Android上使用OpenGLES2.0显示YUV数据

楼主收到这样的任务,在Android上用OpenGLES来显示YUV图像,之所以这样做,是因为:

1.Android本身也不能直接显示YUV图像,YUV转成RGB还是必要的;

2.YUV手动转RGB会占用大量的CPU资源,如果以这样的形式播放视频,手机会很热,所以我们尽量让GPU来做这件事;

3.OpenGLES是Android集成到自身框架里的第三方库,它有很多的可取之处。


博主的C/C++不是很好,所以整个过程是在Java层实现的,大家见笑,我主要参考(但不限于)以下文章,十分感谢这些朋友的分享:

1. http://blog.csdn.net/xiaoguaihai/article/details/8672631

2.http://chenshun87.blog.163.com/blog/static/18859389201232011727615/

3.http://blog.csdn.net/ypist/article/details/8950903

4.http://blog.csdn.net/wanglang3081/article/details/8480281

5.http://blog.csdn.net/xdljf/article/details/7178620


一、首先我先说一下这个解决方案是怎么运行的,给大家一个概念

1.显示在哪 -> GLSurfaceVIew

2.谁来把数据贴到GLSurfaceVIew上 -> Renderer

3.谁来负责YUV数据转换成RGB -> GL中的Program/Shader

一句话说明白就是:GL的Program/Shader把用户传过来的YUV数据,转换成RGB数据后,通过Renderer贴在GLSurfaceView上。


二、怎么检查你的手机是不是支持GLES2.0呢,使用下面的代码段就行了:

    public static boolean detectOpenGLES20(Context context) {
        ActivityManager am = (ActivityManager) context.getSystemService(Context.ACTIVITY_SERVICE);
        ConfigurationInfo info = am.getDeviceConfigurationInfo();
        return (info.reqGlEsVersion >= 0x20000);
    }
一般的手机,都是会支持GLES2.0的,大家不必担心。


三、开搞


A 先要有一个GLSurfaceView,把它放入你的布局中就好了。

找到这个家伙,对它进行简单的设置,并为它设置一个Renderer。

Renderer的作用就是在GLSurfaceView上画出图像。

            mGLSurface = (GLFrameSurface) findViewById(R.id.glsurface);
            mGLSurface.setEGLContextClientVersion(2);
            mGLFRenderer = new GLFrameRenderer(this, mGLSurface);
            mGLSurface.setRenderer(mGLFRenderer);

B 再就是看下GLFrameRenderer怎么来写了

public class GLFrameRenderer implements Renderer {

    private ISimplePlayer mParentAct; //请无视之
    private GLSurfaceView mTargetSurface;
    private GLProgram prog = new GLProgram(0);
    private int mVideoWidth = -1, mVideoHeight = -1;
    private ByteBuffer y;
    private ByteBuffer u;
    private ByteBuffer v;

    public GLFrameRenderer(ISimplePlayer callback, GLSurfaceView surface) {
        mParentAct = callback; //请无视之
        mTargetSurface = surface;
    }

    @Override
    public void onSurfaceCreated(GL10 gl, EGLConfig config) {
        Utils.LOGD("GLFrameRenderer :: onSurfaceCreated");
        if (!prog.isProgramBuilt()) {
            prog.buildProgram();
            Utils.LOGD("GLFrameRenderer :: buildProgram done");
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onSurfaceChanged(GL10 gl, int width, int height) {
        Utils.LOGD("GLFrameRenderer :: onSurfaceChanged");
        GLES20.glViewport(0, 0, width, height);
    }

    @Override
    public void onDrawFrame(GL10 gl) {
        synchronized (this) {
            if (y != null) {
                // reset position, have to be done
                y.position(0);
                u.position(0);
                v.position(0);
                prog.buildTextures(y, u, v, mVideoWidth, mVideoHeight);
                GLES20.glClearColor(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
                GLES20.glClear(GLES20.GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);
                prog.drawFrame();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * this method will be called from native code, it happens when the video is about to play or
     * the video size changes.
     */
    public void update(int w, int h) {
        Utils.LOGD("INIT E");
        if (w > 0 && h > 0) {
            if (w != mVideoWidth && h != mVideoHeight) {
                this.mVideoWidth = w;
                this.mVideoHeight = h;
                int yarraySize = w * h;
                int uvarraySize = yarraySize / 4;
                synchronized (this) {
                    y = ByteBuffer.allocate(yarraySize);
                    u = ByteBuffer.allocate(uvarraySize);
                    v = ByteBuffer.allocate(uvarraySize);
                }
            }
        }

        mParentAct.onPlayStart(); //请无视之
        Utils.LOGD("INIT X");
    }

    /**
     * this method will be called from native code, it's used for passing yuv data to me.
     */
    public void update(byte[] ydata, byte[] udata, byte[] vdata) {
        synchronized (this) {
            y.clear();
            u.clear();
            v.clear();
            y.put(ydata, 0, ydata.length);
            u.put(udata, 0, udata.length);
            v.put(vdata, 0, vdata.length);
        }

