python_socket


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说明

1.需要对send 和recv的内容进行decode()和encode(),否则会报错,即使在.py最上面添加# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

该部分内容为转载
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在StackOverflow上发现有人也出现同样的问题,并一个叫Scharron的人提出了解答:
In python 3, bytes strings and unicodestrings are now two different types. Since sockets are not aware of string encodings, they are using raw bytes strings, that have a slightly differentinterface from unicode strings.
So, now, whenever you have a unicode stringthat you need to use as a byte string, you need toencode() it. And whenyou have a byte string, you need to decode it to use it as a regular(python 2.x) string.
Unicode strings are quotes enclosedstrings. Bytes strings are b"" enclosed strings
  
When you use client_socket.send(data),replace it by client_socket.send(data.encode()). When you get datausing data = client_socket.recv(512), replace it by data =client_socket.recv(512).decode()
  
 
Codec.encode(input[, errors])
Encodes the object input and returns atuple (output object, length consumed). Encoding converts a string object to abytes object using a particular character set encoding
  
Codec.decode(input[, errors])
Decodes the object input and returns atuple (output object, length consumed). Decoding converts a bytes objectencoded using a particular character set encoding to a string object.
input must be a bytes object or one whichprovides the read-only character buffer interface – for example, buffer objectsand memory mapped files.
  
套接字的成员函数send
socket.send(bytes[, flags]) 形参为字节类型
socket.recv(bufsize[, flags]) Receive datafrom the socket. The return value is a bytes object representing the data received.

str->bytes:encode编码

bytes->str:decode解码

str.encode()
bytes.decode()

socket服务端

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from socket import *
from time import ctime
HOST = '10.69.141.11'                        #主机(服务器)地址
PORT = 20000
BUFSIZE = 1024
ADDR = (HOST,PORT)
tcpSerSock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM)  # 创建套接字
tcpSerSock.bind(ADDR)                      # 监听
tcpSerSock.listen(5)
while True:
    print 'wating for connection...'
    tcpCliSock,addr = tcpSerSock.accept()  #被动接收连接
    print '...connected from:',addr
    while True:
        data = tcpCliSock.recv(BUFSIZE).decode()#接收来自客户端的数据
        if  data=='exit':
            break
        print data                      #输出客户端的数据
        sersay=raw_input("what do you want to say")
        tcpCliSock.send('%s'% (sersay).encode()) #返回给客户端的数据   发送给客户端的代码必须编码
    tcpCliSock.close()
tcpSvrSock.close()

 

socket客户端

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from socket import *
HOST = '10.69.141.11'
PORT=20000 #IP地址一致,指向服务器地址PORT = 20000
BUFSIZE = 1024
ADDR = (HOST,PORT)
tcpCliSock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM)
tcpCliSock.connect(ADDR)
while True:
    data= input()
    print ("so %s old" %data )
    if  data=='exit':
        break
    tcpCliSock.send(data.encode())            #发送给服务器的数据
    data = tcpCliSock.recv(BUFSIZE).decode()  #接收数据
    if data=='exit':
        break
    print (data)
tcpCliSock.close()
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