接口自动化实践

接口自动化 专栏收录该内容
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接口自动化采用框架:Java+Httpclient+TestNG+Jenkins

新建一个maven的sass项目

1.新建一个maven项目
新建maven项目
2.引入pom文件所需要的依赖

 <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.19.1</version>
                <inherited>true</inherited>
                <configuration>
                    <suiteXmlFiles>
                        <suiteXmlfile>${project.basedir}/src/main/resources/testng.xml</suiteXmlfile>
                    </suiteXmlFiles>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                    <encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>

            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <mainClass>com.gs.Application</mainClass>
                </configuration>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>repackage</goal>
                        </goals>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>


        </plugins>
    </build>

    <!-- 定义公共资源版本 -->
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.1.6.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.testng</groupId>
            <artifactId>testng</artifactId>
            <version>6.9.10</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.relevantcodes</groupId>
            <artifactId>extentreports</artifactId>
            <version>2.41.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.vimalselvam</groupId>
            <artifactId>testng-extentsreport</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.aventstack</groupId>
            <artifactId>extentreports</artifactId>
            <version>3.0.6</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
            <version>4.5.6</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.json</groupId>
            <artifactId>json</artifactId>
            <version>20170516</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.29</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>3.4.6</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>8.0.13</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <version>1.16.14</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/net.sourceforge.jexcelapi/jxl -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>net.sourceforge.jexcelapi</groupId>
            <artifactId>jxl</artifactId>
            <version>2.6.12</version>
        </dependency>


    </dependencies>

进行模块分层,该sass项目大致分为controller层,model层,utils层

1.建立各个层次的目录结构,如下
目录层次结构
2.在controller下建立测试基类BaseTest

package com.sass.controller;

import org.testng.annotations.BeforeTest;
import org.testng.annotations.Parameters;

/**
 * @Author: lzq
 * @Date: 2019/8/14 14:43
 */
public class BaseTest {
    public static String localFileName = "";

	//测试用例执行前,通过Parameters参数获取excel的文件名
    @BeforeTest
    @Parameters({"fileName"})
    public void initExcelData(String fileName){
        localFileName = fileName;
    }
}

3.在utils下新建一个ExcelData工具类,用来解析excel数据,框架采用excel作为数据输入源

package com.sass.utils;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import jxl.Cell;
import jxl.Sheet;
import jxl.Workbook;
import jxl.read.biff.BiffException;

/**
 * @Author: lzq
 * @Date: 2019/3/19 14:03
 */

public class ExcelData {
    public Workbook workbook;
    public Sheet sheet;
    public Cell cell;
    int rows;
    int columns;
    public String fileName;
    public String caseName;
    public ArrayList<String> arrkey = new ArrayList<String>();
    String sourceFile;

    /**
     * @param fileName   excel文件名
     * @param caseName   sheet名
     */
    public ExcelData(String fileName, String caseName) {
        super();
        this.fileName = fileName;
        this.caseName = caseName;
    }

    /**
     * 获得excel表中的数据
     */
    public Object[][] getExcelData() throws BiffException, IOException {

        workbook = Workbook.getWorkbook(new File(getPath()));
        sheet = workbook.getSheet(caseName);
        rows = sheet.getRows();
        columns = sheet.getColumns();
        // 为了返回值是Object[][],定义一个多行单列的二维数组
        HashMap<String, String>[][] arrmap = new HashMap[rows - 1][1];
        // 对数组中所有元素hashmap进行初始化
        if (rows > 1) {
            for (int i = 0; i < rows - 1; i++) {
                arrmap[i][0] = new HashMap<>();
            }
        } else {
            System.out.println("excel中没有数据");
        }

        // 获得首行的列名,作为hashmap的key值
        for (int c = 0; c < columns; c++) {
            String cellvalue = sheet.getCell(c, 0).getContents();
            arrkey.add(cellvalue);
        }
        // 遍历所有的单元格的值添加到hashmap中
        for (int r = 1; r < rows; r++) {
            for (int c = 0; c < columns; c++) {
                String cellvalue = sheet.getCell(c, r).getContents();
                arrmap[r - 1][0].put(arrkey.get(c), cellvalue);
            }
        }
        return arrmap;
    }

    /**
     * 获得excel文件的路径
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
     //excel同一存放在/src/main/resources/TestCaseExcelData路径下
    public String getPath() throws IOException {
        File directory = new File(".");
        sourceFile = directory.getCanonicalPath() + "/src/main/resources/TestCaseExcelData/"
                + fileName + ".xls";
        return sourceFile;
    }

}

4.在resources目录下创建application.properties存放域名和uri,框架暂时仅支持测试环境
创建application.properties
5.在utils下编写post方法工具类

package com.sass.utils;

import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;
import org.json.JSONObject;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.*;

import static org.apache.commons.codec.CharEncoding.UTF_8;

