EXCEL转HTML,POI获取EXCEL带有表达式数据,获取EXCEL单元格的数据

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此文章参考了很多网上的EXCEL转HTML,但是多数都没有对带有表达式的单元格的数据进行处理,或者处理了并没有按照原EXCEL的数据格式取数据,其他导出EXCEL获取数据也可参考此博文

表达式类型为Cell.CELL_TYPE_FORMULA(值为2),对于表达式类型的单元格的值可以使用此方式获取

String result = new org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.DataFormatter().formatCellValue(cell, evaluator);

其中的参数cell, evaluator可以看下面的代码

所需jar包,其中commons的包有些可以不需要,这里说下POI的包,使用的是3.14,可以去官网下载,之前用3.9的不行,这里用的3.14兼容03和07版的excel,ooxml,xdocreport,xmlbeans这些jar都可以去maven仓库下载。poi官方jar下载地址参考https://blog.csdn.net/summerdirewof/article/details/83620739

上代码

package com.huang.test;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.*;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.util.HSSFColor;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.*;
import org.apache.poi.ss.util.CellRangeAddress;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFCellStyle;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFColor;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFFont;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFWorkbook;
 



import java.io.*;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
public class ExcelToHTML {
	
	private static FormulaEvaluator evaluator;
	
	  /**
     * @param filePath excel源文件文件的路径
     * @param htmlPositon 生成的html文件的路径
     * @param isWithStyle 是否需要表格样式 包含 字体 颜色 边框 对齐方式
     */
    public static String readExcelToHtml(String filePath ,String htmlPositon, boolean isWithStyle){
 
        InputStream is = null;
        String htmlExcel = null;
        try {
            File sourcefile = new File(filePath);
            is = new FileInputStream(sourcefile);
            Workbook wb = WorkbookFactory.create(is);
            if (wb instanceof XSSFWorkbook) {   //07版excel处理方法
                XSSFWorkbook xWb = (XSSFWorkbook) wb;
                htmlExcel = ExcelToHTML.getExcelInfo(xWb,isWithStyle);
            }else if(wb instanceof HSSFWorkbook){  //03版的excel处理方法
                HSSFWorkbook hWb = (HSSFWorkbook) wb;
                htmlExcel = ExcelToHTML.getExcelInfo(hWb,isWithStyle);
            }
            writeFile(htmlExcel,htmlPositon);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }finally{
            try {
                is.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        return htmlPositon;
    }
 
 
    private static String getExcelInfo(Workbook wb,boolean isWithStyle){
 
    	evaluator = wb.getCreationHelper().createFormulaEvaluator();
        
        StringBuffer result = new StringBuffer();
        int sheetNum = wb.getNumberOfSheets();
        //处理多个sheet 展示在同意页面,sheet名称作为标题
        for (int i = 0; i < sheetNum; i++) {
        	StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        	Sheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(i);//获取第一个Sheet的内容
        	String sheetName = sheet.getSheetName();
            int lastRowNum = sheet.getLastRowNum();
            Map<String, String> map[] = getRowSpanColSpanMap(sheet);
            
            sb.append("<h3>"+sheetName+"</h3>");
            sb.append("<table style='border-collapse:collapse;' width='100%'>");
            Row row = null;        //兼容
            Cell cell = null;    //兼容
     
            for (int rowNum = sheet.getFirstRowNum(); rowNum <= lastRowNum; rowNum++) {
                row = sheet.getRow(rowNum);
                if (row == null) {
                    sb.append("<tr><td ><nobr> </nobr></td></tr>");
                    continue;
                }
                sb.append("<tr>");
                int lastColNum = row.getLastCellNum();
                for (int colNum = 0; colNum < lastColNum; colNum++) {
                    cell = row.getCell(colNum);
                    if (cell == null) {    //特殊情况 空白的单元格会返回null
                        sb.append("<td> </td>");
                        continue;
                    }
     
