phantomjs和selenium设置proxy、headers

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
__author__ = 'Yl-Zh'

import random,headers,xmlParse
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities
from selenium.webdriver.common.proxy import ProxyType

phantomjs_driver='C:\\phantomjs-2.1.1-windows\\bin\\phantomjs.exe'
ips=xmlParse.get_ip_port_from_xml('proxy_ip.xml')

def dynamic_load(url):
    desired_capabilities = DesiredCapabilities.PHANTOMJS.copy()
    # 从USER_AGENTS列表中随机选一个浏览器头,伪装浏览器
    desired_capabilities["phantomjs.page.settings.userAgent"] = (random.choice(headers.my_headers))
    # 不载入图片,爬页面速度会快很多
    desired_capabilities["phantomjs.page.settings.loadImages"] = False
    # 利用DesiredCapabilities(代理设置)参数值,重新打开一个sessionId,我看意思就相当于浏览器清空缓存后,加上代理重新访问一次url
    # proxy = webdriver.Proxy()
    # proxy.proxy_type = ProxyType.MANUAL
    # proxy.http_proxy = random.choice(ips)
    # proxy.add_to_capabilities(desired_capabilities)
    # 打开带配置信息的phantomJS浏览器
    # driver = webdriver.PhantomJS(executable_path=phantomjs_driver,desired_capabilities=desired_capabilities)
    driver = webdriver.PhantomJS(executable_path=phantomjs_driver)
    driver.start_session(desired_capabilities)
    # 隐式等待5秒,可以自己调节
    driver.implicitly_wait(5)
    # 设置10秒页面超时返回,类似于requests.get()的timeout选项,driver.get()没有timeout选项
    # 以前遇到过driver.get(url)一直不返回,但也不报错的问题,这时程序会卡住,设置超时选项能解决这个问题。
    driver.set_page_load_timeout(20)
    # 设置10秒脚本超时时间
    driver.set_script_timeout(20)

    driver.get(url)
    #next_page=driver.find_element_by_id (idd)#.get_attribute('href')
    #driver.get(next_page)
    #next_page
    html=BeautifulSoup(driver.page_source,'xml').prettify()
    print html
    return html

if __name__=='__main__':
    url='http://www.chnmuseum.cn/tabid/218/Default.aspx?DynastySortID=5'
    dynamic_load(url)


这里有一篇写得详细的参考博文:

1 http://www.51testing.com/html/31/n-3716731.html 

http://www.jianshu.com/p/9d408e21dc3a 

供拓展



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