/**
 * @Author: lianzheqi
 * @Date: 2019/3/21 10:08
 */

public class Post {
    public static String cookie = "";
    public static HttpPost post = null;
    public static HashMap<String,String> map = new HashMap<>();

    public static String getUrl(String domainKey,String uriKey){
        //通过ResourceBundle获取resources下的application资源
        ResourceBundle bundle = ResourceBundle.getBundle("application", Locale.CHINA);
        String domain = bundle.getString(domainKey);
        String uri = bundle.getString(uriKey);
        //拼接url
        return domain + uri;
    } 

    public static String post(String urikey)throws IOException {
        post = new HttpPost(getUrl("domainApp",urikey));
        CloseableHttpClient client = HttpClients.createDefault();
        //设置请求头
        post.setHeader("Content-Type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
        post.setHeader("Origin","http://gs-oa.test.youximao.com");
        if (!Post.cookie.isEmpty()){
            post.setHeader("Cookie",Post.cookie);
        }
        //设置请求体
        List<NameValuePair> paramenters = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();
        if(null != map){
            for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : Post.map.entrySet()) {
                paramenters.add(new BasicNameValuePair(entry.getKey(),entry.getValue()));
                System.out.println("key = " + entry.getKey() + ", value = " + entry.getValue());
            }
            map.clear();
            //设置post方法传递编码格式为UTF_8
            HttpEntity requestEntity = new UrlEncodedFormEntity(paramenters,UTF_8);
            post.setEntity(requestEntity);
        }

        //执行post请求
        CloseableHttpResponse response = client.execute(post);
        //获得响应内容
        HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
        String entityString = EntityUtils.toString(entity);
        //对响应内容断言

        JSONObject json = new JSONObject(entityString);
        System.out.println(json);
        return entityString;
    }

}

6.由于该项目登录有不同的角色,故将登录接口抽离出一个公共方法,在utils下新建一个Login的工具类,

package com.sass.utils;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.sass.model.BaseBean;
import jxl.read.biff.BiffException;
import org.testng.Assert;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;

/**
 * @Author: lzq
 * @Date: 2019/8/14 15:35
 */
public class Login {
    //fileName:excel文件名,caseName:excel sheet名
    public static Object[][] expectedData(String fileName, String caseName) throws BiffException, IOException {
        ExcelData e = new ExcelData(fileName, caseName);
        return e.getExcelData();
    }

    public static void login(HashMap<String, String> excelData) throws IOException {
    	//传入的参数为excel的数据
        Post.map.put("account", excelData.get("account"));
        Post.map.put("password", excelData.get("password"));
        String str = Post.post("login");
        //通过fastjson进行解析
        BaseBean json = JSON.parseObject(str, BaseBean.class);
        //断言登录返回码是否是excel对应的返回码
        Assert.assertEquals(json.getCode(), excelData.get("code"), "sass系统登录异常");
    }
}

7.登录方法中的Bean采用fastjson来解析,在model下建立对应的BaseBean类,通用的接口返回值只有code、data、message

package com.sass.model;

import lombok.Data;

/**
 * @Author: lzq
 * @Date: 2019/8/14 14:44
 */
@Data
public class BaseBean {
    private String code;
    private String data;
    private String message;

    @Override
    public String toString(){
        return(
                "{code:"+code+","+
                        "data:"+data+","+
                        "message:"+message+"}"
        );
    }
}

8.框架的设计思想是一个类为一个用例集,一个类中可以有多个方法,自行组合用例执行顺序,下面会讲到,目前先在controller下创建一个负责人登录类,excel数据通过testng的DataProvider,经过excelData的解析,返回一个HashMap,key为excel的文件的第一行,value为excel第一行对应的值

package com.sass.controller;

import com.sass.utils.Login;
import jxl.read.biff.BiffException;
import org.testng.annotations.DataProvider;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;

/**
 * @Author: lzq
 * @Date: 2019/8/14 15:45
 */
public class LeaderLogin extends BaseTest {
    //提供excel的参数
    @DataProvider(name="loginDataExpected")
    public Object[][] expectedData() throws BiffException, IOException {
        return Login.expectedData(localFileName,"loginLeader");
    }

    @Test(dataProvider="loginDataExpected")
    public void loginExpected(HashMap<String, String> excelData) throws IOException {
        Login.login(excelData);
    }
}

9.resources下建立TestCaseExcelData文件夹,在该文件夹内建立对应的excel文件
excel文件路径
文件路径要和ExcelData类里的路径对应,要修改路径的话需要对应修改ExcelData里的路径即可

10.查看excel格式要求如下
excel格式
ps: 如果数据有多行的话,该框架会遍历全部数据,一行数据作为1次测试用例

11.框架由testng.xml文件作为入口,用例执行顺序有testng.xml统一管理,在resources下建立testng.xml文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>

<suite name="TestSuite" preserve-order="true">

    <test name="登录负责人账号">
        <classes>
            <!-- testng的参数通过parameter传递 -->
            <parameter name="fileName" value="LoginTrueData"/>
            <!-- 登录负责人 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.LeaderLogin"/>

