Java编程之CSV文件导入与导出的实现

年前在开发功能模块的时候用到了CSV文件导入导出,就此整理一下,便于大家参考。

导入导出功能很多时候用到的都是Excel文件,但是现在越来越多的使用了CSV文件进行此操作,它是一个纯文本文件,可以用记事本打开,也可以用Excel打开。CSV文件不像Excel那样有很多条条框框,它使用硬回车分割每条记录,用逗号分隔每条数据的字段。

CSV格式的文件就是用硬回车和文本都好实现的表格,用Excel一读就成了表格。文件名后缀就是 .csv。

直接上代码吧!


导入部分

导入的时候基于Ajax请求,js代码如下:

function importIpMac(upload) {
	var importTextInfo = document.getElementById("importTextInfo");
	importTextInfo.value="";
	$.ajaxFileUpload({
	    url: ctx + "/ipmac/importIpMac",
		type: 'post',
		secureuri: false, 			// 一般设置为false
		fileElementId: 'upload', 		// 上传文件的id、name属性名
		dataType: 'text', 			// 返回值类型,一般设置为json、application/json
	    success: function(data, status){
	    	getIpMacBase();
	    },
	    error: function(data, status, e){
	    	alert('请求异常!');
	    }
	});
}

Java代码控制层:

	/**
	 * 导入
	 */
	@ResponseBody
	@RequestMapping(value = "/importIpMac", method = RequestMethod.POST, headers = { "content-type=multipart/form-data" })
	public int importIpMac(HttpServletRequest request,
			HttpServletResponse response,
			@RequestParam(value = "upload") MultipartFile[] buildInfo)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		// 得到上传文件的保存目录,将上传的文件存放于WEB-INF目录下,不允许外界直接访问,保证上传文件的安全
		String savePath = request.getSession().getServletContext().getRealPath("/WEB-INF/upload");
		savePath = savePath.replace("file:", ""); // 去掉file:
		File file1 = new File(savePath);
		// 判断上传文件的保存目录是否存在
		if (!file1.exists() && !file1.isDirectory()) {
			log.info(savePath + "目录不存在,需要创建");
			file1.mkdir();
		}
		// 删除此路径下的所有文件以及文件夹
		delAllFile(savePath);

		try {
			InputStream is = buildInfo[0].getInputStream();// 多文件也适用,我这里就一个文件
			byte[] b = new byte[(int) buildInfo[0].getSize()];
			int read = 0;
			int i = 0;
			while ((read = is.read()) != -1) {
				b[i] = (byte) read;
				i++;
			}
			is.close();
			String filePath = savePath + "/" + "temp" + "_" + buildInfo[0].getOriginalFilename();
			log.info("临时文件保存路径:" + savePath + "/" + "temp" + "_" + buildInfo[0].getOriginalFilename());
			OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream(new File(savePath + "/" + "temp" + "_" + buildInfo[0].getOriginalFilename()));// 文件原名,如a.txt
			os.write(b);
			os.flush();
			os.close();
			topologyIpMacPortRealService.importIpMac(filePath);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			if (log.isDebugEnabled())
				log.debug("系统异常", e);
		}

		return 1;
	}


Java代码实现层:

	public int importIpMac(String filePath) throws Exception {
		// List<String> dataList=CSVUtils.importCsv(new File("/Users/wjm/Desktop/testexcel.csv"));
		List<String> dataList = CSVUtils.importCsv(new File(filePath));
		if (dataList != null && !dataList.isEmpty()) {
			for (int i = 1; i < dataList.size(); i++) {
				String data = dataList.get(i);
				SiTopologyIpMacPortBase base = new SiTopologyIpMacPortBase();
				String[] source = data.split(",");
				if (source[0] != "") {
					base.setId(source[0]);
					base.setMac(source[1]);
					base.setIp(source[2]);
					base.setUpIp(source[3]);
					base.setUpName(source[4]);
					base.setUpIndex(source[5]);
					base.setModifyTime(source[6]);

					siTopologyIpMacPortBaseDao.insert(base);
				}
			}
		}
		return 1;
	}

其中CSVUtils类:

package com.one.si.toimpl.common.utils;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**   
 * CSV操作(导出和导入)
 *
 * @author wjm
 * @version 1.0 Nov 24, 2015 4:30:58 PM   
 */
public class CSVUtils {
	