                    String stringValue = getCellValue(cell);
                    if (map[0].containsKey(rowNum + "," + colNum)) {
                        String pointString = map[0].get(rowNum + "," + colNum);
                        map[0].remove(rowNum + "," + colNum);
                        int bottomeRow = Integer.valueOf(pointString.split(",")[0]);
                        int bottomeCol = Integer.valueOf(pointString.split(",")[1]);
                        int rowSpan = bottomeRow - rowNum + 1;
                        int colSpan = bottomeCol - colNum + 1;
                        sb.append("<td rowspan= '" + rowSpan + "' colspan= '"+ colSpan + "' ");
                    } else if (map[1].containsKey(rowNum + "," + colNum)) {
                        map[1].remove(rowNum + "," + colNum);
                        continue;
                    } else {
                        sb.append("<td ");
                    }
     
                    //判断是否需要样式
                    if(isWithStyle){
                        dealExcelStyle(wb, sheet, cell, sb);//处理单元格样式
                    }
     
                    sb.append("><nobr>");
                    if (stringValue == null || "".equals(stringValue.trim())) {
                        sb.append("   ");
                    } else {
                        // 将ascii码为160的空格转换为html下的空格( )
                        sb.append(stringValue.replace(String.valueOf((char) 160)," "));
                    }
                    sb.append("</nobr></td>");
                }
                sb.append("</tr>");
            }
     
            sb.append("</table>");
            
            //result.append(StringUtils.isNotEmpty(sb.toString())?"<br>"+sb.toString():sb.toString());
            result.append(sb.toString());
		}
        
        return result.toString();
    }
 
    private static Map<String, String>[] getRowSpanColSpanMap(Sheet sheet) {
 
        Map<String, String> map0 = new HashMap<String, String>();
        Map<String, String> map1 = new HashMap<String, String>();
        int mergedNum = sheet.getNumMergedRegions();
        CellRangeAddress range = null;
        for (int i = 0; i < mergedNum; i++) {
            range = sheet.getMergedRegion(i);
            int topRow = range.getFirstRow();
            int topCol = range.getFirstColumn();
            int bottomRow = range.getLastRow();
            int bottomCol = range.getLastColumn();
            map0.put(topRow + "," + topCol, bottomRow + "," + bottomCol);
            // System.out.println(topRow + "," + topCol + "," + bottomRow + "," + bottomCol);
            int tempRow = topRow;
            while (tempRow <= bottomRow) {
                int tempCol = topCol;
                while (tempCol <= bottomCol) {
                    map1.put(tempRow + "," + tempCol, "");
                    tempCol++;
                }
                tempRow++;
            }
            map1.remove(topRow + "," + topCol);
        }
        Map[] map = { map0, map1 };
        return map;
    }
 
 
    /**
     * 获取表格单元格Cell内容
     * @param cell
     * @return
     */
    private static String getCellValue(Cell cell) {
 
        String result = new String();
        int cellType=cell.getCellType();
        if(cellType==Cell.CELL_TYPE_FORMULA){ //表达式(函数)类型
            cellType=evaluator.evaluate(cell).getCellType();
        }
        
        switch (cellType) {
            case Cell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC:// 数字类型
                if (HSSFDateUtil.isCellDateFormatted(cell)) {// 处理日期格式、时间格式
                    SimpleDateFormat sdf = null;
                    if (cell.getCellStyle().getDataFormat() == HSSFDataFormat.getBuiltinFormat("h:mm")) {
                        sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("HH:mm");
                    } else {// 日期
                        sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");
                    }
                    Date date = cell.getDateCellValue();
                    result = sdf.format(date);
                } else if (cell.getCellStyle().getDataFormat() == 58) {
                    // 处理自定义日期格式:m月d日(通过判断单元格的格式id解决,id的值是58)
                    SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");
                    double value = cell.getNumericCellValue();
                    Date date = org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.DateUtil
                            .getJavaDate(value);
                    result = sdf.format(date);
                } else {
                	result = new org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.DataFormatter().formatCellValue(cell, evaluator);
                }
                break;
            case Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING:// String类型
                result = cell.getRichStringCellValue().toString();
                break;
            case Cell.CELL_TYPE_BLANK:
                result = "";
                break;
            default:
                result = "";
                break;
        }
        return result;
    }

