原生javascript分页 html分页与ajax数据请求结合使用 前端js分页

原生javascript分页功能,与后台结合使用ajax请求数据,是目前大多数前后端分离建站使用的分页展示数据的逻辑

使用示例:

 效果图:

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>分页</title>
    <!-- 分页css -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="pages.css">

    <style type="text/css">
        html,body,div {padding: 0;margin: 0;}
        html {font-family: '微软雅黑', Arial, Verdana, arial, serif;}
        #content div {padding: 10px;background: #f2f2f2;margin-bottom: 1px;}
    </style>

</head>

<body>
    <div id="content"></div>
    <!-- 分页DOM -->
    <div id="pagination" class="pagination"></div>

    <!-- 引入分页js -->
    <script src="pages.js"></script>
    <!-- ajax函数,需要了解请点击这里:https://blog.csdn.net/u012780176/article/details/79278479 -->
    <script src="ajax.js"></script>
    <script>
    window.onload = function() {
        var url = 'https://cnodejs.org/api/v1/topics?limit=10&page=';
        var content = document.getElementById('content');
        var tmp = '';

        // 进入页面初始化请求第一页数据
        getData(1);

        // 使用ajax函数请求数据并渲染到页面
        function getData(page) {
            content.innerHTML = '正在加载...';
            ajax({
                url: url + page,
                type: "get",
                dataType: "json",
                success: function(data) {
                    var list = data.data;
                    list.forEach(function(context) {
                        tmp += '<div>' + context.title + '</div>';
                    });
                    content.innerHTML = tmp;
                    tmp = '';
                },
                error: function(err) {
                    alert('请求数据失败');
                }
            })
        }

        
        // 示例化分页组件
        new myPagination({
            id: 'pagination',
            curPage: 1, //初始页码
            pageTotal: 50, //总页数
            pageAmount: 10, //每页多少条
            dataTotal: 500, //总共多少条数据
            pageSize: 5, //可选,分页个数
            showPageTotalFlag: true, //是否显示数据统计
            showSkipInputFlag: true, //是否支持跳转
            getPage: function(page) {
              // 点击分页按钮请求数据
                getData(page);
            }
        })
    }
    </script>
</body>

</html>

 

pages.js:

function myPagination(options) {
    var pageSize = options.pageSize,
        pageTotal = options.pageTotal,
        curPage = options.curPage,
        id = options.id,
        getPage = options.getPage,
        showPageTotalFlag = options.showPageTotalFlag,
        showSkipInputFlag = options.showSkipInputFlag,
        pageAmount = options.pageAmount,
        dataTotal = options.dataTotal;
    this.pageSize = pageSize || 5; //分页个数
    this.pageTotal = pageTotal; //总共多少页
    this.pageAmount = pageAmount; //每页多少条
    this.dataTotal = dataTotal; //总共多少数据
    this.curPage = curPage || 1; //初始页码
    this.ul = document.createElement('ul');
    this.id = id;
    this.getPage = getPage;
    this.middlePageSize = (this.pageSize - 1) / 2;
    this.showPageTotalFlag = showPageTotalFlag || false; //是否显示数据统计
    this.showSkipInputFlag = showSkipInputFlag || false; //是否支持跳转
    this.init();
};

myPagination.prototype = {
    init: function init() {
        var pagination = document.getElementById(this.id);
        pagination.innerHTML = '';
        this.ul.innerHTML = '';
        pagination.appendChild(this.ul);
        var that = this;
        //首页
        that.firstPage();
        //上一页
        that.lastPage();
        //分页
        that.getPages().forEach(function (item) {
            var li = document.createElement('li');
            if (item == that.curPage) {
                li.className = 'active';
            } else {
                li.onclick = function () {
                    that.curPage = parseInt(this.innerHTML);
                    that.init();
                    that.getPage(that.curPage);
                };
            }
            li.innerHTML = item;
            that.ul.appendChild(li);
        });
        //下一页
        that.nextPage();
        //尾页
        that.finalPage();

        //是否支持跳转
        if (that.showSkipInputFlag)
            that.showSkipInput();
        //是否显示总页数,每页个数,数据
        if (that.showPageTotalFlag)
            that.showPageTotal();
    },
    //首页
    firstPage: function firstPage() {
        var that = this;
        var li = document.createElement('li');
        li.innerHTML = '首页';
        this.ul.appendChild(li);
        if (parseInt(that.curPage) > 1) {
            li.onclick = function () {
                var val = parseInt(1);
                that.curPage = val;
                that.getPage(that.curPage);
                that.init();
            };
        } else {
            li.className = 'disabled';
        }
    },
    //上一页
    lastPage: function lastPage() {
        var that = this;
        var li = document.createElement('li');
        li.innerHTML = '<';
        if (parseInt(that.curPage) > 1) {
            li.onclick = function () {
                that.curPage = parseInt(that.curPage) - 1;
                that.init();
                that.getPage(that.curPage);
            };
        } else {
            li.className = 'disabled';
        }
        this.ul.appendChild(li);
    },
    //分页
    getPages: function getPages() {
        var pag = [];
        if (this.curPage <= this.pageTotal) {

