router)#version 2

Switch(config-router)#no auto-summary

Switch(config-router)#network 192.168.1.0

Switch(config-router)#network 192.168.2.0

Switch(config-router)#end

SW2:

Switch#conf t

Switch(config)#ip routing

Switch(config)#router rip

Switch(config-router)#version 2

Switch(config-router)#no auto-summary

Switch(config-router)#network 192.168.1.0

Switch(config-router)#network 192.168.3.0

Switch(config-router)#end

R3:

Router#conf t

Router(config)#ip routing

Router(config)#router rip

Router(config-router)#version 2

Router(config-router)#no auto-summary

Router(config-router)#network 192.168.2.0

Router(config-router)#network 192.168.3.0

Router(config-router)#network 192.168.4.0

分别查看三台设备的路由:

SW1:

Switch#show ip route

Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP

D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area

N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2

E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP

i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area

* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR

P - periodic downloaded static route

 

Gateway of last resort is not set

 

C 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, Vlan10

C 192.168.2.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1

R 192.168.3.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.2.2, 00:00:14, FastEthernet0/1

[120/1] via 192.168.1.252, 00:00:14, Vlan10

R 192.168.4.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.2.2, 00:00:14, FastEthernet0/1

Switch#

可以看到192.168.1.0和192.168.2.0是直连路由,192.168.3.0和192.168.4.0是通过rip协议获取到的路由。

SW2:

Switch#show ip route

Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP

D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area

N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2

E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP

i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area

* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR

P - periodic downloaded static route

 

Gateway of last resort is not set

 

C 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, Vlan10

R 192.168.2.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.3.2, 00:00:06, FastEthernet0/1

[120/1] via 192.168.1.253, 00:00:02, Vlan10

C 192.168.3.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1

R 192.168.4.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.3.2, 00:00:06, FastEthernet0/1

Switch#

SW2上192.168.1.0和192.168.3.0是直连路由,而192.168.2.0和192.168.4.0是rip协议获取到的。

Router#show ip route

Codes: L - local, C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP

D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area

N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2

E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP

i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area

* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR

P - periodic downloaded static route

 

Gateway of last resort is not set

 

R 192.168.1.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.3.1, 00:00:22, GigabitEthernet0/1

192.168.2.0/24 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks

C 192.168.2.0/24 is directly connected, GigabitEthernet0/0

L 192.168.2.2/32 is directly connected, GigabitEthernet0/0

192.168.3.0/24 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks

C 192.168.3.0/24 is directly connected, GigabitEthernet0/1

L 192.168.3.2/32 is directly connected, GigabitEthernet0/1

192.168.4.0/24 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks

C 192.168.4.0/24 is directly connected, Loopback0

L 192.168.4.1/32 is directly connected, Loopback0

Router#

R3上192.168.2.0、192.168.3.0和192.168.4.0都是直连路由,而192.168.1.0是通过rip协议获取到的。

此时我们试试从PC1上ping R3上的loopback0上的192.168.4.1看看:

Router#ping 192.168.4.1

 

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.4.1, timeout is 2 seconds:

.....

Success rate is 0 percent (0/5)

发现不通,而此时PC1到SW1和SW2的都是通的,这是由于PC1到SW1和SW2是直接通过二层vlan透传的,但是在到R3的时候,由于是三层通信了,所以必须得有路由。而我们使用的是路由器模拟PC机,无法直接在接口上配置网关,所以可以通过在PC1上增加一条默认路由器出去即可。

PC1:

Router#conf t

Router(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.1.254

此时在ping192.168.4.1即可发现通了:

Router#ping 192.168.4.1

 

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.4.1, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 0/3/12 ms

 

Router#write

此时我们测试在主设备SW1的上行端口down掉了以后,通过配置track主设备的上行端口进行主备切换

Switch>en

Switch#conf t

Switch(config)#interface vlan 10

Switch(config-if)#standby 1 track FastEthernet0/1

Switch(config-if)#exit

手工shutdown模拟端口故障:

Switch(config)#interface FastEthernet0/1

Switch(config-if)#shutdown

Switch(config-if)#end

Switch#show standby brief

P indicates configured to preempt.

|

Interface Grp Pri P State Active Standby Virtual IP

Vl10 1 190 P Standby 192.168.1.252 local 192.168.1.254

Switch#

此时我们看到SW1已经变成standby了。

SW2:

Switch>en

Switch#show standby brief

P indicates configured to preempt.

|

Interface Grp Pri P State Active Standby Virtual IP

Vl10 1 195 P Active local 192.168.1.253 192.168.1.254

Switch#

此时我们看到SW2变成了active状态了。在主设备上没有配置上行端口down了以后优先级减多少的情况下,默认优先级是减10的。

此时我们在PC1上ping R3上的192.168.4.1,还是能ping通的

Router#ping 192.168.4.1

 

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.4.1, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 0/2/11 ms

 

Router#

此时我们去SW1上把上行接口起起来:

SW1:

Switch#conf t

Switch(config)#interface FastEthernet0/1

Switch(config)#interface FastEthernet0/1


Switch(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up

%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up

Switch(config-if)#
 %HSRP-6-STATECHANGE: Vlan10 Grp 1 state Standby -> Active

起起来立马就能在打印的日志里面看到状态有standby变成了active了。

我们来分别检查一下SW1和SW2:

SW1:

Switch#show standby brief

P indicates configured to preempt.

|

Interface Grp Pri P State Active Standby Virtual IP

Vl10 1 200 P Active local 192.168.1.252 192.168.1.254

Switch#

SW2:

Switch#show standby brief

P indicates configured to preempt.

|

Interface Grp Pri P State Active Standby Virtual IP

Vl10 1 195 P Standby 192.168.1.253 local 192.168.1.254

Switch#

发现SW1已经变成了主设备active的状态。因为我们主备上面都配置了抢占,所以主设备在恢复的时候能立马抢占回主设备的角色。

此时我们在测试一下连通性

在PC1上ping R3的loopback0

Router#ping 192.168.4.1

 

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.4.1, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 0/0/1 ms

 

Router#

仍然是通的,实验到此结束。
 

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