    
    /**
     * 处理表格样式
     * @param wb
     * @param sheet
     * @param sb
     */
    private static void dealExcelStyle(Workbook wb,Sheet sheet,Cell cell,StringBuffer sb){
 
        CellStyle cellStyle = cell.getCellStyle();
        if (cellStyle != null) {
            short alignment = cellStyle.getAlignment();
            //    sb.append("align='" + convertAlignToHtml(alignment) + "' ");//单元格内容的水平对齐方式
            short verticalAlignment = cellStyle.getVerticalAlignment();
            sb.append("valign='"+ convertVerticalAlignToHtml(verticalAlignment)+ "' ");//单元格中内容的垂直排列方式
 
            if (wb instanceof XSSFWorkbook) {
 
                XSSFFont xf = ((XSSFCellStyle) cellStyle).getFont();
                short boldWeight = xf.getBoldweight();
                String  align = convertAlignToHtml(alignment);
                sb.append("style='");
                sb.append("font-weight:" + boldWeight + ";"); // 字体加粗
                sb.append("font-size: " + xf.getFontHeight() / 2 + "%;"); // 字体大小
                int columnWidth = sheet.getColumnWidth(cell.getColumnIndex()) ;
                sb.append("width:" + columnWidth + "px;");
                sb.append("text-align:" + align + ";");//表头排版样式
                XSSFColor xc = xf.getXSSFColor();
                if (xc != null && !"".equals(xc)) {
                    sb.append("color:#" + xc.getARGBHex().substring(2) + ";"); // 字体颜色
                }
 
                XSSFColor bgColor = (XSSFColor) cellStyle.getFillForegroundColorColor();
                if (bgColor != null && !"".equals(bgColor)) {
                    sb.append("background-color:#" + bgColor.getARGBHex().substring(2) + ";"); // 背景颜色
                }
                sb.append(getBorderStyle(0,cellStyle.getBorderTop(), ((XSSFCellStyle) cellStyle).getTopBorderXSSFColor()));
                sb.append(getBorderStyle(1,cellStyle.getBorderRight(), ((XSSFCellStyle) cellStyle).getRightBorderXSSFColor()));
                sb.append(getBorderStyle(2,cellStyle.getBorderBottom(), ((XSSFCellStyle) cellStyle).getBottomBorderXSSFColor()));
                sb.append(getBorderStyle(3,cellStyle.getBorderLeft(), ((XSSFCellStyle) cellStyle).getLeftBorderXSSFColor()));
 
            }else if(wb instanceof HSSFWorkbook){
 
                HSSFFont hf = ((HSSFCellStyle) cellStyle).getFont(wb);
                short boldWeight = hf.getBoldweight();
                short fontColor = hf.getColor();
                sb.append("style='");
                HSSFPalette palette = ((HSSFWorkbook) wb).getCustomPalette(); // 类HSSFPalette用于求的颜色的国际标准形式
                HSSFColor hc = palette.getColor(fontColor);
                sb.append("font-weight:" + boldWeight + ";"); // 字体加粗
                sb.append("font-size: " + hf.getFontHeight() / 2 + "%;"); // 字体大小
                String  align = convertAlignToHtml(alignment);
                sb.append("text-align:" + align + ";");//表头排版样式
                String fontColorStr = convertToStardColor(hc);
                if (fontColorStr != null && !"".equals(fontColorStr.trim())) {
                    sb.append("color:" + fontColorStr + ";"); // 字体颜色
                }
                int columnWidth = sheet.getColumnWidth(cell.getColumnIndex()) ;
                sb.append("width:" + columnWidth + "px;");
                short bgColor = cellStyle.getFillForegroundColor();
                hc = palette.getColor(bgColor);
                String bgColorStr = convertToStardColor(hc);
                if (bgColorStr != null && !"".equals(bgColorStr.trim())) {
                    sb.append("background-color:" + bgColorStr + ";"); // 背景颜色
                }
                sb.append( getBorderStyle(palette,0,cellStyle.getBorderTop(),cellStyle.getTopBorderColor()));
                sb.append( getBorderStyle(palette,1,cellStyle.getBorderRight(),cellStyle.getRightBorderColor()));
                sb.append( getBorderStyle(palette,3,cellStyle.getBorderLeft(),cellStyle.getLeftBorderColor()));
                sb.append( getBorderStyle(palette,2,cellStyle.getBorderBottom(),cellStyle.getBottomBorderColor()));
            }
 
            sb.append("' ");
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * 单元格内容的水平对齐方式
     * @param alignment
     * @return
     */
    private static String convertAlignToHtml(short alignment) {
 
