Android之shape与selector实现圆角

shape和selector是Android UI设计中经常用到的,比如我们要自定义一个圆角Button,点击Button有些效果的变化,就要用到shape和selector。可以这样说,shape和selector在美化控件中的作用是至关重要的。

1.Shape

简介

作用:XML中定义的几何形状

位置:res/drawable/文件的名称.xml

使用的方法:

Java代码中:R.drawable.文件的名称

XML中:android:background="@drawable/文件的名称"

属性:

  1. <shape>  android:shape=["rectangle" | "oval" | "line" | "ring"] 
  2.  
  3. 其中rectagle矩形,oval椭圆,line水平直线,ring环形 
  4.  
  5. <shape>中子节点的常用属性: 
  6.  
  7. <gradient>  渐变 
  8.  
  9. android:startColor  起始颜色 
  10.  
  11. android:endColor  结束颜色              
  12.  
  13. android:angle  渐变角度,0从上到下,90表示从左到右,数值为45的整数倍默认为0; 
  14.  
  15. android:type  渐变的样式 liner线性渐变 radial环形渐变 sweep 
  16.  
  17. <solid >  填充 
  18.  
  19. android:color  填充的颜色 
  20.  
  21. <stroke > 描边 
  22.  
  23. android:width 描边的宽度 
  24.  
  25. android:color 描边的颜色 
  26.  
  27. android:dashWidth 表示'-'横线的宽度 
  28.  
  29. android:dashGap 表示'-'横线之间的距离 
  30.  
  31. <corners > 圆角 
  32.  
  33. android:radius  圆角的半径 值越大角越圆 
  34.  
  35. android:topRightRadius  右上圆角半径 
  36.    
  37. android:bottomLeftRadius 右下圆角角半径 
  38.   
  39. android:topLeftRadius 左上圆角半径 
  40.  
  41. android:bottomRightRadius 左下圆角半径 
<shape>  android:shape=["rectangle" | "oval" | "line" | "ring"]

其中rectagle矩形,oval椭圆,line水平直线,ring环形

<shape>中子节点的常用属性:

<gradient>  渐变

android:startColor  起始颜色

android:endColor  结束颜色             

android:angle  渐变角度,0从上到下,90表示从左到右,数值为45的整数倍默认为0;

android:type  渐变的样式 liner线性渐变 radial环形渐变 sweep

<solid >  填充

android:color  填充的颜色

<stroke > 描边

android:width 描边的宽度

android:color 描边的颜色

android:dashWidth 表示'-'横线的宽度

android:dashGap 表示'-'横线之间的距离

<corners > 圆角

android:radius  圆角的半径 值越大角越圆

android:topRightRadius  右上圆角半径
  
android:bottomLeftRadius 右下圆角角半径
 
android:topLeftRadius 左上圆角半径

android:bottomRightRadius 左下圆角半径


2.Selector

简介

位置:res/drawable/文件的名称.xml

使用的方法:

Java代码中:R.drawable.文件的名称

XML中:android:background="@drawable/文件的名称"

selector.xml

  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
  2.     <selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">  
  3.       
  4.         <item android:state_selected="true">  
  5.             <shape>  
  6.                 <gradient android:angle="270" android:endColor="#99BD4C"  
  7.                     android:startColor="#A5D245" />  
  8.                 <size android:height="60dp" android:width="320dp" />  
  9.                 <corners android:radius="8dp" />  
  10.             </shape>  
  11.         </item>  
  12.         <item android:state_pressed="true">  
  13.             <shape>  
  14.                 <gradient android:angle="270" android:endColor="#99BD4C"  
  15.                     android:startColor="#A5D245"/>  
  16.                 <size android:height="60dp" android:width="320dp" />  
  17.                 <corners android:radius="8dp" />  
  18.             </shape>  
  19.         </item>  
  20.         <item>  
  21.             <shape>  
  22.                 <gradient android:angle="270" android:endColor="#A8C3B0"  
  23.                     android:startColor="#C6CFCE"/>  
  24.                 <size android:height="60dp" android:width="320dp" />  
  25.                 <corners android:radius="8dp" />  
  26.             </shape>  
  27.         </item>  
  28.     </selector> 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
    <selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"> 
     
