DelphiXE10.2.3——跨平台生成验证码图片

    Java、PHP、C#等很容易在网上找到生成验证码图片的代码,Delphi却寥寥无几,昨天花了一整天时间,做了个跨平台的验证码,可以用在C/S和B/S端,支持Windows、Linux、Android、IOS等。对于验证码图形的混淆,只做了简单的随机线条生成,并且随机数是使用系统自带的Randomize和Random函数,Randomize随机数初始化函数由于取种子是保存在全局变量中,虽然是integer类型,但不排除非线程安全问题,所以实际应用中,还需要线程保护。

C/S和B/S上的显示效果:


unit uVerifyCode;

interface

uses System.Classes, System.SysUtils, FMX.Types, FMX.Objects, FMX.Graphics,
  System.UIConsts, System.UITypes,
{$IFDEF MSWINDOWS}ActiveX, {$ENDIF MSWINDOWS}
  System.Types;

type
  // 生成验证码组件
  TGenerateVerifyCode = class
  private const
    // 定义字典表,不要零(0),因为零和字母O样子太接近
     arrStr: array [0 .. 34] of char = (
      '1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9',
      'A','B','C','D','E','F','G','H','I',
      'J','K','L','M','N','O','P','Q','R',
      'S','T','U','V','W','X','Y','Z');
  private
    FBitmapWidth: integer; // 图片宽度
    FBitmapHeight: integer; // 图片高度
    FCodeCount: integer; // 取验证码字符的个数,默认是4个字符
    FFontName: string; // 字体名称
    FMinFontSize: integer; // 最小字体大小
    FRandomLineCount: integer; // 背景随机线条数
    FTransparency: byte; // 背景随机线条的透明度
    FXRandomLen: integer; // X的随机值长度
    FYRandomLen: integer; // Y的随机值长度
    // 画出验证码函数
    function VerifyCodeDrawImg(Img: TImage): string;
  public
    constructor Create();
    procedure GetVerifyCodeAndImage(ImageStream: TStream;
      var VerifyCode: string);
  published
    property Width: integer read FBitmapWidth write FBitmapWidth;
    property Height: integer read FBitmapHeight write FBitmapHeight;
    property CodeCount: integer read FCodeCount write FCodeCount;
    property FontName: string read FFontName write FFontName;
    property MinFontSize: integer read FMinFontSize write FMinFontSize;
    property RandomLineCount: integer read FRandomLineCount
      write FRandomLineCount;
    property Transparency: byte read FTransparency write FTransparency;
    property XRandomLen: integer read FXRandomLen write FXRandomLen;
    property YRandomLen: integer read FYRandomLen write FYRandomLen;
  end;

implementation

constructor TGenerateVerifyCode.Create();
begin
  inherited;
  FBitmapWidth := 100;
  FBitmapHeight := 30;
  FCodeCount := 4;
  FFontName := '宋体';
  FMinFontSize := 15;
  FRandomLineCount := 100;
  FTransparency := 200;
  FXRandomLen := 5;
  FYRandomLen := 4;
end;

// 获取验证码和影像的流数据
procedure TGenerateVerifyCode.GetVerifyCodeAndImage(ImageStream: TStream;
  var VerifyCode: string);
var
  Img: FMX.Objects.TImage;
begin
{$IFDEF MSWINDOWS}CoInitialize(nil); {$ENDIF MSWINDOWS}
  Img := FMX.Objects.TImage.Create(nil);
  try
    Img.Bitmap := FMX.Graphics.TBitmap.Create(FBitmapWidth, FBitmapHeight);
    // 宽100,高40
    Img.Bitmap.Canvas.BeginScene;
    VerifyCode := VerifyCodeDrawImg(Img);
    Img.Bitmap.Canvas.EndScene;
    Img.Bitmap.SaveToStream(ImageStream); // 写到流中
  finally
    freeandnil(Img);
  end;
end;

