javamail 读取邮箱邮件并下载附件

java 从邮箱里面把附件拿出来
代码直接用
springboot 项目

 <!--Emial-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-mail</artifactId>
        </dependency>
package com.kdmins.mail;


import com.sun.mail.pop3.POP3Folder;
import com.sun.mail.pop3.POP3Store;
import com.sun.mail.util.MailSSLSocketFactory;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Properties;
import javax.mail.Address;
import javax.mail.BodyPart;
import javax.mail.Flags;
import javax.mail.Folder;
import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.Multipart;
import javax.mail.Part;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeUtility;


/**
 * 邮件接受测试
 */

/**
 * 使用POP3协议接收邮件
 */
public class POP3ReceiveMailTest {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        resceive();
    }

    /**
     * 接收邮件   使用之前请先开启邮箱中的协议
     */
    public static void resceive() throws Exception {

        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.setProperty("mail.popStore.protocol", "pop3");       // 使用pop3协议
        props.setProperty("mail.pop3.port", "995");           // 端口 每个邮箱端口号都不一样  网易163 是110

        MailSSLSocketFactory sf = new MailSSLSocketFactory();
        sf.setTrustAllHosts(true);
        props.put("mail.pop3.ssl.enable",true);
        props.put("mail.pop3.ssl.socketFactory",sf);

        //props.setProperty("mail.debug", "true");
        props.setProperty("mail.pop3.host", "pop.qq.com");

        Session session = Session.getInstance(props);
        POP3Store store = (POP3Store) session.getStore("pop3");
        //这里的密码 是令牌 而不是 真正的邮箱密码,具体请百度
        store.connect("pop.qq.com", 995, "123456@qq.com", "qqqqqqqqqqqqqq");
        POP3Folder folder = (POP3Folder) store.getFolder("INBOX");


        // 获得收件箱
        //Folder folder = store.getFolder("INBOX");
        /* Folder.READ_ONLY:只读权限
         * Folder.READ_WRITE:可读可写(可以修改邮件的状态)
         */
        folder.open(Folder.READ_WRITE); //打开收件箱

        // 由于POP3协议无法获知邮件的状态,所以getUnreadMessageCount得到的是收件箱的邮件总数
        System.out.println("未读邮件数: " + folder.getUnreadMessageCount());

        // 由于POP3协议无法获知邮件的状态,所以下面得到的结果始终都是为0
        System.out.println("删除邮件数: " + folder.getDeletedMessageCount());
        System.out.println("新邮件: " + folder.getNewMessageCount());

        // 获得收件箱中的邮件总数
        System.out.println("邮件总数: " + folder.getMessageCount());

        // 得到收件箱中的所有邮件,并解析
        Message[] messages = folder.getMessages();
        parseMessage(messages);

        //得到收件箱中的所有邮件并且删除邮件
        //deleteMessage(messages);

        //释放资源
        folder.close(true);
        store.close();
    }

    /**
     * 解析邮件
     *
     * @param messages 要解析的邮件列表
     */
    public static void parseMessage(Message... messages) throws MessagingException, IOException {
        if (messages == null || messages.length < 1)
            throw new MessagingException("未找到要解析的邮件!");

        // 解析所有邮件
        for (int i = 0, count = messages.length; i < count; i++) {
            MimeMessage msg = (MimeMessage) messages[i];
            System.out.println("------------------解析第" + msg.getMessageNumber() + "封邮件-------------------- ");
            System.out.println("主题: " + getSubject(msg));
            System.out.println("发件人: " + getFrom(msg));
            System.out.println("收件人:" + getReceiveAddress(msg, null));
            System.out.println("发送时间:" + getSentDate(msg, null));
            System.out.println("是否已读:" + isSeen(msg));
            System.out.println("邮件优先级:" + getPriority(msg));
            System.out.println("是否需要回执:" + isReplySign(msg));
            System.out.println("邮件大小:" + msg.getSize() * 1024 + "kb");
            boolean isContainerAttachment = isContainAttachment(msg);
            System.out.println("是否包含附件:" + isContainerAttachment);
            if (isContainerAttachment) {
                //saveAttachment(msg, "d:\\mailTest\\" + msg.getSubject() + "_" + i + "_"); //保存附件
                saveAttachment(msg, "d:\\mailTest\\"); //保存附件路径
            }
            StringBuffer content = new StringBuffer(30);
            getMailTextContent(msg, content);
            System.out.println("邮件正文:" + (content.length() > 100 ? content.substring(0, 100) + "..." : content));
            System.out.println("------------------第" + msg.getMessageNumber() + "封邮件解析结束-------------------- ");
            System.out.println();

        }
    }


    /**
     * 解析邮件
     *
     * @param messages 要解析的邮件列表
     */
    public static void deleteMessage(Message... messages) throws MessagingException, IOException {
        if (messages == null || messages.length < 1)
            throw new MessagingException("未找到要解析的邮件!");

