MySQL 查询数据不一致

    最近出现一个很奇怪的MySQL问题,使用不同select语句查询全部数据集居然得到不同的记录数。select * 得到4条记录,select 字段得到的是3条记录。
    具体问题可以看下面的查询结果:
mysql> select * from table_myisam;                               
+----------+-------+-----------+------+
| datetime | uid   | content   | type |
+----------+-------+-----------+------+
|        1 | uid_1 | content_1 |    1 |
|        2 | uid_2 | content_2 |    1 |
|        4 | uid_4 | content_4 |    1 |
|        3 | uid_3 | content_3 |    1 |
+----------+-------+-----------+------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select uid from table_myisam;
+-------+
| uid   |
+-------+
| uid_1 |
| uid_2 |
| uid_4 |
+-------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)
    通过select uid只得到3行记录,丢失了其中uid='uid_3'的记录。本来百思不得其解,后来在同事的提醒下使用了check table,才找到问题的所在。
mysql> check table table_myisam;
+--------------------+-------+----------+-------------------------------------------------------+
| Table              | Op    | Msg_type | Msg_text                                              |
+--------------------+-------+----------+-------------------------------------------------------+
| qitai.table_myisam | check | warning  | 1 client is using or hasn't closed the table properly |
| qitai.table_myisam | check | warning  | Size of indexfile is: 2049      Should be: 2048       |
| qitai.table_myisam | check | error    | Found 3 keys of 4                                     |
| qitai.table_myisam | check | error    | Corrupt                                               |
+--------------------+-------+----------+-------------------------------------------------------+
    查询数据不一致的原因是table_myisam的索引文件损坏了,对应的索引文件table_myisam.MYI与数据文件table_myisam.MYD不一致。select *并不需要遍历每个索引项,只需要获取第一条记录,根据链表顺序访问,因此当前的索引损坏并没有影响到select *的使用。而select uid需要遍历所有索引项,因而只获取到损坏状态,三条索引记录。
   解决方案是使用repair table进行表索引的修复。
mysql> repair table table_myisam;
+--------------------+--------+----------+----------+
| Table              | Op     | Msg_type | Msg_text |
+--------------------+--------+----------+----------+
| qitai.table_myisam | repair | status   | OK       |
+--------------------+--------+----------+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

    修复后使用check table可以看到表状态变成正常,使用select *与select uid都能获取到4条记录。
mysql> check table table_myisam;
+--------------------+-------+----------+----------+
| Table              | Op    | Msg_type | Msg_text |
+--------------------+-------+----------+----------+
| qitai.table_myisam | check | status   | OK       |
+--------------------+-------+----------+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

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