基于sqlserver 的sql语句导出数据字典

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1 导表

SELECT TOP (100) PERCENT 
CASE WHEN a.colorder = 1 THEN d .name ELSE '' END AS 表名, CASE WHEN a.colorder = 1 THEN isnull(f.value, '') 
ELSE '' END AS 表说明, a.colorder AS 字段序号, a.name AS 字段名, CASE WHEN COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id, a.name, 'IsIdentity') 
= 1 THEN '√' ELSE '' END AS 标识, CASE WHEN EXISTS 
(SELECT 1 FROM dbo.sysindexes si INNER JOIN 
dbo.sysindexkeys sik ON si.id = sik.id AND si.indid = sik.indid INNER JOIN 
dbo.syscolumns sc ON sc.id = sik.id AND sc.colid = sik.colid INNER JOIN 
dbo.sysobjects so ON so.name = so.name AND so.xtype = 'PK' 
WHERE sc.id = a.id AND sc.colid = a.colid) THEN '√' ELSE '' END AS 主键, b.name AS 类型, a.length AS 长度, COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id, a.name, 
'PRECISION') AS 精度, ISNULL(COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id, a.name, 'Scale'), 0) AS 小数位数, 
CASE WHEN a.isnullable = 1 THEN '√' ELSE '' END AS 允许空, ISNULL(e.text, '') AS 默认值, ISNULL(g.value, '') AS 字段说明, d.crdate AS 创建时间, 
CASE WHEN a.colorder = 1 THEN d .refdate ELSE NULL END AS 更改时间 
FROM dbo.syscolumns AS a LEFT OUTER JOIN 
dbo.systypes AS b ON a.xtype = b.xusertype INNER JOIN 
dbo.sysobjects AS d ON a.id = d.id AND d.xtype = 'U'  AND d.status >= 0 LEFT OUTER JOIN 
dbo.syscomments AS e ON a.cdefault = e.id LEFT OUTER JOIN 
sys.extended_properties AS g ON a.id = g.major_id AND a.colid = g.minor_id LEFT OUTER JOIN 
sys.extended_properties AS f ON d.id = f.major_id AND f.minor_id = 0 
ORDER BY d.name, 字段序号 

2 导索引

SELECT TOP 100 PERCENT --a.id, 
CASE WHEN b.keyno = 1 THEN c.name ELSE '' END AS 表名, 
CASE WHEN b.keyno = 1 THEN a.name ELSE '' END AS 索引名称, d.name AS 列名, 
b.keyno AS 索引顺序, CASE indexkey_property(c.id, b.indid, b.keyno, 'isdescending') 
WHEN 1 THEN '降序' WHEN 0 THEN '升序' END AS 排序, CASE WHEN p.id IS NULL 
THEN '' ELSE '√' END AS 主键, CASE INDEXPROPERTY(c.id, a.name, 'IsClustered') 
WHEN 1 THEN '√' WHEN 0 THEN '' END AS 聚集, CASE INDEXPROPERTY(c.id, 
a.name, 'IsUnique') WHEN 1 THEN '√' WHEN 0 THEN '' END AS 唯一, 
CASE WHEN e.id IS NULL THEN '' ELSE '√' END AS 唯一约束, 
a.OrigFillFactor AS 填充因子, c.crdate AS 创建时间, c.refdate AS 更改时间 
FROM dbo.sysindexes a INNER JOIN 
dbo.sysindexkeys b ON a.id = b.id AND a.indid = b.indid INNER JOIN 
dbo.syscolumns d ON b.id = d.id AND b.colid = d.colid INNER JOIN 
dbo.sysobjects c ON a.id = c.id AND c.xtype = 'U' LEFT OUTER JOIN 
dbo.sysobjects e ON e.name = a.name AND e.xtype = 'UQ' LEFT OUTER JOIN 
dbo.sysobjects p ON p.name = a.name AND p.xtype = 'PK' 
WHERE (OBJECTPROPERTY(a.id, N'IsUserTable') = 1) AND (OBJECTPROPERTY(a.id, 
N'IsMSShipped') = 0) AND (INDEXPROPERTY(a.id, a.name, 'IsAutoStatistics') = 0) 
ORDER BY c.name, a.name, b.keyno 

3 导出主\外键\约束\试图等对象 

SELECT DISTINCT 
TOP 100 PERCENT o.xtype, 
CASE o.xtype WHEN 'X' THEN '扩展存储过程' WHEN 'TR' THEN '触发器' WHEN 'PK' THEN 
'主键' WHEN 'F' THEN '外键' WHEN 'C' THEN '约束' WHEN 'V' THEN '视图' WHEN 'FN' 
THEN '函数-标量' WHEN 'IF' THEN '函数-内嵌' WHEN 'TF' THEN '函数-表值' ELSE '存储过程' 
END AS 类型, o.name AS 对象名, o.crdate AS 创建时间, o.refdate AS 更改时间, 
c.text AS 声明语句 
FROM dbo.sysobjects o LEFT OUTER JOIN 
dbo.syscomments c ON o.id = c.id 
WHERE (o.xtype IN ('X', 'TR', 'C', 'V', 'F', 'IF', 'TF', 'FN', 'P', 'PK')) AND 
(OBJECTPROPERTY(o.id, N'IsMSShipped') = 0) 
ORDER BY CASE o.xtype WHEN 'X' THEN '扩展存储过程' WHEN 'TR' THEN '触发器' WHEN 
'PK' THEN '主键' WHEN 'F' THEN '外键' WHEN 'C' THEN '约束' WHEN 'V' THEN '视图' 
WHEN 'FN' THEN '函数-标量' WHEN 'IF' THEN '函数-内嵌' WHEN 'TF' THEN '函数-表值' 
ELSE '存储过程' END DESC

 

4 导出索引的碎片率

DECLARE @db_name VARCHAR(256)
SET @db_name='MyDB' --数据库名
SELECT db_name(a.database_id) [db_name],c.name [table_name], b.name [index_name], a.avg_fragmentation_in_percent 
FROM sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats (DB_ID(@db_name), NULL,NULL, NULL, 'Limited') AS a 
 JOIN sys.indexes AS b  ON a.object_id = b.object_id 
  AND a.index_id = b.index_id 
 JOIN sys.tables AS c ON a.object_id = c.object_id
WHERE a.index_id>0 
 AND a.avg_fragmentation_in_percent>50

 

5 触发器

select   a.name as [Table],b.name as [Trigger]
from   sysobjects   a   ,   sysobjects   b   
where   a.id   =   b.parent_obj  and   a.xtype   =   'u'   and   b.xtype   =   'tr'

 

 

6. 查询数据库表的所有外键信息 

 

SELECT 主键表名称=object_name(b.rkeyid)
,主键列ID=b.rkey 
,主键列名=(SELECT name FROM syscolumns WHERE colid=b.rkey AND id=b.rkeyid) 
,外键表ID=b.fkeyid 
,外键表名称=object_name(b.fkeyid) 
,外键列ID=b.fkey 
,外键列名=(SELECT name FROM syscolumns WHERE colid=b.fkey AND id=b.fkeyid) 
,级联更新=ObjectProperty(a.id,'CnstIsUpdateCascade') 
,级联删除=ObjectProperty(a.id,'CnstIsDeleteCascade') 
FROM sysobjects a 
join sysforeignkeys b on a.id=b.constid 
join sysobjects c on a.parent_obj=c.id 
WHERE a.xtype='F' AND c.xtype='U'

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