Rabbitmq+php的使用

版权声明: https://blog.csdn.net/u010533511/article/details/90753223

rabbitmq的安装:https://blog.csdn.net/u010533511/article/details/90752530

php安装amqp扩展

1.安装rabbitmq-c

下载地址:https://github.com/alanxz/rabbitmq-c/releases

wget -c https://github.com/alanxz/rabbitmq-c/releases/download/v0.8.0/rabbitmq-c-0.8.0.tar.gz

tar zxf rabbitmq-c-0.8.0.tar.gz

cd rabbitmq-c-0.8.0

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/rabbitmq-c-0.8.0

make && make install

2.安装amqp

官网下载地址:http://pecl.php.net/package/amqp

wget -c http://pecl.php.net/get/amqp-1.9.3.tgz

tar zxf amqp-1.9.3.tgz

cd amqp-1.9.3

/usr/local/php5.5/bin/phpize

./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php5.5/bin/php-config --with-amqp --with-librabbitmq-dir=/usr/local/rabbitmq-c-0.8.0

make && make install

3.修改php.ini

用phpinfo查看是否加载成功

php测试代码:

消息生产者(rabbit_publisher.php)

<?php
//配置信息 
$conn_args = array( 
    'host' => '127.0.0.1',  
    'port' => '5672',  
    'login' => 'zcw',
    'password' => '123456',
    'vhost'=>'/' 
);   
$e_name = 'exchange1'; //交换机名 
//$q_name = 'queue1'; //无需队列名 
$k_route = 'route1'; //路由key

//创建连接和channel 
$conn = new AMQPConnection($conn_args);   
if (!$conn->connect()) {   
    die("Cannot connect to the broker!\n");   
}   
$channel = new AMQPChannel($conn);   
 

 
//创建交换机对象    
$ex = new AMQPExchange($channel);   
$ex->setName($e_name);   
date_default_timezone_set("Asia/Shanghai");
//发送消息 
//$channel->startTransaction(); //开始事务  
for($i=0; $i<5; ++$i){
    sleep(1);//休眠1秒
    //消息内容 
    $message = ($i+1)."Send Mssage Success!".date("h:i:sa");
    echo ($i+1)."Send Message:".$ex->publish($message, $k_route)."\n";
}

//$channel->commitTransaction(); //提交事务 
 
$conn->disconnect();
?>

消费者(rabbit_consumer.php)

<?php 
//配置信息 
$conn_args = array( 
    'host' => '127.0.0.1',
    'port' => '5672',  
    'login' => 'zcw',  
    'password' => '123456', 
    'vhost'=>'/' 
);   
$e_name = 'exchange1'; //交换机名 
$q_name = 'queue1'; //队列名 
$k_route = 'route1'; //路由key 
 
//创建连接和channel 
$conn = new AMQPConnection($conn_args);   
if (!$conn->connect()) {   
    die("Cannot connect to the broker!\n");   
}   
$channel = new AMQPChannel($conn);   
 
//创建交换机    
$ex = new AMQPExchange($channel);   
$ex->setName($e_name); 
$ex->setType(AMQP_EX_TYPE_DIRECT); //direct类型(常用的有fanout、direct、topic、headers)  
$ex->setFlags(AMQP_DURABLE); //持久化 
echo "Exchange Status:".$ex->declare()."\n";   
   
//创建队列    
$q = new AMQPQueue($channel); 
$q->setName($q_name);   
$q->setFlags(AMQP_DURABLE); //持久化  
echo "Message Total:".$q->declare()."\n";   
 
//绑定交换机与队列,并指定路由键 
echo 'Queue Bind: '.$q->bind($e_name, $k_route)."\n"; 
 
//阻塞模式接收消息 
echo "Message:\n";   
while(True){ 
    $q->consume('processMessage');   
    //$q->consume('processMessage', AMQP_AUTOACK); //自动ACK应答  
} 
$conn->disconnect();   
 
/**
 * 消费回调函数
 * 处理消息
 */ 
function processMessage($envelope, $queue) { 
    $msg = $envelope->getBody(); 
    echo $msg."\n"; //处理消息 
    $queue->ack($envelope->getDeliveryTag()); //手动发送ACK应答
}
?>
  • 先运行rabbit_consumer.php

php rabbit_consumer.php

  • 在运行rabbit_publisher.php

php rabbit_publisher.php

 

 

 

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