学习贴

Student(S#,Sname,Sage,Ssex) 学生表
Course(C#,Cname,T#) 课程表
SC(S#,C#,score) 成绩表
Teacher(T#,Tname) 教师表

问题:
1 、查询“ 001 ”课程比“ 002 ”课程成绩高的所有学生的学号;
 
select a.S# from ( select s#,score from SC where C# = ' 001 ' ) a,( select s#,score
 
from SC where C# = ' 002 ' ) b
 
where a.score > b.score and a.s# = b.s#;
2 、查询平均成绩大于60分的同学的学号和平均成绩;
   
select S#, avg (score)
   
from sc
   
group by S# having avg (score) > 60 ;
3 、查询所有同学的学号、姓名、选课数、总成绩;
 
select Student.S#,Student.Sname, count (SC.C#), sum (score)
 
from Student left Outer join SC on Student.S# = SC.S#
 
group by Student.S#,Sname
4 、查询姓“李”的老师的个数;
 
select count ( distinct (Tname))
 
from Teacher
 
where Tname like ' 李% ' ;
5 、查询没学过“叶平”老师课的同学的学号、姓名;
   
select Student.S#,Student.Sname
   
from Student 
   
where S# not in ( select distinct ( SC.S#) from SC,Course,Teacher where   SC.C# = Course.C# and Teacher.T# = Course.T# and Teacher.Tname = ' 叶平 ' );
6 、查询学过“ 001 ”并且也学过编号“ 002 ”课程的同学的学号、姓名;
 
select Student.S#,Student.Sname from Student,SC where Student.S# = SC.S# and SC.C# = ' 001 ' and exists ( Select * from SC as SC_2 where SC_2.S# = SC.S# and SC_2.C# = ' 002 ' );
7 、查询学过“叶平”老师所教的所有课的同学的学号、姓名;
 
select S#,Sname
 
from Student
 
where S# in ( select S# from SC ,Course ,Teacher where SC.C# = Course.C# and Teacher.T# = Course.T# and Teacher.Tname = ' 叶平 ' group by S# having count (SC.C#) = ( select count (C#) from Course,Teacher  where Teacher.T# = Course.T# and Tname = ' 叶平 ' ));
8 、查询课程编号“ 002 ”的成绩比课程编号“ 001 ”课程低的所有同学的学号、姓名;
 
Select S#,Sname from ( select Student.S#,Student.Sname,score ,( select score from SC SC_2 where SC_2.S# = Student.S# and SC_2.C# = ' 002 ' ) score2
 
from Student,SC where Student.S# = SC.S# and C# = ' 001 ' ) S_2 where score2 < score;
9 、查询所有课程成绩小于60分的同学的学号、姓名;
 
select S#,Sname
 
from Student
 
where S# not in ( select Student.S# from Student,SC where S.S# = SC.S# and score > 60 );
10 、查询没有学全所有课的同学的学号、姓名;
   
select Student.S#,Student.Sname
   
from Student,SC
   
where Student.S# = SC.S# group by   Student.S#,Student.Sname having count (C#) < ( select count (C#) from Course);
11 、查询至少有一门课与学号为“ 1001 ”的同学所学相同的同学的学号和姓名;
   
select S#,Sname from Student,SC where Student.S# = SC.S# and C# in select C# from SC where S# = ' 1001 ' ;
12 、查询至少学过学号为“ 001 ”同学所有一门课的其他同学学号和姓名;
   
select distinct SC.S#,Sname
   
from Student,SC
   
where Student.S# = SC.S# and C# in ( select C# from SC where S# = ' 001 ' );
13 、把“SC”表中“叶平”老师教的课的成绩都更改为此课程的平均成绩;
   
update SC set score = ( select avg (SC_2.score)
   
from SC SC_2
   
where SC_2.C# = SC.C# ) from Course,Teacher where Course.C# = SC.C# and Course.T# = Teacher.T# and Teacher.Tname = ' 叶平 ' );
14 、查询和“ 1002 ”号的同学学习的课程完全相同的其他同学学号和姓名;
   
