Android客户端与服务端交互之登陆示例


1.后台使用简单的servlet,支持GET或POST。这个servlet最终返回给前台一个字符串flag,值是true或false,表示登录是否成功。

  servlet使用之前需要配置,主义servlet的servlet-name要和servlet-mapping的servlet-name一致,否则找不到路径

 我是在myEclipse上创建的一个web service 项目,然后部署到tomcat服务器上以便android客户端访问

<servlet>
		<servlet-name>helloWorld</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>com.zhongzhong.wap.action.HelloServlet</servlet-class>
	</servlet>
	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>helloWorld</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/queryOrder</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

import com.zhongzhong.wap.bean.UserBean;

public class HelloServlet extends HttpServlet {

	@Override
	protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
			throws ServletException, IOException {
		doPost(req, resp);
	}

	@Override
	protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
			throws ServletException, IOException {
		
		 resp.setContentType("text/html");  
	        PrintWriter out = resp.getWriter();  
	        Boolean flag = false;    
	        String userName = req.getParameter("un");  
	        String password = req.getParameter("pw");   
	        if(userName.equals("htp")&&password.equals("123"))
	        {
	        	flag = true;
	        }
	        
	        else flag = false;
	        System.out.println("userName:"+userName+" password:"+password);
	        out.print(flag);  
	        out.flush();  
	        out.close(); 
	}

}

2.然后我是在安卓的ADT上创建一个安卓项目,

建立两个Activity,分别作为登录界面和登录成功界面。

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
	xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
	android:layout_width="match_parent"
	android:layout_height="match_parent"
	android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
	android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
	android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
	android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
	tools:context=".MainActivity" >

	<TextView
		android:id="@+id/textView1"
		android:layout_width="wrap_content"
		android:layout_height="wrap_content"
		android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
		android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
		android:layout_marginTop="40dp"
		android:text="HelloWorld登陆示例" />

	<EditText
		android:id="@+id/et_user"
		android:layout_width="wrap_content"
		android:layout_height="wrap_content"
		android:layout_below="@+id/textView1"
		android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
		android:layout_marginTop="33dp"
		android:ems="10"
		android:hint="请输入账号" >

		<requestFocus />
	</EditText>

	<EditText
		android:id="@+id/et_psw"
		android:layout_width="wrap_content"
		android:layout_height="wrap_content"
		android:layout_below="@+id/et_user"
		android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
		android:layout_marginTop="40dp"
		android:ems="10"
		android:hint="请输入密码"
		android:inputType="textPassword" />

	<Button
		android:id="@+id/btn_login"
		android:layout_width="wrap_content"
		android:layout_height="wrap_content"
		android:layout_below="@+id/et_psw"
		android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
		android:layout_marginTop="37dp"
		android:text="登陆" />

</RelativeLayout>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
	xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
	android:layout_width="match_parent"
	android:layout_height="match_parent"
	android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
	android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
	android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
	android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
	tools:context=".NaviActivity" >

	<TextView
		android:layout_width="wrap_content"
		android:layout_height="wrap_content"
		android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
		android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
		android:layout_marginTop="46dp"
		android:text="登陆成功" />

</RelativeLayout>

3. HTTP的访问公共类,用于处理GET和POST请求

package com.example.logindemo;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

import android.content.Entity;
import android.util.Log;

public class HttpUtil {
	// 创建HttpClient对象
	public static HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
	public static final String BASE_URL = "http://192.168.3.14:8090/HelloWord/";

	/**
	 * 
	 * @param url
	 *            发送请求的URL
	 * @return 服务器响应字符串
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static String getRequest(String url) throws Exception {
		// 创建HttpGet对象。
		HttpGet get = new HttpGet(url);
		// 发送GET请求
		HttpResponse httpResponse = httpClient.execute(get);
		// 如果服务器成功地返回响应
		if (httpResponse.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == 200) {
			// 获取服务器响应字符串
			String result = EntityUtils.toString(httpResponse.getEntity());
			return result;
		} else {
			Log.d("服务器响应代码", (new Integer(httpResponse.getStatusLine()
					.getStatusCode())).toString());
			return null;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 
	 * @param url
	 *            发送请求的URL
	 * @param params
	 *            请求参数
	 * @return 服务器响应字符串
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static String postRequest(String url, Map<String, String> rawParams)
			throws Exception {
		// 创建HttpPost对象。
		HttpPost post = new HttpPost(url);
		// 如果传递参数个数比较多的话可以对传递的参数进行封装
		List<NameValuePair> params = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();
		for (String key : rawParams.keySet()) {
			// 封装请求参数
			params.add(new BasicNameValuePair(key, rawParams.get(key)));
		}
		// 设置请求参数
		post.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(params, "UTF-8"));
		// 发送POST请求
		HttpResponse httpResponse = httpClient.execute(post);
		// 如果服务器成功地返回响应
		if (httpResponse.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == 200) {
			// 获取服务器响应字符串
			String result = EntityUtils.toString(httpResponse.getEntity());
			return result;
		}
		return null;
	}
}

4.

