java EE 开发入门小程序 mvc设计模式 学生信息的管理


1.在mysql数据库中创建student数据库,创建studentInfo表(id,name,age)其中id是自动增加的键。

2.创建web工程后,将java连接mysql的驱动粘贴至图中所示位置,同时在src下创建配置文件connectDB.properties          
   connectDB.properties文件的内容为(根据自己的账号密码情况修改):

   

url jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/student
driver com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
username root
password 123


 src下创建包com.amaker.util,在util包下创建DBUtil类,以实现java对mysql数据库的连接和关闭

package com.amaker.util;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.Properties;

public class DBUtil {
	public Connection openConnection()
	{
		String url=null;
		String driver=null;
		String username=null;
		String password=null;
		Connection conn=null;
		Properties prop=new Properties();
		try {
			prop.load(this.getClass().getClassLoader().getResourceAsStream("connectDB.properties"));
			url=prop.getProperty("url");
			driver=prop.getProperty("driver");
			username=prop.getProperty("username");
		    password=prop.getProperty("password");
		    Class.forName(driver);
		    conn=DriverManager.getConnection(url,username,password);
		    
		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		
		return conn;
		
	}
    public void closeConnection(Connection conn)
    {
    	if(conn!=null)
    	{
    		try {
				conn.close();
			} catch (SQLException e) {
				// TODO Auto-generated catch block
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
    	}
    }
}

3. src下创建包com.amaker.bean,com.amaker.Dao,com.amaker.daoImpl

      bean包下创建Student类

      

package com.amaker.bean;

public class Student {
   String id;
   String name;
   int age;
public String getId() {
	return id;
}
public void setId(String id) {
	this.id = id;
}
public String getName() {
	return name;
}
public void setName(String name) {
	this.name = name;
}
public int getAge() {
	return age;
}
public void setAge(int age) {
	this.age = age;
}
   
}

 Dao包下创建接口StuDao

     

package com.amaker.Dao;
import java.util.List;

import com.amaker.bean.Student;
public interface StuDao {
  public boolean save(Student s);
  public List list();
}

daoImpl包下创建实现接口StuDao的StuDaoImpl类

  

package com.amaker.daoImpl;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import com.amaker.Dao.StuDao;
import com.amaker.bean.Student;
import com.amaker.util.DBUtil;


public class StuDaoImpl implements StuDao {
	/*
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
    	Student s=new Student();
    	s.setName("sunxuejiao");
    	s.setAge(24);
    	StuDaoImpl stuDao=new StuDaoImpl();
    	stuDao.save(s);
    	List list=stuDao.list();
    	for(int i=0;i<list.size();i++)
    	{
    		Student s1=(Student)list.get(i);
    		System.out.println(s1.getId());
    		System.out.println(s1.getName());
    		System.out.println(s1.getAge());
    	}
    	
    }*/
	public List list() {
		
		List list=new ArrayList();
		 DBUtil util=new DBUtil();
	     Connection conn=util.openConnection();
		String sql=" select id,name,age from studentInfo ";
		try {
			Statement statement=conn.createStatement();
			ResultSet rs=statement.executeQuery(sql);
			while(rs.next())
			{
				String id=rs.getString("id");
				String name=rs.getString("name");
				int age=rs.getInt("age");
				Student s=new Student();
				s.setId(id);
				s.setName(name);
				s.setAge(age);
				list.add(s);
			}
		} catch (SQLException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}finally{
			util.closeConnection(conn);
		}
		return list;
		
		
	}

	public boolean save(Student s) {
		boolean successful=true;
		String sql=" insert into studentInfo(name,age) values (?,?) ";
		
        DBUtil util=new DBUtil();
        Connection conn=util.openConnection();
        try {
			PreparedStatement statement=conn.prepareStatement(sql);
			statement.setString(1, s.getName());
			statement.setString(2, new Integer(s.getAge()).toString());
			statement.executeUpdate();
		} catch (SQLException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			successful=false;
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		finally{
		  util.closeConnection(conn);
		  return successful;
		}
        
