windows下VS2017编译mongoDB c、c++API

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一、mongoDB c、c++API介绍

mongoDB有两个接口库:mongo-c-driver和mongo-cxx-driver

 

1.1、mongo-c-driver:c代码接口库

下载链接:https://github.com/mongodb/mongo-c-driver

最新版本:mongo-c-driver 1.13.0

1.2、mongo-cxx-driver:c++代码接口库,是在mongo-c-driver的基础上进行二次封装

下载链接:https://github.com/mongodb/mongo-cxx-driver

最新版本:MongoDB C++11 Driver 3.4.0

注意:此库需要boost支持

 

二、准备工作

1、安装VS 2017:

2、安装cmake:

下载地址:https://github.com/Kitware/CMake/releases/download/v3.13.3/cmake-3.13.3-win64-x64.zip

3、安装boost:

 

三、编译mongo-c-driver

1、把mongo-c-driver-1.13.0.tar.gz解压到目录:C:\mongocode\mongo-c-driver-1.13.0

 

2、cmake

1)打开cmd

2)cd到目录:C:\mongocode\mongo-c-driver-1.13.0\build

3)执行cmake命令:

cmake.exe -G "Visual Studio 15 2017 Win64" "-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=C:\mongo-c-driver" "-DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=C:\mongo-c-driver" ..

 

3、创建编译输出目录:C:\mongo-c-driver

注意:此目录必须手动创建,否则编译会报错

 

4、编译:

1)用VS2017打开:C:\mongocode\mongo-c-driver-1.13.0\build\mongo-c-driver.sln

2)选择Debug、x64

3)选中工程:ALL_BUILD

 

4)点击编译菜单开始编译ALL_BUILD

 

5)选中工程:INSTALL

 

6)点击编译菜单开始编译INSTALL

 

7)编译完成,生成在C:\mongo-c-driver目录下

注意:bson不需要单独编译

 

 

四、编译mongo-cxx-driver

1、把mongo-cxx-driver-r3.4.0.zip解压到目录:C:\mongocode\mongo-cxx-driver-r3.4.0

2、cmake

1)打开cmd

2)cd到目录:C:\mongocode\mongo-c-driver-1.13.0\build

3)执行cmake命令:

cmake.exe -G "Visual Studio 15 2017 Win64" -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=C:\mongo-cxx-driver -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=C:\mongo-c-driver -DBOOST_ROOT=C:\boost\include -DCMAKE_CXX_STANDARD=11 -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS="/Zc:__cplusplus" ..

注意:-DBOOST_ROOT=C:\boost\include 是boost目录

3、创建编译输出目录:mongo-cxx-driver

注意:此目录必须手动创建,否则编译会报错

 

4、编译:

1)用VS2017打开:C:\mongocode\mongo-cxx-driver-r3.4.0\build\build\MONGO_CXX_DRIVER.sln

2)选择Debug、x64

3)选中工程:ALL_BUILD

4)点击编译菜单开始编译ALL_BUILD

编译失败。。。。

 

5)问题一:

 

解决方法:修改工程设置,所有工程都按下图修改

 

6)问题二:

 

解决方法:添加宏(_ENABLE_EXTENDED_ALIGNED_STORAGE)

 

7)编译成功:

 

8)选中工程:INSTALL

 

9)点击编译菜单开始编译INSTALL

 

10)编译完成,生成在C:\mongo-cxx-driver目录下

注意事项:目录结构不要随意更改,否则容易出错

 

五、VS2017调用实例

1、新建工程:mongotest

2、复制include文件到工程目录下:

 

3、复制lib到工程目录下:

 

4、复制dll到工程目录下:

 

5、设置工程include目录:

注意:需要包含boost库目录

 

6、设置附加依赖性:

 

7、设置附加库目录:

 

8、demo代码:


#include "pch.h"
#include <iostream>

#include "bsoncxx/builder/stream/document.hpp"
#include "mongocxx/instance.hpp"
#include "mongocxx/uri.hpp"
#include "mongocxx/client.hpp"

int main()
{
	mongocxx::instance instance{};
	mongocxx::uri uri("mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017");
	mongocxx::client client(uri);

	// 数据库
	mongocxx::database db = client["mytestdb"];
	// 集合
	mongocxx::collection coll = db["testcoll"];
	// 插入
	try
	{
		for (int i=1; i<=10; ++i)
		{
			auto builder = bsoncxx::builder::stream::document{};
			builder << "userid" << i
				<< "name" << "username";

			coll.insert_one(builder.view());
			std::cout << "insert : " << i << "\n";
		}
	}
	catch (const std::exception& e)
	{
		std::cout << "insert error : " << e.what();
	}

	// 查找
	try
	{
		auto cursor = coll.find(bsoncxx::builder::stream::document{} << "name" << "username" << bsoncxx::builder::stream::finalize);
		if (cursor.begin() != cursor.end())
		{
			for (auto & doc : cursor)
			{
				std::string Name = doc["name"].get_utf8().value.to_string();
				std::cout << "find : userid[" << doc["userid"].get_int32() << "] name[" << Name << "]\n";
			}
		}
	}
	catch (const std::exception& e)
	{
		std::cout << "find error : " << e.what();
	}

	// 更新
	try
	{
		coll.update_one(bsoncxx::builder::stream::document{} <<
		"userid" << 3 << bsoncxx::builder::stream::finalize,
		bsoncxx::builder::stream::document{} << "$set" << bsoncxx::builder::stream::open_document
		<< "name" << "username3333333"
		<< bsoncxx::builder::stream::close_document
			<< bsoncxx::builder::stream::finalize);
		std::cout << "update : userid[3] name[username3333333]" << "\n";
	}
	catch (const std::exception& e)
	{
		std::cout << "update error : " << e.what();
	}

	// 删除数据
	try
	{
		auto filter_builder = bsoncxx::builder::stream::document{};
		bsoncxx::document::value filter_value = filter_builder << "userid" << 7 << bsoncxx::builder::stream::finalize;
		coll.delete_one(filter_value.view());
		std::cout << "delete : userid[7]" << "\n";
	}
	catch (const std::exception& e)
	{
		std::cout << "delete error : " << e.what();
	}

	// 再次查找
	try
	{
		auto cursor = coll.find(bsoncxx::builder::stream::document{} <<  bsoncxx::builder::stream::finalize);
		if (cursor.begin() != cursor.end())
		{
			for (auto & doc : cursor)
			{
				std::string Name = doc["name"].get_utf8().value.to_string();
				std::cout << "find again : userid[" << doc["userid"].get_int32() << "] name[" << Name << "]\n";
			}
		}
	}
	catch (const std::exception& e)
	{
		std::cout << "find error : " << e.what();
	}

	getchar();
}

9、运行结果:

 

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