        <item android:state_selected="true"> 
            <shape> 
                <gradient android:angle="270" android:endColor="#99BD4C" 
                    android:startColor="#A5D245" /> 
                <size android:height="60dp" android:width="320dp" /> 
                <corners android:radius="8dp" /> 
            </shape> 
        </item> 
        <item android:state_pressed="true"> 
            <shape> 
                <gradient android:angle="270" android:endColor="#99BD4C" 
                    android:startColor="#A5D245"/> 
                <size android:height="60dp" android:width="320dp" /> 
                <corners android:radius="8dp" /> 
            </shape> 
        </item> 
        <item> 
            <shape> 
                <gradient android:angle="270" android:endColor="#A8C3B0" 
                    android:startColor="#C6CFCE"/> 
                <size android:height="60dp" android:width="320dp" /> 
                <corners android:radius="8dp" /> 
            </shape> 
        </item> 
    </selector>

list_item.xml

  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
  2.        <LinearLayout  xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
  3.         android:orientation="horizontal"    
  4.         android:layout_width="fill_parent"     
  5.         android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
  6.         android:background="@drawable/selector"  
  7.         >                      
  8.         <ImageView    
  9.             android:id="@+id/img"     
  10.             android:layout_width="wrap_content"    
  11.             android:layout_height="wrap_content"               
  12.             android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"  
  13.             android:layout_marginLeft="20dp"           
  14.             />                             
  15.             <TextView    
  16.                 android:text="data"    
  17.                 android:id="@+id/title"  
  18.                 android:layout_width="fill_parent"    
  19.                 android:layout_height="wrap_content"    
  20.                 android:gravity="center_vertical"     
  21.                 android:layout_marginLeft="20dp"    
  22.                 android:layout_marginTop="20dp"    
  23.                 android:textSize="14sp"                            
  24.                 android:textStyle="bold"  
  25.                 android:textColor="@color/black"                           
  26.                 >  
  27.             </TextView>            
  28.      </LinearLayout> 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
       <LinearLayout  xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" 
        android:orientation="horizontal"   
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"    
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
        android:background="@drawable/selector" 
        >                     
        <ImageView   
            android:id="@+id/img"    
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"   
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"              
            android:layout_gravity="center_vertical" 
            android:layout_marginLeft="20dp"          
            />                            
            <TextView   
                android:text="data"   
                android:id="@+id/title" 
                android:layout_width="fill_parent"   
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"   
                android:gravity="center_vertical"    
                android:layout_marginLeft="20dp"   
                android:layout_marginTop="20dp"   
                android:textSize="14sp"                           
                android:textStyle="bold" 
                android:textColor="@color/black"                          
                > 
            </TextView>           
     </LinearLayout>

main.xml

  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
  2.         <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
  3.             android:orientation="vertical"    
  4.             android:layout_width="fill_parent"     
  5.             android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
  6.             android:background="#253853"  
  7.             >                                  
  8.             <ListView    
  9.               android:id="@+id/list"    
  10.               android:layout_width="match_parent"    
  11.               android:layout_height="match_parent"  
  12.               android:cacheColorHint="#00000000"  
  13.               android:divider="#2A4562"  
  14.               android:dividerHeight="3px"  
  15.               android:listSelector="#264365"  
  16.               android:drawSelectorOnTop="false"   
  17.               >  
  18.             </ListView>    
  19.     </LinearLayout> 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
        <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" 
            android:orientation="vertical"   
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"    
            android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
            android:background="#253853" 
            >                                 
            <ListView   
              android:id="@+id/list"   
              android:layout_width="match_parent"   
              android:layout_height="match_parent" 
              android:cacheColorHint="#00000000" 
              android:divider="#2A4562" 
              android:dividerHeight="3px" 
              android:listSelector="#264365" 
              android:drawSelectorOnTop="false"  
              > 
            </ListView>   
    </LinearLayout>

