实现基于LNMP的电子商务网站部署

一、LNMP架构设计

服务器A: centos7.3 部署nginx服务
服务器B: centos7.3 部署php-fpm服务
服务器C: centos7.3 部署mariadb服务

二、nginx服务安装并配置

1.安装

 yum install nginx 

2.配置

cp /etc/nginx/nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.bak
cp /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.default /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
#vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log  info;

#pid        /var/log/nginx/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    gzip  on;

    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;
        index  index.php index.html index.htm;

        #charset koi8-r;

        access_log  /var/log/nginx/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
        }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        location ~ \.php$ {
        #    root           html;
        #指向php服务器IP的9000端口
            fastcgi_pass   172.17.17.173:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
#指明php程序路径
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /data/web/xiaomi$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443 ssl;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}

}
nginx -t
检查配置文件格式

3.启动服务

#注意
        在开启服务前,把有关日志的配置去掉
        然后开启服务,添加日志配置到配置文件中
        再重启服务
systemctl start nginx

三、PHP服务

1.安装

yum install php-fpm php-mysql -y

2.配置

php.ini

vim /etc/php.ini
#修改下面两行
    short_open_tag = on
    date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai

/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

vim  /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
#修改下面4行
#监听本机9000端口改为全部9000端口
listen = 9000
listen.allowed_clients = 172.17.16.173
user = nobody
group = nobody
#php默认进程以apache身份运行

3.开启服务

systemctl  start  php-fpm

四、mariadb服务

1.安装,开启服务,运行安全加固脚本

 yum  -y  install mariadb-server
 systemctl start mariadb
 mysql_secure_installation 

2.创建数据库,用户,赋予权限

create database xiaomi;
grant all on xiaomi.* to xiaomiuser@'%' identified by 'xiaomipassword';

五、网站源码部署

1.将网站源码放到php服务器的/data/web/xiaomi目录下

mkdir -p /data/web/xiaomi
unzip -d /data/web/xiaomi/  xiaomi.zip

2.修改网站源码各种文件权限

#在nginx配置文件中设置了user  nobody;
#在php的php.ini配置文件中,设置了user  nobody;group nobody;
chown   -R  nobody.nobody  /data/web/xiaomi

3.修改连接数据库的设置

网站源码中config.php记录了连接数据库设置

#修改下面几行
// 数据库主机 3306为默认主机端口,如不是默认也需要修改
$db_host   = "172.17.17.174:3306";

// 数据库名称
$db_name   = "xiaomi";

// 数据库用户名
$db_user   = "xiaomiuser";

// 数据库密码
$db_pass   = "xiaomipassword";

4.进入http://172.17.16.173/ebak/index.php

登陆---->设置参数---->恢复数据

六、完成

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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/tete2csdn/article/details/78428035
个人分类: linux-web服务
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