JDBC学习遇到的错误(1)

JDBC学习遇到的错误(1)

学习JDBC遇到的第一个问题

 DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/database"...

抛出异常

错误 java.sql.SQLException:The server time zone value ‘�й���׼ʱ��’ …
译:在’main’线程中有一个异常叫:java.sql.SQLException,服务器的时区值’�й���׼ʱ��’未被认出或代表多个时区。你必须配置,要么是服务器,要么是JDBC 驱动(通过配置serverTimezone的属性)去指定时区值,如果你想要使用时区支持。

缺少时区属性的配置,解决有两个办法。配置服务器或JDBC驱动来指定时区值。
我也不太懂,就网上搜了一个配JDBC驱动的方法。

// An highlighted block
`Exception` in thread "main" java.sql.SQLException: The server time zone value '�й���׼ʱ��' is unrecognized or represents more than one time zone. You must configure either the server or JDBC driver (via the 'serverTimezone' configuration property) to use a more specifc time zone value if you want to utilize time zone support.
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:129)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:97)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:89)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:63)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:73)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLExceptionsMapping.translateException(SQLExceptionsMapping.java:76)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.createNewIO(ConnectionImpl.java:836)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.<init>(ConnectionImpl.java:456)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.getInstance(ConnectionImpl.java:246)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.NonRegisteringDriver.connect(NonRegisteringDriver.java:197)
	at java.sql/java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:677)
	at java.sql/java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:228)
	at cn.itcast.jdbc.JdbcDemo1.main(JdbcDemo1.java:17)
Caused by: com.mysql.cj.exceptions.InvalidConnectionAttributeException: The server time zone value '�й���׼ʱ��' is unrecognized or represents more than one time zone. You must configure either the server or JDBC driver (via the 'serverTimezone' configuration property) to use a more specifc time zone value if you want to utilize time zone support.
	at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
	at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
	at java.base/java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:490)
	at com.mysql.cj.exceptions.ExceptionFactory.createException(ExceptionFactory.java:61)
	at com.mysql.cj.exceptions.ExceptionFactory.createException(ExceptionFactory.java:85)
	at com.mysql.cj.util.TimeUtil.getCanonicalTimezone(TimeUtil.java:132)
	at com.mysql.cj.protocol.a.NativeProtocol.configureTimezone(NativeProtocol.java:2120)
	at com.mysql.cj.protocol.a.NativeProtocol.initServerSession(NativeProtocol.java:2143)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.initializePropsFromServer(ConnectionImpl.java:1310)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.connectOneTryOnly(ConnectionImpl.java:967)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.createNewIO(ConnectionImpl.java:826)
	... 6 more

Process finished with exit code 1

解决办法

DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/database?serverTimezone=GMT%2B8"...
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