        </classes>

    </test>


    <!-- 引入报告文件样式 -->
    <listeners>
        <listener class-name="com.sass.utils.ExtentTestNGIReporterListener"/>
    </listeners>

</suite>

12.在utils下建立输出报告文件样式 ExtentTestNGIReporterListener,样式有需要可以自行修改

package com.sass.utils;


import com.aventstack.extentreports.ExtentReports;
import com.aventstack.extentreports.ExtentTest;
import com.aventstack.extentreports.ResourceCDN;
import com.aventstack.extentreports.Status;
import com.aventstack.extentreports.model.TestAttribute;
import com.aventstack.extentreports.reporter.ExtentHtmlReporter;
import com.aventstack.extentreports.reporter.configuration.ChartLocation;
import com.aventstack.extentreports.reporter.configuration.Theme;
import org.testng.*;
import org.testng.xml.XmlSuite;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.*;

public class ExtentTestNGIReporterListener implements IReporter {
    //生成的路径以及文件名
    private static final String OUTPUT_FOLDER = "test-output/";
    private static final String FILE_NAME = "AutoTest.html";

    private ExtentReports extent;

    @Override
    public void generateReport(List<XmlSuite> xmlSuites, List<ISuite> suites, String outputDirectory) {
        init();
        boolean createSuiteNode = false;
        if(suites.size()>1){
            createSuiteNode=true;
        }
        for (ISuite suite : suites) {
            Map<String, ISuiteResult> result = suite.getResults();
            //如果suite里面没有任何用例,直接跳过,不在报告里生成
            if(result.size()==0){
                continue;
            }
            //统计suite下的成功、失败、跳过的总用例数
            int suiteFailSize=0;
            int suitePassSize=0;
            int suiteSkipSize=0;
            ExtentTest suiteTest=null;
            //存在多个suite的情况下,在报告中将同一个一个suite的测试结果归为一类,创建一级节点。
            if(createSuiteNode){
                suiteTest = extent.createTest(suite.getName()).assignCategory(suite.getName());
            }
            boolean createSuiteResultNode = false;
            if(result.size()>1){
                createSuiteResultNode=true;
            }
            for (ISuiteResult r : result.values()) {
                ExtentTest resultNode;
                ITestContext context = r.getTestContext();
                if(createSuiteResultNode){
                    //没有创建suite的情况下,将在SuiteResult的创建为一级节点,否则创建为suite的一个子节点。
                    if( null == suiteTest){
                        resultNode = extent.createTest(r.getTestContext().getName());
                    }else{
                        resultNode = suiteTest.createNode(r.getTestContext().getName());
                    }
                }else{
                    resultNode = suiteTest;
                }
                if(resultNode != null){
                    resultNode.getModel().setName(suite.getName()+" : "+r.getTestContext().getName());
                    if(resultNode.getModel().hasCategory()){
                        resultNode.assignCategory(r.getTestContext().getName());
                    }else{
                        resultNode.assignCategory(suite.getName(),r.getTestContext().getName());
                    }
                    resultNode.getModel().setStartTime(r.getTestContext().getStartDate());
                    resultNode.getModel().setEndTime(r.getTestContext().getEndDate());
                    //统计SuiteResult下的数据
                    int passSize = r.getTestContext().getPassedTests().size();
                    int failSize = r.getTestContext().getFailedTests().size();
                    int skipSize = r.getTestContext().getSkippedTests().size();
                    suitePassSize += passSize;
                    suiteFailSize += failSize;
                    suiteSkipSize += skipSize;
                    if(failSize>0){
                        resultNode.getModel().setStatus(Status.FAIL);
                    }
                    resultNode.getModel().setDescription(String.format("Pass: %s ; Fail: %s ; Skip: %s ;",passSize,failSize,skipSize));
                }
                buildTestNodes(resultNode,context.getFailedTests(), Status.FAIL);
                buildTestNodes(resultNode,context.getSkippedTests(), Status.SKIP);
                buildTestNodes(resultNode,context.getPassedTests(), Status.PASS);
            }
            if(suiteTest!= null){
                suiteTest.getModel().setDescription(String.format("Pass: %s ; Fail: %s ; Skip: %s ;",suitePassSize,suiteFailSize,suiteSkipSize));
                if(suiteFailSize>0){
                    suiteTest.getModel().setStatus(Status.FAIL);
                }
            }