            if (this.curPage < this.pageSize - this.middlePageSize) {
                //当前页数小于显示条数
                var i = Math.min(this.pageSize, this.pageTotal);
                while (i) {
                    pag.unshift(i--);
                }
            } else {
                //当前页数大于显示条数
                var middle = this.curPage - Math.floor(this.pageSize / 2),
                    //从哪里开始
                    i = this.pageSize;
                if (middle > this.pageTotal - this.pageSize) {
                    if (middle <= Math.ceil(this.pageSize / 2) - 1) {
                        i = this.pageSize + this.pageTotal - this.pageSize;
                        middle = 1;
                    } else {
                        middle = this.pageTotal - this.pageSize + 1;
                    }
                }
                while (i--) {
                    pag.push(middle++);
                }
            }
        } else {
            console.error('当前页数不能大于总页数');
        }
        if (!this.pageSize) {
            console.error('显示页数不能为空或者0');
        }
        return pag;
    },
    //下一页
    nextPage: function nextPage() {
        var that = this;
        var li = document.createElement('li');
        li.innerHTML = '>';
        if (parseInt(that.curPage) < parseInt(that.pageTotal)) {
            li.onclick = function () {
                that.curPage = parseInt(that.curPage) + 1;
                that.init();
                that.getPage(that.curPage);
            };
        } else {
            li.className = 'disabled';
        }
        this.ul.appendChild(li);
    },
    //尾页
    finalPage: function finalPage() {
        var that = this;
        var li = document.createElement('li');
        li.innerHTML = '尾页';
        this.ul.appendChild(li);
        if (parseInt(that.curPage) < parseInt(that.pageTotal)) {
            li.onclick = function () {
                var yyfinalPage = that.pageTotal;
                var val = parseInt(yyfinalPage);
                that.curPage = val;
                that.getPage(that.curPage);
                that.init();
            };
        } else {
            li.className = 'disabled';
        }
        
    },
    //是否支持跳转
    showSkipInput: function showSkipInput() {
        var that = this;
        var li = document.createElement('li');
        li.className = 'totalPage';
        var span1 = document.createElement('span');
        span1.innerHTML = '跳转到';
        li.appendChild(span1);
        var input = document.createElement('input');
        input.setAttribute("type", "number");
        input.onkeydown = function (e) {
            var oEvent = e || event;
            if (oEvent.keyCode == '13') {
                var val = parseInt(oEvent.target.value);
                if (typeof val === 'number' && val <= that.pageTotal) {
                    that.curPage = val;
                    that.getPage(that.curPage);
                } else {
                    alert("跳转页数不能大于总页数 !")
                }
                that.init();
            }
        };
        li.appendChild(input);
        var span2 = document.createElement('span');
        span2.innerHTML = '页';
        li.appendChild(span2);
        this.ul.appendChild(li);
    },
    //是否显示总页数,每页个数,数据
    showPageTotal: function showPageTotal() {
        var that = this;
        var li = document.createElement('li');
        li.innerHTML = '共&nbsp' + that.pageTotal + '&nbsp页';
        li.className = 'totalPage';
        this.ul.appendChild(li);
        var li2 = document.createElement('li');
        li2.innerHTML = '每页&nbsp' + that.pageAmount + '&nbsp条';
        li2.className = 'totalPage';
        this.ul.appendChild(li2);
        var li3 = document.createElement('li');
        li3.innerHTML = '合计&nbsp' + that.dataTotal + '&nbsp条数据';
        li3.className = 'totalPage';
        this.ul.appendChild(li3);
    }
};

pages.css:

.pagination {
	padding:5px;
	font-family: '微软雅黑',Arial,Verdana,arial,serif;
}
.pagination ul {
    list-style: none;
    padding-left: 0;
    font-size: 0;
}
.pagination ul li {
    padding: 0 10px;
    vertical-align: bottom;
    display: inline-block;
    font-size: 14px;
    min-width: 36px;
    min-height: 28px;
    line-height: 28px;
    cursor: pointer;
    box-sizing: border-box;
    text-align: center;
    margin-left: -1px;
    color: #606266;
    border: 1px solid #ebebeb;
    height: 30px;
    transition: all .3s;
}
.pagination ul li:hover {
    color: #80bd01;
}
.pagination ul li.totalPage:hover {
    color: #606266;
}
.pagination  li.active {
    color: #80bd01;
}
.pagination li.disabled {
    cursor: not-allowed;
}
.pagination li.disabled:hover {
    color: #ccc;
}
.pagination li.totalPage {
    background: transparent;
    cursor: default;
    border: none;
    padding: 0 6px;
}
 
.pagination li.totalPage:hover {
    transform: none;
    background-color: #ffffff;
}
.pagination li input {
    -webkit-appearance: none;
    background-color: #fff;
    background-image: none;
    border: 0;
    border-bottom: 1px solid #dcdfe6;
    box-sizing: border-box;
    color: #606266;
    display: inline-block;
    font-size: inherit;
    outline: none;
    padding: 3px 5px;
    transition: border-color .2s;
    width: 40px;
    height: 25px;
    margin: 0 6px;
}
.pagination li input:focus{
    border-color: #80bd01;
}
.pagination{
    user-select: none;
}
.pagination ul:nth-child(2){
    border-radius: 6px;
}
input[type=number] {
    -moz-appearance:textfield;
}
input[type=number]::-webkit-inner-spin-button,
input[type=number]::-webkit-outer-spin-button {
    -webkit-appearance: none;
    margin: 0;
}

 

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