<span style="white-space:pre">	</span>/**
     * 导出
     * 
     * @param file csv文件(路径+文件名),csv文件不存在会自动创建
     * @param dataList 数据
     * @return
     */
    public static boolean exportCsv(File file, List<String> dataList){
        boolean isSucess=false;
        
        FileOutputStream out=null;
        OutputStreamWriter osw=null;
        BufferedWriter bw=null;
        try {
//          OutputStreamWriter in_=new OutputStreamWriter(new FileOutputStream("文件名"), "gbk");
            out = new FileOutputStream(file);
            osw = new OutputStreamWriter(out, "gbk");
            bw =new BufferedWriter(osw);
            if(dataList!=null && !dataList.isEmpty()){
                for(String data : dataList){
                    bw.append(data).append("\r");
                }
            }
            isSucess=true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            isSucess=false;
        }finally{
            if(bw!=null){
                try {
                    bw.close();
                    bw=null;
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } 
            }
            if(osw!=null){
                try {
                    osw.close();
                    osw=null;
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } 
            }
            if(out!=null){
                try {
                    out.close();
                    out=null;
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } 
            }
        }
        
        return isSucess;
    }
    
    /**
     * 导入
     * 
     * @param file csv文件(路径+文件)
     * @return
     */
    public static List<String> importCsv(File file){
        List<String> dataList=new ArrayList<String>();
        
        BufferedReader br=null;
        try { 
            br = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(file));
            String line = ""; 
            while ((line = br.readLine()) != null) { 
                dataList.add(line);
            }
        }catch (Exception e) {
        }finally{
            if(br!=null){
                try {
                    br.close();
                    br=null;
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
 
        return dataList;
    }
}

导出部分

js部分:

/*
 * 导出基准表中的数据
 */
function exportIpMac() {
	window.open("exportIpMac.do");
}

Java代码控制层:

	/**
	 * 导出的基准表信息
	 */
	@ResponseBody
	@RequestMapping("/exportIpMac")
	public String exportIpMac(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {
		List<String> dataList = topologyIpMacPortRealService.exportIpMac();
		response.setCharacterEncoding("GBK");
		SimpleDateFormat dfs = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyMMddHHmmss");// 设置日期格式
		Date time = new Date();
		String tStamp = dfs.format(time);
		String filename = "IpMacPortExport"+tStamp + ".csv";
		response.setHeader("contentType", "text/html; charset=GBK");
		response.setContentType("application/octet-stream");
		response.addHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment; filename="+filename);
		String cp=request.getSession().getServletContext().getRealPath("/");
		String path = cp+"download/"+filename;
		File file = new File(path);
		BufferedInputStream bis = null;
		BufferedOutputStream out = null;
		FileWriterWithEncoding fwwe =new FileWriterWithEncoding(file,"GBK");
		BufferedWriter bw = new BufferedWriter(fwwe);
		if(dataList!=null && !dataList.isEmpty()){
            for(String data : dataList){
                bw.write(data);
                bw.write("\n");
            }
        }
		bw.close();
		fwwe.close();
		try {
			bis = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(file));
			out = new BufferedOutputStream(response.getOutputStream());
			byte[] buff = new byte[2048];
			while (true) {
			  int bytesRead;
			  if (-1 == (bytesRead = bis.read(buff, 0, buff.length))){
				  break;
			  }
			  out.write(buff, 0, bytesRead);
			}
			file.deleteOnExit();
		}
		catch (IOException e) {
			throw e;
		}
		finally{
			try {
				if(bis != null){
					bis.close();
				}
				if(out != null){
					out.flush();
					out.close();
				}
			}
			catch (IOException e) {
				throw e;
			}
		}
		delAllFile(cp+"download/");
		return null;

	}
Java代码实现层:

	public List<String> exportIpMac() throws Exception {
		List<String> dataList = new ArrayList<String>();
		try {
			List<SiTopologyIpMacPortReal> list = siTopologyIpMacPortRealdao.selectAllData();
			dataList.add("ID,地址,IP地址,设备,设备名称,端口,更新时间");
			for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
				dataList.add(list.get(i).getId() + "," + list.get(i).getMac()
						+ "," + list.get(i).getIp() + ","
						+ list.get(i).getUpIp() + ","
						+ list.get(i).getUpName() + ","
						+ list.get(i).getUpIfIndex() + ","
						+ list.get(i).getModifyTime());
			}
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return dataList;
	}


使用的是Chrome浏览器,下载的时候会直接在浏览器下面进行显示下载。



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