        }
//        for (String s : Reporter.getOutput()) {
//            extent.setTestRunnerOutput(s);
//        }

        extent.flush();
    }

    private void init() {
        //文件夹不存在的话进行创建
        File reportDir= new File(OUTPUT_FOLDER);
        if(!reportDir.exists()&& !reportDir .isDirectory()){
            reportDir.mkdir();
        }
        ExtentHtmlReporter htmlReporter = new ExtentHtmlReporter(OUTPUT_FOLDER + FILE_NAME);
        // 设置静态文件的DNS
        //怎么样解决csdn无法加载的问题
        htmlReporter.config().setResourceCDN(ResourceCDN.EXTENTREPORTS);
        htmlReporter.config().setDocumentTitle("自动化测试报告");
        htmlReporter.config().setReportName("自动化测试报告");
        htmlReporter.config().setChartVisibilityOnOpen(true);
        htmlReporter.config().setTestViewChartLocation(ChartLocation.TOP);
        htmlReporter.config().setTheme(Theme.STANDARD);
        htmlReporter.config().setCSS(".node.level-1  ul{ display:none;} .node.level-1.active ul{display:block;}");
        // htmlReporter.config().setEncoding("gbk");
        extent = new ExtentReports();
        extent.attachReporter(htmlReporter);
        extent.setReportUsesManualConfiguration(true);
    }

    private void buildTestNodes(ExtentTest extenttest, IResultMap tests, Status status) {
        //存在父节点时,获取父节点的标签
        String[] categories=new String[0];
        if(extenttest != null ){
            List<TestAttribute> categoryList = extenttest.getModel().getCategoryContext().getAll();
            categories = new String[categoryList.size()];
            for(int index=0;index<categoryList.size();index++){
                categories[index] = categoryList.get(index).getName();
            }
        }

        ExtentTest test;

        if (tests.size() > 0) {
            //调整用例排序,按时间排序
            Set<ITestResult> treeSet = new TreeSet<ITestResult>(new Comparator<ITestResult>() {
                @Override
                public int compare(ITestResult o1, ITestResult o2) {
                    return o1.getStartMillis()<o2.getStartMillis()?-1:1;
                }
            });
            treeSet.addAll(tests.getAllResults());
            for (ITestResult result : treeSet) {
                Object[] parameters = result.getParameters();
                String name="";
                //如果有参数,则使用参数的toString组合代替报告中的name
                for(Object param:parameters){
                    name+=param.toString();
                }
                if(name.length()>0){
                    if(name.length()>50){
                        name= name.substring(0,49)+"...";
                    }
                }else{
                    name = result.getMethod().getMethodName();
                }
                if(extenttest==null){
                    test = extent.createTest(name);
                }else{
                    //作为子节点进行创建时,设置同父节点的标签一致,便于报告检索。
                    test = extenttest.createNode(name).assignCategory(categories);
                }
                //test.getModel().setDescription(description.toString());
                //test = extent.createTest(result.getMethod().getMethodName());
                for (String group : result.getMethod().getGroups())
                    test.assignCategory(group);

                List<String> outputList = Reporter.getOutput(result);
                for(String output:outputList){
                    //将用例的log输出报告中
                    test.debug(output);
                }
                if (result.getThrowable() != null) {
                    test.log(status, result.getThrowable());
                }
                else {
                    test.log(status, "TestDemo " + status.toString().toLowerCase() + "ed");
                }

                test.getModel().setStartTime(getTime(result.getStartMillis()));
                test.getModel().setEndTime(getTime(result.getEndMillis()));
            }
        }
    }

    private Date getTime(long millis) {
        Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
        calendar.setTimeInMillis(millis);
        return calendar.getTime();
    }
}

13.至此,我们先来运行一下用例,右键testng.xml,选择run
运行用例
出现环境问题的报错请自行配置jdk解决,配置方法本文不在阐述

结果如下:
运行结果
结果出现很多WARN,配置一下log4j.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE log4j:configuration SYSTEM "log4j.dtd">
 
<log4j:configuration xmlns:log4j="http://jakarta.apache.org/log4j/">
 <appender name="STDOUT" class="org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender">
   <param name="Encoding" value="UTF-8" />
   <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout">
    <param name="ConversionPattern" value="%-5p %d{MM-dd HH:mm:ss,SSS} %m  (%F:%L) \n" />
   </layout>
 </appender>
 <logger name="java.sql">
   <level value="debug" />
 </logger>
 <logger name="org.apache.ibatis">
   <level value="info" />
 </logger>
 <root>
   <level value="info" />
   <appender-ref ref="STDOUT" />
 </root>
</log4j:configuration>

在这里插入图片描述

实际项目中登录是不返回Token,为了获取token,需要我们自己去链接数据库获取token

连接数据库

1.在resources目录下新建一个数据库配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
    <!-- 注册对象的空间命名 -->
    <environments default="development">
        <environment id="development">
            <transactionManager type="JDBC"/>
            <dataSource type="POOLED">
                <!-- 1.加载数据库驱动 -->
                <property name="driver" value="com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver"/>
                <!-- 2.测试数据库连接地址 -->
                <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://192.168.57.214/sass"/>
                <!-- 数据库用户... -->
                <property name="username" value="admin"/>
                <!-- 数据库密码... -->
                <property name="password" value="admin"/>
            </dataSource>
        </environment>
    </environments>
    <!-- 注册映射文件:java对象与数据库之间的xml文件路径! -->
    <mappers>
        <mapper resource="mapper/SQLMapper.xml"/>
    </mappers>
</configuration>