        // request to render
        mTargetSurface.requestRender();
    }
}

代码很简单,Renderer主要处理这么几个事:

1.Surface create的时候,我初始化了一些需要用到的Program/Shader,因为马上就要用到它们了;

2.Surface change的时候,重置一下画面;

3.onDrawFrame()时,把数据真正地“画”上去;

4.至于两个update方法,是用来把图像的宽高/数据传过来的。


C 看GLProgram是怎么写的,它的作用是向Renderer提供计算单元,你所有对数据的处理,都在这儿了。

    public boolean isProgramBuilt() {
        return isProgBuilt;
    }

    public void buildProgram() {
        createBuffers(_vertices, coordVertices);
        if (_program <= 0) {
            _program = createProgram(VERTEX_SHADER, FRAGMENT_SHADER);
        }
        Utils.LOGD("_program = " + _program);

        /*
         * get handle for "vPosition" and "a_texCoord"
         */
        _positionHandle = GLES20.glGetAttribLocation(_program, "vPosition");
        Utils.LOGD("_positionHandle = " + _positionHandle);
        checkGlError("glGetAttribLocation vPosition");
        if (_positionHandle == -1) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Could not get attribute location for vPosition");
        }
        _coordHandle = GLES20.glGetAttribLocation(_program, "a_texCoord");
        Utils.LOGD("_coordHandle = " + _coordHandle);
        checkGlError("glGetAttribLocation a_texCoord");
        if (_coordHandle == -1) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Could not get attribute location for a_texCoord");
        }

        /*
         * get uniform location for y/u/v, we pass data through these uniforms
         */
        _yhandle = GLES20.glGetUniformLocation(_program, "tex_y");
        Utils.LOGD("_yhandle = " + _yhandle);
        checkGlError("glGetUniformLocation tex_y");
        if (_yhandle == -1) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Could not get uniform location for tex_y");
        }
        _uhandle = GLES20.glGetUniformLocation(_program, "tex_u");
        Utils.LOGD("_uhandle = " + _uhandle);
        checkGlError("glGetUniformLocation tex_u");
        if (_uhandle == -1) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Could not get uniform location for tex_u");
        }
        _vhandle = GLES20.glGetUniformLocation(_program, "tex_v");
        Utils.LOGD("_vhandle = " + _vhandle);
        checkGlError("glGetUniformLocation tex_v");
        if (_vhandle == -1) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Could not get uniform location for tex_v");
        }

        isProgBuilt = true;
    }

    /**
     * build a set of textures, one for Y, one for U, and one for V.
     */
    public void buildTextures(Buffer y, Buffer u, Buffer v, int width, int height) {
        boolean videoSizeChanged = (width != _video_width || height != _video_height);
        if (videoSizeChanged) {
            _video_width = width;
            _video_height = height;
            Utils.LOGD("buildTextures videoSizeChanged: w=" + _video_width + " h=" + _video_height);
        }

        // building texture for Y data
        if (_ytid < 0 || videoSizeChanged) {
            if (_ytid >= 0) {
                Utils.LOGD("glDeleteTextures Y");
                GLES20.glDeleteTextures(1, new int[] { _ytid }, 0);
                checkGlError("glDeleteTextures");
            }
            // GLES20.glPixelStorei(GLES20.GL_UNPACK_ALIGNMENT, 1);
            int[] textures = new int[1];
            GLES20.glGenTextures(1, textures, 0);
            checkGlError("glGenTextures");
            _ytid = textures[0];
            Utils.LOGD("glGenTextures Y = " + _ytid);
        }
        GLES20.glBindTexture(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, _ytid);
        checkGlError("glBindTexture");
        GLES20.glTexImage2D(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GLES20.GL_LUMINANCE, _video_width, _video_height, 0,
                GLES20.GL_LUMINANCE, GLES20.GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, y);
        checkGlError("glTexImage2D");
        GLES20.glTexParameterf(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GLES20.GL_NEAREST);
        GLES20.glTexParameterf(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GLES20.GL_LINEAR);
        GLES20.glTexParameteri(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GLES20.GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
        GLES20.glTexParameteri(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GLES20.GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);