IntentService服务,用于在后台以队列方式处理耗时操作。

package com.example.logindemo;

import java.util.HashMap;

import android.app.IntentService;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.util.Log;

public class ConnectService extends IntentService {
	private static final String ACTION_RECV_MSG = "com.example.logindemo.action.RECEIVE_MESSAGE";

	public ConnectService() {
		super("TestIntentService");
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}
	
	@Override
	protected void onHandleIntent(Intent intent) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		/** 
		 * 经测试,IntentService里面是可以进行耗时的操作的  
		 * IntentService使用队列的方式将请求的Intent加入队列, 
		 * 然后开启一个worker thread(线程)来处理队列中的Intent   
		 * 对于异步的startService请求,IntentService会处理完成一个之后再处理第二个   
		 */  
		Boolean flag = false;  
		//通过intent获取主线程传来的用户名和密码字符串  
		String username = intent.getStringExtra("username");  
		String password = intent.getStringExtra("password");  
		flag = doLogin(username, password);  
		Log.d("登录结果", flag.toString());  
		  
		Intent broadcastIntent = new Intent();  
		broadcastIntent.setAction(ACTION_RECV_MSG);	
		broadcastIntent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_DEFAULT);	
		broadcastIntent.putExtra("result", flag.toString());  
		sendBroadcast(broadcastIntent);  

	}
	
	 // 定义发送请求的方法  
	private Boolean doLogin(String username, String password)  
	{  
		String strFlag = "";  
		// 使用Map封装请求参数  
		HashMap<String, String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();  
		map.put("un", username);  
		map.put("pw", password);  
		// 定义发送请求的URL  
	  String url = HttpUtil.BASE_URL + "queryOrder?un=" + username + "&pw=" + password;  //GET方式  
	   // String url = HttpUtil.BASE_URL + "LoginServlet"; //POST方式  
		Log.d("url", url);  
		Log.d("username", username);  
		Log.d("password", password);  
		try {  
			// 发送请求  
			strFlag = HttpUtil.postRequest(url, map);  //POST方式  
//		  strFlag = HttpUtil.getRequest(url);  //GET方式  
			Log.d("服务器返回值", strFlag);  
		} catch (Exception e) {  
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block  
			e.printStackTrace();  
		}  
		  
		if(strFlag.trim().equals("true")){  
			return true;  
		}else{  
			return false;  
		}  
		  
	}  
}

5。

在AndroidManifest.xml中注册IntentService。注意uses-permission节点,为程序开启访问网络的权限。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
	package="com.example.logindemo"
	android:versionCode="1"
	android:versionName="1.0" >

	<uses-sdk
		android:minSdkVersion="8"
		android:targetSdkVersion="18" />

	<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

	<application
		android:allowBackup="true"
		android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
		android:label="@string/app_name"
		android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
		<activity
			android:name="com.example.logindemo.MainActivity"
			android:label="@string/app_name" >
			<intent-filter>
				<action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

				<category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
			</intent-filter>
		</activity>
		<activity
			android:name="com.example.logindemo.NaviActivity"
			android:label="@string/title_activity_navi" >
		</activity>

		<service android:name="com.example.logindemo.ConnectService" >
		</service>
	</application>

</manifest>

6.登陆界面处理,注意

  1. 按钮监听事件中,使用Intent将要传递的值传给service 。
  2. 接收广播类中,同样使用Intent将要传递的值传给下一个Activity。
  3. 在onCreate()中,动态注册接收广播类的实例receiver。
  4. 在接收广播类中,不要使用完毕后忘记注销接收器,否则会报一个Are you missing a call to unregisterReceiver()? 的异常。
package com.example.logindemo;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentFilter;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
	 private static final String ACTION_RECV_MSG = "com.example.logindemo.action.RECEIVE_MESSAGE";
	private Button loginBtn;
	private EditText et_username;
	private EditText et_password;
	private String userName;
	private String passWord;
	private MessageReceiver receiver ;
	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
		initView();
		//动态注册receiver    
	IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter(ACTION_RECV_MSG);    
	filter.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_DEFAULT);    
	receiver = new MessageReceiver();    
	registerReceiver(receiver, filter); 
	}
	
	private void initView() {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		et_username = (EditText)findViewById(R.id.et_user);
		et_password =( EditText)findViewById(R.id.et_psw);
		loginBtn = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btn_login);
		loginBtn.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				if(matchLoginMsg())
				{
					// 如果校验成功  
		    Intent msgIntent = new Intent(MainActivity.this, ConnectService.class);  
		    msgIntent.putExtra("username", et_username.getText().toString().trim());  
		    msgIntent.putExtra("password", et_password.getText().toString().trim());  
		    startService(msgIntent); 
				}
				
			}
		});
	}
	
	protected boolean matchLoginMsg() {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		userName = et_username.getText().toString().trim();
		passWord = et_password.getText().toString().trim();
		if(userName.equals(""))
		{
			Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "账号不能为空",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return false;
		}
		if(passWord.equals(""))
		{
			Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "密码不能为空",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return false;
		}
		return true;
	}
	//接收广播类    
    public class MessageReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {    
	@Override    
	public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {    
	   String message = intent.getStringExtra("result");    
	   Log.i("MessageReceiver", message);  
	// 如果登录成功  
	    if (message.equals("true")){  
		// 启动Main Activity  
		Intent nextIntent = new Intent(MainActivity.this, NaviActivity.class);  
		startActivity(nextIntent);  
		// 结束该Activity  
		finish();  
		//注销广播接收器  
		context.unregisterReceiver(this);  
	    }else{  
	    	Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "用户名或密码错误,请重新输入!",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
	    }  
	      
	}    
    }    
	@Override
	public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
		// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
		getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
		return true;
	}

}

运行截图:

转载自 http://blog.csdn.net/softwave

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