2.在resources下建立数据库映射文件,结构如下
在这里插入图片描述
先建一个mapper文件夹,再在mapper建立对应的xml文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<!-- 命名空间mapper,如果有多个mapper文件,这个必须唯一 -->
<mapper namespace="com.sass.model">

    <select id="user_oa_token" parameterType="String" resultType="com.sass.model.User_oa_token">
        select token from user_oa_token where uid=#{uid};
    </select>

    <select id="user_register_account" parameterType="String" resultType="com.sass.model.User_register_account">
        select uid from user_register_account where account=#{account};
    </select>

</mapper>

3.在utils下新建数据库配置加载类DatabaseUtil

package com.sass.utils;

import org.apache.ibatis.io.Resources;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.Reader;

/**
 * @Author: lianzheqi
 * @Date: 2019/6/28 17:41
 */
public class DatabaseUtil {
    public static SqlSession getSqlSession() throws IOException {
        //获取配置的资源文件
        Reader reader = Resources.getResourceAsReader("databaseConfig.xml");
        //得到SqlSessionFactory,使用类加载器加载xml文件
        SqlSessionFactory factory = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(reader);
        //得到sqlsession对象,这个对象就能执行配置文件中的sql语句啦
        SqlSession session = factory.openSession();

        return session;
    }
}

4.在model建立对应的User_oa_token 类和User_register_account类,对应数据库表的各个字段

package com.sass.model;

import lombok.Data;

/**
 * @Author: lzq
 * @Date: 2019/8/14 17:05
 */
@Data
public class User_oa_token {
    private String uid;
    private String token;
}

package com.sass.model;

import lombok.Data;

/**
 * @Author: lzq
 * @Date: 2019/8/14 16:59
 */
@Data
public class User_register_account {
    private String uid;
    private String account;
    private String account_type;
}

数据库表字段如下
在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述
过程:先从注册表根据excel表测试数据中的account账号获得uid,再从token表根据uid获取token值

5.获得token会在后面反复用到,so写成一个工具类GetToken,存放在utils下

package com.sass.utils;

import com.sass.model.User_oa_token;
import com.sass.model.User_register_account;
import jxl.read.biff.BiffException;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionException;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;

/**
 * @Author: lianzheqi
 * @Date: 2019/6/28 17:31
 */
public class GetToken {
    private static User_oa_token user;

    public static Object[][] expectedData(String fileName, String caseName) throws BiffException, IOException {
        //fileName:excel文件名,caseName:excel sheet名
        ExcelData e = new ExcelData(fileName, caseName);
        return e.getExcelData();
    }

    public static void getToken(HashMap<String, String> excelData) throws IOException {
        SqlSession session = null;
        try {
            //链接数据库
            session = DatabaseUtil.getSqlSession();
            if(session == null){
                throw new SqlSessionException();
            }
            User_register_account user_register_account = session.selectOne("user_register_account", excelData.get("account"));
            user = session.selectOne("user_oa_token", user_register_account.getUid());
            //在这里给post方法里的token赋值
            Post.cookie = "token=" + user.getToken();

            System.out.println("数据库取到的token为:" + user.getToken());
        } finally {
            if (session != null) {
                session.close();
            }
        }

    }


}

6.登录用户后首先会调用列表接口,在controller新建一个LeaderListMenu类

package com.sass.controller;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.sass.utils.GetToken;
import com.sass.utils.Post;
import jxl.JXLException;
import org.testng.Assert;
import org.testng.annotations.DataProvider;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;

/**
 * @Author: lzq
 * @Date: 2019/6/28 16:34
 */
public class LeaderListMenu extends BaseTest {
    @DataProvider(name="loginLeader")
    public Object[][] getToken() throws IOException, JXLException{
        return GetToken.expectedData(localFileName,"loginLeader");
    }

    @Test(dataProvider = "loginLeader",priority = 1)
    public void getToken(HashMap<String, String> excelData) throws IOException {
        GetToken.getToken(excelData);
    }

	@Test(priority = 2)
    public void listMenu() throws IOException {
        String str = Post.post("listMenu");
        ListMenuBean json = JSON.parseObject(str,ListMenuBean.class);
        Assert.assertEquals(json.getCode(),"2000","/web/auth/listMenu接口异常");
        System.out.println(json.getData().getMenus().get(0).getName());
    }

}

这里涉及到一个知识点,testng的执行顺序问题,加上优先级(priority = 1)可以单独设立方法的执行顺序,不加的话默认都是0,根据方法名字典排序执行,加上后手动排序,越小的越先执行

