httpClient连接超时和读取超时

HttpClient在使用中有两个超时时间,

     测试版本为HttpClient——3.1

 

     一:连接超时:connectionTimeout

 

     1:指的是连接一个url的连接等待时间。

 

     2:设置方法为:

 

     public class TestHttpClientMain {

 /**
  * @param args
  */
 public static void main(String[] args) {
  HttpClient client = new HttpClient();

  HttpMethod method = new GetMethod(
    "http://test.com");
  client.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams()
    .setConnectionTimeout(3000);
  client.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams().setSoTimeout(3000);
  try {
   int statusCode = client.executeMethod(method);
   System.out.println(statusCode);

   byte[] responseBody = null;

   responseBody = method.getResponseBody();

   String result = new String(responseBody);

   System.out.println(result);

  } catch (HttpException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  } catch (IOException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  }
 }
}

 

 

     3:测试的时候,将url改为一个不存在的url:“http://duoduo.com”

 

     4:超时时间3000ms过后,系统报出异常。

 

     org.apache.commons.httpclient.ConnectTimeoutException: The host did not accept the connection within timeout of 3000 ms

 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.protocol.ReflectionSocketFactory.createSocket(ReflectionSocketFactory.java:155)
 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.protocol.DefaultProtocolSocketFactory.createSocket(DefaultProtocolSocketFactory.java:125)
 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpConnection.open(HttpConnection.java:707)
 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpMethodDirector.executeWithRetry(HttpMethodDirector.java:387)
 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpMethodDirector.executeMethod(HttpMethodDirector.java:171)
 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpClient.executeMethod(HttpClient.java:397)

 

 

     二:读取数据超时:soTimeout

 

     1:指的是连接上一个url,获取response的返回等待时间

 

     2:设置方法

 

     public class TestHttpClientMain {

 /**
  * @param args
  */
 public static void main(String[] args) {
  HttpClient client = new HttpClient();

  HttpMethod method = new GetMethod(
    "http://localhost:8080/FinanceInterface/jd/test");
//connectTimeOut设置 连接建立的时间 默认是0  如果是0表示不用
  client.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams()
    .setConnectionTimeout(3000);
//soTimeOut等待数据的时候 如果是0 标识无线超时  不设置则为无线超时
  client.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams().setSoTimeout(2000);//设置读取超时时间
  try {
   int statusCode = client.executeMethod(method);
   System.out.println(statusCode);

   byte[] responseBody = null;

   responseBody = method.getResponseBody();

   String result = new String(responseBody);

   System.out.println(result);

  } catch (HttpException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  } catch (IOException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  }
 }
}

 

 

     3:测试的时候的连接url为我本地开启的一个url,http://localhost:8080/FinanceInterface/jd/test

 

     在我这个测试url里,当访问到这个链接时,线程sleep一段时间,来模拟返回response超时。

 

     @RequestMapping(params = "method=test") //<——②

    public String testMethod(ModelMap model) {
  try {
   Thread.sleep(3000);
  } catch (InterruptedException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  }
        System.out.println("call testMethod method.");
        model.addAttribute("name", "test method");
  return "test";
    }

 

 

     4:将读取response返回超时时间设的时间比那个sleep时间短之后,运行程序给出异常:

 

      java.net.SocketTimeoutException: Read timed out

 at java.net.SocketInputStream.socketRead0(Native Method)
 at java.net.SocketInputStream.read(Unknown Source)
 at java.io.BufferedInputStream.fill(Unknown Source)
 at java.io.BufferedInputStream.read(Unknown Source)
 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpParser.readRawLine(HttpParser.java:78)
 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpParser.readLine(HttpParser.java:106)
 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpConnection.readLine(HttpConnection.java:1116)
 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpMethodBase.readStatusLine(HttpMethodBase.java:1973)
 at org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpMethodBase.readResponse(HttpMethodBase.java:1735)

 

 HttpClient 4 和 HttpClient 3 设置超时

 

HttpClient 4:

连接超时:

httpclient.getParams().setParameter(CoreConnectionPNames.CONNECTION_TIMEOUT,60000);
// 或者
HttpConnectionParams.setConnectionTimeout(params,6000);

读取超时:

httpclient.getParams().setParameter(CoreConnectionPNames.SO_TIMEOUT,60000);
// 或者
HttpConnectionParams.setSoTimeout(params,60000);

HttpClient 3:

连接超时:

httpClient.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams().setConnectionTimeout(60000);

读取超时:

httpClient.getHttpConnectionManager().getParams().setSoTimeout(60000);

 

 

     ok,以后再写httpClient这两个超时时间一定要加上,不加就很可能悲剧的了

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