// 画出验证码函数
function TGenerateVerifyCode.VerifyCodeDrawImg(Img: TImage): string;
var
  I, j, k: integer;
  X, Y, W, H: Single;
  vLeft: Single;
  strResult: RawByteString;
begin
  // 只取4个字符
  For j := 1 to FCodeCount do
  begin
    Randomize;
    k := Random(1000000) mod 35;
    strResult := strResult + trim(arrStr[k]);
  end;
  vLeft := 5;
  Img.Bitmap.Canvas.Font.Family := FFontName;
  for j := 1 to FRandomLineCount do // 随机画100条线
  begin
    Randomize;
    Img.Bitmap.Canvas.Stroke.Color := MakeColor(Random(256) and $C0,
      Random(256) and $C0, Random(256) and $C0, FTransparency);
    Img.Bitmap.Canvas.DrawLine(pointf(Random(120), Random(50)),
      pointf(Random(120), Random(50)), 1);
  end;
  // 随机字体颜色,这里暂时不用每个字符一个随机颜色
  Img.Bitmap.Canvas.Fill.Color := MakeColor((Random(256) and $C0),
    (Random(256) and $C0), (Random(256) and $C0));
  // 背景色反色
  Img.Bitmap.Clear(Img.Bitmap.Canvas.Fill.Color xor $FFFFFF);
  for I := 1 to length(strResult) do
  begin
    Randomize;
    // 字体大小
    Img.Bitmap.Canvas.Font.Size := Random(8) + FMinFontSize;
    if Img.Bitmap.Canvas.Font.Size < (FMinFontSize + 5) then
      Img.Bitmap.Canvas.Font.Size := Img.Bitmap.Canvas.Font.Size + 5;
    if Random(2) = 1 then
      Img.Bitmap.Canvas.Font.Style := [TFontStyle.fsBold]
    else
      Img.Bitmap.Canvas.Font.Style := [TFontStyle.fsItalic];
    begin
      X := Random(FXRandomLen) + vLeft;
      Y := Random(FYRandomLen);
      W := Img.Bitmap.Canvas.TextWidth(strResult[I]);
      H := Img.Bitmap.Canvas.TextHeight(strResult[I]);
      Img.Bitmap.Canvas.FillText(TRectF.Create(X, Y, X + W, Y + H),
        strResult[I], false, 1, [], TTextAlign.taCenter, TTextAlign.taCenter);
      vLeft := X + W + 1;
    end;
  end;
  Result := strResult; // 返回值
end;

end.

使用方法:

C/S与B/S共同创建方法

var
 FGenerateVerifyCode: TGenerateVerifyCode;
begin
  FGenerateVerifyCode := TGenerateVerifyCode.Create;
end;

一、C/S使用方法:

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var
  ImageStream: TMemoryStream;
  VerifyCode: string;
begin
  ImageStream:= TMemoryStream.Create;
  try
  GetVerifyCodeAndImage(ImageStream, VerifyCode);
  Label1.Text:=VerifyCode;
  ImageStream.Position:=0;
  Image1.Bitmap.LoadFromStream(ImageStream);
  finally
    ImageStream.Free;
  end;
end;

二、B/S使用方法:

1、HTML中加入Img元素

<img src="VerifyCode" id="img-code" class="Verify-Code" style="cursor:pointer" alt="验证码" title="看不清楚?点一下图片刷新">

2、JS代码

$("#img-code").bind( 'click', function () {
		$(this).attr('src','VerifyCode?t='+Math.random());
		});

3、服务端代码

// 获取验证码图片
function TSystemPagePlugin.Method_VerifyCode(Request: TWebRequest;
  Response: TWebResponse): boolean;
VAR
  VerifyCode: string;
begin
  Response.ContentStream := TMemoryStream.Create;
  Response.ContentType := 'application/binary;';
  // 获取验证码图片和数值
   GetVerifyCodeAndImage(Response.ContentStream, VerifyCode);
  result := true;
end;

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