        String align = "center";
        switch (alignment) {
            case CellStyle.ALIGN_LEFT:
                align = "left";
                break;
            case CellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER:
                align = "center";
                break;
            case CellStyle.ALIGN_RIGHT:
                align = "right";
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
        return align;
    }
 
    /**
     * 单元格中内容的垂直排列方式
     * @param verticalAlignment
     * @return
     */
    private static String convertVerticalAlignToHtml(short verticalAlignment) {
 
        String valign = "middle";
        switch (verticalAlignment) {
            case CellStyle.VERTICAL_BOTTOM:
                valign = "bottom";
                break;
            case CellStyle.VERTICAL_CENTER:
                valign = "center";
                break;
            case CellStyle.VERTICAL_TOP:
                valign = "top";
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
        return valign;
    }
 
    private static String convertToStardColor(HSSFColor hc) {
 
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer("");
        if (hc != null) {
            if (HSSFColor.AUTOMATIC.index == hc.getIndex()) {
                return null;
            }
            sb.append("#");
            for (int i = 0; i < hc.getTriplet().length; i++) {
                sb.append(fillWithZero(Integer.toHexString(hc.getTriplet()[i])));
            }
        }
 
        return sb.toString();
    }
 
    private static String fillWithZero(String str) {
        if (str != null && str.length() < 2) {
            return "0" + str;
        }
        return str;
    }
 
    static String[] bordesr={"border-top:","border-right:","border-bottom:","border-left:"};
    static String[] borderStyles={"solid ","solid ","solid ","solid ","solid ","solid ","solid ","solid ","solid ","solid","solid","solid","solid","solid"};
 
    private static  String getBorderStyle(  HSSFPalette palette ,int b,short s, short t){
 
        if(s==0)return  bordesr[b]+borderStyles[s]+"#d0d7e5 1px;";;
        String borderColorStr = convertToStardColor( palette.getColor(t));
        borderColorStr=borderColorStr==null|| borderColorStr.length()<1?"#000000":borderColorStr;
        return bordesr[b]+borderStyles[s]+borderColorStr+" 1px;";
 
    }
 
    private static  String getBorderStyle(int b,short s, XSSFColor xc){
 
        if(s==0)return  bordesr[b]+borderStyles[s]+"#d0d7e5 1px;";;
        if (xc != null && !"".equals(xc)) {
            String borderColorStr = xc.getARGBHex();//t.getARGBHex();
            borderColorStr=borderColorStr==null|| borderColorStr.length()<1?"#000000":borderColorStr.substring(2);
            return bordesr[b]+borderStyles[s]+borderColorStr+" 1px;";
        }
 
        return "";
    }
    /*
     * @param content 生成的excel表格标签
     * @param htmlPath 生成的html文件地址
    */
    private static void writeFile(String content,String htmlPath){
        File file2 = new File(htmlPath);
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        try {
            file2.createNewFile();//创建文件
 
            sb.append("<html><head><meta http-equiv=\"Content-Type\" content=\"text/html; charset=GB2312\"><title>Html Test</title></head><body>");
            sb.append("<div>");
            sb.append(content);
            sb.append("</div>");
            sb.append("</body></html>");
 
            PrintStream printStream = new PrintStream(new FileOutputStream(file2));
 
            printStream.println(sb.toString());//将字符串写入文件
 
        } catch (IOException e) {
 
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
 
    }

}

文章有什么改进的请多指教,jar包不好找的话可以给我留言,我会发

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