【VOLTE】VOLTE中的Precondition

preconditions require thatthe participant reserve network resources before continuing withthe session.  We do not define new quality ofservice reservation mechanisms; these preconditions simply requirea participant to use existing resource reservation mechanismsbefore beginning the session. ...... A precondition is a set ofconstraints about the session which are introduced in theoffer.

 

Preconditions就是让参与则在会话建立之前,保留网络资源

 

Precondition包括3种状态当前状态、请求的状态以及确认的状态。

current-status    = "a=curr:" precondition-type

                            SPstatus-type SP direction-tag

desired-status    = "a=des:" precondition-type

                            SPstrength-tag SP status-type

                            SPdirection-tag

confirm-status    = "a=conf:" precondition-type

                            SPstatus-type SP direction-tag

 

precondition-type =  "qos" |token

strength-tag      = ("mandatory" | "optional" |"none"

                         = | "failure" | "unknown")

status-type       = ("e2e" | "local" | "remote")

direction-tag     = ("none" | "send" | "recv" |"sendrecv")

//curren-staus 当前媒体流所有的网络资源状态

//desired-status就是需要preconditions预前需要提供的网络资源状态

//confirm-status 一个阈值。当网络资源状态达到这个阈值时,对端的UA就要发送update消息说明当前流媒体的状态。

When the status of network resources reach theseconditions, the peer user agent will

send an update of the session descriptioncontaining an updated current status attributefor

this particularmedia stream.

 

//strength-tagprecondition没有达到要求时,主叫是否需要alerting.

//status-type表明 e2e就是end to end端到端的意思

//direction-TAG表明该precondition是用于发送还是用于接收

 

Preconditons常见的场景如下


【VOLTE】VOLTE中的Precondition

AB拨打电话

1.A不希望在AB的网络资源未准备好之前B振铃,B也同意。

2.A呼叫BB接到INVITE消息后,并不马上振铃,而是回复183(session progress)A,让A保留所需要的网络资源

3.A收到B183(session progress)后,开始准备预留网络资源,当准备完成后,发送update消息给B

4.B接收到Aupdate消息,表明A的网络资源已预留好了之后,然后开始振铃。

 

(1) INVITE

 

INVITEsip:0123456789;phone-context=test.net@test.net;user=phoneSIP/2.0

Allow:INVITE,ACK,OPTIONS,CANCEL,BYE,UPDATE,INFO,REFER,NOTIFY,MESSAGE,PRACK

P-Preferred-Identity:

User-Agent: TEST IMS CLIENT 4.0

P-Preferred-Service:urn:urn-7:3gpp-service.ims.icsi.mmtel

CSeq: 1 INVITE

Max-Forwards: 70

P-Access-Network-Info:3GPP-E-UTRAN-FDD;utran-cell-id-3gpp=31041000010000000

Route:

a:*;+g.3gpp.icsi-ref="urn:urn-7:3gpp-service.ims.icsi.mmtel"

c: application/sdp

f: ;tag=2763466811

i: 2270680280

k: 100rel,timer,precondition //需要对方的precondition

l: 733

m:;+g.3gpp.icsi-ref="urn:urn-7:3gpp-service.ims.icsi.mmtel"

t:

v: SIP/2.0/TCP[2001:0:0:2::1]:5060;branch=z9hG4bK932432170smg;transport=TCP

 

v=0

o=TEST-IMS-UE 1234562 0 IN IP6 2001:0:0:2::1

s=SS VOIP

c=IN IP6 2001:0:0:2::1

t=0 0

m=audio 50000 RTP/AVP 116 107 97 115 111 110

b=AS:49

a=rtpmap:116 AMR-WB/16000

a=fmtp:116 mode-change-capability=2; max-red=0

a=rtpmap:107 AMR-WB/16000

a=fmtp:107 octet-align=1;mode-change-capability=2;max-red=0

a=rtpmap:97 AMR/8000

a=fmtp:97 mode-change-capability=2; max-red=0

a=rtpmap:115 AMR/8000

a=fmtp

 

(3) 183 Session Progress

 

SIP/2.0 183 Session Progress

Max-Forwards: 70

Via: SIP/2.0/TCP[2001:0:0:2::1]:5060;branch=z9hG4bK932432170smg;transport=TCP

From: ;tag=2763466811

To: ;tag=1111111111

Call-ID: 2270680280

CSeq: 1 INVITE

Contact:

Record-Route:

Content-Type: application/sdp

Require: precondition

Require: 100rel

RSeq: 1

Content-Length: 763

Privacy: none

P-Asserted-Identity:;phone-context=test.net@test.net;user=phone

 

v=0

o=anritsu 1 1 IN IP6 2001:0:0:2::2

s=SS VOIP

c=IN IP6 2001:0:0:2::2

t=0 0

m=audio 60000 RTP/AVP 116 107 97 115 111 110

b=AS:49

a=rtpmap:116 AMR-WB/16000

a=fmtp:116 mode-change-capability=2; max-red=0

a=rtpmap:107 AMR-WB/16000

a=fmtp:107 octet-align=1;mode-change-capability=2;max-red=0

a=rtpmap:97 AMR/8000

a=fmtp:97 mode-change-capability=2; max-red=0

a=rtpmap:115 AMR/8000

a=fmtp:115 octet-align=1;mode-change-capability=2;max-red=0

a=rtpmap:111 telephone-event/16000

a=fmtp:111 0-15

a=rtpmap:110 telephone-event/8000

a=fmtp:110 0-15

a=curr:qos local none    // Indicate'local' is not ready for communication since it does not meet 'des'condition

a=curr:qos remote none //Indicate 'remote' is not ready for communicationsince it does not meet 'des' condition

a=des:qos mandatory local sendrecv

a=des:qos mandatory remote sendrecv

a=sendrecv

a=ptime:20

a=maxptime:240

a=conf:qos remote sendrecv

a=rtcp:60001

 