select S# from SC where C# in ( select C# from SC where S# = ' 1002 ' )
   
group by S# having count ( * ) = ( select count ( * ) from SC where S# = ' 1002 ' );
15 、删除学习“叶平”老师课的SC表记录;
    Delect SC
   
from course ,Teacher 
   
where Course.C# = SC.C# and Course.T# = Teacher.T# and Tname = ' 叶平 ' ;
16 、向SC表中插入一些记录,这些记录要求符合以下条件:没有上过编号“ 003 ”课程的同学学号、 2
    号课的平均成绩;
   
Insert SC select S#, ' 002 ' ,( Select avg (score)
   
from SC where C# = ' 002 ' ) from Student where S# not in ( Select S# from SC where C# = ' 002 ' );
17 、按平均成绩从高到低显示所有学生的“数据库”、“企业管理”、“英语”三门的课程成绩,按如下形式显示: 学生ID,,数据库,企业管理,英语,有效课程数,有效平均分
   
SELECT S# as 学生ID
        ,(
SELECT score FROM SC WHERE SC.S# = t.S# AND C# = ' 004 ' ) AS 数据库
        ,(
SELECT score FROM SC WHERE SC.S# = t.S# AND C# = ' 001 ' ) AS 企业管理
        ,(
SELECT score FROM SC WHERE SC.S# = t.S# AND C# = ' 006 ' ) AS 英语
        ,
COUNT ( * ) AS 有效课程数, AVG (t.score) AS 平均成绩
   
FROM SC AS t
   
GROUP BY S#
   
ORDER BY avg (t.score) 
18 、查询各科成绩最高和最低的分:以如下形式显示:课程ID,最高分,最低分
   
SELECT L.C# As 课程ID,L.score AS 最高分,R.score AS 最低分
   
FROM SC L ,SC AS R
   
WHERE L.C# = R.C# and
        L.score
= ( SELECT MAX (IL.score)
                     
FROM SC AS IL,Student AS IM
                     
WHERE L.C# = IL.C# and IM.S# = IL.S#
                     
GROUP BY IL.C#)
       
AND
        R.Score
= ( SELECT MIN (IR.score)
                     
FROM SC AS IR
                     
WHERE R.C# = IR.C#
                 
GROUP BY IR.C#
                    );
19 、按各科平均成绩从低到高和及格率的百分数从高到低顺序
   
SELECT t.C# AS 课程号, max (course.Cname) AS 课程名, isnull ( AVG (score), 0 ) AS 平均成绩
        ,
100 * SUM ( CASE WHEN   isnull (score, 0 ) >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) / COUNT ( * ) AS 及格百分数
   
FROM SC T,Course
   
where t.C# = course.C#
   
GROUP BY t.C#
   
ORDER BY 100 * SUM ( CASE WHEN   isnull (score, 0 ) >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) / COUNT ( * ) DESC
20 、查询如下课程平均成绩和及格率的百分数(用"1行"显示): 企业管理( 001 ),马克思( 002 ),OO & UML ( 003 ),数据库( 004
   
SELECT SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 001 ' THEN score ELSE 0 END ) / SUM ( CASE C# WHEN ' 001 ' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS 企业管理平均分
        ,
100 * SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 001 ' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) / SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 001 ' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS 企业管理及格百分数
        ,
SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 002 ' THEN score ELSE 0 END ) / SUM ( CASE C# WHEN ' 002 ' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS 马克思平均分
        ,
100 * SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 002 ' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) / SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 002 ' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS 马克思及格百分数
        ,
SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 003 ' THEN score ELSE 0 END ) / SUM ( CASE C# WHEN ' 003 ' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS UML平均分
        ,
100 * SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 003 ' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) / SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 003 ' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS UML及格百分数
        ,
SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 004 ' THEN score ELSE 0 END ) / SUM ( CASE C# WHEN ' 004 ' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS 数据库平均分
        ,
100 * SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 004 ' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) / SUM ( CASE WHEN C# = ' 004 ' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS 数据库及格百分数
 