        // 解析所有邮件
        for (int i = 0, count = messages.length; i < count; i++) {

            /**
             *   邮件删除
             */
            Message message = messages[i];
            String subject = message.getSubject();
            // set the DELETE flag to true
            message.setFlag(Flags.Flag.DELETED, true);
            System.out.println("Marked DELETE for message: " + subject);


        }
    }

    /**
     * 获得邮件主题
     *
     * @param msg 邮件内容
     * @return 解码后的邮件主题
     */
    public static String getSubject(MimeMessage msg) throws UnsupportedEncodingException, MessagingException {
        return MimeUtility.decodeText(msg.getSubject());
    }

    /**
     * 获得邮件发件人
     *
     * @param msg 邮件内容
     * @return 姓名 <Email地址>
     * @throws MessagingException
     * @throws UnsupportedEncodingException
     */
    public static String getFrom(MimeMessage msg) throws MessagingException, UnsupportedEncodingException {
        String from = "";
        Address[] froms = msg.getFrom();
        if (froms.length < 1)
            throw new MessagingException("没有发件人!");

        InternetAddress address = (InternetAddress) froms[0];
        String person = address.getPersonal();
        if (person != null) {
            person = MimeUtility.decodeText(person) + " ";
        } else {
            person = "";
        }
        from = person + "<" + address.getAddress() + ">";

        return from;
    }

    /**
     * 根据收件人类型,获取邮件收件人、抄送和密送地址。如果收件人类型为空,则获得所有的收件人
     * <p>Message.RecipientType.TO  收件人</p>
     * <p>Message.RecipientType.CC  抄送</p>
     * <p>Message.RecipientType.BCC 密送</p>
     *
     * @param msg  邮件内容
     * @param type 收件人类型
     * @return 收件人1 <邮件地址1>, 收件人2 <邮件地址2>, ...
     * @throws MessagingException
     */
    public static String getReceiveAddress(MimeMessage msg, Message.RecipientType type) throws MessagingException {
        StringBuffer receiveAddress = new StringBuffer();
        Address[] addresss = null;
        if (type == null) {
            addresss = msg.getAllRecipients();
        } else {
            addresss = msg.getRecipients(type);
        }

        if (addresss == null || addresss.length < 1)
            throw new MessagingException("没有收件人!");
        for (Address address : addresss) {
            InternetAddress internetAddress = (InternetAddress) address;
            receiveAddress.append(internetAddress.toUnicodeString()).append(",");
        }

        receiveAddress.deleteCharAt(receiveAddress.length() - 1); //删除最后一个逗号

        return receiveAddress.toString();
    }

    /**
     * 获得邮件发送时间
     *
     * @param msg 邮件内容
     * @return yyyy年mm月dd日 星期X HH:mm
     * @throws MessagingException
     */
    public static String getSentDate(MimeMessage msg, String pattern) throws MessagingException {
        Date receivedDate = msg.getSentDate();
        if (receivedDate == null)
            return "";

        if (pattern == null || "".equals(pattern))
            pattern = "yyyy年MM月dd日 E HH:mm ";

        return new SimpleDateFormat(pattern).format(receivedDate);
    }

    /**
     * 判断邮件中是否包含附件
     * <p>
     * //* @param msg 邮件内容
     *
     * @return 邮件中存在附件返回true,不存在返回false
     * @throws MessagingException
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static boolean isContainAttachment(Part part) throws MessagingException, IOException {
        boolean flag = false;
        if (part.isMimeType("multipart/*")) {
            MimeMultipart multipart = (MimeMultipart) part.getContent();
            int partCount = multipart.getCount();
            for (int i = 0; i < partCount; i++) {
                BodyPart bodyPart = multipart.getBodyPart(i);
                String disp = bodyPart.getDisposition();
                if (disp != null && (disp.equalsIgnoreCase(Part.ATTACHMENT) || disp.equalsIgnoreCase(Part.INLINE))) {
                    flag = true;
                } else if (bodyPart.isMimeType("multipart/*")) {
                    flag = isContainAttachment(bodyPart);
                } else {
                    String contentType = bodyPart.getContentType();
                    if (contentType.indexOf("application") != -1) {
                        flag = true;
                    }

                    if (contentType.indexOf("name") != -1) {
                        flag = true;
                    }
                }

                if (flag) break;
            }
        } else if (part.isMimeType("message/rfc822")) {
            flag = isContainAttachment((Part) part.getContent());
        }
        return flag;
    }

    /**
     * 判断邮件是否已读
     *
     * @param msg 邮件内容
     * @return 如果邮件已读返回true, 否则返回false
     * @throws MessagingException
     */
    public static boolean isSeen(MimeMessage msg) throws MessagingException {
        return msg.getFlags().contains(Flags.Flag.SEEN);
    }

