C# NPOI 导入与导出Excel文档 兼容xlsx, xls

这里使用的NPOI版本为: 2.1.3.1

官方下载地址: http://npoi.codeplex.com/releases

版本内包含.Net 2.0 与.Net 4.0

.Net 4.0中包含文件

使用时需引用需要引用所有5个dll

使用到的引用

using NPOI.HSSF.UserModel;
using NPOI.SS.UserModel;
using NPOI.XSSF.UserModel;

 

还有经过自己整理的导入导出Excel代码:

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        /// <summary>
        /// Excel导入成Datable
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="file">导入路径(包含文件名与扩展名)</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static DataTable ExcelToTable(string file)
        {
            DataTable dt = new DataTable();
            IWorkbook workbook;
            string fileExt = Path.GetExtension(file).ToLower();
            using (FileStream fs = new FileStream(file, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
            {
                //XSSFWorkbook 适用XLSX格式,HSSFWorkbook 适用XLS格式
                if (fileExt == ".xlsx") { workbook = new XSSFWorkbook(fs); } else if (fileExt == ".xls") { workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(fs); } else { workbook = null; }
                if (workbook == null) { return null; }
                ISheet sheet = workbook.GetSheetAt(0);

                //表头  
                IRow header = sheet.GetRow(sheet.FirstRowNum);
                List<int> columns = new List<int>();
                for (int i = 0; i < header.LastCellNum; i++)
                {
                    object obj = GetValueType(header.GetCell(i));
                    if (obj == null || obj.ToString() == string.Empty)
                    {
                        dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Columns" + i.ToString()));
                    }
                    else
                        dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn(obj.ToString()));
                    columns.Add(i);
                }
                //数据  
                for (int i = sheet.FirstRowNum + 1; i <= sheet.LastRowNum; i++)
                {
                    DataRow dr = dt.NewRow();
                    bool hasValue = false;
                    foreach (int j in columns)
                    {
                        dr[j] = GetValueType(sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(j));
                        if (dr[j] != null && dr[j].ToString() != string.Empty)
                        {
                            hasValue = true;
                        }
                    }
                    if (hasValue)
                    {
                        dt.Rows.Add(dr);
                    }
                }
            }
            return dt;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Datable导出成Excel
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dt"></param>
        /// <param name="file">导出路径(包括文件名与扩展名)</param>
        public static void TableToExcel(DataTable dt, string file)
        {
            IWorkbook workbook;
            string fileExt = Path.GetExtension(file).ToLower();
            if (fileExt == ".xlsx") { workbook = new XSSFWorkbook(); } else if (fileExt == ".xls") { workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(); } else { workbook = null; }
            if (workbook == null) { return; }
            ISheet sheet = string.IsNullOrEmpty(dt.TableName) ? workbook.CreateSheet("Sheet1") : workbook.CreateSheet(dt.TableName);

            //表头  
            IRow row = sheet.CreateRow(0);
            for (int i = 0; i < dt.Columns.Count; i++)
            {
                ICell cell = row.CreateCell(i);
                cell.SetCellValue(dt.Columns[i].ColumnName);
            }

            //数据  
            for (int i = 0; i < dt.Rows.Count; i++)
            {
                IRow row1 = sheet.CreateRow(i + 1);
                for (int j = 0; j < dt.Columns.Count; j++)
                {
                    ICell cell = row1.CreateCell(j);
                    cell.SetCellValue(dt.Rows[i][j].ToString());
                }
            }

            //转为字节数组  
            MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream();
            workbook.Write(stream);
            var buf = stream.ToArray();

            //保存为Excel文件  
            using (FileStream fs = new FileStream(file, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write))
            {
                fs.Write(buf, 0, buf.Length);
                fs.Flush();
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取单元格类型
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="cell"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private static object GetValueType(ICell cell)
        {
            if (cell == null)
                return null;
            switch (cell.CellType)
            {
                case CellType.Blank: //BLANK:  
                    return null;
                case CellType.Boolean: //BOOLEAN:  
                    return cell.BooleanCellValue;
                case CellType.Numeric: //NUMERIC:  
                    return cell.NumericCellValue;
                case CellType.String: //STRING:  
                    return cell.StringCellValue;
                case CellType.Error: //ERROR:  
                    return cell.ErrorCellValue;
                case CellType.Formula: //FORMULA:  
                default:
                    return "=" + cell.CellFormula;
            }
        }

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