这里涉及到复杂的Bean的编写,idea有个好用的插件,GsonFormat,自行安装

在这里插入图片描述
在model新建一个ListMenuBean类,右键Generate
在这里插入图片描述
选择GsonFormat
在这里插入图片描述
将json返回值复制进去,如下,直接点击ok即可
在这里插入图片描述
Bean文件就自动创建好了,极其方便,创建的bean如下

package com.sass.model;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @Author: lzq
 * @Date: 2019/8/14 17:54
 */
public class ListMenuBean {

    private String code;
    private DataBean data;
    private String message;

    public String getCode() {
        return code;
    }

    public void setCode(String code) {
        this.code = code;
    }

    public DataBean getData() {
        return data;
    }

    public void setData(DataBean data) {
        this.data = data;
    }

    public String getMessage() {
        return message;
    }

    public void setMessage(String message) {
        this.message = message;
    }

    public static class DataBean {


        private UserInfoBean userInfo;
        private List<MenusBean> menus;

        public UserInfoBean getUserInfo() {
            return userInfo;
        }

        public void setUserInfo(UserInfoBean userInfo) {
            this.userInfo = userInfo;
        }

        public List<MenusBean> getMenus() {
            return menus;
        }

        public void setMenus(List<MenusBean> menus) {
            this.menus = menus;
        }

        public static class UserInfoBean {


            private String userName;
            private List<DepartmentsBean> departments;

            public String getUserName() {
                return userName;
            }

            public void setUserName(String userName) {
                this.userName = userName;
            }

            public List<DepartmentsBean> getDepartments() {
                return departments;
            }

            public void setDepartments(List<DepartmentsBean> departments) {
                this.departments = departments;
            }

            public static class DepartmentsBean {
                /**
                 * deptName : 自动组
                 * dutyType : 2
                 * uid : null
                 * deptId : 1157188773538131969
                 * dutyName :
                 */

                private String deptName;
                private int dutyType;
                private Object uid;
                private String deptId;
                private String dutyName;

                public String getDeptName() {
                    return deptName;
                }

                public void setDeptName(String deptName) {
                    this.deptName = deptName;
                }

                public int getDutyType() {
                    return dutyType;
                }

                public void setDutyType(int dutyType) {
                    this.dutyType = dutyType;
                }

                public Object getUid() {
                    return uid;
                }

                public void setUid(Object uid) {
                    this.uid = uid;
                }

                public String getDeptId() {
                    return deptId;
                }

                public void setDeptId(String deptId) {
                    this.deptId = deptId;
                }

                public String getDutyName() {
                    return dutyName;
                }

                public void setDutyName(String dutyName) {
                    this.dutyName = dutyName;
                }
            }
        }

        public static class MenusBean {
            /**
             * icon :
             * name : OA首页
             * permission : welcome
             * id : 1
             * type : 1
             * parentId : 0
             */

            private String icon;
            private String name;
            private String permission;
            private String id;
            private int type;
            private String parentId;

            public String getIcon() {
                return icon;
            }

            public void setIcon(String icon) {
                this.icon = icon;
            }

            public String getName() {
                return name;
            }

            public void setName(String name) {
                this.name = name;
            }

            public String getPermission() {
                return permission;
            }

            public void setPermission(String permission) {
                this.permission = permission;
            }

            public String getId() {
                return id;
            }

            public void setId(String id) {
                this.id = id;
            }

            public int getType() {
                return type;
            }

            public void setType(int type) {
                this.type = type;
            }

            public String getParentId() {
                return parentId;
            }

            public void setParentId(String parentId) {
                this.parentId = parentId;
            }
        }
    }
}

json内容可以通过postman先跑通,复制;若前端已联调完该接口,也可在浏览器直接复制response

7.由于新增了一个接口,需要在application.properties文件中新增一个uri
新增配置如下
在这里插入图片描述
8.在testng.xml中新增一个class用例
在这里插入图片描述
然后再次执行用例
在这里插入图片描述
结果按照预期的顺序执行了

9.查看报告文件,在sass\test-output\AutoTest.html里,打开该文件
在这里插入图片描述
测试报告的样式还算美观

至此,初步的框架已搭建完成,后续的接口只需在此基础上进行组合即可

新增一个查询组织用户的接口

1.首先在application.properties文件中新增一个uri

queryDeptUser = /web/userInfo/queryDeptUser

2.建立对应json返回的Bean类(QueryDeptUserBean)
3.使用插件自动生成Bean,上面有讲到

package com.sass.model;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @Author: lianzheqi
 * @Date: 2019/8/5 11:34
 */
public class QueryDeptUserBean {