        // building texture for U data
        if (_utid < 0 || videoSizeChanged) {
            if (_utid >= 0) {
                Utils.LOGD("glDeleteTextures U");
                GLES20.glDeleteTextures(1, new int[] { _utid }, 0);
                checkGlError("glDeleteTextures");
            }
            int[] textures = new int[1];
            GLES20.glGenTextures(1, textures, 0);
            checkGlError("glGenTextures");
            _utid = textures[0];
            Utils.LOGD("glGenTextures U = " + _utid);
        }
        GLES20.glBindTexture(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, _utid);
        GLES20.glTexImage2D(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GLES20.GL_LUMINANCE, _video_width / 2, _video_height / 2, 0,
                GLES20.GL_LUMINANCE, GLES20.GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, u);
        GLES20.glTexParameterf(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GLES20.GL_NEAREST);
        GLES20.glTexParameterf(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GLES20.GL_LINEAR);
        GLES20.glTexParameteri(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GLES20.GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
        GLES20.glTexParameteri(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GLES20.GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);

        // building texture for V data
        if (_vtid < 0 || videoSizeChanged) {
            if (_vtid >= 0) {
                Utils.LOGD("glDeleteTextures V");
                GLES20.glDeleteTextures(1, new int[] { _vtid }, 0);
                checkGlError("glDeleteTextures");
            }
            int[] textures = new int[1];
            GLES20.glGenTextures(1, textures, 0);
            checkGlError("glGenTextures");
            _vtid = textures[0];
            Utils.LOGD("glGenTextures V = " + _vtid);
        }
        GLES20.glBindTexture(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, _vtid);
        GLES20.glTexImage2D(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GLES20.GL_LUMINANCE, _video_width / 2, _video_height / 2, 0,
                GLES20.GL_LUMINANCE, GLES20.GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, v);
        GLES20.glTexParameterf(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GLES20.GL_NEAREST);
        GLES20.glTexParameterf(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GLES20.GL_LINEAR);
        GLES20.glTexParameteri(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GLES20.GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
        GLES20.glTexParameteri(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GLES20.GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
    }

    /**
     * render the frame
     * the YUV data will be converted to RGB by shader.
     */
    public void drawFrame() {
        GLES20.glUseProgram(_program);
        checkGlError("glUseProgram");

        GLES20.glVertexAttribPointer(_positionHandle, 2, GLES20.GL_FLOAT, false, 8, _vertice_buffer);
        checkGlError("glVertexAttribPointer mPositionHandle");
        GLES20.glEnableVertexAttribArray(_positionHandle);

        GLES20.glVertexAttribPointer(_coordHandle, 2, GLES20.GL_FLOAT, false, 8, _coord_buffer);
        checkGlError("glVertexAttribPointer maTextureHandle");
        GLES20.glEnableVertexAttribArray(_coordHandle);

        // bind textures
        GLES20.glActiveTexture(_textureI);
        GLES20.glBindTexture(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, _ytid);
        GLES20.glUniform1i(_yhandle, _tIindex);

        GLES20.glActiveTexture(_textureII);
        GLES20.glBindTexture(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, _utid);
        GLES20.glUniform1i(_uhandle, _tIIindex);

        GLES20.glActiveTexture(_textureIII);
        GLES20.glBindTexture(GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_2D, _vtid);
        GLES20.glUniform1i(_vhandle, _tIIIindex);

        GLES20.glDrawArrays(GLES20.GL_TRIANGLE_STRIP, 0, 4);
        GLES20.glFinish();

        GLES20.glDisableVertexAttribArray(_positionHandle);
        GLES20.glDisableVertexAttribArray(_coordHandle);
    }

    /**
     * create program and load shaders, fragment shader is very important.
     */
    public int createProgram(String vertexSource, String fragmentSource) {
        // create shaders
        int vertexShader = loadShader(GLES20.GL_VERTEX_SHADER, vertexSource);
        int pixelShader = loadShader(GLES20.GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER, fragmentSource);
        // just check
        Utils.LOGD("vertexShader = " + vertexShader);
        Utils.LOGD("pixelShader = " + pixelShader);

        int program = GLES20.glCreateProgram();
        if (program != 0) {
            GLES20.glAttachShader(program, vertexShader);
            checkGlError("glAttachShader");
            GLES20.glAttachShader(program, pixelShader);
            checkGlError("glAttachShader");
            GLES20.glLinkProgram(program);
            int[] linkStatus = new int[1];
            GLES20.glGetProgramiv(program, GLES20.GL_LINK_STATUS, linkStatus, 0);
            if (linkStatus[0] != GLES20.GL_TRUE) {
                Utils.LOGE("Could not link program: ", null);
                Utils.LOGE(GLES20.glGetProgramInfoLog(program), null);
                GLES20.glDeleteProgram(program);
                program = 0;
            }
        }
        return program;
    }