colors.xml

  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
  2.     <resources>  
  3.         <color name="white">#FFFFFFFF</color>  
  4.         <color name="transparency">#00000000</color>  
  5.         <color name="title_bg">#1C86EE</color>  
  6.         <color name="end_color">#A0cfef83</color>  
  7.         <color name="black">#464646</color>  
  8.     </resources> 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
    <resources> 
        <color name="white">#FFFFFFFF</color> 
        <color name="transparency">#00000000</color> 
        <color name="title_bg">#1C86EE</color> 
        <color name="end_color">#A0cfef83</color> 
        <color name="black">#464646</color> 
    </resources>

MainActivity

  1. package com.lingdududu.customlist;   
  2.       
  3.     import java.util.ArrayList;   
  4.     import java.util.HashMap;   
  5.       
  6.     import xb.customlist.R;   
  7.       
  8.     import android.R.array;   
  9.     import android.app.Activity;   
  10.     import android.os.Bundle;   
  11.     import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;   
  12.     import android.widget.ListView;   
  13.     import android.widget.SimpleAdapter;   
  14.       
  15.     public class MainActivity extends Activity {   
  16.         ListView list;   
  17.            
  18.         String data[] = new String[]{   
  19.                 "China","UK","USA","Japan","German","Canada","ET","Narotu"     
  20.         };   
  21.            
  22.            
  23.         
  24.         @Override  
  25.         public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {   
  26.             super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);   
  27.             setContentView(R.layout.main);   
  28.                
  29.                
  30.             list =(ListView) findViewById(R.id.list);           
  31.                
  32.             SimpleAdapter adapter = new SimpleAdapter(this, getData(), R.layout.list_item,    
  33.                     new String[]{"title","img"}, new int[]{R.id.title,R.id.img});   
  34.                
  35.             list.setAdapter(adapter);           
  36.         }   
  37.            
  38.         private ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> getData() {         
  39.             ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> dlist = new ArrayList<HashMap<String,Object>>();   
  40.                
  41.             for(int i =0;i<data.length;i++){   
  42.                 HashMap<String, Object>map = new HashMap<String, Object>();            
  43.                 map.put("title", data[i]);   
  44.                 map.put("img", R.drawable.item_left2);   
  45.                 dlist.add(map);    
  46.             }   
  47.             return dlist;   
  48.         }   
  49.     } 
package com.lingdududu.customlist;  
     
    import java.util.ArrayList;  
    import java.util.HashMap;  
     
    import xb.customlist.R;  
     
    import android.R.array;  
    import android.app.Activity;  
    import android.os.Bundle;  
    import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;  
    import android.widget.ListView;  
    import android.widget.SimpleAdapter;  
     
    public class MainActivity extends Activity {  
        ListView list;  
          
        String data[] = new String[]{  
                "China","UK","USA","Japan","German","Canada","ET","Narotu"    
        };  
          
          
       
        @Override 
        public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {  
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);  
            setContentView(R.layout.main);  
              
              
            list =(ListView) findViewById(R.id.list);          
              
            SimpleAdapter adapter = new SimpleAdapter(this, getData(), R.layout.list_item,   
                    new String[]{"title","img"}, new int[]{R.id.title,R.id.img});  
              
            list.setAdapter(adapter);          
        }  
          
        private ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> getData() {        
            ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> dlist = new ArrayList<HashMap<String,Object>>();  
              
            for(int i =0;i<data.length;i++){  
                HashMap<String, Object>map = new HashMap<String, Object>();           
                map.put("title", data[i]);  
                map.put("img", R.drawable.item_left2);  
                dlist.add(map);   
            }  
            return dlist;  
        }  
    }


效果图:




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