结构体中进行宏定义的意图

在定义结构体时进行宏定义,其作用域从定义处开始直至文件结束

与结构体外的同名宏定义会有redefine的warning,新的定义会覆盖之前的定义

其作用是告知源代码阅读者,该宏定义是为了该结构体中变量而定定义,如下代码中,MAY和JUNE宏定义是用于变量month使用。

#include<stdio.h>

#define MAY 0
typedef struct test
{
    int month;
#define  MAY 5
#define JUNE 6
    int day;
}TEST;

#define JUNE 0

int main()
{
    TEST a;

    printf("&month = %x\n&day = %x\nMAY = %d\nJUNE = %d\n", &a.month, &a.day, MAY, JUNE);

    return 0;
}

关于宏定义,如下告警

testmacro.c:7:0: warning: "MAY" redefined [enabled by default]
 #define  MAY 5
 ^
testmacro.c:3:0: note: this is the location of the previous definition
 #define MAY 0
 ^
testmacro.c:12:0: warning: "JUNE" redefined [enabled by default]
 #define JUNE 0
 ^
testmacro.c:8:0: note: this is the location of the previous definition
 #define JUNE 6
 ^

程序运行结果如下

&month = 99f791e0
&day = 99f791e4
MAY = 5
JUNE = 0
 

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