离我最近之geohash算法（增加周边邻近编号）

http://geohash.gofreerange.com/    演示实例

http://geohash.gofreerange.com/    周边8格子实例

Geohase.java

package com.DistTest;

//Geohash.java
//Geohash library for Java
//ported from David Troy's Geohash library for Javascript
//- http://github.com/davetroy/geohash-js/tree/master
//(c) 2008 David Troy
//(c) 2008 Tom Carden

public class Geohash {

public static int BITS[] = { 16, 8, 4, 2, 1 };

public static String BASE32 = "0123456789bcdefghjkmnpqrstuvwxyz";

public static int RIGHT = 0;
public static int LEFT = 1;
public static int TOP = 2;
public static int BOTTOM = 3;

public static int EVEN = 0;
public static int ODD = 1;

public static String[][] NEIGHBORS;
public static String[][] BORDERS;

static {
NEIGHBORS = new String[4][2];
BORDERS = new String[4][2];

NEIGHBORS[BOTTOM][EVEN] = "bc01fg45238967deuvhjyznpkmstqrwx";
NEIGHBORS[TOP][EVEN] = "238967debc01fg45kmstqrwxuvhjyznp";
NEIGHBORS[LEFT][EVEN] = "p0r21436x8zb9dcf5h7kjnmqesgutwvy";
NEIGHBORS[RIGHT][EVEN] = "14365h7k9dcfesgujnmqp0r2twvyx8zb";

BORDERS[BOTTOM][EVEN] = "bcfguvyz";
BORDERS[TOP][EVEN] = "0145hjnp";
BORDERS[LEFT][EVEN] = "prxz";
BORDERS[RIGHT][EVEN] = "028b";

NEIGHBORS[BOTTOM][ODD] = NEIGHBORS[LEFT][EVEN];
NEIGHBORS[TOP][ODD] = NEIGHBORS[RIGHT][EVEN];
NEIGHBORS[LEFT][ODD] = NEIGHBORS[BOTTOM][EVEN];
NEIGHBORS[RIGHT][ODD] = NEIGHBORS[TOP][EVEN];

BORDERS[BOTTOM][ODD] = BORDERS[LEFT][EVEN];
BORDERS[TOP][ODD] = BORDERS[RIGHT][EVEN];
BORDERS[LEFT][ODD] = BORDERS[BOTTOM][EVEN];
BORDERS[RIGHT][ODD] = BORDERS[TOP][EVEN];
}

private static void refine_interval(double[] interval, int cd, int mask) {
if ((cd & mask) > 0) {
interval[0] = (interval[0] + interval[1]) / 2.0;
} else {
interval[1] = (interval[0] + interval[1]) / 2.0;
}
}

public static String calculateAdjacent(String srcHash, int dir) {
srcHash = srcHash.toLowerCase();
char lastChr = srcHash.charAt(srcHash.length() - 1);
int type = (srcHash.length() % 2) == 1 ? ODD : EVEN;
String base = srcHash.substring(0, srcHash.length() - 1);
if (BORDERS[dir][type].indexOf(lastChr) != -1) {
}
return base + BASE32.charAt(NEIGHBORS[dir][type].indexOf(lastChr));
}

public static String[] getGeoHashExpand(String geohash) {
try {

String[] expand = { geohash, geohashTop, geohashBottom, geohashRight, geohashLeft, geohashTopLeft,
geohashTopRight, geohashBottomRight, geohashBottomLeft };
return expand;
} catch (Exception e) {
//logger.error("GeoHash Error",e);
return null;
}
}

public static double[][] decode(String geohash) {
boolean is_even = true;
double[] lat = new double[3];
double[] lon = new double[3];

lat[0] = -90.0;
lat[1] = 90.0;
lon[0] = -180.0;
lon[1] = 180.0;
double lat_err = 90.0;
double lon_err = 180.0;

for (int i = 0; i < geohash.length(); i++) {
char c = geohash.charAt(i);
int cd = BASE32.indexOf(c);
for (int j = 0; j < BITS.length; j++) {
if (is_even) {
lon_err /= 2.0;
} else {
lat_err /= 2.0;
}
is_even = !is_even;
}
}
lat[2] = (lat[0] + lat[1]) / 2.0;
lon[2] = (lon[0] + lon[1]) / 2.0;

return new double[][] { lat, lon };
}

public static String encode(double latitude, double longitude) {
boolean is_even = true;
int i = 0;
double lat[] = new double[3];
double lon[] = new double[3];
int bit = 0;
int ch = 0;
int precision = 12;
String geohash = "";

