mysql galera 集群常见问题处理

一、mysql HA集群在断网过久或者所有节点都down了之后的恢复有以下的方法:
解决方案1:
1、等三台机器恢复网络通讯后,因为此时的mysql已经异常无法加入集群,因此需要先保证所有的mysql都是down的,再上台执行/usr/libexec/mysqld --wsrep-new-cluster --wsrep-cluster-address='gcomm://' & 这条命令,并进入mysql(只有一台机器能够成功执行,其他机器执行了过几秒钟都会异常退出这个进程,我们这里把能够成功执行的机器称为master)
2、此时三台只有一台能够成功进入mysql(即执行mysql这条命令),在非master上的两台上一台一台的执行systemctl start mysqld,必须等一台成功了,另一台才能执行。

3、在mysql中执行show status like "wsrep%";结果如下图:


 我们需要保证图中的第一项为synced,以及第二项必须为三个mysql的ip

4、保证3的结果是想要的说明集群已经恢复了,此时需要将master机器上面的/usr/libexec/mysqld --wsrep-new-cluster --wsrep-cluster-address='gcomm://'这个进程kill掉,然后再执行systemctl start mysqld即可

二、mysql HA集群某个节点无故down了并且有一段时间处于down的情况通过以下方式恢复:

1、 若日志里面出现以下日志

160119 14:11:05 [Warning] WSREP: Failed to prepare for incremental state transfer: Local state UUID (00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000) does not match group state UUID (eb9f50c6-bc95-11e5-a735-9f48e437dc03): 1 (Operation not permitted)

解决方法:删除/var/lib/mysql/grastate.dat 文件(若还存在无法同步的情况则删除galera.cache文件)

2、 若那个down了的节点出现以下日志

(异常情况集群挂了)[ERROR] Found 1 prepared transactions! It means that mysqld was not shut down properly last time and critical recovery information (last binlog or tc.log file) was manually deleted after a crash. You have to start mysqld with --tc-heuristic-recover switch to commit or rollback pending transactions

解决方法:
1、/usr/libexec/mysqld start --innodb_force_recovery=6
 1. (SRV_FORCE_IGNORE_CORRUPT):忽略检查到的corrupt页。
  2. (SRV_FORCE_NO_BACKGROUND):阻止主线程的运行,如主线程需要执行full purge操作,会导致crash。
  3. (SRV_FORCE_NO_TRX_UNDO):不执行事务回滚操作。
  4. (SRV_FORCE_NO_IBUF_MERGE):不执行插入缓冲的合并操作。
  5. (SRV_FORCE_NO_UNDO_LOG_SCAN):不查看重做日志,InnoDB存储引擎会将未提交的事务视为已提交。
  6. (SRV_FORCE_NO_LOG_REDO):不执行前滚的操作。
如果配置后出现以下情况:
130507 14:14:01  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
130507 14:14:02  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
130507 14:14:03  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
130507 14:14:04  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
130507 14:14:05  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
130507 14:14:06  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
130507 14:14:07  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
130507 14:14:08  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
130507 14:14:09  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start


需要在galera.cfg中添加这一下:
如果在设置 innodb_force_recovery >2 的同时innodb_purge_thread = 0
2、mysqld --tc-heuristic-recover=ROLLBACK
3、删除/var/lib/mysql/ib_logfile*
4、当某个mysql节点挂了,并且存在三个mysql所在host有不同的网段,当mysql想重新加入需要一个sst的过程,sst时会需要知道集群中某个节点的ip因此需要制定参数--wsrep-sst-receive-address否则可能出现同步的ip不在三台机器所共有的网段
解决参考:
http://blog.itpub.net/22664653/viewspace-1441389/


三、一个mysql节点若down了一段时间。重新启动的时候需要一些时间去同步数据,服务的启动超时时间不够,导致服务无法启动,解决方法如下:
The correct way to adjust systemd settings so they don't get overwritten is to create a directory and file as such:
/etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d/timeout.conf
[Service]
 