    /**
     * create shader with given source.
     */
    private int loadShader(int shaderType, String source) {
        int shader = GLES20.glCreateShader(shaderType);
        if (shader != 0) {
            GLES20.glShaderSource(shader, source);
            GLES20.glCompileShader(shader);
            int[] compiled = new int[1];
            GLES20.glGetShaderiv(shader, GLES20.GL_COMPILE_STATUS, compiled, 0);
            if (compiled[0] == 0) {
                Utils.LOGE("Could not compile shader " + shaderType + ":", null);
                Utils.LOGE(GLES20.glGetShaderInfoLog(shader), null);
                GLES20.glDeleteShader(shader);
                shader = 0;
            }
        }
        return shader;
    }

    /**
     * these two buffers are used for holding vertices, screen vertices and texture vertices.
     */
    private void createBuffers(float[] vert, float[] coord) {
        _vertice_buffer = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(vert.length * 4);
        _vertice_buffer.order(ByteOrder.nativeOrder());
        _vertice_buffer.asFloatBuffer().put(vert);
        _vertice_buffer.position(0);

        if (_coord_buffer == null) {
            _coord_buffer = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(coord.length * 4);
            _coord_buffer.order(ByteOrder.nativeOrder());
            _coord_buffer.asFloatBuffer().put(coord);
            _coord_buffer.position(0);
        }
    }

    private void checkGlError(String op) {
        int error;
        while ((error = GLES20.glGetError()) != GLES20.GL_NO_ERROR) {
            Utils.LOGE("***** " + op + ": glError " + error, null);
            throw new RuntimeException(op + ": glError " + error);
        }
    }

    private static float[] squareVertices = { -1.0f, -1.0f, 1.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, }; // fullscreen

    private static float[] coordVertices = { 0.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f, };// whole-texture

    private static final String VERTEX_SHADER = "attribute vec4 vPosition;\n" + "attribute vec2 a_texCoord;\n"
            + "varying vec2 tc;\n" + "void main() {\n" + "gl_Position = vPosition;\n" + "tc = a_texCoord;\n" + "}\n";

    private static final String FRAGMENT_SHADER = "precision mediump float;\n" + "uniform sampler2D tex_y;\n"
            + "uniform sampler2D tex_u;\n" + "uniform sampler2D tex_v;\n" + "varying vec2 tc;\n" + "void main() {\n"
            + "vec4 c = vec4((texture2D(tex_y, tc).r - 16./255.) * 1.164);\n"
            + "vec4 U = vec4(texture2D(tex_u, tc).r - 128./255.);\n"
            + "vec4 V = vec4(texture2D(tex_v, tc).r - 128./255.);\n" + "c += V * vec4(1.596, -0.813, 0, 0);\n"
            + "c += U * vec4(0, -0.392, 2.017, 0);\n" + "c.a = 1.0;\n" + "gl_FragColor = c;\n" + "}\n";

这里面代码比较复杂,我在这里稍作解释:

1.首先,buildProgram()目的要生成一个program,作用是用来将YUV->RGB,其中用到了2个shader(shader就相当于一个小运算器,它运行一段代码),第1个shader运行VERTEX_SHADER里的代码,目的是将坐标作为参数传入第2个shader;第2个shader来做YUV->RGB的运算。

2.buildTextures()是要生成3个贴图,分别为了显示R/G/B数据,三个贴图重合在一起,显示出来的就是彩色的图片。

3.drawFrame()是使用program来做运算,并真正去做画这个动作了。


至此,就可以将YUV图片也好,视频也可,给显示在Android上了,而且速度不慢哦!希望能帮到大家。


相关代码下载链接:

http://download.csdn.net/detail/ueryueryuery/7144851

木有分的同学,可以发邮件至ueryueryuery@163.com,写明需要哪份代码,LOL


========================================================

2014-07-03

以上代码只是关键类的代码,也搭者楼主懒,一直没有写一个完整的demo。

不过,只要大家多从网上查查,再结合楼主的类,一定可以自己搞出来的!


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