lat[0] = -90.0;
lat[1] = 90.0;
lon[0] = -180.0;
lon[1] = 180.0;

while (geohash.length() < precision) {
if (is_even) {
double mid = (lon[0] + lon[1]) / 2.0;
if (longitude > mid) {
ch |= BITS[bit];
lon[0] = mid;
} else {
lon[1] = mid;
}
} else {
double mid = (lat[0] + lat[1]) / 2.0;
if (latitude > mid) {
ch |= BITS[bit];
lat[0] = mid;
} else {
lat[1] = mid;
}
}
is_even = !is_even;
if (bit < 4) {
bit++;
} else {
geohash += BASE32.charAt(ch);
bit = 0;
ch = 0;
}
}
return geohash;
}

}

package com.DistTest;

import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.Statement;

public class sqlTest {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
Connection conn = null;
String sql;
String sql1;
String url = "jdbc:mysql://132.97.194.62/test?"

try {
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");// 动态加载mysql驱动
// System.out.println("成功加载MySQL驱动程序");
// 一个Connection代表一个数据库连接
conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url);
// Statement里面带有很多方法，比如executeUpdate可以实现插入，更新和删除等
Statement stmt = conn.createStatement();

double lon1=109.0145193757;
double lat1=34.236080797698;
//根据地理坐标，生成geohash编码
// Geohash ghash = new Geohash();
// String gcode=Geohash.encode(lat1, lon1).substring(0, 4);
String gcode="wqj6z";

String[] neargcode=Geohash.getGeoHashExpand(gcode);

for(int i=0;i<neargcode.length;i++)
{
System.out.println(neargcode[i]);
}

sql = "select * from retailersinfotable where geohash like "
+ "'"+neargcode[0]+"%' or '"+neargcode[1]+"%' or '"+neargcode[2]+"%' "
+ "or '"+neargcode[3]+"%' or '"+neargcode[4]+"%' or '"+neargcode[5]+"%' "
+ "or '"+neargcode[6]+"%' or '"+neargcode[7]+"%' or '"+neargcode[8]+"%'";
System.out.println(sql);
ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);// executeQuery会返回结果的集合，否则返回空值
rs.last();
int rowCount = rs.getRow(); //获得ResultSet的总行数
System.out.println(rowCount);
rs.beforeFirst();

System.out.println("当前位置：经度"+lon1+" 维度："+lat1);
int i=0;
String[][] array = new String[rowCount][3];
while (rs.next()){
//从数据库取出地理坐标
double lon2=Double.parseDouble(rs.getString("Longitude"));
double lat2=Double.parseDouble(rs.getString("Latitude"));

//根据地理坐标，生成geohash编码
Geohash geohash = new Geohash();
String geocode=geohash.encode(lat2, lon2).substring(0, 9);

//计算两点间的距离
int dist=(int) Test.GetDistance(lon1, lat1, lon2, lat2);

array[i][0]=String.valueOf(i);
array[i][1]=geocode;
array[i][2]=Integer.toString(dist);

i++;

//	System.out.println(lon2+"---"+lat2+"---"+geocode+"---"+dist);
}

array=sqlTest.getOrder(array); //二维数组排序
sqlTest.showArray(array);        //打印数组

} catch (SQLException e) {
System.out.println("MySQL操作错误");
e.printStackTrace();
} finally {
conn.close();
}

}
/*
* 二维数组排序，比较array[][2]的值，返回二维数组
* */
public static String[][] getOrder(String[][] array){
for (int j = 0; j < array.length ; j++) {
for (int bb = 0; bb < array.length - 1; bb++) {
String[] ss;
int a1=Integer.valueOf(array[bb][2]);  //转化成int型比较大小
int a2=Integer.valueOf(array[bb+1][2]);
if (a1>a2) {
ss = array[bb];
array[bb] = array[bb + 1];
array[bb + 1] = ss;

}
}
}
return array;
}

/*打印数组*/
public static void showArray(String[][] array){
for(int a=0;a<array.length;a++){
for(int j=0;j<array[0].length;j++)
System.out.print(array[a][j]+" ");
System.out.println();
}
}

/*   public static void main(String[] args)
{
String aaa="wxsfdf";
Geohash geohash = new Geohash();
String[] str = geohash.getGeoHashExpand(aaa);
for(int i=0;i<str.length;i++)
{
System.out.println(str[i]);
}

}*/

}