FROM SC
21 、查询不同老师所教不同课程平均分从高到低显示
 
SELECT max (Z.T#) AS 教师ID, MAX (Z.Tname) AS 教师姓名,C.C# AS 课程ID, MAX (C.Cname) AS 课程名称, AVG (Score) AS 平均成绩
   
FROM SC AS T,Course AS C ,Teacher AS Z
   
where T.C# = C.C# and C.T# = Z.T#
 
GROUP BY C.C#
 
ORDER BY AVG (Score) DESC
22 、查询如下课程成绩第 3 名到第 6 名的学生成绩单:企业管理( 001 ),马克思( 002 ),UML ( 003 ),数据库( 004
   
[ 学生ID ] , [ 学生姓名 ] ,企业管理,马克思,UML,数据库,平均成绩
   
SELECT   DISTINCT top 3
      SC.S#
As 学生学号,
        Student.Sname
AS 学生姓名 ,
      T1.score
AS 企业管理,
      T2.score
AS 马克思,
      T3.score
AS UML,
      T4.score
AS 数据库,
     
ISNULL (T1.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T2.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T3.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T4.score, 0 ) as 总分
     
FROM Student,SC  LEFT JOIN SC AS T1
                     
ON SC.S# = T1.S# AND T1.C# = ' 001 '
           
LEFT JOIN SC AS T2
                     
ON SC.S# = T2.S# AND T2.C# = ' 002 '
           
LEFT JOIN SC AS T3
                     
ON SC.S# = T3.S# AND T3.C# = ' 003 '
           
LEFT JOIN SC AS T4
                     
ON SC.S# = T4.S# AND T4.C# = ' 004 '
     
WHERE student.S# = SC.S# and
     
ISNULL (T1.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T2.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T3.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T4.score, 0 )
     
NOT IN
      (
SELECT
           
DISTINCT
           
TOP 15 WITH TIES
           
ISNULL (T1.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T2.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T3.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T4.score, 0 )
     
FROM sc
           
LEFT JOIN sc AS T1
                     
ON sc.S# = T1.S# AND T1.C# = ' k1 '
           
LEFT JOIN sc AS T2
                     
ON sc.S# = T2.S# AND T2.C# = ' k2 '
           
LEFT JOIN sc AS T3
                     
ON sc.S# = T3.S# AND T3.C# = ' k3 '
           
LEFT JOIN sc AS T4
                     
ON sc.S# = T4.S# AND T4.C# = ' k4 '
     
ORDER BY ISNULL (T1.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T2.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T3.score, 0 ) + ISNULL (T4.score, 0 ) DESC );

23 、统计列印各科成绩,各分数段人数:课程ID,课程名称, [ 100-85 ] , [ 85-70 ] , [ 70-60 ] , [ <60 ]
   
SELECT SC.C# as 课程ID, Cname as 课程名称
        ,
SUM ( CASE WHEN score BETWEEN 85 AND 100 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS [ 100 - 85 ]
        ,
SUM ( CASE WHEN score BETWEEN 70 AND 85 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS [ 85 - 70 ]
        ,
SUM ( CASE WHEN score BETWEEN 60 AND 70 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS [ 70 - 60 ]
        ,
SUM ( CASE WHEN score < 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS [ 60 - ]
   
FROM SC,Course
   
where SC.C# = Course.C#
   
GROUP BY SC.C#,Cname;

24 、查询学生平均成绩及其名次
     
SELECT 1 + ( SELECT COUNT ( distinct 平均成绩)
             
FROM ( SELECT S#, AVG (score) AS 平均成绩
                     
FROM SC
                 
GROUP BY S#
                  )
AS T1
           
WHERE 平均成绩 > T2.平均成绩) as 名次,
      S#
as 学生学号,平均成绩
   
FROM ( SELECT S#, AVG (score) 平均成绩
           
FROM SC
       
GROUP BY S#
        )
AS T2
   
ORDER BY 平均成绩 desc ;
 
