HttpClient超时时间 timeout

转自:http://www.cnblogs.com/chuhanlong/p/5312166.html
HttpClient在使用中有两个超时时间,是一直接触和使用的,由于上次工作中使用httpClient造成了系统悲剧的情况,特地对它的两个超时时间进行了小小的测试,在这里记录下。

 测试版本为HttpClient——3.1



 一:连接超时:connectionTimeout



 1:指的是连接一个url的连接等待时间。



 2:设置方法为:



 public class TestHttpClientMain {

/**
* @param args
*/
public static void main(String[] args) {
HttpClient client = new HttpClient();

HttpMethod method = new GetMethod(
http://test.com“);
client.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams()
.setConnectionTimeout(3000);
client.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams().setSoTimeout(3000);
try {
int statusCode = client.executeMethod(method);
System.out.println(statusCode);

byte[] responseBody = null;

responseBody = method.getResponseBody();

String result = new String(responseBody);

System.out.println(result);

} catch (HttpException e) {
// TODO Auto-generated catch block
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
// TODO Auto-generated catch block
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

 3:测试的时候,将url改为一个不存在的url:“http://test.com”



 4:超时时间3000ms过后,系统报出异常。



 org.apache.commons.httpclient.ConnectTimeoutException: The host did not accept the connection within timeout of 3000 ms

at org.apache.commons.httpclient.protocol.ReflectionSocketFactory.createSocket(ReflectionSocketFactory.java:155)
at org.apache.commons.httpclient.protocol.DefaultProtocolSocketFactory.createSocket(DefaultProtocolSocketFactory.java:125)
at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpConnection.open(HttpConnection.java:707)
at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpMethodDirector.executeWithRetry(HttpMethodDirector.java:387)
at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpMethodDirector.executeMethod(HttpMethodDirector.java:171)
at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpClient.executeMethod(HttpClient.java:397)

 二:读取数据超时:soTimeout



 1:指的是连接上一个url,获取response的返回等待时间



 2:设置方法



 public class TestHttpClientMain {

/**
* @param args
*/
public static void main(String[] args) {
HttpClient client = new HttpClient();

HttpMethod method = new GetMethod(
http://localhost:8080/firstTest.htm?method=test“);
client.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams()
.setConnectionTimeout(3000);
client.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams().setSoTimeout(2000);
try {
int statusCode = client.executeMethod(method);
System.out.println(statusCode);

byte[] responseBody = null;

responseBody = method.getResponseBody();

String result = new String(responseBody);

System.out.println(result);

} catch (HttpException e) {
// TODO Auto-generated catch block
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
// TODO Auto-generated catch block
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

 3:测试的时候的连接url为我本地开启的一个url,http://localhost:8080/firstTest.htm?method=test



 在我这个测试url里,当访问到这个链接时,线程sleep一段时间,来模拟返回response超时。



 @RequestMapping(params = "method=test") //<——②

public String testMethod(ModelMap model) {

try {
Thread.sleep(3000);
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
// TODO Auto-generated catch block
e.printStackTrace();
}
System.out.println(“call testMethod method.”);
model.addAttribute(“name”, “test method”);
return “test”;
}

 4:将读取response返回超时时间设的时间比那个sleep时间短之后,运行程序给出异常:



  java.net.SocketTimeoutException: Read timed out

at java.net.SocketInputStream.socketRead0(Native Method)
at java.net.SocketInputStream.read(Unknown Source)
at java.io.BufferedInputStream.fill(Unknown Source)
at java.io.BufferedInputStream.read(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpParser.readRawLine(HttpParser.java:78)
at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpParser.readLine(HttpParser.java:106)
at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpConnection.readLine(HttpConnection.java:1116)
at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpMethodBase.readStatusLine(HttpMethodBase.java:1973)
at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpMethodBase.readResponse(HttpMethodBase.java:1735)

HttpClient 4 和 HttpClient 3 设置超时

HttpClient 4:

连接超时:

httpclient.getParams().setParameter(CoreConnectionPNames.CONNECTION_TIMEOUT,60000);
// 或者
HttpConnectionParams.setConnectionTimeout(params,6000);
读取超时:

httpclient.getParams().setParameter(CoreConnectionPNames.SO_TIMEOUT,60000);
// 或者
HttpConnectionParams.setSoTimeout(params,60000);
HttpClient 3:

连接超时:

httpClient.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams().setConnectionTimeout(60000);
读取超时:

httpClient.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams().setSoTimeout(60000);

 ok,以后再写httpClient这两个超时时间一定要加上,不加就很可能悲剧的了
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文章标签: HttpClient timeout
个人分类: JAVA
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