poj3320 Jessica's Reading Problem 尺取法

http://poj.org/problem?id=3320

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstdio> 
#include <cstring>
#include <set>
#include <map>
using namespace std;
const int maxn=100005;
int p,a[maxn];
void solve(){
	set<int>all;//计算无重复的知识点个数 
	for(int i=0;i<p;i++){
		all.insert(a[i]);
	}
	int n=all.size();
	int s=0,t=0,num=0;
	map<int,int>count; //知识点->出现次数的映射
	int res=p;
	for(;;){
		while(t<p&&num<n){
			if(count[a[t++]]++==0){//出现新的知识点 
				num++;
			}
		}
		if(num<n) break;
		res=min(res,t-s);
		if(--count[a[s++]]==0){//某个知识点的出现次数为0了 
			num--;
		}
	} 
	printf("%d\n",res);
}
int main(){
	while(scanf("%d",&p)!=EOF){//用cin超时
		for(int i=0;i<p;i++){
			scanf("%d",&a[i]);
		}
		solve();
	}
	return 0;
}

 

Jessica's Reading Problem

10-25

DescriptionnnJessica’s a very lovely girl wooed by lots of boys. Recently she has a problem. The final exam is coming, yet she has spent little time on it. If she wants to pass it, she has to master all ideas included in a very thick text book. The author of that text book, like other authors, is extremely fussy about the ideas, thus some ideas are covered more than once. Jessica think if she managed to read each idea at least once, she can pass the exam. She decides to read only one contiguous part of the book which contains all ideas covered by the entire book. And of course, the sub-book should be as thin as possible.nnA very hard-working boy had manually indexed for her each page of Jessica’s text-book with what idea each page is about and thus made a big progress for his courtship. Here you come in to save your skin: given the index, help Jessica decide which contiguous part she should read. For convenience, each idea has been coded with an ID, which is a non-negative integer.nnInputnnThe first line of input is an integer P (1 ≤ P ≤ 1000000), which is the number of pages of Jessica’s text-book. The second line contains P non-negative integers describing what idea each page is about. The first integer is what the first page is about, the second integer is what the second page is about, and so on. You may assume all integers that appear can fit well in the signed 32-bit integer type.nnOutputnnOutput one line: the number of pages of the shortest contiguous part of the book which contains all ideals covered in the book.nnSample Inputnn5 n1 8 8 8 1 nSample Outputnn2 问答

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