25 、查询各科成绩前三名的记录:(不考虑成绩并列情况)
     
SELECT t1.S# as 学生ID,t1.C# as 课程ID,Score as 分数
     
FROM SC t1
     
WHERE score IN ( SELECT TOP 3 score
             
FROM SC
             
WHERE t1.C# = C#
           
ORDER BY score DESC
              )
     
ORDER BY t1.C#;
26 、查询每门课程被选修的学生数
 
select c#, count (S#) from sc group by C#;
27 、查询出只选修了一门课程的全部学生的学号和姓名
 
select SC.S#,Student.Sname, count (C#) AS 选课数
 
from SC ,Student
 
where SC.S# = Student.S# group by SC.S# ,Student.Sname having count (C#) = 1 ;
28 、查询男生、女生人数
   
Select count (Ssex) as 男生人数 from Student group by Ssex having Ssex = ' ' ;
   
Select count (Ssex) as 女生人数 from Student group by Ssex having Ssex = ' '
29 、查询姓“张”的学生名单
   
SELECT Sname FROM Student WHERE Sname like ' 张% ' ;
30 、查询同名同性学生名单,并统计同名人数
 
select Sname, count ( * ) from Student group by Sname having   count ( * ) > 1 ;;
31 、1981年出生的学生名单(注:Student表中Sage列的类型是datetime)
   
select Sname,  CONVERT ( char ( 11 ), DATEPART ( year ,Sage)) as age
   
from student
   
where   CONVERT ( char ( 11 ), DATEPART ( year ,Sage)) = ' 1981 ' ;
32 、查询每门课程的平均成绩,结果按平均成绩升序排列,平均成绩相同时,按课程号降序排列
   
Select C#, Avg (score) from SC group by C# order by Avg (score),C# DESC ;
33 、查询平均成绩大于85的所有学生的学号、姓名和平均成绩
   
select Sname,SC.S# , avg (score)
   
from Student,SC
   
where Student.S# = SC.S# group by SC.S#,Sname having     avg (score) > 85 ;
34 、查询课程名称为“数据库”,且分数低于60的学生姓名和分数
   
Select Sname, isnull (score, 0 )
   
from Student,SC,Course
   
where SC.S# = Student.S# and SC.C# = Course.C# and   Course.Cname = ' 数据库 ' and score < 60 ;
35 、查询所有学生的选课情况;
   
SELECT SC.S#,SC.C#,Sname,Cname
   
FROM SC,Student,Course
   
where SC.S# = Student.S# and SC.C# = Course.C# ;
36 、查询任何一门课程成绩在70分以上的姓名、课程名称和分数;
   
SELECT   distinct student.S#,student.Sname,SC.C#,SC.score
   
FROM student,Sc
   
WHERE SC.score >= 70 AND SC.S# = student.S#;
37 、查询不及格的课程,并按课程号从大到小排列
   
select c# from sc where scor e < 60 order by C# ;
38 、查询课程编号为003且课程成绩在80分以上的学生的学号和姓名;
   
select SC.S#,Student.Sname from SC,Student where SC.S# = Student.S# and Score > 80 and C# = ' 003 ' ;
39 、求选了课程的学生人数
   
select count ( * ) from sc;
40 、查询选修“叶平”老师所授课程的学生中,成绩最高的学生姓名及其成绩
   
select Student.Sname,score
   
from Student,SC,Course C,Teacher
   
where Student.S# = SC.S# and SC.C# = C.C# and C.T# = Teacher.T# and Teacher.Tname = ' 叶平 ' and SC.score = ( select max (score) from SC where C# = C.C# );
41 、查询各个课程及相应的选修人数
   
select count ( * ) from sc group by C#;
42 、查询不同课程成绩相同的学生的学号、课程号、学生成绩
 
select distinct   A.S#,B.score from SC A  ,SC B where A.Score = B.Score and A.C# <> B.C# ;
43 、查询每门功成绩最好的前两名
   