    /**
     * 判断邮件是否需要阅读回执
     *
     * @param msg 邮件内容
     * @return 需要回执返回true, 否则返回false
     * @throws MessagingException
     */
    public static boolean isReplySign(MimeMessage msg) throws MessagingException {
        boolean replySign = false;
        String[] headers = msg.getHeader("Disposition-Notification-To");
        if (headers != null)
            replySign = true;
        return replySign;
    }

    /**
     * 获得邮件的优先级
     *
     * @param msg 邮件内容
     * @return 1(High):紧急  3:普通(Normal)  5:低(Low)
     * @throws MessagingException
     */
    public static String getPriority(MimeMessage msg) throws MessagingException {
        String priority = "普通";
        String[] headers = msg.getHeader("X-Priority");
        if (headers != null) {
            String headerPriority = headers[0];
            if (headerPriority.indexOf("1") != -1 || headerPriority.indexOf("High") != -1)
                priority = "紧急";
            else if (headerPriority.indexOf("5") != -1 || headerPriority.indexOf("Low") != -1)
                priority = "低";
            else
                priority = "普通";
        }
        return priority;
    }

    /**
     * 获得邮件文本内容
     *
     * @param part    邮件体
     * @param content 存储邮件文本内容的字符串
     * @throws MessagingException
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void getMailTextContent(Part part, StringBuffer content) throws MessagingException, IOException {
        //如果是文本类型的附件,通过getContent方法可以取到文本内容,但这不是我们需要的结果,所以在这里要做判断
        boolean isContainTextAttach = part.getContentType().indexOf("name") > 0;
        if (part.isMimeType("text/*") && !isContainTextAttach) {
            content.append(part.getContent().toString());
        } else if (part.isMimeType("message/rfc822")) {
            getMailTextContent((Part) part.getContent(), content);
        } else if (part.isMimeType("multipart/*")) {
            Multipart multipart = (Multipart) part.getContent();
            int partCount = multipart.getCount();
            for (int i = 0; i < partCount; i++) {
                BodyPart bodyPart = multipart.getBodyPart(i);
                getMailTextContent(bodyPart, content);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 保存附件
     *
     * @param part    邮件中多个组合体中的其中一个组合体
     * @param destDir 附件保存目录
     * @throws UnsupportedEncodingException
     * @throws MessagingException
     * @throws FileNotFoundException
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void saveAttachment(Part part, String destDir) throws UnsupportedEncodingException, MessagingException,
            FileNotFoundException, IOException {
        if (part.isMimeType("multipart/*")) {
            Multipart multipart = (Multipart) part.getContent();    //复杂体邮件
            //复杂体邮件包含多个邮件体
            int partCount = multipart.getCount();
            for (int i = 0; i < partCount; i++) {
                //获得复杂体邮件中其中一个邮件体
                BodyPart bodyPart = multipart.getBodyPart(i);
                //某一个邮件体也有可能是由多个邮件体组成的复杂体
                String disp = bodyPart.getDisposition();
                if (disp != null && (disp.equalsIgnoreCase(Part.ATTACHMENT) || disp.equalsIgnoreCase(Part.INLINE))) {
                    InputStream is = bodyPart.getInputStream();
                    saveFile(is, destDir, decodeText(bodyPart.getFileName()));
                } else if (bodyPart.isMimeType("multipart/*")) {
                    saveAttachment(bodyPart, destDir);
                } else {
                    String contentType = bodyPart.getContentType();
                    if (contentType.indexOf("name") != -1 || contentType.indexOf("application") != -1) {
                        saveFile(bodyPart.getInputStream(), destDir, decodeText(bodyPart.getFileName()));
                    }
                }
            }
        } else if (part.isMimeType("message/rfc822")) {
            saveAttachment((Part) part.getContent(), destDir);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 读取输入流中的数据保存至指定目录
     *
     * @param is       输入流
     * @param fileName 文件名
     * @param destDir  文件存储目录
     * @throws FileNotFoundException
     * @throws IOException
     */
    private static void saveFile(InputStream is, String destDir, String fileName)
            throws FileNotFoundException, IOException {
        BufferedInputStream bis = new BufferedInputStream(is);
        BufferedOutputStream bos = new BufferedOutputStream(
                new FileOutputStream(new File(destDir + fileName)));
        int len = -1;
        while ((len = bis.read()) != -1) {
            bos.write(len);
            bos.flush();
        }
        bos.close();
        bis.close();
    }

    /**
     * 文本解码
     *
     * @param encodeText 解码MimeUtility.encodeText(String text)方法编码后的文本
     * @return 解码后的文本
     * @throws UnsupportedEncodingException
     */
    public static String decodeText(String encodeText) throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
        if (encodeText == null || "".equals(encodeText)) {
            return "";
        } else {
            return MimeUtility.decodeText(encodeText);
        }
    }


}

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