TimeoutStartSec=12min


或者直接修改/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service
[Service]
 
TimeoutStartSec=12min
这里的时间最少要大于90s,默认是90s之后执行 systemctl daemon-reload再重启服务即可
四、日志中出现类似如下错误:
160428 13:54:49 [ERROR] Slave SQL: Error 'Table 'manage_operations' already exists' on query. Default database: 'horizon'. Query: 'CREATE TABLE `manage_operations` (
    `id` integer AUTO_INCREMENT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
    `name` varchar(50) NOT NULL,
    `type` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
    `operation` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
    `status` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
    `time` date NOT NULL,
    `operator` varchar(50) NOT NULL
) default charset=utf8', Error_code: 1050
160428 13:54:49 [Warning] WSREP: RBR event 1 Query apply warning: 1, 28585
160428 13:54:49 [Warning] WSREP: Ignoring error for TO isolated action: source: 752eecd1-0ce0-11e6-83fc-3e0502d0bdd2 version: 3 local: 0 state: APPLYING flags: 65 conn_id: 24053 trx_id: -1 seqnos (l: 28668, g: 28585, s: 28584, d: 28584, ts: 80224119986850)
导致进程异常关闭,
此时可以通过执行mysqladmin flush-tables来刷新表项,这个问题的原因是三个节点之间的表同步存在问题,刷新一下表即可


五、日志出现以下错误:
160520 10:48:23 [Note] WSREP: COMMIT failed, MDL released: 367194
160520 10:48:23 [Note] WSREP: cert failure, thd: 358780 is_AC: 0, retry: 0 - 1 SQL: commit
160520 10:48:23 [Note] WSREP: cert failure, thd: 358784 is_AC: 0, retry: 0 - 1 SQL: commit
160520 10:48:23 [Note] WSREP: COMMIT failed, MDL released: 367188
160520 10:48:23 [Note] WSREP: cert failure, thd: 359683 is_AC: 0, retry: 0 - 1 SQL: commit
160520 10:48:23 [Note] WSREP: cert failure, thd: 358808 is_AC: 0, retry: 0 - 1 SQL: commit
160520 10:48:23 [Note] WSREP: cert failure, thd: 367191 is_AC: 0, retry: 0 - 1 SQL: commit
160520 10:48:23 [Note] WSREP: cert failure, thd: 367196 is_AC: 0, retry: 0 - 1 SQL: commit
160520 10:48:23 [Note] WSREP: cert failure, thd: 367194 is_AC: 0, retry: 0 - 1 SQL: commit

160520 10:48:23 [Note] WSREP: cert failure, thd: 367188 is_AC: 0, retry: 0 - 1 SQL: commit

8、日志出现以下错误:

160820  3:13:41 [ERROR] Error in accept: Too many open files
160820  3:19:42 [ERROR] Error in accept: Too many open files
160827  3:16:24 [ERROR] Error in accept: Too many open files
160831 17:20:52 [ERROR] Error in accept: Too many open files
160831 19:54:29 [ERROR] Error in accept: Too many open files
160831 20:21:53 [ERROR] Error in accept: Too many open files
160901 11:25:57 [ERROR] Error in accept: Too many open files

解决方法

vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service

 [Service]
 LimitNOFILE=10000

默认的mysql的open_file_limits是1024将该项增大,并且修改vim /etc/my.cnf.d/server.cnf该文件的open_files_limit值

systemctl daemon-reload

systemctl restart mysqld

查看mysql的open_file_limits值是否调整成功

cat /proc/$pid/limit

其中$pid为mysql进程的pid看看值是否调整成功,并看看日志是否还会出现上述错误

发布了11 篇原创文章 · 获赞 5 · 访问量 3万+
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

©️2019 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师: CSDN官方博客

分享到微信朋友圈

×

扫一扫,手机浏览