	}

}

4.在web-root下创建文件夹pages,在pages下创建MyJsp.jsp,提供输入学生信息的页面  

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="ISO-8859-1"%>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String myPath=path+"/servlet/StudentServlet";
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <base href="<%=basePath%>">
    
    <title>My JSP 'MyJsp.jsp' starting page</title>
   </head>
  
  <body>
    <form name="f1" id="f1" action=<%= myPath%> method="post">
      <table border="0">
        <tr>
          <td>name:</td>
          <td><input type="text" name="name" ></td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>age:</td>
          <td><input type="text" name="age" ></td>
        </tr> 
        <tr>
          <td colspan="2" align="center"><input type="submit" value="save"></td>
        </tr>
      </table>
    </form>
   
  </body>
</html>

5.在src下创建包com.amaker.servlet,创建StudentServlet类

package com.amaker.servlet
import java.io.IOException;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import com.amaker.bean.Student;
import com.amaker.daoImpl.StuDaoImpl;

public class StudentServlet extends HttpServlet {

	/**
	 * Constructor of the object.
	 */
	public StudentServlet() {
		super();
	}

	/**
	 * Destruction of the servlet. <br>
	 */
	public void destroy() {
		super.destroy(); // Just puts "destroy" string in log
		// Put your code here
	}

	/**
	 * The doGet method of the servlet. <br>
	 *
	 * This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to get.
	 * 
	 * @param request the request send by the client to the server
	 * @param response the response send by the server to the client
	 * @throws ServletException if an error occurred
	 * @throws IOException if an error occurred
	 */
	public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		String name=request.getParameter("name");
		int age=new Integer(request.getParameter("age")).intValue();
		Student s=new Student();
		s.setName(name);
		s.setAge(age);
		StuDaoImpl sd=new StuDaoImpl();
		boolean successful=sd.save(s);
	    request.setAttribute("successful", successful);
	    System.out.println("succussful!");
	    request.getRequestDispatcher("/pages/result.jsp").forward(request, response);
	}

	/**
	 * The doPost method of the servlet. <br>
	 *
	 * This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to post.
	 * 
	 * @param request the request send by the client to the server
	 * @param response the response send by the server to the client
	 * @throws ServletException if an error occurred
	 * @throws IOException if an error occurred
	 */
	public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		doGet(request,response);
		
	}

	/**
	 * Initialization of the servlet. <br>
	 *
	 * @throws ServletException if an error occurs
	 */
	public void init() throws ServletException {
		// Put your code here
	}

}

6.web.xml中配置该servlet

   

  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>StudentServlet</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>com.amaker.servlet.StudentServlet</servlet-class>
  </servlet>

  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>StudentServlet</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/servlet/StudentServlet</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>

7.在web-root下创建包pages,在pages下创建保存学生信息成功后的界面,查询出所有学生的信息result.jsp

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="ISO-8859-1"%>
<%@ page import="com.amaker.daoImpl.StuDaoImpl" %>
<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" prefix="c"%>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String myPath=path+"/servlet/StudentServlet";
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>
<%
   StuDaoImpl sd=new StuDaoImpl();
   List list=sd.list();
   request.setAttribute("stuList",list);
 %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <base href="<%=basePath%>">
    
    <title>My JSP 'result.jsp' starting page</title>
    
   </head>
  
  <body>
     <form name="f1" id="f1" action=<%= myPath%> method="post">
      <table border="0">
        <tr>
          <td> </td>
          <td><input type="text" name="name" ></td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>age:</td>
          <td><input type="text" name="age" ></td>
        </tr> 
        <tr>
          <td colspan="2" align="center"><input type="submit" value="save"></td>
        </tr>
      </table>
    </form>
    <hr/>
   <c:if test="${requestScope.successful}">
          save  successful!
    </c:if>
   
    <br/>
    <c:forEach var="stu" items="${stuList}">
         ${stu.id}
         ${stu.name}
         ${stu.age}
         <br/>
    </c:forEach>
             
    
  </body>
</html>

8.开启tomcat,部署该工程后,在浏览器输入localhost:8080/studentInfoManage/pages/MyJsp.jsp


 保存成功后显示的页面:


注:本人还是菜鸟一个,第一次写web程序,很多疏漏不足之处,还请海涵。

  

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