SELECT t1.S# as 学生ID,t1.C# as 课程ID,Score as 分数
     
FROM SC t1
     
WHERE score IN ( SELECT TOP 2 score
             
FROM SC
             
WHERE t1.C# = C#
           
ORDER BY score DESC
              )
     
ORDER BY t1.C#;
44 、统计每门课程的学生选修人数(超过10人的课程才统计)。要求输出课程号和选修人数,查询结果按人数降序排列,查询结果按人数降序排列,若人数相同,按课程号升序排列 
   
select   C# as 课程号, count ( * ) as 人数
   
from   sc 
   
group   by   C#
   
order   by   count ( * ) desc ,c# 
45 、检索至少选修两门课程的学生学号
   
select   S# 
   
from   sc 
   
group   by   s#
   
having   count ( * >   =   2
46 、查询全部学生都选修的课程的课程号和课程名
   
select   C#,Cname 
   
from   Course 
   
where   C#  in   ( select   c#  from   sc group   by   c#) 
47 、查询没学过“叶平”老师讲授的任一门课程的学生姓名
   
select Sname from Student where S# not in ( select S# from Course,Teacher,SC where Course.T# = Teacher.T# and SC.C# = course.C# and Tname = ' 叶平 ' );
48 、查询两门以上不及格课程的同学的学号及其平均成绩
   
select S#, avg ( isnull (score, 0 )) from SC where S# in ( select S# from SC where score < 60 group by S# having count ( * ) > 2 ) group by S#;
49 、检索“ 004 ”课程分数小于60,按分数降序排列的同学学号
   
select S# from SC where C# = ' 004 ' and score < 60 order by score desc ;
50 、删除“ 002 ”同学的“ 001 ”课程的成绩
delete from Sc where S# = ' 001 ' and C# = ' 001 ' ;
问题描述:
本题用到下面三个关系表:
CARD     借书卡。   CNO 卡号,NAME  姓名,CLASS 班级
BOOKS    图书。     BNO 书号,BNAME 书名,AUTHOR 作者,PRICE 单价,QUANTITY 库存册数
BORROW   借书记录。 CNO 借书卡号,BNO 书号,RDATE 还书日期
备注:限定每人每种书只能借一本;库存册数随借书、还书而改变。
要求实现如下15个处理:
 
1 . 写出建立BORROW表的SQL语句,要求定义主码完整性约束和引用完整性约束。
 
2 . 找出借书超过5本的读者,输出借书卡号及所借图书册数。
 
3 . 查询借阅了"水浒"一书的读者,输出姓名及班级。
 
4 . 查询过期未还图书,输出借阅者(卡号)、书号及还书日期。
 
5 . 查询书名包括"网络"关键词的图书,输出书号、书名、作者。
 
6 . 查询现有图书中价格最高的图书,输出书名及作者。
 
7 . 查询当前借了"计算方法"但没有借"计算方法习题集"的读者,输出其借书卡号,并按卡号降序排序输出。
 
8 . 将"C01"班同学所借图书的还期都延长一周。
 
9 . 从BOOKS表中删除当前无人借阅的图书记录。
 
10 .如果经常按书名查询图书信息,请建立合适的索引。
 
11 .在BORROW表上建立一个触发器,完成如下功能:如果读者借阅的书名是"数据库技术及应用",就将该读者的借阅记录保存在BORROW_SAVE表中(注ORROW_SAVE表结构同BORROW表)。
 
12 .建立一个视图,显示"力01"班学生的借书信息(只要求显示姓名和书名)。
 
13 .查询当前同时借有"计算方法"和"组合数学"两本书的读者,输出其借书卡号,并按卡号升序排序输出。
 
14 .假定在建BOOKS表时没有定义主码,写出为BOOKS表追加定义主码的语句。
 
15 .对CARD表做如下修改:
    a. 将NAME最大列宽增加到10个字符(假定原为6个字符)。
    b. 为该表增加1列NAME(系名),可变长,最大20个字符。


