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Android开发 - ActivityLifecycleCallbacks使用方法初探

ActivityLifecycleCallbacks是什么?

  • Application通过此接口提供了一套回调方法,用于让开发者对Activity的生命周期事件进行集中处理。

为什么用ActivityLifecycleCallbacks?

  • 以往若需监测Activity的生命周期事件代码,你可能是这样做的,重写每一个Acivity的onResume(),然后作统计和处理:
    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
      super.onResume();
      //TODO 处理和统计代码
      Log.v(TAG, "onResume");
      Logger.v(TAG, "onResume");
      Logging.v(TAG, "onResume");
      ...
    }

  • ActivityLifecycleCallbacks接口回调可以简化这一繁琐过程,在一个类中作统一处理

ActivityLifecycleCallbacks怎么用?

  • android.app.Application.ActivityLifecycleCallbacks
  • 要求API 14+ (Android 4.0+)
  • 继承Application
    public class BaseApplication extends Application

  • 在AndroidManifest里起用自定义Application
    <application android:name=".global.BaseApplication"

  • 重写Application的onCreate()方法,或在Application的无参构造方法内,调用Application.registerActivityLifecycleCallbacks()方法,并实现ActivityLifecycleCallbacks接口

    public void onCreate() {
      super.onCreate();
      this.registerActivityLifecycleCallbacks(new ActivityLifecycleCallbacks() {
     
        @Override
        public void onActivityStopped(Activity activity) {
            Logger.v(activity, "onActivityStopped");
        }
     
        @Override
        public void onActivityStarted(Activity activity) {
            Logger.v(activity, "onActivityStarted");
        }
     
        @Override
        public void onActivitySaveInstanceState(Activity activity, Bundle outState) {
            Logger.v(activity, "onActivitySaveInstanceState");
        }
     
        @Override
        public void onActivityResumed(Activity activity) {
            Logger.v(activity, "onActivityResumed");
        }
     
        @Override
        public void onActivityPaused(Activity activity) {
            Logger.v(activity, "onActivityPaused");
        }
     
        @Override
        public void onActivityDestroyed(Activity activity) {
            Logger.v(activity, "onActivityDestroyed");
        }
     
        @Override
        public void onActivityCreated(Activity activity, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
            Logger.v(activity, "onActivityCreated");
        }
      });
    };

  • 运行结果(Logcat日志)

    10-21 14:32:57.722: V/WelcomeActivity(8085): onActivityCreated
    10-21 14:32:57.762: V/WelcomeActivity(8085): onActivityStarted
    10-21 14:32:57.762: V/WelcomeActivity(8085): onActivityResumed
    10-21 14:32:59.164: V/WelcomeActivity(8085): onActivityPaused
    10-21 14:32:59.194: V/MainActivity(8085): onActivityCreated
    10-21 14:32:59.224: V/MainActivity(8085): onActivityStarted
    10-21 14:32:59.224: V/MainActivity(8085): onActivityResumed
    10-21 14:32:59.735: V/WelcomeActivity(8085): onActivityStopped
    10-21 14:32:59.735: V/WelcomeActivity(8085): onActivityDestroyed
    10-21 14:33:06.502: V/MainActivity(8085): onActivityPaused
    10-21 14:33:06.612: V/MainActivity(8085): onActivityStopped
    10-21 14:33:06.612: V/MainActivity(8085): onActivityDestroyed

ActivityLifecycleCallbacks的拓展用法

  • 本次初探仅尝试使用Log日志工具作简要测试,如需满足较复杂的统计或调试需求时,此法可能会大大减少插入代码量,提高效率

  • API仅在14+版本上提供此接口回调,Android 4.0以下系统如何使用?

  • API仅针对上述几个Activity的生命周期事件留出了接口回调,可能已无法满足日益过渡为使用Fragment的今日需求, 如何在更大范围内应用LifecycleCallbacks?
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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/tongcpp/article/details/40344871
个人分类: Android学习笔记
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