maven中的可选依赖<optional>true</optional>

看了这三种情况的例子可能你就明白了

1、父模块的依赖中不添加<optional>true</optional>

父模块pom文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>A</groupId>
    <artifactId>A</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>joda-time</groupId>
            <artifactId>joda-time</artifactId>
            <version>2.9.9</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

子模块pom文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>B</groupId>
    <artifactId>B</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>A</groupId>
            <artifactId>A</artifactId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

结论:
父模块A的依赖中不添加<optional>true</optional>,在这种情况下,在子模块B中会引用joda-time依赖jar包

2、父模块的依赖中添加<optional>true</optional>,不显式调用joda-time的jar包依赖

父模块pom文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>A</groupId>
    <artifactId>A</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>joda-time</groupId>
            <artifactId>joda-time</artifactId>
            <version>2.9.9</version>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

子模块pom文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>B</groupId>
    <artifactId>B</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>A</groupId>
            <artifactId>A</artifactId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

结论:
父模块A的依赖中不添加<optional>true</optional>,不显式调用joda-time的jar包依赖,在这种情况下,在子模块B中不会引用joda-time依赖jar包

3、父模块的依赖中添加<optional>true</optional>,显式调用joda-time的jar包依赖

父模块pom文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>A</groupId>
    <artifactId>A</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>joda-time</groupId>
            <artifactId>joda-time</artifactId>
            <version>2.9.9</version>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

子模块pom文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>B</groupId>
    <artifactId>B</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <parent>
        <groupId>A</groupId>
        <artifactId>A</artifactId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>joda-time</groupId>
            <artifactId>joda-time</artifactId>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

结论:
父模块A的依赖中添加<optional>true</optional>,显式调用joda-time的jar包依赖,在这种情况下,在子模块B中会正常引用joda-time依赖jar包,对于<optional>true</optional>来说,父模块中是否加上<dependencyManagement>都一样,都是需要显示调用才能引用joda-time的jar包依赖

注意:如果你还是不明白,那就看https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000019266080?utm_source=tag-newest

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