1 . 写出建立BORROW表的SQL语句,要求定义主码完整性约束和引用完整性约束
-- 实现代码:
CREATE TABLE BORROW(
    CNO
int FOREIGN KEY REFERENCES CARD(CNO),
    BNO
int FOREIGN KEY REFERENCES BOOKS(BNO),
    RDATE
datetime ,
   
PRIMARY KEY (CNO,BNO))

2 . 找出借书超过5本的读者,输出借书卡号及所借图书册数
-- 实现代码:
SELECT CNO,借图书册数 = COUNT ( * )
FROM BORROW
GROUP BY CNO
HAVING COUNT ( * ) > 5

3 . 查询借阅了"水浒"一书的读者,输出姓名及班级
-- 实现代码:
SELECT * FROM CARD c
WHERE EXISTS (
   
SELECT * FROM BORROW a,BOOKS b
   
WHERE a.BNO = b.BNO
       
AND b.BNAME = N ' 水浒 '
       
AND a.CNO = c.CNO)

4 . 查询过期未还图书,输出借阅者(卡号)、书号及还书日期
-- 实现代码:
SELECT * FROM BORROW
WHERE RDATE < GETDATE ()

5 . 查询书名包括"网络"关键词的图书,输出书号、书名、作者
-- 实现代码:
SELECT BNO,BNAME,AUTHOR FROM BOOKS
WHERE BNAME LIKE N ' %网络% '

6 . 查询现有图书中价格最高的图书,输出书名及作者
-- 实现代码:
SELECT BNO,BNAME,AUTHOR FROM BOOKS
WHERE PRICE = (
   
SELECT MAX (PRICE) FROM BOOKS)

7 . 查询当前借了"计算方法"但没有借"计算方法习题集"的读者,输出其借书卡号,并按卡号降序排序输出
-- 实现代码:
SELECT a.CNO
FROM BORROW a,BOOKS b
WHERE a.BNO = b.BNO AND b.BNAME = N ' 计算方法 '
   
AND NOT EXISTS (
       
SELECT * FROM BORROW aa,BOOKS bb
       
WHERE aa.BNO = bb.BNO
           
AND bb.BNAME = N ' 计算方法习题集 '
           
AND aa.CNO = a.CNO)
ORDER BY a.CNO DESC

8 . 将"C01"班同学所借图书的还期都延长一周
-- 实现代码:
UPDATE b SET RDATE = DATEADD ( Day , 7 ,b.RDATE)
FROM CARD a,BORROW b
WHERE a.CNO = b.CNO
   
AND a.CLASS = N ' C01 '

9 . 从BOOKS表中删除当前无人借阅的图书记录
-- 实现代码:
DELETE A FROM BOOKS a
WHERE NOT EXISTS (
   
SELECT * FROM BORROW
   
WHERE BNO = a.BNO)

10 . 如果经常按书名查询图书信息,请建立合适的索引
-- 实现代码:
CREATE CLUSTERED INDEX IDX_BOOKS_BNAME ON BOOKS(BNAME)

11 . 在BORROW表上建立一个触发器,完成如下功能:如果读者借阅的书名是"数据库技术及应用",就将该读者的借阅记录保存在BORROW_SAVE表中(注ORROW_SAVE表结构同BORROW表)
-- 实现代码:
CREATE TRIGGER TR_SAVE ON BORROW
FOR INSERT , UPDATE
AS
IF @@ROWCOUNT > 0
INSERT BORROW_SAVE SELECT i. *
FROM INSERTED i,BOOKS b
WHERE i.BNO = b.BNO
   
AND b.BNAME = N ' 数据库技术及应用 '

12 . 建立一个视图,显示"力01"班学生的借书信息(只要求显示姓名和书名)
-- 实现代码:
CREATE VIEW V_VIEW
AS
SELECT a.NAME,b.BNAME
FROM BORROW ab,CARD a,BOOKS b
WHERE ab.CNO = a.CNO
   