(5) 200 OK

 

SIP/2.0 200 OK

Max-Forwards: 70

Via: SIP/2.0/TCP[2001:0:0:2::1]:5060;branch=z9hG4bK1835967788smg;transport=TCP

From: ;tag=2763466811

To: ;tag=1111111111

Call-ID: 2270680280

CSeq: 3 UPDATE

Allow: INVITE, ACK, CANCEL, BYE, PRACK, MESSAGE

Contact:

Record-Route:

Content-Type: application/sdp

Content-Length: 743

Privacy: none

 

v=0

o=anritsu 1 2 IN IP6 2001:0:0:2::2

s=SS VOIP

c=IN IP6 2001:0:0:2::2

t=0 0

m=audio 60000 RTP/AVP 116 107 97 115 111 110

b=AS:49

a=rtpmap:116 AMR-WB/16000

a=fmtp:116 mode-change-capability=2; max-red=0

a=rtpmap:107 AMR-WB/16000

a=fmtp:107 octet-align=1;mode-change-capability=2;max-red=0

a=rtpmap:97 AMR/8000

a=fmtp:97 mode-change-capability=2; max-red=0

a=rtpmap:115 AMR/8000

a=fmtp:115 octet-align=1;mode-change-capability=2;max-red=0

a=rtpmap:111 telephone-event/16000

a=fmtp:111 0-15

a=rtpmap:110 telephone-event/8000

a=fmtp:110 0-15

a=curr:qos local sendrecv  // Indicate'local' is ready for communication since it meets 'des'condition

a=curr:qos remote sendrecv // Indicate'remote' is ready for communication since it meets 'des'condition

a=des:qos mandatory local sendrecv

a=des:qos mandatory remote sendrecv

a=sendrecv

a=ptime:20

a=maxptime:240

a=rtcp:60001

 

 

(6) UPDATE

 

SIUPDATE sip:0123456789@[2001:0:0:2::2]:65094;transport=TCPSIP/2.0

Proxy-Require: sec-agree

Security-Verify:

CSeq: 3 UPDATE

Max-Forwards: 70

P-Access-Network-Info:3GPP-E-UTRAN-FDD;utran-cell-id-3gpp=31041000010000000

Route:

c: application/sdp

f: ;tag=2763466811

i: 2270680280

l: 738

m:

t: ;tag=1111111111

v: SIP/2.0/TCP[2001:0:0:2::1]:5060;branch=z9hG4bK1835967788smg;transport=TCP

 

v=0

o=TEST-IMS-UE 1234562 1 IN IP6 2001:0:0:2::1

s=SS VOIP

c=IN IP6 2001:0:0:2::1

t=0 0

m=audio 50000 RTP/AVP 116 107 97 115 111 110

b=AS:49

a=rtpmap:116 AMR-WB/16000

a=fmtp:116 mode-change-capability=2; max-red=0

a=rtpmap:107 AMR-WB/16000

a=fmtp:107 octet-align=1;mode-change-capability=2;max-red=0

a=rtpmap:97 AMR/8000

a=fmtp:97 mode-change-capability=2; max-red=0

a=rtpmap:115 AMR/8000

a=fmtp:115 octet-align=1;mode-change-capability=2;max-red=0

a=rtpmap:111 telephone-event/16000

a=fmtp:111 0-15

a=rtpmap:110 telephone-event/8000

a=fmtp:110 0-15

a=curr:qos local sendrecv // Indicate'local' is ready for communication sinceit meets 'des'condition

a=curr:qos remote none //Indicate 'remote' is not ready for communication since itdoes not meet 'des' condition

a=des:qos mandatory local sendrecv

a=des:qos mandatory remote sendrecv

a=sendrecv

a=ptime:20

a=maxptime:240

(7) 200 OK

 

SIP/2.0 200 OK

Max-Forwards: 70

Via: SIP/2.0/TCP[2001:0:0:2::1]:5060;branch=z9hG4bK1835967788smg;transport=TCP

From: ;tag=2763466811

To: ;tag=1111111111

Call-ID: 2270680280

CSeq: 3 UPDATE

Allow: INVITE, ACK, CANCEL, BYE, PRACK, MESSAGE

Contact:

Record-Route:

Content-Type: application/sdp

Content-Length: 743

Privacy: none

 

v=0

o=anritsu 1 2 IN IP6 2001:0:0:2::2

s=SS VOIP

c=IN IP6 2001:0:0:2::2

t=0 0

m=audio 60000 RTP/AVP 116 107 97 115 111 110

b=AS:49

a=rtpmap:116 AMR-WB/16000

a=fmtp:116 mode-change-capability=2; max-red=0

a=rtpmap:107 AMR-WB/16000

a=fmtp:107 octet-align=1;mode-change-capability=2;max-red=0

a=rtpmap:97 AMR/8000

a=fmtp:97 mode-change-capability=2; max-red=0

a=rtpmap:115 AMR/8000

a=fmtp:115 octet-align=1;mode-change-capability=2;max-red=0

a=rtpmap:111 telephone-event/16000

a=fmtp:111 0-15

a=rtpmap:110 telephone-event/8000

a=fmtp:110 0-15

a=curr:qos local sendrecv  // Indicate'local' is ready for communication since it meets 'des'condition

a=curr:qos remote sendrecv // Indicate'remote' is ready for communication since it meets 'des'condition

a=des:qos mandatory local sendrecv

a=des:qos mandatory remote sendrecv

a=sendrecv

a=ptime:20

a=maxptime:240

a=rtcp:60001


参考文档:

http://www.sharetechnote.com/



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