如何实时获取系统每个进程占用的CPU?--讨论及请教

      本文的目的是为了和大家讨论一个问题,同时给出一个根据进程ID,来返回该进程实时占用的CPU使用率的函数。希望大家在用这个函数的时候别忘记我的问题。

       目前计算进程CPU占用率的方法主要有两种,一种是根据时间来计算,另一种根据注册表计算,我使用的是前者。前者方法原理:在一个特定时间段内计算特定进程的总时间和所有进程的总时间,它们的比值就是那个特定进程的确CPU占有率。

      我写了一个函数(改写),以进程的ID作为参数,进程CPU占用率作为返回值,实时计算特定进程的CPU占用,测试正确。整个程序如下:

结构定义:
typedef struct _THREAD_INFO
{
LARGE_INTEGER CreateTime;
DWORD dwUnknown1;
DWORD dwStartAddress;
DWORD StartEIP;
DWORD dwOwnerPID;
DWORD dwThreadId;
DWORD dwCurrentPriority;
DWORD dwBasePriority;
DWORD dwContextSwitches;
DWORD Unknown;
DWORD WaitReason;

}THREADINFO, *PTHREADINFO;

typedef struct _UNICODE_STRING
{
 USHORT Length;
 USHORT MaxLength;
 PWSTR Buffer;
} UNICODE_STRING;

typedef struct _PROCESS_INFO
{
DWORD dwOffset;
DWORD dwThreadsCount;
DWORD dwUnused1[6];
LARGE_INTEGER CreateTime;
LARGE_INTEGER UserTime;
LARGE_INTEGER KernelTime;
UNICODE_STRING ProcessName;

DWORD dwBasePriority;
DWORD dwProcessID;
DWORD dwParentProcessId;
DWORD dwHandleCount;
DWORD dwUnused3[2];

DWORD dwVirtualBytesPeak;
DWORD dwVirtualBytes;
ULONG dwPageFaults;
DWORD dwWorkingSetPeak;
DWORD dwWorkingSet;
DWORD dwQuotaPeakPagedPoolUsage;
DWORD dwQuotaPagedPoolUsage;
DWORD dwQuotaPeakNonPagedPoolUsage;
DWORD dwQuotaNonPagedPoolUsage;
DWORD dwPageFileUsage;
DWORD dwPageFileUsagePeak;

DWORD dCommitCharge;
THREADINFO ThreadSysInfo[1];

} PROCESSINFO, *PPROCESSINFO;

函数定义:

int Button2Click(int id);//参数是进程ID

函数实体:
int Button2Click(int id)
{
int cpuusage;
PVOID pProcInfo = NULL;
DWORD dwInfoSize = 0x20000;
PPROCESSINFO pProcessInfo;
DWORD dwWorkingSet;
long ( __stdcall *NtQuerySystemInformation )( DWORD, PVOID, DWORD, DWORD );


static __int64 LastTotalProcessCPUUsage = 0;
static __int64 LastCurrentProcessCPUUsage = 0;

int CurrentDelta;
int TotalDelta;

__int64 TotalProcessCPUUsage = 0;
__int64 CurrentProcessCPUUsage = 0;

/

pProcInfo = (PVOID)(new byte[dwInfoSize]);

NtQuerySystemInformation = (long(__stdcall*)(DWORD,PVOID,DWORD,DWORD))
GetProcAddress( GetModuleHandle( "ntdll.dll" ),"NtQuerySystemInformation" );

NtQuerySystemInformation(5,pProcInfo,dwInfoSize,0);

pProcessInfo = (PPROCESSINFO)pProcInfo;

do
{
TotalProcessCPUUsage += (__int64)pProcessInfo->KernelTime.QuadPart + (__int64)pProcessInfo->UserTime.QuadPart;

if(pProcessInfo->dwProcessID == id)
{
dwWorkingSet = pProcessInfo->dwWorkingSet;
CurrentProcessCPUUsage += (__int64)pProcessInfo->KernelTime.QuadPart + (__int64)pProcessInfo->UserTime.QuadPart;
}

/
if(pProcessInfo->dwOffset == 0)
{
break;
}

pProcessInfo = (PPROCESSINFO)((byte*)pProcessInfo + pProcessInfo->dwOffset);
}
while(true);

TotalDelta = TotalProcessCPUUsage - LastTotalProcessCPUUsage;
CurrentDelta = CurrentProcessCPUUsage - LastCurrentProcessCPUUsage;

if(TotalDelta != 0)
cpuusage = 100 * CurrentDelta / TotalDelta;

//this->Caption = "CPU = " + IntToStr(100 * CurrentDelta / TotalDelta) +
//"Memory = "+ IntToStr(dwWorkingSet / 1024) " K";

LastTotalProcessCPUUsage = TotalProcessCPUUsage;
LastCurrentProcessCPUUsage = CurrentProcessCPUUsage;

delete[] pProcInfo;
return cpuusage;

}


控制台调用:
int main(void)
{
 while(true)
 {
  int s = Button2Click(0);//在此把进程ID作为参数传入
  printf("%d/n",s);
  Sleep(1000);
 }
 return 0;
}
///
以上代码运行非常正常
///

 

但我如何实时求出系统中运行的每个进程的CPU占用率,并列表显示出来??

我遍历系统进程(for循环),然后把每个进程的ID作为参数传入,外部用定时器控制,

但是我得到的值都是错的,为什么???

 

谁能搞定这个问题??

问题:用此函数实时计算系统所有进程的CPU使用率,并在列表中显示出来??谢谢了,本人急用!!!

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