    /**
     * code : 2000
     * data : {"list":[{"account":"yuangong1","deptInfos":[{"deptId":"1157188773538131969","deptName":"自动组","dutyName":"成员","dutyType":1,"uid":"1157192455092662273"}],"isEnable":true,"leaderName":"自动组长","mobile":"18823434543","roleId":"1157191595524583425","roleName":"自动组","uid":"1157192455092662273","userName":"自动员工1"}],"total":1}
     * message : 成功
     */

    private String code;
    private DataBean data;
    private String message;

    public String getCode() {
        return code;
    }

    public void setCode(String code) {
        this.code = code;
    }

    public DataBean getData() {
        return data;
    }

    public void setData(DataBean data) {
        this.data = data;
    }

    public String getMessage() {
        return message;
    }

    public void setMessage(String message) {
        this.message = message;
    }

    public static class DataBean {
        /**
         * list : [{"account":"yuangong1","deptInfos":[{"deptId":"1157188773538131969","deptName":"自动组","dutyName":"成员","dutyType":1,"uid":"1157192455092662273"}],"isEnable":true,"leaderName":"自动组长","mobile":"18823434543","roleId":"1157191595524583425","roleName":"自动组","uid":"1157192455092662273","userName":"自动员工1"}]
         * total : 1
         */

        private int total;
        private List<ListBean> list;

        public int getTotal() {
            return total;
        }

        public void setTotal(int total) {
            this.total = total;
        }

        public List<ListBean> getList() {
            return list;
        }

        public void setList(List<ListBean> list) {
            this.list = list;
        }

        public static class ListBean {
            /**
             * account : yuangong1
             * deptInfos : [{"deptId":"1157188773538131969","deptName":"自动组","dutyName":"成员","dutyType":1,"uid":"1157192455092662273"}]
             * isEnable : true
             * leaderName : 自动组长
             * mobile : 18823434543
             * roleId : 1157191595524583425
             * roleName : 自动组
             * uid : 1157192455092662273
             * userName : 自动员工1
             */

            private String account;
            private boolean isEnable;
            private String leaderName;
            private String mobile;
            private String roleId;
            private String roleName;
            private String uid;
            private String userName;
            private List<DeptInfosBean> deptInfos;

            public String getAccount() {
                return account;
            }

            public void setAccount(String account) {
                this.account = account;
            }

            public boolean isIsEnable() {
                return isEnable;
            }

            public void setIsEnable(boolean isEnable) {
                this.isEnable = isEnable;
            }

            public String getLeaderName() {
                return leaderName;
            }

            public void setLeaderName(String leaderName) {
                this.leaderName = leaderName;
            }

            public String getMobile() {
                return mobile;
            }

            public void setMobile(String mobile) {
                this.mobile = mobile;
            }

            public String getRoleId() {
                return roleId;
            }

            public void setRoleId(String roleId) {
                this.roleId = roleId;
            }

            public String getRoleName() {
                return roleName;
            }

            public void setRoleName(String roleName) {
                this.roleName = roleName;
            }

            public String getUid() {
                return uid;
            }

            public void setUid(String uid) {
                this.uid = uid;
            }

            public String getUserName() {
                return userName;
            }

            public void setUserName(String userName) {
                this.userName = userName;
            }

            public List<DeptInfosBean> getDeptInfos() {
                return deptInfos;
            }

            public void setDeptInfos(List<DeptInfosBean> deptInfos) {
                this.deptInfos = deptInfos;
            }

            public static class DeptInfosBean {
                /**
                 * deptId : 1157188773538131969
                 * deptName : 自动组
                 * dutyName : 成员
                 * dutyType : 1
                 * uid : 1157192455092662273
                 */

                private String deptId;
                private String deptName;
                private String dutyName;
                private int dutyType;
                private String uid;

                public String getDeptId() {
                    return deptId;
                }

                public void setDeptId(String deptId) {
                    this.deptId = deptId;
                }

                public String getDeptName() {
                    return deptName;
                }

                public void setDeptName(String deptName) {
                    this.deptName = deptName;
                }

                public String getDutyName() {
                    return dutyName;
                }

                public void setDutyName(String dutyName) {
                    this.dutyName = dutyName;
                }

                public int getDutyType() {
                    return dutyType;
                }

                public void setDutyType(int dutyType) {
                    this.dutyType = dutyType;
                }

                public String getUid() {
                    return uid;
                }

                public void setUid(String uid) {
                    this.uid = uid;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

4.controller下编写用例类(QueryDeptUser)

package com.sass.controller;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.sass.model.QueryDeptUserBean;
import com.sass.utils.ExcelData;
import com.sass.utils.Post;
import jxl.read.biff.BiffException;
import org.testng.Assert;
import org.testng.annotations.*;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;


/**
 * @Author: lianzheqi
 * @Date: 2019/8/5 10:39
 */
public class QueryDeptUser extends BaseTest {
    @DataProvider(name="queryDeptUserData")
    public static Object[][] expectedData() throws BiffException, IOException {
        ExcelData e=new ExcelData(localFileName, "queryDeptUser");
        return e.getExcelData();
    }

    @Test(dataProvider="queryDeptUserData")
    public void queryDeptUser(HashMap<String, String> excelData) throws IOException {
        Post.map.put("mobile",excelData.get("mobile"));
        Post.map.put("userName",excelData.get("userName"));
        Post.map.put("isEnable",excelData.get("isEnable"));
        Post.map.put("deptId",excelData.get("deptId"));
        Post.map.put("currentPage",excelData.get("currentPage"));
        Post.map.put("pageSize",excelData.get("pageSize"));

