web python -- WSGI接口GET请求

执行之前的程序,然后在浏览器中打开 http://localhost:8051/?a=10&b=w&b=r 这样的url。


环境变量字典中保存了请求信息REQUEST_METHOD和QUERY_STRING。问号之后的内容即为此次请求字符串的值。可以写一个函数对它进行解析,或者直接使用CGI模块的parse_qs函数,它返回一个字典,其值为一个列表。


下面是一个简单的例子:

#!/usr/bin/env python

from wsgiref.simple_server import make_server
from cgi import parse_qs, escape

html = """
<html>
<body>
   <form method="get" action="">
      <p>
         Age: <input type="text" name="age">
         </p>
      <p>
         Hobbies:
         <input name="hobbies" type="checkbox" value="software"> Software
         <input name="hobbies" type="checkbox" value="tunning"> Auto Tunning
         </p>
      <p>
         <input type="submit" value="Submit">
         </p>
      </form>
   <p>
      Age: %s<br>
      Hobbies: %s
      </p>
   </body>
</html>"""

def application(environ, start_response):

   # Returns a dictionary containing lists as values.
   d = parse_qs(environ['QUERY_STRING'])

   # In this idiom you must issue a list containing a default value.
   age = d.get('age', [''])[0] # Returns the first age value.
   hobbies = d.get('hobbies', []) # Returns a list of hobbies.

   # Always escape user input to avoid script injection
   age = escape(age)
   hobbies = [escape(hobby) for hobby in hobbies]

   response_body = html % (age or 'Empty',
               ', '.join(hobbies or ['No Hobbies']))

   status = '200 OK'

   # Now content type is text/html
   response_headers = [('Content-Type', 'text/html'),
                  ('Content-Length', str(len(response_body)))]
   start_response(status, response_headers)

   return [response_body]

httpd = make_server('localhost', 8051, application)
# Now it is serve_forever() in instead of handle_request().
# In Windows you can kill it in the Task Manager (python.exe).
# In Linux a Ctrl-C will do it.
httpd.serve_forever()


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