AND ab.BNO = b.BNO
   
AND a.CLASS = N ' 力01 '

13 . 查询当前同时借有"计算方法"和"组合数学"两本书的读者,输出其借书卡号,并按卡号升序排序输出
-- 实现代码:
SELECT a.CNO
FROM BORROW a,BOOKS b
WHERE a.BNO = b.BNO
   
AND b.BNAME IN (N ' 计算方法 ' ,N ' 组合数学 ' )
GROUP BY a.CNO
HAVING COUNT ( * ) = 2
ORDER BY a.CNO DESC

14 . 假定在建BOOKS表时没有定义主码,写出为BOOKS表追加定义主码的语句
-- 实现代码:
ALTER TABLE BOOKS ADD PRIMARY KEY (BNO)

15.1 将NAME最大列宽增加到10个字符(假定原为6个字符)
-- 实现代码:
ALTER TABLE CARD ALTER COLUMN NAME varchar ( 10 )

15.2 为该表增加1列NAME(系名),可变长,最大20个字符
-- 实现代码:
ALTER TABLE CARD ADD 系名 varchar ( 20 )
问题描述:
为管理岗位业务培训信息,建立3个表:
S (S#,SN,SD,SA)   S#,SN,SD,SA 分别代表学号、学员姓名、所属单位、学员年龄
C (C#,CN )        C#,CN       分别代表课程编号、课程名称
SC ( S#,C#,G )    S#,C#,G     分别代表学号、所选修的课程编号、学习成绩

要求实现如下5个处理:
 
1 . 使用标准SQL嵌套语句查询选修课程名称为’税收基础’的学员学号和姓名
 
2 . 使用标准SQL嵌套语句查询选修课程编号为’C2’的学员姓名和所属单位
 
3 . 使用标准SQL嵌套语句查询不选修课程编号为’C5’的学员姓名和所属单位
 
4 . 使用标准SQL嵌套语句查询选修全部课程的学员姓名和所属单位
 
5 . 查询选修了课程的学员人数
 
6 . 查询选修课程超过5门的学员学号和所属单位

1 . 使用标准SQL嵌套语句查询选修课程名称为’税收基础’的学员学号和姓名
-- 实现代码:
SELECT SN,SD FROM S
WHERE [ S# ] IN (
   
SELECT [ S# ] FROM C,SC
   
WHERE C. [ C# ] = SC. [ C# ]
       
AND CN = N ' 税收基础 ' )


2 . 使用标准SQL嵌套语句查询选修课程编号为’C2’的学员姓名和所属单位
-- 实现代码:
SELECT S.SN,S.SD FROM S,SC
WHERE S. [ S# ] = SC. [ S# ]
   
AND SC. [ C# ] = ' C2 '

3 . 使用标准SQL嵌套语句查询不选修课程编号为’C5’的学员姓名和所属单位
-- 实现代码:
SELECT SN,SD FROM S
WHERE [ S# ] NOT IN (
   
SELECT [ S# ] FROM SC
   
WHERE [ C# ] = ' C5 ' )

4 . 使用标准SQL嵌套语句查询选修全部课程的学员姓名和所属单位
-- 实现代码:
SELECT SN,SD FROM S
WHERE [ S# ] IN (
   
SELECT [ S# ] FROM SC
       
RIGHT JOIN C ON SC. [ C# ] = C. [ C# ]
   
GROUP BY [ S# ]
   
HAVING COUNT ( * ) = COUNT ( DISTINCT [ S# ] ))

5 . 查询选修了课程的学员人数
-- 实现代码:
SELECT 学员人数 = COUNT ( DISTINCT [ S# ] ) FROM SC

6 . 查询选修课程超过5门的学员学号和所属单位
-- 实现代码:
SELECT SN,SD FROM S
WHERE [ S# ] IN (
   
SELECT [ S# ] FROM SC
   
GROUP BY [ S# ]
   
HAVING COUNT ( DISTINCT [ C# ] ) > 5 )

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