树形查询SQL优化一例

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/wanbin6470398/article/details/78707000

上周五一哥们发了条SQL,让我看看,代码如下:

SELECT COUNT(1)
  FROM (select m.sheet_id
          from cpm_main_sheet_history m, cpm_service_warn_config s
         where m.sheet_type_id in
               (select t.row_id
                  from  tbl_class_trees   t
                 start with t.row_id = s.sheet_type_id
                connect by t.parent_row_id = prior t.row_id)
           and m.service_type  in
               (select tt.row_id
                  from  tbl_class_trees  tt
                 start with tt.row_id = s.business_type_id
                connect by tt.parent_row_id = prior tt.row_id)
           and m.accept_time >=
               TO_CHAR(SYSDATE - time_interval / 24, 'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss')
           and s.row_id = 'AS170904165251'
           and m.no_area in ('0000')) c__

--执行计划
 PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
Plan hash value: 2710926849
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                                  | Name                    | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT                           |                         |     1 |   143 | 96246   (1)| 00:19:15 |
|*  1 |  FILTER                                    |                         |       |       |            |          |
|   2 |   NESTED LOOPS                             |                         |  1681 |   234K|   746   (1)| 00:00:09 |
|   3 |    TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID             | CPM_SERVICE_WARN_CONFIG |     1 |    56 |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  4 |     INDEX UNIQUE SCAN                      | PK_CONFIG_ROW_ID        |     1 |       |     0   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   5 |    TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID             | CPM_MAIN_SHEET_HISTORY  |  1681 |   142K|   745   (1)| 00:00:09 |
|*  6 |     INDEX RANGE SCAN                       | IDX_CPM_NO_AREA_TIME1   |   449 |       |    62   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  7 |   FILTER                                   |                         |       |       |            |          |
|*  8 |    CONNECT BY NO FILTERING WITH SW (UNIQUE)|                         |       |       |            |          |
|   9 |     TABLE ACCESS FULL                      | TBL_CLASS_TREES         |  9527 |   493K|   113   (0)| 00:00:02 |
|* 10 |   FILTER                                   |                         |       |       |            |          |
|* 11 |    CONNECT BY NO FILTERING WITH SW (UNIQUE)|                         |       |       |            |          |
|  12 |     TABLE ACCESS FULL                      | TBL_CLASS_TREES         |  9527 |   493K|   113   (0)| 00:00:02 |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
 
   1 - filter( EXISTS (SELECT 0 FROM "TBL_CLASS_TREES" "T" WHERE "T"."ROW_ID"=:B1 START WITH "T"."ROW_ID"=:B2 
              CONNECT BY "T"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "T"."ROW_ID") AND  EXISTS (SELECT 0 FROM "TBL_CLASS_TREES" "TT" WHERE 
              "TT"."ROW_ID"=:B3 START WITH "TT"."ROW_ID"=:B4 CONNECT BY "TT"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "TT"."ROW_ID"))
   4 - access("S"."ROW_ID"='AS170904165251')
   6 - access("M"."ACCEPT_TIME">=TO_CHAR(SYSDATE@!-"TIME_INTERVAL"/24,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') AND 
              "M"."NO_AREA"='0000' AND "M"."ACCEPT_TIME" IS NOT NULL)
       filter("M"."NO_AREA"='0000')
   7 - filter("T"."ROW_ID"=:B1)
   8 - access("T"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "T"."ROW_ID")
       filter("T"."ROW_ID"=:B1)
  10 - filter("TT"."ROW_ID"=:B1)
  11 - access("TT"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "TT"."ROW_ID")
       filter("TT"."ROW_ID"=:B1)          

SQL优化前:

耗时:20s
count(1)返回: 147条数据

分析执行计划,执行计划中有filter关键字且有3个子级,这种sql是最容易引起性能问题的,所以第一时间是反应是sql有没有走索引,能不能改写。

尝试1:

建索引优化:

在TBL_CLASS_TREES表(row_id,parent_row_id)上建索引
执行计划:
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
Plan hash value: 135779572
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                                  | Name                    | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT                           |                         |     1 |   155 | 34147   (1)| 00:06:50 |
|*  1 |  FILTER                                    |                         |       |       |            |          |
|   2 |   NESTED LOOPS                             |                         |  3021 |   457K|   816   (1)| 00:00:10 |
|   3 |    TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID             | CPM_SERVICE_WARN_CONFIG |     1 |    62 |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  4 |     INDEX UNIQUE SCAN                      | PK_CONFIG_ROW_ID        |     1 |       |     0   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   5 |    TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID             | CPM_MAIN_SHEET_HISTORY  |  3021 |   274K|   815   (1)| 00:00:10 |
|*  6 |     INDEX RANGE SCAN                       | IDX_CPM_NO_AREA_TIME1   |   563 |       |   136   (0)| 00:00:02 |
|*  7 |   FILTER                                   |                         |       |       |            |          |
|*  8 |    CONNECT BY NO FILTERING WITH SW (UNIQUE)|                         |       |       |            |          |
|   9 |     INDEX FAST FULL SCAN                   | IDX_ROW_ID              |  9527 |   493K|    20   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|* 10 |   FILTER                                   |                         |       |       |            |          |
|* 11 |    CONNECT BY NO FILTERING WITH SW (UNIQUE)|                         |       |       |            |          |
|  12 |     INDEX FAST FULL SCAN                   | IDX_ROW_ID              |  9527 |   493K|    20   (0)| 00:00:01 |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
 
   1 - filter( EXISTS (SELECT 0 FROM "TBL_CLASS_TREES" "T" WHERE "T"."ROW_ID"=:B1 START WITH "T"."ROW_ID"=:B2 
              CONNECT BY "T"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "T"."ROW_ID") AND  EXISTS (SELECT 0 FROM "TBL_CLASS_TREES" "TT" WHERE 
              "TT"."ROW_ID"=:B3 START WITH "TT"."ROW_ID"=:B4 CONNECT BY "TT"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "TT"."ROW_ID"))
   4 - access("S"."ROW_ID"='AS170904165251')
   6 - access("M"."ACCEPT_TIME">=TO_CHAR(SYSDATE@!-"TIME_INTERVAL"/24,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') AND 
              "M"."NO_AREA"='0000' AND "M"."ACCEPT_TIME" IS NOT NULL)
       filter("M"."NO_AREA"='0000')
   7 - filter("T"."ROW_ID"=:B1)
   8 - access("T"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "T"."ROW_ID")
       filter("T"."ROW_ID"=:B1)
  10 - filter("TT"."ROW_ID"=:B1)
  11 - access("TT"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "TT"."ROW_ID")
       filter("TT"."ROW_ID"=:B1)

--效果还是一样慢,此优化失败。

尝试2:

利用with改写sql优化

with t as (select /*+ materialize */ row_id,parent_row_id from tbl_class_trees)
SELECT COUNT(1)
  FROM (select m.sheet_id
          from cpm_main_sheet_history m,cpm_service_warn_config s
         where m.sheet_type_id in
               (select t.row_id
                  from  t
                 start with t.row_id = s.sheet_type_id
                connect by t.parent_row_id = prior t.row_id)
           and m.service_type  in
               (select t.row_id
                  from t
                 start with t.row_id = s.business_type_id
                connect by t.parent_row_id = prior t.row_id)
           and m.accept_time >=
               TO_CHAR(SYSDATE - time_interval / 24, 'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss')
           and s.row_id = 'AS170904165251'
           and m.no_area in ('0000')) c__

--效果还是一样慢,此优化失败。          

再次分析原SQL执行计划:

id=8,id=11的执行计划关键词是:CONNECT BY NO FILTERING WITH SW (UNIQUE)。
这个为树形查询在11g中的新特性,尝试让sql不使用这个新特性。

于是使用以下hint:/*+ connect_by_filtering */  进行优化:

SELECT COUNT(1)
  FROM (select m.sheet_id
          from cpm_main_sheet_history m, cpm_service_warn_config s
         where m.sheet_type_id in
               (select /*+ connect_by_filtering */ t.row_id
                  from  tbl_class_trees   t
                 start with t.row_id = s.sheet_type_id
                connect by t.parent_row_id = prior t.row_id)
           and m.service_type  in
               (select /*+ connect_by_filtering */ tt.row_id
                  from  tbl_class_trees  tt
                 start with tt.row_id = s.business_type_id
                connect by tt.parent_row_id = prior tt.row_id)
           and m.accept_time >=
               TO_CHAR(SYSDATE - time_interval / 24, 'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss')
           and s.row_id = 'AS170904165251'
           and m.no_area in ('0000')) c__  

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
Plan hash value: 2824841339
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                      | Name                    | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT               |                         |     1 |   246 |   188K  (1)| 00:37:47 |
|*  1 |  FILTER                        |                         |       |       |            |          |
|   2 |   NESTED LOOPS                 |                         |  3021 |   725K|   816   (1)| 00:00:10 |
|   3 |    TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID | CPM_SERVICE_WARN_CONFIG |     1 |   106 |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  4 |     INDEX UNIQUE SCAN          | PK_CONFIG_ROW_ID        |     1 |       |     0   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   5 |    TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID | CPM_MAIN_SHEET_HISTORY  |  3021 |   413K|   815   (1)| 00:00:10 |
|*  6 |     INDEX RANGE SCAN           | IDX_CPM_NO_AREA_TIME1   |   563 |       |   136   (0)| 00:00:02 |
|*  7 |   FILTER                       |                         |       |       |            |          |
|*  8 |    CONNECT BY WITH FILTERING   |                         |       |       |            |          |
|   9 |     TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TBL_CLASS_TREES         |     1 |   107 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|* 10 |      INDEX UNIQUE SCAN         | PK_TBL_CLASS_TREESS     |     1 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|* 11 |     HASH JOIN                  |                         |       |       |            |          |
|  12 |      CONNECT BY PUMP           |                         |       |       |            |          |
|  13 |      TABLE ACCESS FULL         | TBL_CLASS_TREES         |     6 |   318 |   113   (0)| 00:00:02 |
|* 14 |   FILTER                       |                         |       |       |            |          |
|* 15 |    CONNECT BY WITH FILTERING   |                         |       |       |            |          |
|  16 |     TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TBL_CLASS_TREES         |     1 |   107 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|* 17 |      INDEX UNIQUE SCAN         | PK_TBL_CLASS_TREESS     |     1 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|* 18 |     HASH JOIN                  |                         |       |       |            |          |
|  19 |      CONNECT BY PUMP           |                         |       |       |            |          |
|  20 |      TABLE ACCESS FULL         | TBL_CLASS_TREES         |     6 |   318 |   113   (0)| 00:00:02 |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
 
   1 - filter( EXISTS (SELECT /*+ CONNECT_BY_FILTERING */ 0 FROM "TBL_CLASS_TREES" "T" WHERE 
              "T"."ROW_ID"=:B1 START WITH "T"."ROW_ID"=:B2) AND  EXISTS (SELECT /*+ CONNECT_BY_FILTERING */ 0 
              FROM "TBL_CLASS_TREES" "TT" WHERE "TT"."ROW_ID"=:B3 START WITH "TT"."ROW_ID"=:B4))
   4 - access("S"."ROW_ID"='AS170904165251')
   6 - access("M"."ACCEPT_TIME">=TO_CHAR(SYSDATE@!-"TIME_INTERVAL"/24,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') 
              AND "M"."NO_AREA"='0000' AND "M"."ACCEPT_TIME" IS NOT NULL)
       filter("M"."NO_AREA"='0000')
   7 - filter("T"."ROW_ID"=:B1)
   8 - access("T"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "T"."ROW_ID")
  10 - access("T"."ROW_ID"=:B1)
  11 - access("T"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "T"."ROW_ID")
  14 - filter("TT"."ROW_ID"=:B1)
  15 - access("TT"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "TT"."ROW_ID")
  17 - access("TT"."ROW_ID"=:B1)
  18 - access("TT"."PARENT_ROW_ID"=PRIOR "TT"."ROW_ID")

--优化后,SQL能在5s返回结果
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