        String str = Post.post("queryDeptUser");
        QueryDeptUserBean json = JSON.parseObject(str,QueryDeptUserBean.class);
        //断言员工存不存在,根据自己测试需要断言
        Assert.assertEquals(json.getData().getList().get(0).getAccount(),excelData.get("account"),"查询员工查不到");
    }
}

5.将该测试类组装到testng.xml中
在这里插入图片描述

5.右键运行testng文件
在这里插入图片描述
结果该接口执行了2次,是因为excel文件中有2条数据
在这里插入图片描述
后面单个接口的过程类似,只是有的接口的返回值需要临时存储一下,当做另一个接口的入参

组装各个接口,达到完整的业务流的功能

具体过程不再展示,最终效果如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>

<suite name="TestSuite" preserve-order="true">

    <test name="负责人禁用员工1;禁用游戏1区;关联游戏2区;发布任务;分发给员工2">
        <classes>
            <parameter name="fileName" value="LoginTrueData"/>
            <!-- 登录负责人 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.LeaderLogin"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.LeaderListMenu"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.QueryDeptUser"/>
            <!-- 禁用员工1 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.DisableUser"/>
            <!-- 禁用游戏1区 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.UpdateGameServer"/>
            <!-- 关联游戏2区 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.GameChannelBinding"/>
            <!-- 发布任务 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.PublishTask"/>
            <!-- 分发给员工2 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.AssignTask"/>

        </classes>

    </test>

    <test name="员工2核实分配到的账号;提交任务审核">
        <classes>
            <parameter name="fileName" value="LoginTrueData"/>
            <!-- 登录员工2 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff2Login"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff2ListMenu"/>
            <!-- 核实员工2分配到的账号 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.ListStaffAccount"/>
            <!-- 员工2提交任务审核 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.StaffGetTaskDetail"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff2SubmitTask"/>
        </classes>
    </test>

    <test name="负责人审核拒绝;查找任务交接:员工2;核对任务交接列表无自己(员工2)和禁用的员工1;启用员工1;将员工2的任务交接给员工1">
        <classes>
            <parameter name="fileName" value="LoginTrueData"/>
            <!-- 登录负责人 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.LeaderLogin"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.LeaderListMenu"/>
            <!-- 负责人审核拒绝 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.VerifyTaskRefused"/>
            <!-- 查找任务交接:员工2 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.QueryHandoverTask"/>
            <!-- 核对任务交接列表无自己(员工2)和禁用的员工1 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.ListDeptAndUserNotDisableStaff"/>
            <!-- 启用员工1 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.EnableUser"/>
            <!-- 将员工2的任务交接给员工1 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.ListDeptAndUser"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.HandoverTask"/>
        </classes>
    </test>

    <test name="员工1核实分配到的账号">
        <classes>
            <parameter name="fileName" value="LoginTrueData"/>
            <!-- 登录员工1 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff1Login"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff1ListMenu"/>
            <!-- 核实员工1分配到的账号 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.ListStaffAccount"/>
        </classes>
    </test>

    <test name="员工2核实分配到的账号被撤回">
        <classes>
            <parameter name="fileName" value="LoginTrueData"/>
            <!-- 登录员工2 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff2Login"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff2ListMenu"/>
            <!-- 核实员工2分配到的账号被撤回 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.ListStaffNotAccount"/>
        </classes>
    </test>

    <test name="员工1修改上传内容后再次提交任务审核">
        <classes>
            <parameter name="fileName" value="LoginTrueData"/>
            <!-- 登录员工1 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff1Login"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff1ListMenu"/>
            <!-- 员工1修改上传内容后再次提交任务审核 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.StaffGetTaskDetail"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff1SubmitTask"/>
        </classes>
    </test>

    <test name="负责人审核通过;撤出任务">
        <classes>
            <parameter name="fileName" value="LoginTrueData"/>
            <!-- 登录负责人 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.LeaderLogin"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.LeaderListMenu"/>
            <!-- 负责人审核通过 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.VerifyTaskPass"/>
            <!-- 撤出任务 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.WithdrawTask"/>
            <!-- 到达撤出时间后查看任务状态为已撤出 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.QueryTask"/>
        </classes>
    </test>

    <test name="员工1核实分配到的账号被撤回">
        <classes>
            <parameter name="fileName" value="LoginTrueData"/>
            <!-- 登录员工1 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff1Login"/>
            <class name="com.sass.controller.Staff1ListMenu"/>
            <!-- 核实员工1分配到的账号被撤回 -->
            <class name="com.sass.controller.ListStaffNotAccount"/>
        </classes>
    </test>


    <listeners>
        <listener class-name="com.sass.utils.ExtentTestNGIReporterListener"/>
    </listeners>

</suite>

testng不支持同一个test跑2个相同的class,所以将单个用户的操作设计为一个test,切换用户时切换test
至此,通过接口自动化跑业务流已全部完成,后面要做的就是配置持续集成

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